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跟我一起学QT3:电子表格的制作

fzyz_sb
 fzyz_sb
发布于 2014/11/12 20:11
字数 3719
阅读 243
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0. 源代码下载(qt5)

https://github.com/leichaojian/qt/tree/master/spreadsheet

1. 子类化QMainWindow

#include <QtGui>

#include "finddialog.h"
#include "gotocelldialog.h"
#include "mainwindow.h"
#include "sortdialog.h"
#include "spreadsheet.h"

MainWindow::MainWindow()
{
    spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet;
	//设置为中央窗口部件
    setCentralWidget(spreadsheet);

    createActions();
    createMenus();
    createContextMenu();
    createToolBars();
    createStatusBar();

    readSettings();

    findDialog = 0;

	//显示窗口左上角的图标
    setWindowIcon(QIcon(":/images/icon.png"));
    setCurrentFile("");
}

//closeEvent事件:中途拦截close信号,用来确定是否要关闭窗口
void MainWindow::closeEvent(QCloseEvent *event)
{
    if (okToContinue()) {
		//保存设置,接收此事件
        writeSettings();
        event->accept();
    } else {
		//忽略此事件
        event->ignore();
    }
}

void MainWindow::newFile()
{
	//说明保存成功
    if (okToContinue()) {
		//保存成功后,清空界面,设置标题
        spreadsheet->clear();
        setCurrentFile("");
    }
}

void MainWindow::open()
{
    if (okToContinue()) {
		//创建文件对话框(getOpenFileName)并且选择过滤后的文件名(fileName)
		//"Spreadsheet files (*.sp)"中Spreadsheet files为描述文字,而*.sp为过滤条件
        QString fileName = QFileDialog::getOpenFileName(this,
                                   tr("Open Spreadsheet"), ".",
                                   tr("Spreadsheet files (*.sp)"));
		//如果文件不为空,则加载文件
        if (!fileName.isEmpty())
            loadFile(fileName);
    }
}

bool MainWindow::save()
{
	//是当前文件而非新建文件
    if (curFile.isEmpty()) {
        return saveAs();
    } else {
        return saveFile(curFile);
    }
}

bool MainWindow::saveAs()
{
	//getSaveFileName:得到保存的文件,如果文件存在,则会提示是否要覆盖
    QString fileName = QFileDialog::getSaveFileName(this,
                               tr("Save Spreadsheet"), ".",
                               tr("Spreadsheet files (*.sp)"));
    if (fileName.isEmpty())
        return false;

    return saveFile(fileName);
}

void MainWindow::find()
{
    if (!findDialog) {
        findDialog = new FindDialog(this);
        connect(findDialog, SIGNAL(findNext(const QString &,
                                            Qt::CaseSensitivity)),
                spreadsheet, SLOT(findNext(const QString &,
                                           Qt::CaseSensitivity)));
        connect(findDialog, SIGNAL(findPrevious(const QString &,
                                                Qt::CaseSensitivity)),
                spreadsheet, SLOT(findPrevious(const QString &,
                                               Qt::CaseSensitivity)));
    }

	//非模态对话框--->show()
    findDialog->show();
	//raise()使窗口成为顶层窗口
    findDialog->raise();
	//activateWindow()激活顶层窗口
    findDialog->activateWindow();
}

void MainWindow::goToCell()
{
    GoToCellDialog dialog(this);
	//exec为模态对话框(这里不同于show的非模态对话框)
    if (dialog.exec()) {
        QString str = dialog.lineEdit->text().toUpper();
        spreadsheet->setCurrentCell(str.mid(1).toInt() - 1,
                                    str[0].unicode() - 'A');
    }
}

//对局部区域进行排序
void MainWindow::sort()
{
    SortDialog dialog(this);
    QTableWidgetSelectionRange range = spreadsheet->selectedRange();
	//选定的列('A' + 1, 'A' + 4 ==> 'B','E')
    dialog.setColumnRange('A' + range.leftColumn(),
                          'A' + range.rightColumn());

    if (dialog.exec()) {
        SpreadsheetCompare compare;
        compare.keys[0] =
              dialog.primaryColumnCombo->currentIndex();
        compare.keys[1] =
              dialog.secondaryColumnCombo->currentIndex() - 1;
        compare.keys[2] =
              dialog.tertiaryColumnCombo->currentIndex() - 1;
        compare.ascending[0] =
              (dialog.primaryOrderCombo->currentIndex() == 0);
        compare.ascending[1] =
              (dialog.secondaryOrderCombo->currentIndex() == 0);
        compare.ascending[2] =
              (dialog.tertiaryOrderCombo->currentIndex() == 0);
        spreadsheet->sort(compare);
    }
}

void MainWindow::about()
{
    QMessageBox::about(this, tr("About Spreadsheet"),
            tr("<h2>Spreadsheet 1.1</h2>"
               "<p>Copyright &copy; 2008 Software Inc."
               "<p>Spreadsheet is a small application that "
               "demonstrates QAction, QMainWindow, QMenuBar, "
               "QStatusBar, QTableWidget, QToolBar, and many other "
               "Qt classes."));
}

void MainWindow::openRecentFile()
{
    if (okToContinue()) {
		//qobject_cast动态类型转换--->这里sender()的含义是什么?
        QAction *action = qobject_cast<QAction *>(sender());
		//通过action->data()得到文件名
        if (action)
            loadFile(action->data().toString());
    }
}

void MainWindow::updateStatusBar()
{
    locationLabel->setText(spreadsheet->currentLocation());
    formulaLabel->setText(spreadsheet->currentFormula());
}

void MainWindow::spreadsheetModified()
{
    setWindowModified(true);
    updateStatusBar();
}

//一个动作(action)就是一个可以添加到任意数量的菜单和工具栏上的项
void MainWindow::createActions()
{
	//New动作
    newAction = new QAction(tr("&New"), this);
    newAction->setIcon(QIcon(":/images/new.png"));
    newAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::New);	//快捷键
    newAction->setStatusTip(tr("Create a new spreadsheet file"));
    connect(newAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(newFile()));

	//Open动作
    openAction = new QAction(tr("&Open..."), this);
    openAction->setIcon(QIcon(":/images/open.png"));
    openAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Open);
    openAction->setStatusTip(tr("Open an existing spreadsheet file"));
    connect(openAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(open()));

	//Save动作
    saveAction = new QAction(tr("&Save"), this);
    saveAction->setIcon(QIcon(":/images/save.png"));
    saveAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Save);
    saveAction->setStatusTip(tr("Save the spreadsheet to disk"));
    connect(saveAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(save()));

	//Save as动作
    saveAsAction = new QAction(tr("Save &As..."), this);
    saveAsAction->setStatusTip(tr("Save the spreadsheet under a new "
                                  "name"));
    connect(saveAsAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(saveAs()));

	//最近打开文件动作
    for (int i = 0; i < MaxRecentFiles; ++i) {
        recentFileActions[i] = new QAction(this);
        recentFileActions[i]->setVisible(false);
        connect(recentFileActions[i], SIGNAL(triggered()),
                this, SLOT(openRecentFile()));
    }

	//Exit动作
    exitAction = new QAction(tr("E&xit"), this);
    exitAction->setShortcut(tr("Ctrl+Q"));
    exitAction->setStatusTip(tr("Exit the application"));
	//这里close由Qt提供
    connect(exitAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(close()));

	//Cut动作
    cutAction = new QAction(tr("Cu&t"), this);
    cutAction->setIcon(QIcon(":/images/cut.png"));
    cutAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Cut);
    cutAction->setStatusTip(tr("Cut the current selection's contents "
                               "to the clipboard"));
    connect(cutAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), spreadsheet, SLOT(cut()));

	//Copy动作
    copyAction = new QAction(tr("&Copy"), this);
    copyAction->setIcon(QIcon(":/images/copy.png"));
    copyAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Copy);
    copyAction->setStatusTip(tr("Copy the current selection's contents "
                                "to the clipboard"));
    connect(copyAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), spreadsheet, SLOT(copy()));

	//Paste动作
    pasteAction = new QAction(tr("&Paste"), this);
    pasteAction->setIcon(QIcon(":/images/paste.png"));
    pasteAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Paste);
    pasteAction->setStatusTip(tr("Paste the clipboard's contents into "
                                 "the current selection"));
    connect(pasteAction, SIGNAL(triggered()),
            spreadsheet, SLOT(paste()));

	//Delete动作
    deleteAction = new QAction(tr("&Delete"), this);
    deleteAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Delete);
    deleteAction->setStatusTip(tr("Delete the current selection's "
                                  "contents"));
    connect(deleteAction, SIGNAL(triggered()),
            spreadsheet, SLOT(del()));

    selectRowAction = new QAction(tr("&Row"), this);
    selectRowAction->setStatusTip(tr("Select all the cells in the "
                                     "current row"));
    connect(selectRowAction, SIGNAL(triggered()),
            spreadsheet, SLOT(selectCurrentRow()));

    selectColumnAction = new QAction(tr("&Column"), this);
    selectColumnAction->setStatusTip(tr("Select all the cells in the "
                                        "current column"));
    connect(selectColumnAction, SIGNAL(triggered()),
            spreadsheet, SLOT(selectCurrentColumn()));

    selectAllAction = new QAction(tr("&All"), this);
    selectAllAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::SelectAll);
    selectAllAction->setStatusTip(tr("Select all the cells in the "
                                     "spreadsheet"));
	//selectAll由父类QTableWidget实现
    connect(selectAllAction, SIGNAL(triggered()),
            spreadsheet, SLOT(selectAll()));

    findAction = new QAction(tr("&Find..."), this);
    findAction->setIcon(QIcon(":/images/find.png"));
    findAction->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Find);
    findAction->setStatusTip(tr("Find a matching cell"));
    connect(findAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(find()));

    goToCellAction = new QAction(tr("&Go to Cell..."), this);
    goToCellAction->setIcon(QIcon(":/images/gotocell.png"));
    goToCellAction->setShortcut(tr("Ctrl+G"));
    goToCellAction->setStatusTip(tr("Go to the specified cell"));
    connect(goToCellAction, SIGNAL(triggered()),
            this, SLOT(goToCell()));

    recalculateAction = new QAction(tr("&Recalculate"), this);
    recalculateAction->setShortcut(tr("F9"));
    recalculateAction->setStatusTip(tr("Recalculate all the "
                                       "spreadsheet's formulas"));
    connect(recalculateAction, SIGNAL(triggered()),
            spreadsheet, SLOT(recalculate()));

    sortAction = new QAction(tr("&Sort..."), this);
    sortAction->setStatusTip(tr("Sort the selected cells or all the "
                                "cells"));
    connect(sortAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(sort()));

    showGridAction = new QAction(tr("&Show Grid"), this);
    showGridAction->setCheckable(true);	//复选动作
    showGridAction->setChecked(spreadsheet->showGrid());
    showGridAction->setStatusTip(tr("Show or hide the spreadsheet's "
                                    "grid"));
    connect(showGridAction, SIGNAL(toggled(bool)),
            spreadsheet, SLOT(setShowGrid(bool)));
#if QT_VERSION < 0x040102
    // workaround for a QTableWidget bug in Qt 4.1.1
    connect(showGridAction, SIGNAL(toggled(bool)),
            spreadsheet->viewport(), SLOT(update()));
#endif

    autoRecalcAction = new QAction(tr("&Auto-Recalculate"), this);
    autoRecalcAction->setCheckable(true);
    autoRecalcAction->setChecked(spreadsheet->autoRecalculate());
    autoRecalcAction->setStatusTip(tr("Switch auto-recalculation on or "
                                      "off"));
    connect(autoRecalcAction, SIGNAL(toggled(bool)),
            spreadsheet, SLOT(setAutoRecalculate(bool)));

    aboutAction = new QAction(tr("&About"), this);
    aboutAction->setStatusTip(tr("Show the application's About box"));
    connect(aboutAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(about()));

    aboutQtAction = new QAction(tr("About &Qt"), this);
    aboutQtAction->setStatusTip(tr("Show the Qt library's About box"));
    connect(aboutQtAction, SIGNAL(triggered()), qApp, SLOT(aboutQt()));
}

void MainWindow::createMenus()
{
	//addMenu用于创建一个窗口部件
    fileMenu = menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&File"));
    fileMenu->addAction(newAction);
    fileMenu->addAction(openAction);
    fileMenu->addAction(saveAction);
    fileMenu->addAction(saveAsAction);
    separatorAction = fileMenu->addSeparator();	//分隔符
	//最近打开的文件
    for (int i = 0; i < MaxRecentFiles; ++i)
        fileMenu->addAction(recentFileActions[i]);
    fileMenu->addSeparator();
    fileMenu->addAction(exitAction);

    editMenu = menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&Edit"));
    editMenu->addAction(cutAction);
    editMenu->addAction(copyAction);
    editMenu->addAction(pasteAction);
    editMenu->addAction(deleteAction);

	//Select是Edit菜单下的一个子菜单
    selectSubMenu = editMenu->addMenu(tr("&Select"));
    selectSubMenu->addAction(selectRowAction);
    selectSubMenu->addAction(selectColumnAction);
    selectSubMenu->addAction(selectAllAction);

    editMenu->addSeparator();
    editMenu->addAction(findAction);
    editMenu->addAction(goToCellAction);

    toolsMenu = menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&Tools"));
    toolsMenu->addAction(recalculateAction);
    toolsMenu->addAction(sortAction);

    optionsMenu = menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&Options"));
    optionsMenu->addAction(showGridAction);
    optionsMenu->addAction(autoRecalcAction);

	//菜单栏中增加间隔
    menuBar()->addSeparator();

    helpMenu = menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&Help"));
    helpMenu->addAction(aboutAction);
    helpMenu->addAction(aboutQtAction);
}

/**************************
任何Qt窗口部件都可以有一个与之相关联的QAction列表。要为该应用程序提供一个上下文菜单,可以将
所需要的动作添加到Spreadsheet窗口部件中,并且将那个窗口部件的上下文菜单策略(context menu policy)
设置为一个显示这些动作的上下文菜单。当用户在一个窗口部件上单击鼠标右键,或者是在键盘上按下一个与平台相关的按键时,就可以激活这些上下文菜单。
*****************************/
void MainWindow::createContextMenu()
{
	//将菜单栏cutAction,copyAction和pasteAction关联到spreadsheet中
    spreadsheet->addAction(cutAction);
    spreadsheet->addAction(copyAction);
    spreadsheet->addAction(pasteAction);
    spreadsheet->setContextMenuPolicy(Qt::ActionsContextMenu);
}

void MainWindow::createToolBars()
{
    fileToolBar = addToolBar(tr("&File"));
    fileToolBar->addAction(newAction);
    fileToolBar->addAction(openAction);
    fileToolBar->addAction(saveAction);

    editToolBar = addToolBar(tr("&Edit"));
    editToolBar->addAction(cutAction);
    editToolBar->addAction(copyAction);
    editToolBar->addAction(pasteAction);
    editToolBar->addSeparator();
    editToolBar->addAction(findAction);
    editToolBar->addAction(goToCellAction);
}

void MainWindow::createStatusBar()
{
    locationLabel = new QLabel(" W999 ");
	//默认情况下是向左对齐并且垂直居中
    locationLabel->setAlignment(Qt::AlignHCenter);
    locationLabel->setMinimumSize(locationLabel->sizeHint());

    formulaLabel = new QLabel;
	//设定缩进大小
    formulaLabel->setIndent(3);

    statusBar()->addWidget(locationLabel);
	//1为伸展因子,防止状态显示过于靠近
    statusBar()->addWidget(formulaLabel, 1);

    connect(spreadsheet, SIGNAL(currentCellChanged(int, int, int, int)),
            this, SLOT(updateStatusBar()));
	//修改(modified)后更新状态栏
    connect(spreadsheet, SIGNAL(modified()),
            this, SLOT(spreadsheetModified()));

	//更新状态栏
    updateStatusBar();
}

//读取配置---通常为键值方式
void MainWindow::readSettings()
{
    QSettings settings("Software Inc.", "Spreadsheet");

    restoreGeometry(settings.value("geometry").toByteArray());

    recentFiles = settings.value("recentFiles").toStringList();
    updateRecentFileActions();

    bool showGrid = settings.value("showGrid", true).toBool();
    showGridAction->setChecked(showGrid);

    bool autoRecalc = settings.value("autoRecalc", true).toBool();
    autoRecalcAction->setChecked(autoRecalc);
}

void MainWindow::writeSettings()
{
    QSettings settings("Software Inc.", "Spreadsheet");

    settings.setValue("geometry", saveGeometry());
    settings.setValue("recentFiles", recentFiles);
    settings.setValue("showGrid", showGridAction->isChecked());
    settings.setValue("autoRecalc", autoRecalcAction->isChecked());
}

bool MainWindow::okToContinue()
{
    if (isWindowModified()) {
        int r = QMessageBox::warning(this, tr("Spreadsheet"),
                        tr("The document has been modified.\n"
                           "Do you want to save your changes?"),
                        QMessageBox::Yes | QMessageBox::No
                        | QMessageBox::Cancel);
        if (r == QMessageBox::Yes) {
            return save();
        } else if (r == QMessageBox::Cancel) {
            return false;
        }
    }
    return true;
}

bool MainWindow::loadFile(const QString &fileName)
{
	//readFile从磁盘中读取文件并显示出来
    if (!spreadsheet->readFile(fileName)) {
        statusBar()->showMessage(tr("Loading canceled"), 2000);
        return false;
    }

    setCurrentFile(fileName);
    statusBar()->showMessage(tr("File loaded"), 2000);
    return true;
}

bool MainWindow::saveFile(const QString &fileName)
{
    if (!spreadsheet->writeFile(fileName)) {
        statusBar()->showMessage(tr("Saving canceled"), 2000);
        return false;
    }

    setCurrentFile(fileName);
    statusBar()->showMessage(tr("File saved"), 2000);
    return true;
}

void MainWindow::setCurrentFile(const QString &fileName)
{
    curFile = fileName;
    setWindowModified(false);

    QString shownName = tr("Untitled");
    if (!curFile.isEmpty()) {
		//strippedName:移除文件名中的路径字符
        shownName = strippedName(curFile);
		//从最近打开文件中移除当前文件
        recentFiles.removeAll(curFile);
		//将当前文件加入最近打开文件的开头
        recentFiles.prepend(curFile);
		//更新最近打开文件
        updateRecentFileActions();
    }

	//显示标题(*代表已修改而未保存)
    setWindowTitle(tr("%1[*] - %2").arg(shownName)
                                   .arg(tr("Spreadsheet")));
}

void MainWindow::updateRecentFileActions()
{
    QMutableStringListIterator i(recentFiles);
	//用来移除任何不存在的文件
    while (i.hasNext()) {
        if (!QFile::exists(i.next()))
            i.remove();
    }

    for (int j = 0; j < MaxRecentFiles; ++j) {
        if (j < recentFiles.count()) {
			//保存最近打开文件的信息
            QString text = tr("&%1 %2")
                           .arg(j + 1)
                           .arg(strippedName(recentFiles[j]));
            recentFileActions[j]->setText(text);
            recentFileActions[j]->setData(recentFiles[j]);
            recentFileActions[j]->setVisible(true);
        } else {
            recentFileActions[j]->setVisible(false);
        }
    }
    separatorAction->setVisible(!recentFiles.isEmpty());
}

QString MainWindow::strippedName(const QString &fullFileName)
{
    return QFileInfo(fullFileName).fileName();
}

2.  子类化QTableWidget


#include <QtGui>

#include "cell.h"
#include "spreadsheet.h"

Spreadsheet::Spreadsheet(QWidget *parent)
    : QTableWidget(parent)
{
    autoRecalc = true;

	//将item的原型设置为Cell类型
    setItemPrototype(new Cell);
	//选择模式为:ContiguousSelection,则允许单矩形选择框方法
    setSelectionMode(ContiguousSelection);

    connect(this, SIGNAL(itemChanged(QTableWidgetItem *)),
            this, SLOT(somethingChanged()));

	//调用clear()来重新调整表格的尺寸大小并且设置列标题
    clear();
}

//得到当前位置
QString Spreadsheet::currentLocation() const
{
    return QChar('A' + currentColumn())
           + QString::number(currentRow() + 1);
}

//返回当前单元格的公式
QString Spreadsheet::currentFormula() const
{
    return formula(currentRow(), currentColumn());
}

//自定义selectedRange(),用于返回选中的表格范围
QTableWidgetSelectionRange Spreadsheet::selectedRange() const
{
    QList<QTableWidgetSelectionRange> ranges = selectedRanges();
    if (ranges.isEmpty())
        return QTableWidgetSelectionRange();
    return ranges.first();
}

void Spreadsheet::clear()
{
	//调整表格为0行0列,做到清空所有的表格内容
    setRowCount(0);
    setColumnCount(0);
	//重新设置表格的大小为RowCount*ColumnCount
    setRowCount(RowCount);
    setColumnCount(ColumnCount);

    for (int i = 0; i < ColumnCount; ++i) {
        QTableWidgetItem *item = new QTableWidgetItem;
        item->setText(QString(QChar('A' + i)));
		//设置水平标题栏列i到item中
        setHorizontalHeaderItem(i, item);
    }

    setCurrentCell(0, 0);
}

//从二进制文件中读取数据并写入表格中
bool Spreadsheet::readFile(const QString &fileName)
{
    QFile file(fileName);
    if (!file.open(QIODevice::ReadOnly)) {
        QMessageBox::warning(this, tr("Spreadsheet"),
                             tr("Cannot read file %1:\n%2.")
                             .arg(file.fileName())
                             .arg(file.errorString()));
        return false;
    }

    QDataStream in(&file);
    in.setVersion(QDataStream::Qt_4_3);

    quint32 magic;
    in >> magic;
    if (magic != MagicNumber) {
        QMessageBox::warning(this, tr("Spreadsheet"),
                             tr("The file is not a Spreadsheet file."));
        return false;
    }

    clear();

    quint16 row;
    quint16 column;
    QString str;

    QApplication::setOverrideCursor(Qt::WaitCursor);
    while (!in.atEnd()) {
        in >> row >> column >> str;
        setFormula(row, column, str);
    }
    QApplication::restoreOverrideCursor();
    return true;
}

//通过二进制方式写入文件中
bool Spreadsheet::writeFile(const QString &fileName)
{
    QFile file(fileName);
    if (!file.open(QIODevice::WriteOnly)) {
        QMessageBox::warning(this, tr("Spreadsheet"),
                             tr("Cannot write file %1:\n%2.")
                             .arg(file.fileName())
                             .arg(file.errorString()));
        return false;
    }

    QDataStream out(&file);
    out.setVersion(QDataStream::Qt_4_3);

    out << quint32(MagicNumber);

	//光标设置为等待光标(通常为沙漏型)
    QApplication::setOverrideCursor(Qt::WaitCursor);
    for (int row = 0; row < RowCount; ++row) {
        for (int column = 0; column < ColumnCount; ++column) {
            QString str = formula(row, column);
            if (!str.isEmpty())
                out << quint16(row) << quint16(column) << str;
        }
    }
	//从等待光标中恢复为正常光标
    QApplication::restoreOverrideCursor();
    return true;
}

void Spreadsheet::sort(const SpreadsheetCompare &compare)
{
    QList<QStringList> rows;
    QTableWidgetSelectionRange range = selectedRange();
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < range.rowCount(); ++i) {
        QStringList row;
        for (int j = 0; j < range.columnCount(); ++j)
            row.append(formula(range.topRow() + i,
                               range.leftColumn() + j));
        rows.append(row);
    }

    qStableSort(rows.begin(), rows.end(), compare);

    for (i = 0; i < range.rowCount(); ++i) {
        for (int j = 0; j < range.columnCount(); ++j)
            setFormula(range.topRow() + i, range.leftColumn() + j,
                       rows[i][j]);
    }

    clearSelection();
    somethingChanged();
}

//cut = copy + del
void Spreadsheet::cut()
{
    copy();
    del();
}

void Spreadsheet::copy()
{
	//由于在构造函数中setSelectionMode(ContiguousSelection);则选择范围无法大于1,需自定义selectedRange()
    QTableWidgetSelectionRange range = selectedRange();
    QString str;

	//行与行之间用'\n'来分割,列与列之间用'\t'来分割
    for (int i = 0; i < range.rowCount(); ++i) {
        if (i > 0)
            str += "\n";
        for (int j = 0; j < range.columnCount(); ++j) {
            if (j > 0)
                str += "\t";
            str += formula(range.topRow() + i, range.leftColumn() + j);
        }
    }
	//放到剪切板上面
    QApplication::clipboard()->setText(str);
}

void Spreadsheet::paste()
{
    QTableWidgetSelectionRange range = selectedRange();
    QString str = QApplication::clipboard()->text();
    QStringList rows = str.split('\n');
    int numRows = rows.count();
    int numColumns = rows.first().count('\t') + 1;

	//这里不够智能,必须选定一样大小的范围才能粘贴上去(excel和wps只要选定一个表格即可)
    if (range.rowCount() * range.columnCount() != 1
            && (range.rowCount() != numRows
                || range.columnCount() != numColumns)) {
        QMessageBox::information(this, tr("Spreadsheet"),
                tr("The information cannot be pasted because the copy "
                   "and paste areas aren't the same size."));
        return;
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < numRows; ++i) {
        QStringList columns = rows[i].split('\t');
        for (int j = 0; j < numColumns; ++j) {
            int row = range.topRow() + i;
            int column = range.leftColumn() + j;
            if (row < RowCount && column < ColumnCount)
                setFormula(row, column, columns[j]);
        }
    }
    somethingChanged();
}

void Spreadsheet::del()
{
    QList<QTableWidgetItem *> items = selectedItems();
    if (!items.isEmpty()) {
        foreach (QTableWidgetItem *item, items)
            delete item;	//直接释放资源即可
        somethingChanged();
    }
}

void Spreadsheet::selectCurrentRow()
{
    selectRow(currentRow());
}

void Spreadsheet::selectCurrentColumn()
{
    selectColumn(currentColumn());
}

void Spreadsheet::recalculate()
{
    for (int row = 0; row < RowCount; ++row) {
        for (int column = 0; column < ColumnCount; ++column) {
            if (cell(row, column))
                cell(row, column)->setDirty();	//标记为重新计算
        }
    }
	//通过update来重新绘制整个电子表格
    viewport()->update();
}

//判断是否自动重新计算并更新
void Spreadsheet::setAutoRecalculate(bool recalc)
{
    autoRecalc = recalc;
    if (autoRecalc)
        recalculate();
}

void Spreadsheet::findNext(const QString &str, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs)
{
    int row = currentRow();
    int column = currentColumn() + 1;

    while (row < RowCount) {
        while (column < ColumnCount) {
            if (text(row, column).contains(str, cs)) {
				//清除光标
                clearSelection();
                setCurrentCell(row, column);
                activateWindow();
                return;
            }
            ++column;
        }
        column = 0;
        ++row;
    }
    QApplication::beep();
}

void Spreadsheet::findPrevious(const QString &str,
                               Qt::CaseSensitivity cs)
{
    int row = currentRow();
    int column = currentColumn() - 1;

    while (row >= 0) {
        while (column >= 0) {
            if (text(row, column).contains(str, cs)) {
                clearSelection();
                setCurrentCell(row, column);
                activateWindow();
                return;
            }
            --column;
        }
        column = ColumnCount - 1;
        --row;
    }
    QApplication::beep();
}

void Spreadsheet::somethingChanged()
{
    if (autoRecalc)
        recalculate();
    emit modified();
}

Cell *Spreadsheet::cell(int row, int column) const
{
	//这里item是一个函数
    return static_cast<Cell *>(item(row, column));
}

//设定公式
void Spreadsheet::setFormula(int row, int column,
                             const QString &formula)
{
    Cell *c = cell(row, column);
    if (!c) {
        c = new Cell;
        setItem(row, column, c);
    }
    c->setFormula(formula);
}

//返回给定单元格中的公式-->返回是公式的结果
QString Spreadsheet::formula(int row, int column) const
{
    Cell *c = cell(row, column);
    if (c) {
        return c->formula();
    } else {
        return "";
    }
}

//返回row行,column列的数据
QString Spreadsheet::text(int row, int column) const
{
    Cell *c = cell(row, column);
    if (c) {
        return c->text();
    } else {
        return "";
    }
}

bool SpreadsheetCompare::operator()(const QStringList &row1,
                                    const QStringList &row2) const
{
    for (int i = 0; i < KeyCount; ++i) {
        int column = keys[i];
        if (column != -1) {
            if (row1[column] != row2[column]) {
                if (ascending[i]) {
                    return row1[column] < row2[column];
                } else {
                    return row1[column] > row2[column];
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return false;
}

3. 子类化QTableWidgetItem

#include <QtGui>

#include "cell.h"

Cell::Cell()
{
	//设置缓存为最新
    setDirty();
}

QTableWidgetItem *Cell::clone() const
{
    return new Cell(*this);
}

void Cell::setData(int role, const QVariant &value)
{
	//通过特定的模式(role)来显示数据(value)
    QTableWidgetItem::setData(role, value);
	//编辑模式(EditRole)下,单元格需要重新计算
    if (role == Qt::EditRole)
        setDirty();
}

QVariant Cell::data(int role) const
{
	//显示文本
    if (role == Qt::DisplayRole) {
        if (value().isValid()) {
            return value().toString();
        } else {
            return "####";
        }
    } else if (role == Qt::TextAlignmentRole) {
		//返回一个对齐方式
        if (value().type() == QVariant::String) {
            return int(Qt::AlignLeft | Qt::AlignVCenter);
        } else {
            return int(Qt::AlignRight | Qt::AlignVCenter);
        }
    } else {
        return QTableWidgetItem::data(role);
    }
}

void Cell::setFormula(const QString &formula)
{
    setData(Qt::EditRole, formula);
}

QString Cell::formula() const
{
    return data(Qt::EditRole).toString();
}

void Cell::setDirty()
{
    cacheIsDirty = true;
}

const QVariant Invalid;

//得到单元格的数据
QVariant Cell::value() const
{
    if (cacheIsDirty) {
        cacheIsDirty = false;

        QString formulaStr = formula();
		//数据以单引号(')开头,则为字符串
        if (formulaStr.startsWith('\'')) {
            cachedValue = formulaStr.mid(1);
        } else if (formulaStr.startsWith('=')) {
            cachedValue = Invalid;
            QString expr = formulaStr.mid(1);
            expr.replace(" ", "");
            expr.append(QChar::Null);

			//为=号情况下,计算公式的值
            int pos = 0;
            cachedValue = evalExpression(expr, pos);
            if (expr[pos] != QChar::Null)
                cachedValue = Invalid;
        } else {
			//否则,为double类型
            bool ok;
            double d = formulaStr.toDouble(&ok);
            if (ok) {
                cachedValue = d;
            } else {
                cachedValue = formulaStr;
            }
        }
    }
    return cachedValue;
}

QVariant Cell::evalExpression(const QString &str, int &pos) const
{
    QVariant result = evalTerm(str, pos);
    while (str[pos] != QChar::Null) {
        QChar op = str[pos];
        if (op != '+' && op != '-')
            return result;
        ++pos;

        QVariant term = evalTerm(str, pos);
        if (result.type() == QVariant::Double
                && term.type() == QVariant::Double) {
            if (op == '+') {
                result = result.toDouble() + term.toDouble();
            } else {
                result = result.toDouble() - term.toDouble();
            }
        } else {
            result = Invalid;
        }
    }
    return result;
}

QVariant Cell::evalTerm(const QString &str, int &pos) const
{
    QVariant result = evalFactor(str, pos);
    while (str[pos] != QChar::Null) {
        QChar op = str[pos];
        if (op != '*' && op != '/')
            return result;
        ++pos;

        QVariant factor = evalFactor(str, pos);
        if (result.type() == QVariant::Double
                && factor.type() == QVariant::Double) {
            if (op == '*') {
                result = result.toDouble() * factor.toDouble();
            } else {
                if (factor.toDouble() == 0.0) {
                    result = Invalid;
                } else {
                    result = result.toDouble() / factor.toDouble();
                }
            }
        } else {
            result = Invalid;
        }
    }
    return result;
}

QVariant Cell::evalFactor(const QString &str, int &pos) const
{
    QVariant result;
    bool negative = false;

    if (str[pos] == '-') {
        negative = true;
        ++pos;
    }

    if (str[pos] == '(') {
        ++pos;
        result = evalExpression(str, pos);
        if (str[pos] != ')')
            result = Invalid;
        ++pos;
    } else {
        QRegExp regExp("[A-Za-z][1-9][0-9]{0,2}");
        QString token;

        while (str[pos].isLetterOrNumber() || str[pos] == '.') {
            token += str[pos];
            ++pos;
        }

        if (regExp.exactMatch(token)) {
            int column = token[0].toUpper().unicode() - 'A';
            int row = token.mid(1).toInt() - 1;

            Cell *c = static_cast<Cell *>(
                              tableWidget()->item(row, column));
            if (c) {
                result = c->value();
            } else {
                result = 0.0;
            }
        } else {
            bool ok;
            result = token.toDouble(&ok);
            if (!ok)
                result = Invalid;
        }
    }

    if (negative) {
        if (result.type() == QVariant::Double) {
            result = -result.toDouble();
        } else {
            result = Invalid;
        }
    }
    return result;
}



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