鸿蒙开发实战系列之二:事件总线EventBus/RxBus

原创
09/24 08:58
阅读数 4.4K

鸿蒙开发实战系列之一:鸿蒙开发实战系列之一:圆角

前言

上一篇跟大家分享了如何在鸿蒙系统中实现圆角,这一期我们来跟大家分享一下如何实现发布/订阅的事件总线,也就是我们在Android开发中常用的EventBus、RxBus等框架。

开始之前,我们先回顾下Android里面的事件发布/订阅是个什么东西? 像EventBus、RxBus是我们在Android应用开发中常选用的发布/订阅事件框架,用来代替传统的Intent,Handler,Broadcast,在Activity,Fragment,Service线程之间传递数据,执行方法。

它有很多优点:简化应用组件间的通信;解耦事件的发送者和接收者;避免复杂和容易出错的依赖和生命周期的问题;速度快,专门为高性能优化过等等。

主要工作原理:事件源将产生的消息发送到事件总线的特定通道之上,然后监听器在事先会订阅事务总线之中不同的通道以区分消息的响应,然后当消息被发送到事务总线的特定通道之中时,所对应的监听器会监听到消息,然后监听器根据程序中设置的响应函数进行执行。

那在鸿蒙系统中,肯定是没有现成的EventBus或者RxBus给我们直接用的,那么我们如何在鸿蒙系统中的Slice,Ability,Service,线程之间传递消息,执行方法呢? 磨刀不误砍柴工啊,兄dei,要是不先把这个工具库写出来,这么几周的时间怎么完成一个鸿蒙App呢,产品手中的30m大刀可不是闹着玩的啊。

由于鸿蒙只能使用Java代码,所以我们看上了RxJava这个小兄弟,何不像在Android中一样,在rxjava的基础上封装一个RxBus呢?跟Android大哥看齐不香么?

好的,说干就干,我们来手lu一个鸿蒙版的RxBus。

实现鸿蒙Rxbus

1、先引入Rxjava库

implementation 'io.reactivex.rxjava3:rxjava:3.0.4'

2、创建鸿蒙线程调度HarmonySchedulers

import io.reactivex.rxjava3.annotations.NonNull;
import io.reactivex.rxjava3.core.Scheduler;
import io.reactivex.rxjava3.schedulers.Schedulers;
import java.util.concurrent.Executor;

public class HarmonySchedulers implements Executor {

    private static HarmonySchedulers instance;
    private final Scheduler mMainScheduler;
    private TaskDispatcher uiTaskDispatcher;

    private HarmonySchedulers() {
        mMainScheduler = Schedulers.from(this);
    }

    public static synchronized Scheduler mainThread() {
        if (instance == null) {
            instance = new HarmonySchedulers();
        }
        return instance.mMainScheduler;
    }

    @Override
    public void execute(@NonNull Runnable command) {
         if (uiTaskDispatcher == null) {
            uiTaskDispatcher = getMainAbility().getUITaskDispatcher();//注意,这里要用Ability来获取UI线程的任务发射器,Ability自己想办法获取
        }
        uiTaskDispatcher.delayDispatch(runnable, delayTime);
    }
}

3、创建RxBus类,实现订阅、注册、取消注册等功能

@SuppressWarnings("unused")
public class RxBus {
    public static final String LOG_BUS = "RXBUS_LOG";
    private static volatile RxBus defaultInstance;

    private Map<Class, List<Disposable>> subscriptionsByEventType = new HashMap<>();

    private Map<Object, List<Class>> eventTypesBySubscriber = new HashMap<>();

    private Map<Class, List<SubscriberMethod>> subscriberMethodByEventType = new HashMap<>();

    private final Subject<Object> bus;

    private RxBus() {
        this.bus = PublishSubject.create().toSerialized();
    }

    public static RxBus get() {
        RxBus rxBus = defaultInstance;
        if (defaultInstance == null) {
            synchronized (RxBus.class) {
                rxBus = defaultInstance;
                if (defaultInstance == null) {
                    rxBus = new RxBus();
                    defaultInstance = rxBus;
                }
            }
        }
        return rxBus;
    }

    /**
     * 根据传递的 eventType 类型返回特定类型(eventType)的 被观察者
     *
     * @param eventType 事件类型
     * @return return
     */
    private <T> Flowable<T> toObservable(Class<T> eventType) {
        return bus.toFlowable(BackpressureStrategy.BUFFER).ofType(eventType);
    }

    /**
     * 根据传递的code和 eventType 类型返回特定类型(eventType)的 被观察者
     *
     * @param code      事件code
     * @param eventType 事件类型
     */
    private <T> Flowable<T> toObservable(final int code, final Class<T> eventType) {
        return bus.toFlowable(BackpressureStrategy.BUFFER).ofType(Message.class)
                .filter(new Predicate<Message>() {
                    @Override
                    public boolean test(Message o) throws Exception {
                        return o.getCode() == code && eventType.isInstance(o.getObject());
                    }
                }).map(new Function<Message, Object>() {
                    @Override
                    public Object apply(Message o) throws Exception {
                        return o.getObject();
                    }
                }).cast(eventType);
    }

    /**
     * 注册
     *
     * @param subscriber 订阅者
     */
    public void register(Object subscriber) {
        Class<?> subClass = subscriber.getClass();
        Method[] methods = subClass.getDeclaredMethods();
        for (Method method : methods) {
            if (method.isAnnotationPresent(Subscribe.class)) {
                //获得参数类型
                Class[] parameterType = method.getParameterTypes();
                //参数不为空 且参数个数为1
                if (parameterType != null && parameterType.length == 1) {

                    Class eventType = parameterType[0];

                    addEventTypeToMap(subscriber, eventType);
                    Subscribe sub = method.getAnnotation(Subscribe.class);
                    int code = sub.code();
                    ThreadMode threadMode = sub.threadMode();

                    SubscriberMethod subscriberMethod = new SubscriberMethod(subscriber, method, eventType, code, threadMode);
                    addSubscriberToMap(eventType, subscriberMethod);

                    addSubscriber(subscriberMethod);
                } else if (parameterType == null || parameterType.length == 0) {

                    Class eventType = BusData.class;

                    addEventTypeToMap(subscriber, eventType);
                    Subscribe sub = method.getAnnotation(Subscribe.class);
                    int code = sub.code();
                    ThreadMode threadMode = sub.threadMode();

                    SubscriberMethod subscriberMethod = new SubscriberMethod(subscriber, method, eventType, code, threadMode);
                    addSubscriberToMap(eventType, subscriberMethod);

                    addSubscriber(subscriberMethod);

                }
            }
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * 将event的类型以订阅中subscriber为key保存到map里
     *
     * @param subscriber 订阅者
     * @param eventType  event类型
     */
    private void addEventTypeToMap(Object subscriber, Class eventType) {
        List<Class> eventTypes = eventTypesBySubscriber.get(subscriber);
        if (eventTypes == null) {
            eventTypes = new ArrayList<>();
            eventTypesBySubscriber.put(subscriber, eventTypes);
        }

        if (!eventTypes.contains(eventType)) {
            eventTypes.add(eventType);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 将注解方法信息以event类型为key保存到map中
     *
     * @param eventType        event类型
     * @param subscriberMethod 注解方法信息
     */
    private void addSubscriberToMap(Class eventType, SubscriberMethod subscriberMethod) {
        List<SubscriberMethod> subscriberMethods = subscriberMethodByEventType.get(eventType);
        if (subscriberMethods == null) {
            subscriberMethods = new ArrayList<>();
            subscriberMethodByEventType.put(eventType, subscriberMethods);
        }

        if (!subscriberMethods.contains(subscriberMethod)) {
            subscriberMethods.add(subscriberMethod);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 将订阅事件以event类型为key保存到map,用于取消订阅时用
     *
     * @param eventType  event类型
     * @param disposable 订阅事件
     */
    private void addSubscriptionToMap(Class eventType, Disposable disposable) {
        List<Disposable> disposables = subscriptionsByEventType.get(eventType);
        if (disposables == null) {
            disposables = new ArrayList<>();
            subscriptionsByEventType.put(eventType, disposables);
        }

        if (!disposables.contains(disposable)) {
            disposables.add(disposable);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 用RxJava添加订阅者
     *
     * @param subscriberMethod d
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    private void addSubscriber(final SubscriberMethod subscriberMethod) {
        Flowable flowable;
        if (subscriberMethod.code == -1) {
            flowable = toObservable(subscriberMethod.eventType);
        } else {
            flowable = toObservable(subscriberMethod.code, subscriberMethod.eventType);
        }
        Disposable subscription = postToObservable(flowable, subscriberMethod)
                .subscribe(new Consumer<Object>() {
                    @Override
                    public void accept(Object o) throws Exception {
                        callEvent(subscriberMethod, o);
                    }
                });
        addSubscriptionToMap(subscriberMethod.subscriber.getClass(), subscription);
    }

    /**
     * 用于处理订阅事件在那个线程中执行
     *
     * @param observable       d
     * @param subscriberMethod d
     * @return Observable
     */
    private Flowable postToObservable(Flowable observable, SubscriberMethod subscriberMethod) {
        Scheduler scheduler;
        switch (subscriberMethod.threadMode) {
            case MAIN:
                scheduler = HarmonySchedulers.mainThread();
                break;

            case NEW_THREAD:
                scheduler = Schedulers.newThread();
                break;

            case CURRENT_THREAD:
                scheduler = Schedulers.trampoline();
                break;
            default:
                throw new IllegalStateException("Unknown thread mode: " + subscriberMethod.threadMode);
        }
        return observable.observeOn(scheduler);
    }

    /**
     * 回调到订阅者的方法中
     *
     * @param method code
     * @param object obj
     */
    private void callEvent(SubscriberMethod method, Object object) {
        Class eventClass = object.getClass();
        List<SubscriberMethod> methods = subscriberMethodByEventType.get(eventClass);
        if (methods != null && methods.size() > 0) {
            for (SubscriberMethod subscriberMethod : methods) {
                Subscribe sub = subscriberMethod.method.getAnnotation(Subscribe.class);
                int c = sub.code();
                if (c == method.code && method.subscriber.equals(subscriberMethod.subscriber) && method.method.equals(subscriberMethod.method)) {
                    subscriberMethod.invoke(object);
                }

            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 取消注册
     *
     * @param subscriber object
     */
    public void unRegister(Object subscriber) {
        List<Class> subscribedTypes = eventTypesBySubscriber.get(subscriber);
        if (subscribedTypes != null) {
            for (Class<?> eventType : subscribedTypes) {
                unSubscribeByEventType(subscriber.getClass());
                unSubscribeMethodByEventType(subscriber, eventType);
            }
            eventTypesBySubscriber.remove(subscriber);
        }
    }

    /**
     * subscriptions unsubscribe
     *
     * @param eventType eventType
     */
    private void unSubscribeByEventType(Class eventType) {
        List<Disposable> disposables = subscriptionsByEventType.get(eventType);
        if (disposables != null) {
            Iterator<Disposable> iterator = disposables.iterator();
            while (iterator.hasNext()) {
                Disposable disposable = iterator.next();
                if (disposable != null && !disposable.isDisposed()) {
                    disposable.dispose();
                    iterator.remove();
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 移除subscriber对应的subscriberMethods
     *
     * @param subscriber subscriber
     * @param eventType  eventType
     */
    private void unSubscribeMethodByEventType(Object subscriber, Class eventType) {
        List<SubscriberMethod> subscriberMethods = subscriberMethodByEventType.get(eventType);
        if (subscriberMethods != null) {
            Iterator<SubscriberMethod> iterator = subscriberMethods.iterator();
            while (iterator.hasNext()) {
                SubscriberMethod subscriberMethod = iterator.next();
                if (subscriberMethod.subscriber.equals(subscriber)) {
                    iterator.remove();
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public void send(int code, Object o) {
        bus.onNext(new Message(code, o));
    }

    public void send(Object o) {
        bus.onNext(o);
    }

    public void send(int code) {
        bus.onNext(new Message(code, new BusData()));
    }

    private class Message {
        private int code;
        private Object object;

        public Message() {
        }

        private Message(int code, Object o) {
            this.code = code;
            this.object = o;
        }

        private int getCode() {
            return code;
        }

        public void setCode(int code) {
            this.code = code;
        }

        private Object getObject() {
            return object;
        }

        public void setObject(Object object) {
            this.object = object;
        }
    }
}

4、添加其他附加类

BusData.java 事件数据封装

public class BusData {
    String id;
    String status;
    public BusData() {}
    public BusData(String id, String status) {
        this.id = id;
        this.status = status;
    }
    public String getId() {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(String id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public String getStatus() {
        return status;
    }
    public void setStatus(String status) {
        this.status = status;
    }
}

Subscribe.java 注解类

@Documented
@Target(ElementType.METHOD)
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
public @interface Subscribe {
    int code() default -1;

    ThreadMode threadMode() default ThreadMode.CURRENT_THREAD;
}

SubscriberMethod.java 执行注册方法封装

public class SubscriberMethod {
    public Method method;
    public ThreadMode threadMode;
    public Class<?> eventType;
    public Object subscriber;
    public int code;

    public SubscriberMethod(Object subscriber, Method method, Class<?> eventType, int code,ThreadMode threadMode) {
        this.method = method;
        this.threadMode = threadMode;
        this.eventType = eventType;
        this.subscriber = subscriber;
        this.code = code;
    }
    
    /**
     * 调用方法
     * @param o 参数
     */
    public void invoke(Object o){
        try {
            Class[] parameterType = method.getParameterTypes();
            if(parameterType != null && parameterType.length == 1){
                method.invoke(subscriber, o);
            } else if(parameterType == null || parameterType.length == 0){
                method.invoke(subscriber);
            }
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

ThreadMode.java 线程模型,用来标识事件运行线程

public enum ThreadMode {
    /**
     * current thread
     */
    CURRENT_THREAD,
    /**
     * android main thread
     */
    MAIN,
    /**
     * new thread
     */
    NEW_THREAD
}

使用Rxbus

1、定义事件参数类

public class RxbusEvent {}

2、定义事件接收者

public class RxBusDemoAbilitySlice extends AbilitySlice {
    @Override
    protected void onStart(Intent intent) {
        super.onStart(intent);
        RxBus.get().register(this);//注测rxbus
    }
    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        RxBus.get().unRegister(this);//注销rxbus
    }
    /**
     * 接收事件
     * @param rxbusEvent
     */
    @Subscribe(threadMode = ThreadMode.MAIN)
    public void rxBusRxbusEvent(RxbusEvent rxbusEvent) {
        if (rxbusEvent == null) {
            return;
        }
        //执行对应操作
    }    
}

3、发送事件

RxBus.get().send(new RxbusEvent());//发送事件

总结

打完收工,最后使用起来跟Android中基本一样,本期代码比较多,欢迎大家使用测试并反馈bug,后期代码整理好会一并传到github上去。好了,继续搞鸿蒙其他功能去了。

这是本系列的第二篇,后面还会为大家带来更多的鸿蒙干货,敬请期待…。

如果文章对您有一点启发的话,希望您能点个赞,来个关注收藏不迷路。

展开阅读全文
打赏
3
0 收藏
分享
加载中
更多评论
打赏
0 评论
0 收藏
3
分享
返回顶部
顶部