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编译安装PHP 时遇到问题解决方法.

card123
 card123
发布于 2015/10/23 10:33
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环境:centos X64 最小化安装 

php版本:php-5.4.3

安装前.先安装些软件和库文件

yum install -y gcc gcc-c++  make zlib zlib-devel pcre pcre-devel  libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

领导要我们自己手动装 不允许我们直接用yum 所以上面的都没执行

编译安装PHP

进入php的解压目录

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --enable-fpm  --with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt --with-zlib --enable-mbstring --with-openssl --with-mysql --with-mysqli --with-mysql-sock --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/lib --enable-gd-native-ttf  --enable-pdo --with-pdo-mysql --with-gettext --with-curl --with-pdo-mysql --enable-sockets --enable-bcmath --enable-xml --with-bz2 --enable-zip --enable-freetype

运行之后遇到的问题:

error 1

checking for xml2-config path... 
configure: error: xml2-config not found. Please check your libxml2 installation.

(看提示就明白 是一个lib库没装  先用 yum search 名字 看是否能搜到名字 ,找到名字后 把软件包 开发包装上)

解决办法

yum install libxml2-devel.x86_64

error 2

checking for pkg-config... /usr/bin/pkg-config
configure: error: Cannot find OpenSSL's <evp.h>

这是ssl没装

解决办法

 yum  install  openssl.x86_64 openssl-devel.x86_64 -y

error 3

checking for BZip2 in default path... not found
configure: error: Please reinstall the BZip2 distribution

这是bzip2软件包没有安装

解决办法

yum install bzip2-devel.x86_64 -y

error 4

configure: error: Please reinstall the libcurl distribution -
    easy.h should be in <curl-dir>/include/curl/

curl和curl库文件没有安装

解决办法

yum install libcurl.x86_64 libcurl-devel.x86_64 -y

error 5

checking whether to enable JIS-mapped Japanese font support in GD... no
checking for fabsf... yes
checking for floorf... yes
configure: error: jpeglib.h not found

GD库没有安装

解决办法

yum install libjpeg.x86_64 libpng.x86_64 freetype.x86_64 libjpeg-devel.x86_64 libpng-devel.x86_64 freetype-devel.x86_64 -y

error 6

checking for stdarg.h... (cached) yes
checking for mcrypt support... yes
configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.

libmcrypt库没有安装 ,要是不能用yun安装的话  就要去下载个gz包 自己编译安装

(编译安装  ./configure --piefix=/usr/local/libmcrypt   make && make install)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

要是错误里面含有mysql的  那是mysql-devel 没有安装

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

出现

Generating files configure: creating ./config.status creating main/internal_functions.c creating main/internal_functions_cli.c

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

| License:                                                           |

| This software is subject to the PHP License, available in this     |

| distribution in the file LICENSE.  By continuing this installation |

| process, you are bound by the terms of this license agreement.     |

| If you do not agree with the terms of this license, you must abort |

| the installation process at this point.                            |

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

Thank you for using PHP.

config.status: creating php5.spec

config.status: creating main/build-defs.h

config.status: creating scripts/phpize

config.status: creating scripts/man1/phpize.1

config.status: creating scripts/php-config

config.status: creating scripts/man1/php-config.1

config.status: creating sapi/cli/php.1

config.status: creating sapi/fpm/php-fpm.conf

config.status: creating sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm

config.status: creating sapi/fpm/php-fpm.8

config.status: creating sapi/fpm/status.html

config.status: creating main/php_config.h

config.status: executing default commands

表示安装成功

 make  && make install

make完成之后  到php的解压目录 找出php.ini-production 复制到 /usr/local/php/lib/ 下 文件名改成php.ini

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini 

完成..


本文转载自:http://www.cnblogs.com/z-ping/archive/2012/06/18/2553929.html

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