dubbo之服务暴露
dubbo之服务暴露
青梅煮酒论英雄 发表于1年前
dubbo之服务暴露
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dubbo是怎么把spring的service转换成远程的可以调用的service了?带着这个问题,我们一步步分析dubbo服务的暴露的过程,看看dubbo一大特性--就是像调用本地服务一样调用远程服务,这个可以从上一遍文章中提到的ServiceBean,从程序中可以看出这个类开始这个类实现了InitializingBean, DisposableBean, ApplicationContextAware, ApplicationListener, BeanNameAware 这些接口其中InitializingBean,ApplicationListener两个接口非常的重要,ServiceBean实现了InitializingBean afterPropertiesSet方法在ServiceBean被初始化的时候加载启动dubbo服务端,有就是dubbo服务启动的入口,另外ServiceBean还实现了ApplicationListener的onApplicationEvent在spring refresh的时候触发ContextRefreshedEvent事件加载启动dubbo服务,下面看看ServiceBean的afterPropertiesSet方法

public void afterPropertiesSet() throws Exception {
	    // 设置全局provider
        if (getProvider() == null) {
            Map<String, ProviderConfig> providerConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null  : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ProviderConfig.class, false, false);
            // 如果providerConfgiMap大于0
            if (providerConfigMap != null && providerConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                Map<String, ProtocolConfig> protocolConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null  : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ProtocolConfig.class, false, false);
                if ((protocolConfigMap == null || protocolConfigMap.size() == 0)
                        && providerConfigMap.size() > 1) { // 兼容旧版本
                    List<ProviderConfig> providerConfigs = new ArrayList<ProviderConfig>();
                    for (ProviderConfig config : providerConfigMap.values()) {
                        if (config.isDefault() != null && config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                            providerConfigs.add(config);
                        }
                    }
                    if (providerConfigs.size() > 0) {
                        // 把providerConfig的值放入到ProtocolConfig,并保存到全局变量中去
                        setProviders(providerConfigs);
                    }
                } else {
                    ProviderConfig providerConfig = null;
                    for (ProviderConfig config : providerConfigMap.values()) {
                        if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                            if (providerConfig != null) {
                                // 判断provider重复的条件,如果配置文件有重复的类型为ProviderConfig的Bean就报错
                                throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate provider configs: " + providerConfig + " and " + config);
                            }
                            providerConfig = config;
                        }
                    }
                    if (providerConfig != null) {
                        setProvider(providerConfig);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        // 设置全局application
        if (getApplication() == null
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getApplication() == null)) {
            Map<String, ApplicationConfig> applicationConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ApplicationConfig.class, false, false);
            if (applicationConfigMap != null && applicationConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                ApplicationConfig applicationConfig = null;
                for (ApplicationConfig config : applicationConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        if (applicationConfig != null) {
                            throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate application configs: " + applicationConfig + " and " + config);
                        }
                        applicationConfig = config;
                    }
                }
                if (applicationConfig != null) {
                    setApplication(applicationConfig);
                }
            }
        }
        // 设置全局的module
        if (getModule() == null
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getModule() == null)) {
            Map<String, ModuleConfig> moduleConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ModuleConfig.class, false, false);
            if (moduleConfigMap != null && moduleConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                ModuleConfig moduleConfig = null;
                for (ModuleConfig config : moduleConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        if (moduleConfig != null) {
                            throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate module configs: " + moduleConfig + " and " + config);
                        }
                        moduleConfig = config;
                    }
                }
                if (moduleConfig != null) {
                    setModule(moduleConfig);
                }
            }
        }
        // 设置多个注册中心
        if ((getRegistries() == null || getRegistries().size() == 0)
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getRegistries() == null || getProvider().getRegistries().size() == 0)
                && (getApplication() == null || getApplication().getRegistries() == null || getApplication().getRegistries().size() == 0)) {
            Map<String, RegistryConfig> registryConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, RegistryConfig.class, false, false);
            if (registryConfigMap != null && registryConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                List<RegistryConfig> registryConfigs = new ArrayList<RegistryConfig>();
                for (RegistryConfig config : registryConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        registryConfigs.add(config);
                    }
                }
                if (registryConfigs != null && registryConfigs.size() > 0) {
                    super.setRegistries(registryConfigs);
                }
            }
        }
        // 设置监控中心
        if (getMonitor() == null
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getMonitor() == null)
                && (getApplication() == null || getApplication().getMonitor() == null)) {
            Map<String, MonitorConfig> monitorConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, MonitorConfig.class, false, false);
            if (monitorConfigMap != null && monitorConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                MonitorConfig monitorConfig = null;
                for (MonitorConfig config : monitorConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        if (monitorConfig != null) {
                            throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate monitor configs: " + monitorConfig + " and " + config);
                        }
                        monitorConfig = config;
                    }
                }
                if (monitorConfig != null) {
                    setMonitor(monitorConfig);
                }
            }
        }
        // 可以设置多个协议的配置
        if ((getProtocols() == null || getProtocols().size() == 0)
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getProtocols() == null || getProvider().getProtocols().size() == 0)) {
            Map<String, ProtocolConfig> protocolConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null  : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ProtocolConfig.class, false, false);
            if (protocolConfigMap != null && protocolConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                List<ProtocolConfig> protocolConfigs = new ArrayList<ProtocolConfig>();
                for (ProtocolConfig config : protocolConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        protocolConfigs.add(config);
                    }
                }
                if (protocolConfigs != null && protocolConfigs.size() > 0) {
                    super.setProtocols(protocolConfigs);
                }
            }
        }
        if (getPath() == null || getPath().length() == 0) {
            if (beanName != null && beanName.length() > 0 
                    && getInterface() != null && getInterface().length() > 0
                    && beanName.startsWith(getInterface())) {
                setPath(beanName);
            }
        }
        if (! isDelay()) {
            // 暴露服务
            export();
        }
    }

上面这些代码主要是把dubbo的自定义标签转换为ServiceBean的数据结构的过程,这个过程在服务启动的时候不会调用expor方法的,具体是因为不满足isDelay方法返回false这个条件

private boolean isDelay() {
        Integer delay = getDelay();
        ProviderConfig provider = getProvider();
        if (delay == null && provider != null) {
            delay = provider.getDelay();
        }
        // supportedApplicationListener变量会在setApplicationContext方法中设置为true
        return supportedApplicationListener && (delay == null || delay.intValue() == -1);
    }

setApplicationContext方法会发生在方法调用前,下面看看暴露服务的exportUrl方法这个是一个非常重要的方法,dubbo的精髓所在,首先这个方法是幂等的,下面看看这个方法

private void doExportUrls() {
        List<URL> registryURLs = loadRegistries(true);
        // 多协议暴露服务
        for (ProtocolConfig protocolConfig : protocols) {
            doExportUrlsFor1Protocol(protocolConfig, registryURLs);
        }
    }

可以根据协议额设置的类型分别用不同的协议暴露这些服务,下面看看doExportUrlsFor1Protocol这个方法

private void doExportUrlsFor1Protocol(ProtocolConfig protocolConfig, List<URL> registryURLs) {
        String name = protocolConfig.getName();
        if (name == null || name.length() == 0) {
            name = "dubbo";
        }

        String host = protocolConfig.getHost();
        if (provider != null && (host == null || host.length() == 0)) {
            host = provider.getHost();
        }
        boolean anyhost = false;
        if (NetUtils.isInvalidLocalHost(host)) {
            anyhost = true;
            try {
                host = InetAddress.getLocalHost().getHostAddress();
            } catch (UnknownHostException e) {
                logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
            }
            if (NetUtils.isInvalidLocalHost(host)) {
                // 这段代码估计是为了检查注册中心是否正常连接,dubbo也可以无注册中心
                if (registryURLs != null && registryURLs.size() > 0) {
                    for (URL registryURL : registryURLs) {
                        try {
                            Socket socket = new Socket();
                            try {
                                SocketAddress addr = new InetSocketAddress(registryURL.getHost(), registryURL.getPort());
                                socket.connect(addr, 1000);
                                host = socket.getLocalAddress().getHostAddress();
                                break;
                            } finally {
                                try {
                                    socket.close();
                                } catch (Throwable e) {}
                            }
                        } catch (Exception e) {
                            logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
                        }
                    }
                }
                if (NetUtils.isInvalidLocalHost(host)) {
                    host = NetUtils.getLocalHost();
                }
            }
        }

        Integer port = protocolConfig.getPort();
        if (provider != null && (port == null || port == 0)) {
            port = provider.getPort();
        }
        final int defaultPort = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(Protocol.class).getExtension(name).getDefaultPort();
        if (port == null || port == 0) {
            port = defaultPort;
        }
        if (port == null || port <= 0) {
            port = getRandomPort(name);
            if (port == null || port < 0) {
                port = NetUtils.getAvailablePort(defaultPort);
                putRandomPort(name, port);
            }
            logger.warn("Use random available port(" + port + ") for protocol " + name);
        }

        Map<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
        if (anyhost) {
            map.put(Constants.ANYHOST_KEY, "true");
        }
        map.put(Constants.SIDE_KEY, Constants.PROVIDER_SIDE);
        map.put(Constants.DUBBO_VERSION_KEY, Version.getVersion());
        map.put(Constants.TIMESTAMP_KEY, String.valueOf(System.currentTimeMillis()));
        if (ConfigUtils.getPid() > 0) {
            map.put(Constants.PID_KEY, String.valueOf(ConfigUtils.getPid()));
        }
        appendParameters(map, application);
        appendParameters(map, module);
        appendParameters(map, provider, Constants.DEFAULT_KEY);
        appendParameters(map, protocolConfig);
        appendParameters(map, this);
        if (methods != null && methods.size() > 0) {
            for (MethodConfig method : methods) {
                appendParameters(map, method, method.getName());
                String retryKey = method.getName() + ".retry";
                if (map.containsKey(retryKey)) {
                    String retryValue = map.remove(retryKey);
                    if ("false".equals(retryValue)) {
                        map.put(method.getName() + ".retries", "0");
                    }
                }
                List<ArgumentConfig> arguments = method.getArguments();
                if (arguments != null && arguments.size() > 0) {
                    for (ArgumentConfig argument : arguments) {
                        //类型自动转换.
                        if(argument.getType() != null && argument.getType().length() >0){
                            Method[] methods = interfaceClass.getMethods();
                            //遍历所有方法
                            if(methods != null && methods.length > 0){
                                for (int i = 0; i < methods.length; i++) {
                                    String methodName = methods[i].getName();
                                    //匹配方法名称,获取方法签名.
                                    if(methodName.equals(method.getName())){
                                        Class<?>[] argtypes = methods[i].getParameterTypes();
                                        //一个方法中单个callback
                                        if (argument.getIndex() != -1 ){
                                            if (argtypes[argument.getIndex()].getName().equals(argument.getType())){
                                                appendParameters(map, argument, method.getName() + "." + argument.getIndex());
                                            }else {
                                                throw new IllegalArgumentException("argument config error : the index attribute and type attirbute not match :index :"+argument.getIndex() + ", type:" + argument.getType());
                                            }
                                        } else {
                                            //一个方法中多个callback
                                            for (int j = 0 ;j<argtypes.length ;j++) {
                                                Class<?> argclazz = argtypes[j];
                                                if (argclazz.getName().equals(argument.getType())){
                                                    appendParameters(map, argument, method.getName() + "." + j);
                                                    if (argument.getIndex() != -1 && argument.getIndex() != j){
                                                        throw new IllegalArgumentException("argument config error : the index attribute and type attirbute not match :index :"+argument.getIndex() + ", type:" + argument.getType());
                                                    }
                                                }
                                            }
                                        }
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }else if(argument.getIndex() != -1){
                            appendParameters(map, argument, method.getName() + "." + argument.getIndex());
                        }else {
                            throw new IllegalArgumentException("argument config must set index or type attribute.eg: <dubbo:argument index='0' .../> or <dubbo:argument type=xxx .../>");
                        }

                    }
                }
            } // end of methods for
        }

        if (ProtocolUtils.isGeneric(generic)) {
            map.put("generic", generic);
            map.put("methods", Constants.ANY_VALUE);
        } else {
            String revision = Version.getVersion(interfaceClass, version);
            if (revision != null && revision.length() > 0) {
                map.put("revision", revision);
            }

            String[] methods = Wrapper.getWrapper(interfaceClass).getMethodNames();
            if(methods.length == 0) {
                logger.warn("NO method found in service interface " + interfaceClass.getName());
                map.put("methods", Constants.ANY_VALUE);
            }
            else {
                map.put("methods", StringUtils.join(new HashSet<String>(Arrays.asList(methods)), ","));
            }
        }
        if (! ConfigUtils.isEmpty(token)) {
            if (ConfigUtils.isDefault(token)) {
                map.put("token", UUID.randomUUID().toString());
            } else {
                map.put("token", token);
            }
        }
        if ("injvm".equals(protocolConfig.getName())) {
            protocolConfig.setRegister(false);
            map.put("notify", "false");
        }
        // 导出服务
        String contextPath = protocolConfig.getContextpath();
        if ((contextPath == null || contextPath.length() == 0) && provider != null) {
            contextPath = provider.getContextpath();
        }
        URL url = new URL(name, host, port, (contextPath == null || contextPath.length() == 0 ? "" : contextPath + "/") + path, map);

        if (ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(ConfiguratorFactory.class)
                .hasExtension(url.getProtocol())) {
            url = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(ConfiguratorFactory.class)
                    .getExtension(url.getProtocol()).getConfigurator(url).configure(url);
        }

        String scope = url.getParameter(Constants.SCOPE_KEY);
        //配置为none不暴露
        if (! Constants.SCOPE_NONE.toString().equalsIgnoreCase(scope)) {

            //配置不是remote的情况下做本地暴露 (配置为remote,则表示只暴露远程服务)
            if (!Constants.SCOPE_REMOTE.toString().equalsIgnoreCase(scope)) {
                exportLocal(url);
            }
            //如果配置不是local则暴露为远程服务.(配置为local,则表示只暴露本地服务)
            if (! Constants.SCOPE_LOCAL.toString().equalsIgnoreCase(scope) ){
                if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                    logger.info("Export dubbo service " + interfaceClass.getName() + " to url " + url);
                }
                if (registryURLs != null && registryURLs.size() > 0
                        && url.getParameter("register", true)) {
                    for (URL registryURL : registryURLs) {
                        url = url.addParameterIfAbsent("dynamic", registryURL.getParameter("dynamic"));
                        URL monitorUrl = loadMonitor(registryURL);
                        if (monitorUrl != null) {
                            url = url.addParameterAndEncoded(Constants.MONITOR_KEY, monitorUrl.toFullString());
                        }
                        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                            logger.info("Register dubbo service " + interfaceClass.getName() + " url " + url + " to registry " + registryURL);
                        }
                        // 根据具体服务实现类的引用,接口,和注册中心信息url信息生成invoker,当调用来的时候根据这些找到对应的invoker并且执行
                        Invoker<?> invoker = proxyFactory.getInvoker(ref, (Class) interfaceClass, registryURL.addParameterAndEncoded(Constants.EXPORT_KEY, url.toFullString()));
                        //
                        Exporter<?> exporter = protocol.export(invoker);
                        exporters.add(exporter);
                    }
                } else {
                    Invoker<?> invoker = proxyFactory.getInvoker(ref, (Class) interfaceClass, url);

                    Exporter<?> exporter = protocol.export(invoker);
                    exporters.add(exporter);
                }
            }
        }
        this.urls.add(url);
    }

这个方法做的事如下:

1. loadRegistries(true)

checkRegistry如果xml中没有配置注册中,从dubbo.properties中读取配置,构建RegistryConfig对象并赋值,构建注册中心URL统一数据模式集合List<registryUrl>

2. 因为dubbo支持多协议配置,遍历所有协议分别根据不同的协议把服务export到不同的注册中心上去

a) 判断是否是泛型暴露

b) 根据协议构建暴露服务的统一数据模型URL

c) 配置的了monitor加载monitor,并给URL设置MONITOR_KEY

d) 给注册中regitryUrl设置EXPORT_KEY值为前面构建的暴露服务url

e) 根据服务具体实现,实现接口以及regitryUrl从代理工厂ProxyFactory获取代理Invoker(继承于AbstractProxyInvoker),它是对具体实现的一种代理

f) Protocol.export(invoker) 暴露服务invoker

Invoker包含上一步传入的RegistryUrl, registryUrl的protocol值为registry

ProtocolListenerWrapper和ProtocolFilterWrapper对于协议为REGISTRY_PROTOCOL直接跳过,最终由RegistryProtocol处理export的过程。

dubbo可以通过两种方式生成代理,javassist方式和jdk方式 生成代理

下面看看协议的暴露过程,dubbo服务支持  Dubbo协议,Hessian协议, HTTP协议,  RMI协议, WebService协议,Thrift协议,Memcached协议,Redis协议

我们就用dubbo协议作为列子看看协议是怎么暴露的

public <T> Exporter<T> export(Invoker<T> invoker) throws RpcException {
        URL url = invoker.getUrl();
        
        // export service.
        // 生成暴露服务的key
        String key = serviceKey(url);
        DubboExporter<T> exporter = new DubboExporter<T>(invoker, key, exporterMap);
        // 把暴露的服务封装到一个全局的Map里面
        exporterMap.put(key, exporter);
        
        //export an stub service for dispaching event
        Boolean isStubSupportEvent = url.getParameter(Constants.STUB_EVENT_KEY,Constants.DEFAULT_STUB_EVENT);
        Boolean isCallbackservice = url.getParameter(Constants.IS_CALLBACK_SERVICE, false);
        /**
         * 远程服务后,客户端通常只剩下接口,而实现全在服务器端,但提供方有些时候想在客户端也执行部分逻辑,比如:做ThreadLocal缓存,提前验证参数,调用失败后伪造容错数据等等,此时就需要在API中带上Stub,客户端生成Proxy实,会把Proxy通过构造函数传给Stub,然后把Stub暴露组给用户,Stub可以决定要不要去调Proxy。
         */
        if (isStubSupportEvent && !isCallbackservice){
            String stubServiceMethods = url.getParameter(Constants.STUB_EVENT_METHODS_KEY);
            if (stubServiceMethods == null || stubServiceMethods.length() == 0 ){
                if (logger.isWarnEnabled()){
                    logger.warn(new IllegalStateException("consumer [" +url.getParameter(Constants.INTERFACE_KEY) +
                            "], has set stubproxy support event ,but no stub methods founded."));
                }
            } else {
                stubServiceMethodsMap.put(url.getServiceKey(), stubServiceMethods);
            }
        }
        // 建立远程连接
        openServer(url);
        
        return exporter;
    }
    

看看建立远程连接的方法

  private void openServer(URL url) {
        // find server.
        String key = url.getAddress();
        //client 也可以暴露一个只有server可以调用的服务。
        boolean isServer = url.getParameter(Constants.IS_SERVER_KEY,true);
        if (isServer) {
        	ExchangeServer server = serverMap.get(key);
        	if (server == null) {
        		serverMap.put(key, createServer(url));
        	} else {
        		//server支持reset,配合override功能使用
        		server.reset(url);
        	}
        }
    }

创建一个服务连接并保存到map中,创建服务的代码


    private ExchangeServer createServer(URL url) {
        //默认开启server关闭时发送readonly事件
        url = url.addParameterIfAbsent(Constants.CHANNEL_READONLYEVENT_SENT_KEY, Boolean.TRUE.toString());
        //默认开启heartbeat
        url = url.addParameterIfAbsent(Constants.HEARTBEAT_KEY, String.valueOf(Constants.DEFAULT_HEARTBEAT));
        String str = url.getParameter(Constants.SERVER_KEY, Constants.DEFAULT_REMOTING_SERVER);

        if (str != null && str.length() > 0 && ! ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(Transporter.class).hasExtension(str))
            throw new RpcException("Unsupported server type: " + str + ", url: " + url);

        url = url.addParameter(Constants.CODEC_KEY, Version.isCompatibleVersion() ? COMPATIBLE_CODEC_NAME : DubboCodec.NAME);
        ExchangeServer server;
        try {
            server = Exchangers.bind(url, requestHandler);
        } catch (RemotingException e) {
            throw new RpcException("Fail to start server(url: " + url + ") " + e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        str = url.getParameter(Constants.CLIENT_KEY);
        if (str != null && str.length() > 0) {
            Set<String> supportedTypes = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(Transporter.class).getSupportedExtensions();
            if (!supportedTypes.contains(str)) {
                throw new RpcException("Unsupported client type: " + str);
            }
        }
        return server;
    }

EchangeServer是传输层组件,dubbo主要支持的框架有netty,mina, Grizzly

 public static ExchangeServer bind(URL url, ExchangeHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        if(url == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("url == null");
        } else if(handler == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("handler == null");
        } else {
            url = url.addParameterIfAbsent("codec", "exchange");
            return getExchanger(url).bind(url, handler);
        }
    }

dubbo通过spi机制配置不同的协议传输框架,默认的是netty

public static Exchanger getExchanger(URL url) {
    String type = url.getParameter("exchanger", "header");
    return getExchanger(type);
}

会挑用NettyServer的doOpen方法

  protected void doOpen() throws Throwable {
        NettyHelper.setNettyLoggerFactory();
        ExecutorService boss = Executors.newCachedThreadPool(new NamedThreadFactory("NettyServerBoss", true));
        ExecutorService worker = Executors.newCachedThreadPool(new NamedThreadFactory("NettyServerWorker", true));
        ChannelFactory channelFactory = new NioServerSocketChannelFactory(boss, worker, getUrl().getPositiveParameter(Constants.IO_THREADS_KEY, Constants.DEFAULT_IO_THREADS));
        bootstrap = new ServerBootstrap(channelFactory);
        
        final NettyHandler nettyHandler = new NettyHandler(getUrl(), this);
        channels = nettyHandler.getChannels();
        // https://issues.jboss.org/browse/NETTY-365
        // https://issues.jboss.org/browse/NETTY-379
        // final Timer timer = new HashedWheelTimer(new NamedThreadFactory("NettyIdleTimer", true));
        bootstrap.setPipelineFactory(new ChannelPipelineFactory() {
            public ChannelPipeline getPipeline() {
                NettyCodecAdapter adapter = new NettyCodecAdapter(getCodec() ,getUrl(), NettyServer.this);
                ChannelPipeline pipeline = Channels.pipeline();
                /*int idleTimeout = getIdleTimeout();
                if (idleTimeout > 10000) {
                    pipeline.addLast("timer", new IdleStateHandler(timer, idleTimeout / 1000, 0, 0));
                }*/
                pipeline.addLast("decoder", adapter.getDecoder());
                pipeline.addLast("encoder", adapter.getEncoder());
                pipeline.addLast("handler", nettyHandler);
                return pipeline;
            }
        });
        // bind
        channel = bootstrap.bind(getBindAddress());
    }

通过这个方法建立一个通道,总结dubbo服务的暴露过程

1. 从invoker获取统一数据模型url

2. 由url构建serviceKey(一般由端口,接口名,版本,group分组)

如:com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService:20880 这个是由接口和端口组成的

3. 构建DubboExporter放入本地map做缓存

4. 根据url openserver。 查找本地缓存以key为url.getAddress如果没有ExchangeServer创建。设置heartbeat时间,设置编码解码协议

根据url和ExchangeHandler  绑定server并返回(具体如何绑定专题介绍)

5. 返回DubboExporter对象

dubbo会把暴露的协议和invoker代理放入list里面进行管理

dubbo服务暴露就只能写到这里了,很多细节我也需要继续挖掘,我对dubbo服务暴露的理解是,dubbo根据不同的注册中心和协议,将dubbo服务注册到注册中心,并在本地内存中保存这些服务的应用,以便于客户端根据url找到对应的缓存服务,调用具体的服务,另外传输层和协议层还是有区别的,就写到这里了。

 

 

 

 

 

标签: dubbo服务暴露
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