数仓实践丨表扫描时过滤行数过多引起的性能瓶颈问题

原创
2023/11/08 11:23
阅读数 146

本文分享自华为云社区《GaussDB(DWS)性能调优:表扫描时过滤行数过多引起的性能瓶颈问题案例》,作者: O泡果奶~ 。

1、【问题描述】

SQL语句执行过程中,对12亿数据量的大表进行扫描,过滤99%的数据仅留617行数据,性能瓶颈位于扫描该表这里。

2、【原始语句】

set search_path = 'bi_dashboard';

WITH F_SRV_DB_DIM_PRD_D AS (SELECT EXTERNAL_NAME FROM ( SELECT MKT_NAME EXTERNAL_NAME  
		       FROM BI_DASHBOARD.DM_MSS_ITEM_PRODUCT_D PRD
		      WHERE PRD.COMPANY_BRAND =any(array[string_to_array('HUAWEI',',')])
		            
	          AND PRD.MKT_NAME =any(array[string_to_array('畅享 60,畅享 50,畅享 60X,畅享 60 Pro,畅享 50 Pro,畅享 50z,nova 10z,畅享 20e,畅享20 Pro,畅享 10e,畅享10 Plus,畅享20 SE,畅享10,nova 11i,畅享20 Plus,畅享9 Plus,畅享20 5G,nova Y90,畅享 10S,nova Y70,畅享Z,畅享 9S,nova 8 SE 活力版,麦芒9 5G,Y9s,麦芒9 5G',',')])
	            ) WHERE EXTERNAL_NAME<>'SNULL' GROUP BY EXTERNAL_NAME),

V_PERIOD AS
 (
  SELECT PERIOD_ID AS PERIOD_ID_M,
         LEAST(TO_CHAR(PERIOD_END_DATE, 'YYYYMMDD'), '20230630') AS PERIOD_ID,
         PERIOD_ID AS DATES
    FROM BI_DASHBOARD.RPT_TML_ACCOUNT_PERIOD_D
   WHERE PERIOD_TYPE = 'M'
     AND PERIOD_ID BETWEEN 202207 AND 202306
 ),
 
V_DATA_BASE AS 
 (
  SELECT A.PERIOD_ID,
         IFNULL(A.CHANNEL_NAME, 'SNULL') AS DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME,
         SUM(A.SO_QTY_MTD) AS SO_QTY,
         SUM(DECODE(A.PERIOD_ID, 20230630, A.SO_QTY_MTD)) AS SO_QTY_ORDER
 select count(*)   FROM DM_MSS_CN_PC_REP_RP_ST_D_F A 
   INNER JOIN F_SRV_DB_DIM_PRD_D PRD 
      ON A.EXTERNAL_NAME = PRD.EXTERNAL_NAME
   WHERE 1 = 1 
     AND A.CHANNEL_ID IN ('100013388802') 
     AND A.ORG_KEY IN (10000651) 
    
     AND A.SALES_FLAG IN ('1', '0')
     AND A.PERIOD_ID IN (20220731,20221031,20220930,20220831,20221130,20221231,20230131,20230228,20230430,20230331,20230531,20230630)
     AND (A.SO_QTY_MTD <> 0) -- 过滤所有日期SO_QTY为0的数据
   GROUP BY A.PERIOD_ID,
            IFNULL(A.CHANNEL_NAME, 'SNULL')
 ),
 
V_DATA AS
 (
  SELECT PERIOD_ID,
         NVL(DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME, 'Total') AS DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME,
         SUM(SO_QTY) AS SO_QTY,
         SUM(SO_QTY_ORDER) AS SO_QTY_ORDER
    FROM V_DATA_BASE A
   GROUP BY GROUPING SETS ((PERIOD_ID), (PERIOD_ID, DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME))
 )

  SELECT STRING_AGG(P.DATES, ',' ORDER BY P.PERIOD_ID_M) AS PERIOD_LIST,
         B.DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME,
         STRING_AGG(NVL(TO_CHAR(ROUND(A.SO_QTY)), '0'), ',' ORDER BY P.PERIOD_ID_M) AS SO_QTY
    FROM V_PERIOD P
    FULL JOIN (SELECT DISTINCT DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME FROM V_DATA) B
      ON 1 = 1
    LEFT JOIN V_DATA A
      ON A.PERIOD_ID = P.PERIOD_ID
     AND A.DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME = B.DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME
   GROUP BY B.DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME
   ORDER BY DECODE(B.DISTRIBUTOR_CHANNEL_NAME, 'Total', 0, 'SOURCE IS NULL', 2, '源为空', 3, 'SNULL', 4,  1), 
            SUM(A.SO_QTY_ORDER) DESC NULLS LAST
   LIMIT 50 OFFSET 0

3、【性能分析】

image.png
image.png
从上图的performance执行计划中可以看出(完整执行计划放在附件一),该SQL语句慢在扫描表a(bi_dashboard.dm_mss_cn_pc_rep_rp_st_d_f_test)。扫描时过滤条件包括:sales_flag、so_qty_mtd、channel_id、org_key、period_id,该表上原本的局部聚簇键PCK只包含了period_id,并没有包括其余三个过滤条件之一,因此,可以调整PCK,以减少扫描表a的执行时间。

补充:局部聚簇键

局部聚簇 (Partial Cluster Key, 简称PCK),列存储下一种通过min/max稀疏索引实现基表快速扫描的索引技术。Partial Cluster Key可以指定多列,但是一般不建议超过2列。PCK适用于列存大表点查询加速。

另外,查看语句中where条件中in值较多(12个),在DWS中,in后面的条件默认就只能是5个,超过6个就过滤不下推,此时,可以用or将12个值改写,

A.PERIOD_ID IN (20220731,20221031,20220930,20220831,20221130)
or A.PERIOD_ID IN (20221231,20230131,20230228,20230430,20230331)
or A.PERIOD_ID IN (20230531,20230630)

image.png

此时,SQL语句执行时间减少为487ms,完整performance计划如附件二所示。

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