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Web性能测试工具Siege参数详解 & 示例

王孟君
 王孟君
发布于 2017/06/03 15:12
字数 5694
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在上一篇博文【CentOS上安装Web性能测试工具Siege & 示例】中,给出了CentOS上安装Web性能测试工具Siege的步骤,并给出了一个简单的示例,如

示例 ==> 并发请求指定URL  http://download.joedog.org/

siege -c 5 -r 2 http://download.joedog.org/

参数说明: -c 是并发量并发数为5,  -r 是重复次数 重复2次

某次运行的结果~

Transactions:		          30 hits        ## 完成处理数30
Availability:		      100.00 %           ## 可用,成功率100%
Elapsed time:		        4.67 secs        ## 耗时4.67秒
Data transferred:	        0.07 MB          ## 数据传输0.07MB
Response time:		        0.50 secs        ## 响应时间0.50秒
Transaction rate:	        6.42 trans/sec   ## 每秒完成6.42个处理
Throughput:		        0.01 MB/sec          ## 吞吐量,每秒传输0.01MB
Concurrency:		        3.21             ## 实际最高并发连接数
Successful transactions:          30         ## 成功完成处理30次
Failed transactions:	           0         ## 失败0次
Longest transaction:	        2.25         ## 每次传输所花最长时间
Shortest transaction:	        0.37         ## 每次传输所花最短时间

在本篇博文中,我们将对Siege使用方法和参数,结合示例进行说明~

Siege使用方法

可以先通过siege -h 或者siege --help 命令,查看一下siege的帮助信息,如:

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -h
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
SIEGE 4.0.2
Usage: siege [options]
       siege [options] URL
       siege -g URL
Options:
  -V, --version             VERSION, prints the version number.
  -h, --help                HELP, prints this section.
  -C, --config              CONFIGURATION, show the current config.
  -v, --verbose             VERBOSE, prints notification to screen.
  -q, --quiet               QUIET turns verbose off and suppresses output.
  -g, --get                 GET, pull down HTTP headers and display the
                            transaction. Great for application debugging.
  -c, --concurrent=NUM      CONCURRENT users, default is 10
  -r, --reps=NUM            REPS, number of times to run the test.
  -t, --time=NUMm           TIMED testing where "m" is modifier S, M, or H
                            ex: --time=1H, one hour test.
  -d, --delay=NUM           Time DELAY, random delay before each requst
  -b, --benchmark           BENCHMARK: no delays between requests.
  -i, --internet            INTERNET user simulation, hits URLs randomly.
  -f, --file=FILE           FILE, select a specific URLS FILE.
  -R, --rc=FILE             RC, specify an siegerc file
  -l, --log[=FILE]          LOG to FILE. If FILE is not specified, the
                            default is used: PREFIX/var/siege.log
  -m, --mark="text"         MARK, mark the log file with a string.
                            between .001 and NUM. (NOT COUNTED IN STATS)
  -H, --header="text"       Add a header to request (can be many)
  -A, --user-agent="text"   Sets User-Agent in request
  -T, --content-type="text" Sets Content-Type in request

Copyright (C) 2016 by Jeffrey Fulmer, et al.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.
There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 

从上述帮助信息中,可以看出siege的使用方法有如下三种方法

Usage:

  1.        siege [options]
  2.        siege [options] URL
  3.        siege -g URL

其中option的可选项有如下这些:

Options:
  -V, --version             VERSION, prints the version number.
  -h, --help                HELP, prints this section.
  -C, --config              CONFIGURATION, show the current config.
  -v, --verbose             VERBOSE, prints notification to screen.
  -q, --quiet               QUIET turns verbose off and suppresses output.
  -g, --get                 GET, pull down HTTP headers and display the
                            transaction. Great for application debugging.
  -c, --concurrent=NUM      CONCURRENT users, default is 10
  -r, --reps=NUM            REPS, number of times to run the test.
  -t, --time=NUMm           TIMED testing where "m" is modifier S, M, or H
                            ex: --time=1H, one hour test.
  -d, --delay=NUM           Time DELAY, random delay before each requst
  -b, --benchmark           BENCHMARK: no delays between requests.
  -i, --internet            INTERNET user simulation, hits URLs randomly.
  -f, --file=FILE           FILE, select a specific URLS FILE.
  -R, --rc=FILE             RC, specify an siegerc file
  -l, --log[=FILE]          LOG to FILE. If FILE is not specified, the
                            default is used: PREFIX/var/siege.log
  -m, --mark="text"         MARK, mark the log file with a string.
                            between .001 and NUM. (NOT COUNTED IN STATS)
  -H, --header="text"       Add a header to request (can be many)
  -A, --user-agent="text"   Sets User-Agent in request
  -T, --content-type="text" Sets Content-Type in request

siege [options]

该使用方法主要用于:

  • 查看版本信息
  • 查看帮助信息
  • 查看当前配置信息
  • 使用siege -V 或者 siege --version 查看siege版本信息
[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -V
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
SIEGE 4.0.2

Copyright (C) 2016 by Jeffrey Fulmer, et al.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.
There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 
  • 使用siege -h 或者 siege --help 查看帮助信息
[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -h
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
SIEGE 4.0.2
Usage: siege [options]
       siege [options] URL
       siege -g URL
Options:
  -V, --version             VERSION, prints the version number.
  -h, --help                HELP, prints this section.
  -C, --config              CONFIGURATION, show the current config.
  -v, --verbose             VERBOSE, prints notification to screen.
  -q, --quiet               QUIET turns verbose off and suppresses output.
  -g, --get                 GET, pull down HTTP headers and display the
                            transaction. Great for application debugging.
  -c, --concurrent=NUM      CONCURRENT users, default is 10
  -r, --reps=NUM            REPS, number of times to run the test.
  -t, --time=NUMm           TIMED testing where "m" is modifier S, M, or H
                            ex: --time=1H, one hour test.
  -d, --delay=NUM           Time DELAY, random delay before each requst
  -b, --benchmark           BENCHMARK: no delays between requests.
  -i, --internet            INTERNET user simulation, hits URLs randomly.
  -f, --file=FILE           FILE, select a specific URLS FILE.
  -R, --rc=FILE             RC, specify an siegerc file
  -l, --log[=FILE]          LOG to FILE. If FILE is not specified, the
                            default is used: PREFIX/var/siege.log
  -m, --mark="text"         MARK, mark the log file with a string.
                            between .001 and NUM. (NOT COUNTED IN STATS)
  -H, --header="text"       Add a header to request (can be many)
  -A, --user-agent="text"   Sets User-Agent in request
  -T, --content-type="text" Sets Content-Type in request

Copyright (C) 2016 by Jeffrey Fulmer, et al.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.
There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 
  • 使用siege -C 或者 siege --config 查看当前Siege的配置信息
[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -C
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
CURRENT  SIEGE  CONFIGURATION
Mozilla/5.0 (unknown-x86_64-linux-gnu) Siege/4.0.2
Edit the resource file to change the settings.
----------------------------------------------
version:                        4.0.2
verbose:                        true
color:                          true
quiet:                          false
debug:                          false
protocol:                       HTTP/1.1
HTML parser:                    enabled
get method:                     HEAD
connection:                     close
concurrent users:               25
time to run:                    n/a
repetitions:                    n/a
socket timeout:                 30
accept-encoding:                *
delay:                          0.500 sec
internet simulation:            false
benchmark mode:                 false
failures until abort:           1024
named URL:                      none
URLs file:                      /usr/local/etc/urls.txt
thread limit:                   255
logging:                        false
log file:                       /usr/local/var/log/siege.log
resource file:                  /root/.siege/siege.conf
timestamped output:             false
comma separated output:         false
allow redirects:                true
allow zero byte data:           true
allow chunked encoding:         true
upload unique files:            true
no-follow:
 - ad.doubleclick.net
 - pagead2.googlesyndication.com
 - ads.pubsqrd.com
 - ib.adnxs.com

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 

siege -g URL

获取指定URL的Header信息,并显示HTTP处理信息~

siege -g http://www.baidu.com

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -g http://www.baidu.com
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
HEAD / HTTP/1.0
Host: www.baidu.com
Accept: */*
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (unknown-x86_64-linux-gnu) Siege/4.0.2
Connection: close


HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: bfe/1.0.8.18
Date: Sat, 03 Jun 2017 03:02:23 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 277
Last-Modified: Mon, 13 Jun 2016 02:50:23 GMT
Connection: Close
ETag: "575e1f6f-115"
Cache-Control: private, no-cache, no-store, proxy-revalidate, no-transform
Pragma: no-cache
Accept-Ranges: bytes



Transactions:		           1 hits
Availability:		      100.00 %
Elapsed time:		        0.45 secs
Data transferred:	        0.00 MB
Response time:		        0.10 secs
Transaction rate:	        2.22 trans/sec
Throughput:		        0.00 MB/sec
Concurrency:		        0.22
Successful transactions:           1
Failed transactions:	           0
Longest transaction:	        0.10
Shortest transaction:	        0.10
 
[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 

 

siege [options] URL

这种使用方法是最主要的,接下来,结合示例对参数的使用进行说明~

Siege参数说明&示例

Siege常用参数

Siege常用的参数有如下几个:

-c 或者 --concurrent=NUM : 用于指定并发人数
-r 或者 --reps=NUM       : 用于指定重复次数
-d 或者 --delay=NUM      : 用于指定延迟时间
-f 或者 --file=FILE      : 用于指定URL列表的文件,可以一次对多个路径进行测试
-t 或者 --time=NUMm      : 用于指定测试持续时间。例如: -t10S (10秒)  -t5M(5分钟)  -t1H(1小时)
-l 或者 --log[=FILE]     : 用于记录结果日志

一般测试基本上多个参数组合在一起来完成的,下面,我们就一起来玩几个测试示例~

并发请求URL

siege -c5 -r2 http://www.bing.com

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -c5 -r2 http://www.bing.com
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
** SIEGE 4.0.2
** Preparing 5 concurrent users for battle.
The server is now under siege...
HTTP/1.1 301     0.13 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.14 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.14 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.14 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.14 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.27 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.32 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.37 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.43 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.50 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.22 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.17 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.12 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.05 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.24 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.28 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.30 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.34 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.22 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.16 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.11 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.34 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png

Transactions:		          30 hits
Availability:		      100.00 %
Elapsed time:		        1.73 secs
Data transferred:	        1.27 MB
Response time:		        0.19 secs
Transaction rate:	       17.34 trans/sec
Throughput:		        0.73 MB/sec
Concurrency:		        3.27
Successful transactions:          30
Failed transactions:	           0
Longest transaction:	        0.50
Shortest transaction:	        0.05
 
[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 

在此基础上增加持续时间,设置为5秒

siege -c5 -r2 -t5S http://www.bing.com

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -c5 -r2 -t5S http://www.bing.com
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
[error] CONFIG conflict: selected time and repetition based testing
defaulting to time-based testing: 5 seconds
** SIEGE 4.0.2
** Preparing 5 concurrent users for battle.
The server is now under siege...
HTTP/1.1 301     0.13 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.14 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.14 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.14 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.14 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.19 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.32 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.36 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.42 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.23 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.17 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.11 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.22 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.05 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.05 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.28 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.45 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.49 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.35 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.52 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.15 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.10 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.28 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.08 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.23 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.18 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.13 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.29 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.05 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.05 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.28 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.31 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.31 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.34 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.38 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.24 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.18 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.13 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.05 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.24 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.05 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.24 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.29 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.30 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.22 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.11 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.18 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.35 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.05 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.05 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.27 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.07 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.23 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 301     0.06 secs:       0 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.24 secs:  126124 bytes ==> GET  /

Lifting the server siege...
Transactions:		          91 hits
Availability:		      100.00 %
Elapsed time:		        4.51 secs
Data transferred:	        3.92 MB
Response time:		        0.17 secs
Transaction rate:	       20.18 trans/sec
Throughput:		        0.87 MB/sec
Concurrency:		        3.36
Successful transactions:          93
Failed transactions:	           0
Longest transaction:	        0.52
Shortest transaction:	        0.05
 
[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 

多个URL场景测试

问题: 如果想测试多个URL怎么办呢

我们只要将多个URL存放到一个文件中即可~

通过siege -C我们可以看到如下信息,

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -C
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
CURRENT  SIEGE  CONFIGURATION
Mozilla/5.0 (unknown-x86_64-linux-gnu) Siege/4.0.2
Edit the resource file to change the settings.
----------------------------------------------
version:                        4.0.2
verbose:                        true
color:                          true
quiet:                          false
debug:                          false
protocol:                       HTTP/1.1
HTML parser:                    enabled
get method:                     HEAD
connection:                     close
concurrent users:               25
time to run:                    n/a
repetitions:                    n/a
socket timeout:                 30
accept-encoding:                *
delay:                          0.500 sec
internet simulation:            false
benchmark mode:                 false
failures until abort:           1024
named URL:                      none
URLs file:                      /usr/local/etc/urls.txt
thread limit:                   255
logging:                        false
log file:                       /usr/local/var/log/siege.log
resource file:                  /root/.siege/siege.conf
timestamped output:             false
comma separated output:         false
allow redirects:                true
allow zero byte data:           true
allow chunked encoding:         true
upload unique files:            true
no-follow:
 - ad.doubleclick.net
 - pagead2.googlesyndication.com
 - ads.pubsqrd.com
 - ib.adnxs.com

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 

从上述信息中可以看出,Siege默认情况下URLS FILE的路径为/usr/local/etc/urls.txt

urls.txt的内容如下:


# URLS file for siege
# --
# Format the url entries in any of the following formats:
# http://www.whoohoo.com/index.html
# http://www/index.html
# www/index.html
# http://www.whoohoo.com/cgi-bin/howto/display.cgi?1013
# Use the POST directive for pages that require it:
# http://www.whoohoo.com/cgi-bin/haha.cgi POST ha=1&ho=2
#      or POST content from a file:
# http://www.whoohoo.com/melvin.jsp POST </home/jeff/haha
# http://www.whoohoo.com/melvin.jsp POST <./haha
# You may also set and reference variables inside this file,
# for more information, man urls_txt
# -------------------------------------------------------

我们可以通过 -f参数来指定一个文件,如/srv/myurls.txt, 里面存放指定网址

http://www.baidu.com
http://cn.bing.com/

注,上述URL很简单,并不在Header或者其他地方设置参数~

使用如下命令即可~

siege -c5 -r2 -f /srv/myurls.txt 

[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# siege -c5 -r2 -f /srv/myurls.txt 
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
** SIEGE 4.0.2
** Preparing 5 concurrent users for battle.
The server is now under siege...
HTTP/1.1 200     0.14 secs:  102074 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.16 secs:  102202 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.19 secs:  102123 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  102238 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.14 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.12 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.09 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.28 secs:  102168 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.05 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
HTTP/1.1 200     0.05 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.05 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.05 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.28 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.28 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.30 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.17 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.10 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.32 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.23 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png

Transactions:		          40 hits
Availability:		       88.89 %
Elapsed time:		        1.62 secs
Data transferred:	        1.62 MB
Response time:		        0.11 secs
Transaction rate:	       24.69 trans/sec
Throughput:		        1.00 MB/sec
Concurrency:		        2.81
Successful transactions:          40
Failed transactions:	           5
Longest transaction:	        0.32
Shortest transaction:	        0.05
 
[root@test03 siege-4.0.2]# 

 

记录结果到日志

如果想把测试结果存放到日志文件中去,可以使用--log参数,如:

 siege -c5 -r2 --log=/srv/siege_result.log  -f /srv/myurls.txt

[root@test03 srv]# siege -c5 -r2 --log=/srv/siege_result.log  -f /srv/myurls.txt
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
** SIEGE 4.0.2
** Preparing 5 concurrent users for battle.
The server is now under siege...
HTTP/1.1 200     0.15 secs:  102110 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.20 secs:  102087 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.24 secs:  101920 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.27 secs:  102186 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.15 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.09 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.30 secs:  101935 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    2947 bytes ==> GET  /baidu.html?from=noscript
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      91 bytes ==> GET  /img/gs.gif
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
[error] HTTPS requires libssl: Unable to reach ss1.bdstatic.com with this protocol: Transport endpoint is already connected
HTTP/1.1 200     0.05 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:   93750 bytes ==> GET  /r/www/cache/static/jquery/jquery-1.10.2.min_65682a2.js
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:     705 bytes ==> GET  /img/baidu_jgylogo3.gif
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.07 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    7877 bytes ==> GET  /img/bd_logo1.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.26 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.29 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.12 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.30 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.25 secs:  126193 bytes ==> GET  /
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:    6752 bytes ==> GET  /rms/rms%20answers%20Homepage%20ZhCn$BingAppQR/ic/0d08e928/0f482622.png

Transactions:		          40 hits
Availability:		       88.89 %
Elapsed time:		        1.70 secs
Data transferred:	        1.62 MB
Response time:		        0.11 secs
Transaction rate:	       23.53 trans/sec
Throughput:		        0.95 MB/sec
Concurrency:		        2.66
Successful transactions:          40
Failed transactions:	           5
Longest transaction:	        0.30
Shortest transaction:	        0.05
 
LOG FILE: /srv/siege_result.log
You can disable this log file notification by editing
/root/.siege/siege.conf and changing 'show-logfile' to false.
[root@test03 srv]# 

其中,

Transactions:		          40 hits
Availability:		       88.89 %
Elapsed time:		        1.70 secs
Data transferred:	        1.62 MB
Response time:		        0.11 secs
Transaction rate:	       23.53 trans/sec
Throughput:		        0.95 MB/sec
Concurrency:		        2.66
Successful transactions:          40
Failed transactions:	           5
Longest transaction:	        0.30
Shortest transaction:	        0.05

这些结果信息会记录到指定的siege_result.log文件中,

  Date & Time,  Trans,  Elap Time,  Data Trans,  Resp Time,  Trans Rate,  Throughput,  Concurrent,    OKAY,   Failed
2017-06-03 14:37:03,     40,       1.70,           1,       0.11,       23.53,        0.59,        2.66,      40,       5

Header参数传值

在平时写接口的时候,可能需要先通过一个key获得相应的token,在这种时候,获取token的接口,需要在Header中设置key的参数和值。

在这种情况下,可以通过--header "key:abcdefg123456789" 这样的方法来进行测试~

如:

 siege -c5 -r2 --header "key:WJPRVEZEPMGX4RYESQ4ZPYPQLP2G0HCA" http://127.0.0.1:8080/accessToken

测试示例:

[root@test03 srv]#  siege -c5 -r2 --header "key:WJPRVEZEPMGX4RYESQ4ZPYPQLP2G0HCA" http://127.0.0.1:8080/accessToken
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
** SIEGE 4.0.2
** Preparing 5 concurrent users for battle.
The server is now under siege...
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.06 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.08 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.09 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.09 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.02 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.02 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.02 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.02 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken
HTTP/1.1 200     0.02 secs:      99 bytes ==> GET  /accessToken

Transactions:		          10 hits
Availability:		      100.00 %
Elapsed time:		        0.77 secs
Data transferred:	        0.00 MB
Response time:		        0.05 secs
Transaction rate:	       12.99 trans/sec
Throughput:		        0.00 MB/sec
Concurrency:		        0.62
Successful transactions:          10
Failed transactions:	           0
Longest transaction:	        0.09
Shortest transaction:	        0.02
 
[root@test03 srv]# 

POST + JSON测试

 

假设我们需要测试一个接口方法,POST请求,请求内容为JSON, 并且需要在Header中使用AccessToken。

问题:

这样的情况,我们如何进行传值和测试呢?

Header中的传值可以使用--header "accessToken:c6fe5634d629497ba1bb9e89c2e2fb59"来完成。

至于提交的JSON内容,可以将其放到一个文件中( 如myjson.txt ), 本示例文件中的内容如下:

{
        "actions":[{
                "actionId":"set_room_temp",
                "value":28
        }]
}

然后指定URL路径 和 json体的文件路径

'http://127.0.0.1/v1/control/3WIMLT4P3FZvirtualsn0000000 POST < /srv/myjson.txt'

注意:

上述内容需要用单引号括起来,否则会产生错误~

本文使用的示例如下:

siege -c5 -r1 --header "accessToken:c6fe5634d629497ba1bb9e89c2e2fb59" 'http://127.0.0.1/v1/control/3WIMLT4P3FZvirtualsn0000000 POST < /srv/myjson.txt'

[root@test03 srv]# siege -c5 -r1 --header "accessToken:c6fe5634d629497ba1bb9e89c2e2fb59" 'http://127.0.0.1/v1/control/3WIMLT4P3FZvirtualsn0000000 POST < /srv/myjson.txt'
[alert] Zip encoding disabled; siege requires zlib support to enable it
** SIEGE 4.0.2
** Preparing 5 concurrent users for battle.
The server is now under siege...
HTTP/1.1 200     0.13 secs:      57 bytes ==> POST http://127.0.0.1/v1/control/3WIMLT4P3FZvirtualsn0000000
HTTP/1.1 200     0.13 secs:      57 bytes ==> POST http://127.0.0.1/v1/control/3WIMLT4P3FZvirtualsn0000000
HTTP/1.1 200     0.14 secs:      57 bytes ==> POST http://127.0.0.1/v1/control/3WIMLT4P3FZvirtualsn0000000
HTTP/1.1 200     0.15 secs:      57 bytes ==> POST http://127.0.0.1/v1/control/3WIMLT4P3FZvirtualsn0000000
HTTP/1.1 200     0.16 secs:      57 bytes ==> POST http://127.0.0.1/v1/control/3WIMLT4P3FZvirtualsn0000000

Transactions:		           5 hits
Availability:		      100.00 %
Elapsed time:		        0.54 secs
Data transferred:	        0.00 MB
Response time:		        0.14 secs
Transaction rate:	        9.26 trans/sec
Throughput:		        0.00 MB/sec
Concurrency:		        1.31
Successful transactions:           5
Failed transactions:	           0
Longest transaction:	        0.16
Shortest transaction:	        0.13
 
[root@test03 srv]#

小结

通过上述的介绍,Siege常用的参数和使用示例基本上写完了。

有兴趣的读者,可以到Siege官网【https://www.joedog.org/siege-manual/】上去查看更多的资料~ 

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评论(2)

曹赫洋
The number of users is capped at 255. To increase this
limit, search your .siegerc file for 'limit' and change
its value. Make sure you read the instructions there..

大神请问,如何修改并发数,默认的最大并发数是255,不满足需求。
Jacle
Jacle
跟其他工具对比,优缺点是什么?
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