Oracle 12c 添加scott用户
Oracle 12c 添加scott用户
小强斋太 发表于1年前
Oracle 12c 添加scott用户
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对于熟悉Oracle或者接触过Oracle的人,scott这个用户大家一定相当的熟悉。12c推出了可插拔数据库,在一个容器cdb中以多租户的形式同时存在多个数据库pdb。pdb中默认不包含scott用户。

为了做数据泵的实验,需要一个测试用户,因此需要在pdb中添加scott用户。

oracle 12c自带了scott的脚本,$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlsampl.sql 内容如下:

Rem Copyright (c) 1990, 2006, Oracle. All rights reserved. Rem NAME REM UTLSAMPL.SQL Rem FUNCTION Rem NOTES Rem MODIFIED Rem lburgess 04/02/06  - lowercase passwords Rem menash 02/21/01 -  remove unnecessary users for security reasons Rem gwood 03/23/99 -  make all dates Y2K compliant Rem jbellemo 02/27/97 -  dont connect as system Rem akolk 08/06/96 -  bug 368261: Adding date formats Rem glumpkin 10/21/92 -  Renamed from SQLBLD.SQL Rem blinden 07/27/92 -  Added primary and foreign keys to EMP and DEPT Rem rlim 04/29/91 -         change char to varchar2 Rem mmoore 04/08/91 -         use unlimited tablespace priv Rem pritto 04/04/91 -         change SYSDATE to 13-JUL-87 Rem Mendels 12/07/90 - bug 30123;add to_date calls so language independent Rem rem rem $Header: utlsampl.sql 02-apr-2006.21:13:01 lburgess Exp $ sqlbld.sql rem SET TERMOUT OFF
SET ECHO OFF rem CONGDON Invoked in RDBMS at build time.   29-DEC-1988 rem OATES: Created: 16-Feb-83
 
DROP USER SCOTT CASCADE; DROP USER ADAMS CASCADE; DROP USER JONES CASCADE; DROP USER CLARK CASCADE; DROP USER BLAKE CASCADE; GRANT CONNECT,RESOURCE,UNLIMITED TABLESPACE TO SCOTT IDENTIFIED BY tiger; DROP PUBLIC SYNONYM PARTS; CONNECT SCOTT/tiger CREATE TABLE DEPT (DEPTNO NUMBER(2) CONSTRAINT PK_DEPT PRIMARY KEY, DNAME VARCHAR2(14) , LOC VARCHAR2(13) ) ; CREATE TABLE EMP (EMPNO NUMBER(4) CONSTRAINT PK_EMP PRIMARY KEY, ENAME VARCHAR2(10), JOB VARCHAR2(9), MGR NUMBER(4), HIREDATE DATE, SAL NUMBER(7,2), COMM NUMBER(7,2), DEPTNO NUMBER(2) CONSTRAINT FK_DEPTNO REFERENCES DEPT); INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES (10,'ACCOUNTING','NEW YORK'); INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES (20,'RESEARCH','DALLAS'); INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES (30,'SALES','CHICAGO'); INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES (40,'OPERATIONS','BOSTON'); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7369,'SMITH','CLERK',7902,to_date('17-12-1980','dd-mm-yyyy'),800,NULL,20); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7499,'ALLEN','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('20-2-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1600,300,30); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7521,'WARD','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('22-2-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1250,500,30); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7566,'JONES','MANAGER',7839,to_date('2-4-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2975,NULL,20); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7654,'MARTIN','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('28-9-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1250,1400,30); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7698,'BLAKE','MANAGER',7839,to_date('1-5-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2850,NULL,30); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7782,'CLARK','MANAGER',7839,to_date('9-6-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2450,NULL,10); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7788,'SCOTT','ANALYST',7566,to_date('13-JUL-87','dd-mm-rr')-85,3000,NULL,20); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7839,'KING','PRESIDENT',NULL,to_date('17-11-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),5000,NULL,10); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7844,'TURNER','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('8-9-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1500,0,30); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7876,'ADAMS','CLERK',7788,to_date('13-JUL-87', 'dd-mm-rr')-51,1100,NULL,20); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7900,'JAMES','CLERK',7698,to_date('3-12-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),950,NULL,30); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7902,'FORD','ANALYST',7566,to_date('3-12-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),3000,NULL,20); INSERT INTO EMP VALUES (7934,'MILLER','CLERK',7782,to_date('23-1-1982','dd-mm-yyyy'),1300,NULL,10); CREATE TABLE BONUS ( ENAME VARCHAR2(10) , JOB VARCHAR2(9) , SAL NUMBER, COMM NUMBER ) ; CREATE TABLE SALGRADE ( GRADE NUMBER, LOSAL NUMBER, HISAL NUMBER ); INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (1,700,1200); INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (2,1201,1400); INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (3,1401,2000); INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (4,2001,3000); INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (5,3001,9999); COMMIT; EXIT

下面就利用这段脚本,在pdb中恢复scott

1、为pdb添加tnsnames (步骤2后面用的到)

[oracle@xqzt admin]$ pwd /data/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/network/admin [oracle@xqzt admin]$ cat tnsnames.ora # tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: /data/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora # Generated by Oracle configuration tools. ORCL = (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = xqzt)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME = orcl) ) ) PDBORCL = (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = xqzt)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME =pdborcl) ) )

2、修改utlsampl.sql

   将  connect scott/tiger 改为  connect  scott/tiger@PDBORCL

3、使用sys登录plsql,切换到要导入的容器pdb ,执行 utlsampl.sql

切换到容器pdborcl

SQL> show pdbs CON_ID CON_NAME OPEN MODE RESTRICTED ---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
     2        PDB$SEED                READ ONLY NO 3         PDBORCL                READ WRITE NO SQL> alter session set container=pdborcl; ##切换到pdb Session altered.

  确认使用sys连接到了pdborcl

SQL> alter session set container=pdborcl; Session altered. SQL> show user
USER is "SYS" SQL> show con_name; CON_NAME ------------------------------
PDBORCL

执行utlsampl.sql 脚本

SQL>  @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlsampl.sql Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

4、验证导入结果

查询是否存在scott用户

SQL> alter session set container=pdborcl; Session altered. SQL> select username from dba_users where username = 'SCOTT'; USERNAME --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCOTT

以scott登录 查询数据

SQL> conn scott/tiger@pdborcl Connected. SQL> select table_name from user_tables; TABLE_NAME --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DEPT EMP BONUS SALGRADE SQL> select * from DEPT; DEPTNO DNAME LOC ---------- -------------- -------------
    10 ACCOUNTING NEW YORK 20 RESEARCH DALLAS 30 SALES CHICAGO 40 OPERATIONS      BOSTON
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