微信小程序之获取并解密用户数据(获取openid,nickName等)

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2018/04/24 15:30
阅读数 4.1K

本文主要总结微信小程序通过后台请求访问微信用户信息

创建一个微信小程序工程(自行百度)

微信小程序index.js代码

//index.js
//获取应用实例
const app = getApp()
Page({
  data: {
    motto: 'Hello World',
    userInfo: {},
    backUserInfo:{},//后台得到的微信用户信息
    hasUserInfo: false,
    canIUse: wx.canIUse('button.open-type.getUserInfo')
  },
  //事件处理函数
  bindViewTap: function() {
    wx.navigateTo({
      url: '../logs/logs'
    })
  },
  onLoad: function () {
   //1.静默操作获取用户信息 调用wx.login
    var that = this;
    wx.login({
      success:function(res){
        var code = res.code;//2.登录凭证code
        console.log('code==='+code);
        if(null!=code){
            wx.getUserInfo({
              success:function(ress){
                console.log('res===' + res);
                //3.请求自己的服务器,解密用户信息 
                wx.request({
                  url: 'http://xxxx.com/wcsp/oauth',
                  method:'post',
                  header:{
                    'content-type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
                  },
                  data: { encryptedData: ress.encryptedData, iv: ress.iv, code: code},
                  success:function(res){
                    console.log('resjava===' + res.data.openId);
                    that.setData({
                      backUserInfo:res//将后台返回的数据赋值给backUserInfo
                    })
                  }
                })
              }
            })
        }
      }
    })
    if (app.globalData.userInfo) {
      this.setData({
        userInfo: app.globalData.userInfo,
        hasUserInfo: true
      })
    } else if (this.data.canIUse){
      // 由于 getUserInfo 是网络请求,可能会在 Page.onLoad 之后才返回
      // 所以此处加入 callback 以防止这种情况
      app.userInfoReadyCallback = res => {
        this.setData({
          userInfo: res.userInfo,
          hasUserInfo: true
        })
      }
    } else {
      // 在没有 open-type=getUserInfo 版本的兼容处理
      wx.getUserInfo({
        success: res => {
          app.globalData.userInfo = res.userInfo
          this.setData({
            userInfo: res.userInfo,
            hasUserInfo: true
          })
        }
      })
    }
  },
  getUserInfo: function(e) {
    console.log(e)
    app.globalData.userInfo = e.detail.userInfo
    this.setData({
      userInfo: e.detail.userInfo,
      hasUserInfo: true
    })
  }
})

Java后台处理代码:

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util.AesCbcUtil;
import cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util.PrintUtil;
import cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util.WeChatConstant;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
/**
 * 微信小程序code换取微信用户信息
 * @author 小帅丶
 *
 */
@Controller
@RequestMapping(value="wcsp")
public class WeChatSPController {
	private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(WeChatSPController.class);
	/**
	 * 获取微信小程序用户openid等信息
	 * @param encryptedData 加密数据
	 * @param iv 加密算法初始向量
	 * @param code 微信小程序code码
	 * @param request HttpServletRequest
	 * @param response HttpServletResponse
	 * @return String
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	@RequestMapping(value="/oauth")
	public String wxOauth(String encryptedData,String iv,String code,HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception{
		try {
			logger.info("请求的参数有:\n加密数据="+encryptedData+"\n加密算法初始向量="+iv+"\n微信小程序code="+code);
			//1.拼接code等参数换取私钥值
			String param = "appid="+WeChatConstant.WCSP_APPID+"&secret="+WeChatConstant.WCSP_APPSECRET+"&grant_type="+WeChatConstant.GRANT_TYPE+"&js_code="+code;
			String result = cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util.HttpUtil.post(WeChatConstant.JSCODE2SESSION_URL, param);
			logger.info("=======接口返回的数据里面包含私钥值和openid:"+result);
			JSONObject jsonObject = JSON.parseObject(result);
			String session_key = jsonObject.get("session_key").toString();
			logger.info("session_key私钥值===="+session_key);
			//2.使用私钥值 和 算法向量值 加密的数据进行解密
			String userInfo = AesCbcUtil.decrypt(encryptedData, session_key, iv, "UTF-8");
			logger.info("解密后返回页面的数据==="+userInfo);
			PrintUtil.printJson(response, userInfo);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			logger.error("oauth===出错了"+e.getMessage());
			return null;
		}
		return null;
	}
}

返回session_key和openId

{
    "session_key": "9EAwD4AYbo4sScCjEviHag==", 
    "expires_in": 7200, 
    "openid": "op5Hs0EYFmR7XvvWNrbsMFVn22Ks"
}

通过session_key解密后的数据(微信用户信息)

{
    "openId": "op5Hs0EYFmR7XvvWNrbsMFVn22Ks", 
    "nickName": "小帅丶", 
    "gender": 1, 
    "language": "zh_CN", 
    "city": "Haidian", 
    "province": "Beijing", 
    "country": "China", 
    "avatarUrl": "https://wx.qlogo.cn/mmopen/vi_32/Q0j4TwGTfTLib098UOLAHuE1fDldajSPuwR0RcPf3rxCtVicwhvdKibYFE0JNibwMwGdiagRzibdAtkSTU1fYxiaz8CIQ/0", 
    "watermark": {
        "timestamp": 1524633793, 
        "appid": "wxe11111111111"
    }
}

AES解密工具类(需要BC包支持文末给出)

package cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;

import javax.crypto.BadPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.IllegalBlockSizeException;
import javax.crypto.NoSuchPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.spec.IvParameterSpec;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.security.*;
import java.security.spec.InvalidParameterSpecException;

/**
 * AES-128-CBC 加密方式
 * 注:
 * AES-128-CBC可以自己定义“密钥”和“偏移量“。
 * AES-128是jdk自动生成的“密钥”。
 */
public class AesCbcUtil {
    static {
        //BouncyCastle是一个开源的加解密解决方案,主页在http://www.bouncycastle.org/
        Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());
    }
    /**
     * AES解密
     * @param data           //密文,被加密的数据
     * @param key            //秘钥
     * @param iv             //偏移量
     * @param encodingFormat //解密后的结果需要进行的编码
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String decrypt(String data, String key, String iv, String encodingFormat) throws Exception {
        //被加密的数据
        byte[] dataByte = Base64.decodeBase64(data);
        //加密秘钥
        byte[] keyByte = Base64.decodeBase64(key);
        //偏移量
        byte[] ivByte = Base64.decodeBase64(iv);
        try {
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS7Padding");
            SecretKeySpec spec = new SecretKeySpec(keyByte, "AES");
            AlgorithmParameters parameters = AlgorithmParameters.getInstance("AES");
            parameters.init(new IvParameterSpec(ivByte));
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, spec, parameters);// 初始化
            byte[] resultByte = cipher.doFinal(dataByte);
            if (null != resultByte && resultByte.length > 0) {
                String result = new String(resultByte, encodingFormat);
                return result;
            }
            return null;
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchPaddingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvalidParameterSpecException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvalidKeyException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvalidAlgorithmParameterException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalBlockSizeException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (BadPaddingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }

}

微信小程序index.wxml内容

<!--index.wxml-->
<view class="container">
  <view class="userinfo">
    <button wx:if="{{!hasUserInfo && canIUse}}" open-type="getUserInfo" bindgetuserinfo="getUserInfo"> 获取头像昵称 </button>
    <block wx:else>
      <image bindtap="bindViewTap" class="userinfo-avatar" src="{{userInfo.avatarUrl}}" background-size="cover"></image>
    </block>
  </view>
  <view class="infos">
    用户昵称:<text class="userinfo-nickname">{{backUserInfo.data.nickName}}</text>
  </view>
  <view class="infos">
    用户性别:<text class="userinfo-nickname" wx:if="{{backUserInfo.data.gender}}==1">男</text>
    <text class="userinfo-nickname" wx:elif="{{backUserInfo.data.gender}}==0">女</text>
    <text class="userinfo-nickname" wx:else>未知</text>
  </view>
  <view class="infos">
    所在城市:<text class="userinfo-nickname">{{backUserInfo.data.city}}</text>
  </view>
    <view class="infos">
    所在省份:<text class="userinfo-nickname">{{backUserInfo.data.province}}</text>
  </view>
    <view class="infos">
    所在国家:<text class="userinfo-nickname">{{backUserInfo.data.country}}</text>
  </view>
    <view class="infos">
    用户的语言:<text class="userinfo-nickname">{{backUserInfo.data.language}}</text>
  </view>
</view>

所需要的jar包

  		<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.bouncycastle/bcprov-jdk15 -->
		<dependency>
		    <groupId>org.bouncycastle</groupId>
		    <artifactId>bcprov-jdk15</artifactId>
		    <version>1.46</version>
		</dependency>

演示效果图

后台打印的日志

加密数据=X5Ib86RrR0DbekjW1qnfSDYjcQ2fZ2e9jEzcqiHS54nW/jDPa/qUEAJAXPjB7kDAvjSVoOQ9BGPn2BGruoGyMXssDQHWAsdw9u/dlTPVLuwrKmtiBArgEpeWmYy70+DU3vCrYTFHgXLsg5KWgvXpuhgkz7lcafCr9CBTeq3uIEZ40nNfXJiMeFiQrjT/vCvK8bLWrGv5qBF1LlxlA/7Cxx8oQuAHKjXPaIMjEq+r0/wOhBV13J6n1BZF1J7A0HrtXsy1uw56wAbcJXvWx0dvrS0+Kk//P9uYzOK3+DFHxsne2P2cd1KBqWVY+gg0VWZ8wvYt/FNq9l6zM1RehHCS0Zt3nAjQebHb5IaFSMHjA4qrL21jpjoAAX6SbfgXoLDnENG2cmppqPWBCLAJ6rizTSkAc67sOm9674s4KMz7z8LJr/RIsEnGOMeMhb7ylt3vH+fMtwAA7N9B0wjD908MgtGTPvUhoags/LoqXfpm8DI=
加密算法初始向量=P5ZaAJxSuDBzV6IyxKyPhw==
微信小程序code=081hg8Ez1HvYBe0vDnEz1dwdEz1hg8Ed
result:{"session_key":"JzWvgMpc9CoWVd7fUVhE0A==","expires_in":7200,"openid":"op5Hs0EYFmR7XvvWNrbsMFVn22Kk"}
[cn.xsshome.mvcdo.controller.wechat.WeChatSPController] - =======接口返回的数据:{"session_key":"JzWvgMpc9CoWVd7fUVhE0A==","expires_in":7200,"openid":"op5Hs0EYFmR7XvvWNrbsMFVn22Kk"}
[cn.xsshome.mvcdo.controller.wechat.WeChatSPController] - session_key私钥值====JzWvgMpc9CoWVd7fUVhE0A==
[cn.xsshome.mvcdo.controller.wechat.WeChatSPController] - 解密后返回页面的数据==={"openId":"op5Hs0EYFmR7XvvWNrbsMFVn22Kk","nickName":"小帅丶","gender":1,"language":"zh_CN","city":"Haidian","province":"Beijing","country":"China","avatarUrl":"https://wx.qlogo.cn/mmopen/vi_32/Q0j4TwGTfTLib098UOLAHuE1fDldajSPuwR0RcPf3rxCtVicwhvdKibYFE0JNibwMwGdiagRzibdAtkSTU1fYxiaz8CIQ/0","watermark":{"timestamp":1524554676,"appid":"wxe71f579c17281234"}}

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引用来自“夏天123456”的评论

您好,cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util.PrintUtil;
,cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util.WeChatConstant;这两个文件能分享下吗
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2019/03/15 17:11
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您好,cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util.PrintUtil;
,cn.xsshome.mvcdo.util.WeChatConstant;这两个文件能分享下吗
2019/03/14 20:16
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