Android SimpleAdapter

原创
2017/04/24 22:07
阅读数 379

HolderAdapter背景

Android的AdapterView用的比较多,ListView,GridView,Spinner等,原生的BaseAdapter对ViewHolder没有支持,每次都要,定义内部类,inflater根布局,对item内部view设置clicklistener并转发到adapter的调用者等。写的次数多了感觉很繁琐,于是写了个简单的封装,简化Adapter的编写,仓库连接http://git.oschina.net/phodev/SimpleAdapter.

主要文件介绍

1,CommonAdapter.java从BaseAdapter继承,添加了常用的函数,通过泛型约定了List数据源,代替子类实现getCount功能,添加bindClick实现Adapter的OnItemClickListener。

2,BaseViewHolder.java和HolderAdapter结合,实现类似Activity的view初始化方方式onCreate->setContentView->findViewById。

3,HolderAdapter.java从CommonAdapter继承,主要用来驱动BaseViewHolder工作。

使用方法

1,Adapter定义

public class SampleHolderAdapter extends HolderAdapter<Object> {
    //定义Item内部的点击事件,如果不需要可以不定义
    public static final int CLICK_ACTION_ADD = 1;
    public static final int CLICK_ACTION_UPDATE = 2;
    public static final int CLICK_ACTION_DELETE = 3;
    //构造函数配置数据源(可选,或者之后通过setData更新)
    public SampleHolderAdapter(List<Object> data) {
        super(data);
    }

    @Override
    public BaseViewHolder<?> createViewHolder(int position) {
        //创建期望的 ViewHolder
        return new ViewHolder();
    }
    
    class ViewHolder extends BaseViewHolder<Object> {
        Button btn1, btn2, btn3;

        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Context context, ViewGroup parent) {
            //ViewHolder创建后onCreate会被执行1次
            setContentView(R.layout.item_test);//setContent支持View或者layout id
            btn1 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn1);//findViewById
            btn2 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn2);
            btn3 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn3);
        }

        @Override
        protected void onDataChanged(int position, Object data) {
            //adapter getView的时候onDataChanged会被执行一次
            btn1.setText("add " + position);
            btn2.setText("update " + position);
            btn3.setText("delete " + position);
            //
            bindClick(btn1, position, CLICK_ACTION_ADD);//绑定ItemClick,每次都需bind
            bindClick(btn2, position, CLICK_ACTION_UPDATE);
            bindClick(btn3, position, CLICK_ACTION_DELETE);
        }
    }

}

2,Adapter使用

//数据源    
 private final ArrayList<Object> mData = new ArrayList<>();
 //创建Adapter并绑定数据源
 private final SampleHolderAdapter mAdapter = new SampleHolderAdapter(mData);

 @Override
 protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
     super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
     setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
     mListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.listview);
     //绑定Adapter
     mListView.setAdapter(mAdapter);
     //设置click listener(由于CommonAdapter支持,并通过bindClick声明)
     mAdapter.setOnItemClickListener(onItemClickListener);
 }

 //ClickListener实现
 private OnItemClickListener onItemClickListener = new OnItemClickListener() {
     @Override
     public void onItemClick(CommonAdapter<?> adapter, View v, int position, int action) {
         switch (action) {//action就是我们SampleHolderAdapte中定义并且bindClick的value
             case SampleHolderAdapter.CLICK_ACTION_ADD:
                 toast(getContext(), position + " add click");
                 break;
             case SampleHolderAdapter.CLICK_ACTION_UPDATE:
                 toast(getContext(),position + " update click");
                 break;
             case SampleHolderAdapter.CLICK_ACTION_DELETE:
                 toast(getContext(), position + " delete click");
                 break;
         }
     }
 };

到此定义和使用的代码完毕。

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