Oracle 12c pdb的数据泵导入导出
Oracle 12c pdb的数据泵导入导出
小强斋太 发表于1年前
Oracle 12c pdb的数据泵导入导出
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12c推出了可插拔数据库,在一个容器cdb中以多租户的形式同时存在多个数据库pdb。在为pdb做数据泵导入导出时和传统的数据库有少许不同。

          1,需要为pdb添加tansnames

          2,导入导出时需要在userid参数内指定其tansnames的值,比如 userid=user/pwd@tnsname

 

数据泵导入导出例子

1、查看当前的SID,查看pdb并切换到容器数据库,这里的pluggable数据库是pdborcl
[oracle@xqzt admin]$ echo $ORACLE_SID orcl

登录cdb,查看pdb,

SQL> show con_name CON_NAME ------------------------------
CDB$ROOT SQL> show pdbs CON_ID CON_NAME OPEN MODE RESTRICTED ---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
     2 PDB$SEED                      READ ONLY NO 3 PDBORCL MOUNTED SQL> alter pluggable database all open; Pluggable database altered. SQL> show pdbs CON_ID CON_NAME OPEN MODE RESTRICTED ---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
     2 PDB$SEED                      READ ONLY NO 3 PDBORCL                       READ WRITE NO

切换到pdborcl

SQL> alter salter session set container=pdborcl ; Session altered. SQL>
2、查看示例用户scott,以后的schema级别导入导出就使用该用户的数据。

    参考:Oracle 12c 添加scott用户

SQL> col tabselect owner, table_name from dba_tables where owner='SCOTT'; OWNER TABLE_NAME ------------------------------ ----------------------------------------
SCOTT SALGRADE SCOTT BONUS SCOTT EMP SCOTT DEPT
3、单独创建一个dba权限的数据泵用户
SQL> grant dba to dp identified by dp; Grant succeeded.
4、创建一个数据泵目录dp_dir,路径为oracle家目录
SQL> create or replace directory dp_dir as  '/home/oracle'; Directory created. SQL> exit
5、授予dp用户在数据泵路径有读写权限

(如果是dba权限的这一步可以省略,为了试验的完整性这里保留)

SQL> grant read,write on directory dp_dir to dp; Grant succeeded.
6、设置tnsnames.ora,增加pdborocl。SERVICE_NAME为pdb的实例名,这里为pdborcl
[oracle@xqzt admin]$ pwd /data/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/network/admin [oracle@xqzt admin]$ cat tnsnames.ora # tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: /data/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora # Generated by Oracle configuration tools. ORCL = (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = xqzt)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME = orcl) ) ) PDBORCL = (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = xqzt)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME =pdborcl) ) )
7、测试tnsnames.ora的有效性,如果返回OK (0 msec)表示配置成功
[oracle@xqzt admin]$ tnsping pdborcl TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on 10-DEC-2015 09:10:34 Copyright (c) 1997, 2014, Oracle. All rights reserved. Used parameter files: /data/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/sqlnet.ora Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = xqzt)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME =pdborcl))) OK (0 msec)
8、数据泵导出
    • 用户名密码为dp/dp,并且通过tnsnames指向pdborcl

    • 数据泵目录为:dp_dir, OS路径是/home/oracle

    • 导出文件为:/home/oracle/scott_pdborcl.dmp

    • 导出日志为:/home/oracle/scott_pdborcl.log

    • 导出模式为scheme,也可以理解为用户:scott

[oracle@xqzt ~]$ expdp dp/dp@pdborcl directory=dp_dir dumpfile=scott_pdborcl.dmp logfile=scott_pdborcl.log schemas=scott Export: Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on Thu Dec 10 09:32:05 2015 Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options Starting "DP"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01":  dp/********@pdborcl directory=dp_dir dumpfile=scott_pdborcl.dmp logfile=scott_pdborcl.log schemas=scott Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method... Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 192 KB Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/DEFAULT_ROLE Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/PRE_SCHEMA/PROCACT_SCHEMA Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/CONSTRAINT Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/REF_CONSTRAINT Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/STATISTICS/MARKER . . exported "SCOTT"."DEPT" 6.023 KB 4 rows . . exported "SCOTT"."EMP" 8.773 KB 14 rows . . exported "SCOTT"."SALGRADE" 6.023 KB 10 rows . . exported "SCOTT"."BONUS" 0 KB 0 rows Master table "DP"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully loaded/unloaded ****************************************************************************** Dump file set for DP.SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 is: /home/oracle/scott_pdborcl.dmp Job "DP"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully completed at Thu Dec 10 09:32:29 2015 elapsed 0 00:00:21 [oracle@xqzt ~]$
10、查看导出文件
[oracle@xqzt ~]$ ls  -l scott_pdborcl.dmp scott_pdborcl.log -rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 356352 12月 10 09:32 scott_pdborcl.dmp -rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall   1960 12月 10 09:32 scott_pdborcl.log
11、为了测试导出文件是否能够正常导入,我们先删除pdborcl的scott用户
SQL> select count(*) from scott.DEPT; COUNT(*) ----------
     4 SQL> drop user scott cascade ; User dropped. SQL>

此时访问该用户的表已经不存在了

SQL> select count(*) from scott.DEPT; select count(*) from scott.DEPT * ERROR at line 1: ORA-00942: table or view does not exist
12、 导入scott用户
[oracle@xqzt ~]$ impdp dp/dp@pdborcl directory=dp_dir dumpfile=scott_pdborcl.dmp logfile=scott_pdborcl_imp.log schemas=scott Import: Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on Thu Dec 10 09:39:02 2015 Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options Master table "DP"."SYS_IMPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully loaded/unloaded Starting "DP"."SYS_IMPORT_SCHEMA_01":  dp/********@pdborcl directory=dp_dir dumpfile=scott_pdborcl.dmp logfile=scott_pdborcl_imp.log schemas=scott Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/DEFAULT_ROLE Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/PRE_SCHEMA/PROCACT_SCHEMA Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA . . imported "SCOTT"."DEPT" 6.023 KB 4 rows . . imported "SCOTT"."EMP" 8.773 KB 14 rows . . imported "SCOTT"."SALGRADE" 6.023 KB 10 rows . . imported "SCOTT"."BONUS" 0 KB 0 rows Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/CONSTRAINT Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/REF_CONSTRAINT Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/STATISTICS/MARKER Job "DP"."SYS_IMPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully completed at Thu Dec 10 09:39:06 2015 elapsed 0 00:00:04 [oracle@xqzt ~]$

13、 测试导入结果

SQL> select count(*) from scott.DEPT ; COUNT(*) ----------
     4

导入成功!

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