checkstyle安装使用

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2017/02/10 16:09
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checkstyle安装使用

1. 按照安装findbugs的方式按照checkstyle插件

安装过程中的截图如下:

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受网速和软件大小限制可能比较耗时请耐心等待: 输入图片说明

输入图片说明

2. 导入checkstyle的规则约定文件

xdja_checkstyle.xml 文件编码为:utf-8.文件内容如下:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE module PUBLIC
          "-//Puppy Crawl//DTD Check Configuration 1.3//EN"
          "http://www.puppycrawl.com/dtds/configuration_1_3.dtd">

<!--

  Checkstyle configuration that checks the sun coding conventions from:

    - the Java Language Specification at
      http://java.sun.com/docs/books/jls/second_edition/html/index.html

    - the Sun Code Conventions at http://java.sun.com/docs/codeconv/

    - the Javadoc guidelines at
      http://java.sun.com/j2se/javadoc/writingdoccomments/index.html

    - the JDK Api documentation http://java.sun.com/j2se/docs/api/index.html

    - some best practices

  Checkstyle is very configurable. Be sure to read the documentation at
  http://checkstyle.sf.net (or in your downloaded distribution).

  Most Checks are configurable, be sure to consult the documentation.

  To completely disable a check, just comment it out or delete it from the file.

  Finally, it is worth reading the documentation.

-->

<module name="Checker">
	<property name="severity" value="warning"/>

    <!-- Checks that a package-info.java file exists for each package.     -->
    <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_javadoc.html#JavadocPackage -->
    <module name="JavadocPackage"/>

    <!-- Checks whether files end with a new line.                        -->
    <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_misc.html#NewlineAtEndOfFile -->
    <module name="NewlineAtEndOfFile">
        <property name="severity" value="ignore"/>
    </module>

    <!-- Checks that property files contain the same keys.         -->
    <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_misc.html#Translation -->
    <module name="Translation"/>

    <!-- Checks for Size Violations.                    -->
    <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_sizes.html -->
    <module name="FileLength"/>

    <!-- Checks for whitespace                               -->
    <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_whitespace.html -->
    <module name="FileTabCharacter">
        <property name="severity" value="ignore"/>
    </module>

    <!-- Miscellaneous other checks.                   -->
    <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_misc.html -->
    <module name="RegexpSingleline">
       <property name="severity" value="ignore"/>
       <property name="format" value="\s+$"/>
       <property name="minimum" value="0"/>
       <property name="maximum" value="0"/>
       <property name="message" value="Line has trailing spaces."/>
    </module>

    <!-- Checks for Headers                                -->
    <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_header.html   -->
    <!-- <module name="Header"> -->
    <!--   <property name="headerFile" value="${checkstyle.header.file}"/> -->
    <!--   <property name="fileExtensions" value="java"/> -->
    <!-- </module> -->

    <module name="TreeWalker">
        <property name="tabWidth" value="4"/>

        <!-- Checks for Javadoc comments.                     -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_javadoc.html -->
        <module name="JavadocMethod">
            <property name="logLoadErrors" value="true"/>
            <property name="suppressLoadErrors" value="true"/>
        </module>
        <module name="JavadocType"/>
        <module name="JavadocVariable"/>
        <module name="JavadocStyle"/>


        <!-- Checks for Naming Conventions.                  -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_naming.html -->
        <module name="ConstantName"/>
        <module name="LocalFinalVariableName"/>
        <module name="LocalVariableName"/>
        <module name="MemberName"/>
        <module name="MethodName"/>
        <module name="PackageName"/>
        <module name="ParameterName"/>
        <module name="StaticVariableName"/>
        <module name="TypeName"/>


        <!-- Checks for imports                              -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_import.html -->
        <module name="AvoidStarImport"/>
        <module name="IllegalImport"/> <!-- defaults to sun.* packages -->
        <module name="RedundantImport"/>
        <module name="UnusedImports"/>


        <!-- Checks for Size Violations.                    -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_sizes.html -->
        <module name="LineLength"/>
        <module name="MethodLength"/>
        <module name="ParameterNumber"/>


        <!-- Checks for whitespace                               -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_whitespace.html -->
        <module name="EmptyForIteratorPad"/>
        <module name="GenericWhitespace"/>
        <module name="MethodParamPad"/>
        <module name="NoWhitespaceAfter">
            <property name="tokens" value="BNOT,DEC,DOT,INC,LNOT,UNARY_MINUS,UNARY_PLUS"/>
        </module>
        <module name="NoWhitespaceBefore"/>
        <module name="OperatorWrap"/>
        <module name="ParenPad"/>
        <module name="TypecastParenPad"/>
        <module name="WhitespaceAfter"/>
        <module name="WhitespaceAround">
            <property name="tokens" value="ASSIGN,BAND,BAND_ASSIGN,BOR,BOR_ASSIGN,BSR,BSR_ASSIGN,BXOR,BXOR_ASSIGN,COLON,DIV,DIV_ASSIGN,EQUAL,GE,GT,LAND,LCURLY,LE,LITERAL_ASSERT,LITERAL_CATCH,LITERAL_DO,LITERAL_ELSE,LITERAL_FINALLY,LITERAL_FOR,LITERAL_IF,LITERAL_RETURN,LITERAL_SYNCHRONIZED,LITERAL_TRY,LITERAL_WHILE,LOR,LT,MINUS,MINUS_ASSIGN,MOD,MOD_ASSIGN,NOT_EQUAL,PLUS,PLUS_ASSIGN,QUESTION,RCURLY,SL,SLIST,SL_ASSIGN,SR,SR_ASSIGN,STAR,STAR_ASSIGN,LITERAL_ASSERT,TYPE_EXTENSION_AND,WILDCARD_TYPE"/>
        </module>


        <!-- Modifier Checks                                    -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_modifiers.html -->
        <module name="ModifierOrder"/>
        <module name="RedundantModifier"/>


        <!-- Checks for blocks. You know, those {}'s         -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_blocks.html -->
        <module name="AvoidNestedBlocks"/>
        <module name="EmptyBlock"/>
        <module name="LeftCurly"/>
        <module name="NeedBraces"/>
        <module name="RightCurly"/>


        <!-- Checks for common coding problems               -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_coding.html -->
        <module name="AvoidInlineConditionals"/>
        <module name="EmptyStatement"/>
        <module name="EqualsHashCode"/>
        <module name="HiddenField"/>
        <module name="IllegalInstantiation"/>
        <module name="InnerAssignment"/>
        <module name="MagicNumber"/>
        <module name="MissingSwitchDefault"/>
        <module name="SimplifyBooleanExpression"/>
        <module name="SimplifyBooleanReturn"/>

        <!-- Checks for class design                         -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_design.html -->
        <module name="DesignForExtension"/>
        <module name="FinalClass"/>
        <module name="HideUtilityClassConstructor"/>
        <module name="InterfaceIsType"/>
        <module name="VisibilityModifier"/>


        <!-- Miscellaneous other checks.                   -->
        <!-- See http://checkstyle.sf.net/config_misc.html -->
        <module name="ArrayTypeStyle"/>
        <module name="FinalParameters"/>
        <module name="TodoComment">
            <property name="severity" value="ignore"/>
        </module>
        <module name="UpperEll"/>

    </module>

</module>

2.1 导入步骤

进入eclipse主界面。window>perferences 进入如下截图: 输入图片说明

2.2 导入公司自定义规则文件

如下截图: 输入图片说明

2.3 设置为默认规则

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确认设置规则: 输入图片说明

3. 开始使用checkstyle

在eclipse工程项目右键如下图: 输入图片说明

4. 打开checkstyle视图

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5.效果报告列表和图

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6.规范校验及使用

结合公司制定的java代码规范文档和自定义规则文件使用。后续不断完善xdja_checkstyle.xml 规则文件。

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