python3调用阿里云短信服务

2018/03/06 14:52
阅读数 11
#!/usr/bin/env python
#-*- coding:utf-8 -*-
#Author:lzd

import uuid
import datetime
import hmac
import base64
import requests
from urllib.parse import urlencode, quote

class AliyunSMS(object):
def __init__(self):

self.format = "JSON"
self.version = "2017-05-25"
self.key = 'xxx'
self.secret = 'xxx'
self.signature = ""
self.signature_method = "HMAC-SHA1"
self.signature_version = "1.0"
self.signature_nonce = str(uuid.uuid4())
self.timestamp = datetime.datetime.utcnow().isoformat("T")
self.region_id = 'cn-hangzhou'

self.gateway = "http://dysmsapi.aliyuncs.com"
self.action = "SendSms"
self.sign = ""
self.template = ""
self.params = {}
self.phones = ""

def send_single(self, phone, sign, template, params):
self.action = "SendSms"
self.phones = phone
self.sign = sign
self.params = params
self.template = template

query_string = self.build_query_string()
resp = requests.get(self.gateway + "?" + query_string).json()
model = resp.get("Model")
if model is not None:
return True
print(model)
print("send sms to %s , reason: %s" % (self.phones, resp.get("Message")))
print(resp)
return False

def build_query_string(self):
query = []
query.append(("Format", self.format))
query.append(("Version", self.version))
query.append(("AccessKeyId", self.key))
query.append(("SignatureMethod", self.signature_method))
query.append(("SignatureVersion", self.signature_version))
query.append(("SignatureNonce", self.signature_nonce))
query.append(("Timestamp", self.timestamp))
query.append(("RegionId", self.region_id))
query.append(("Action", self.action))
query.append(("SignName", self.sign))
query.append(("TemplateCode", self.template))
query.append(("PhoneNumbers", self.phones))
params = "{"
for param in self.params:
params += "\"" + param + "\"" + ":" + "\"" + str(self.params[param]) + "\"" + ","
params = params[:-1] + "}"
print(params)
query.append(("TemplateParam", params))
query = sorted(query, key=lambda key: key[0])
query_string = ""
i=0
for item in query:
query_string += quote(item[0], safe="~") + "=" + quote(item[1], safe="~") + "&"
i+=1
print(query_string)
print(i)
query_string = query_string[:-1]
print(query_string)
tosign = "GET&%2F&" + quote(query_string, safe="~")
secret = self.secret + "&"
hmb = hmac.new(secret.encode("utf-8"), tosign.encode("utf-8"), "sha1").digest()
self.signature = quote(base64.standard_b64encode(hmb).decode("ascii"), safe="~")
query_string += "&" + "Signature=" + self.signature
print(query_string)
return query_string

sms=AliyunSMS()
params = {"code":"test","product":"test2"}
sms.send_single(phone="13900000000", sign="猎宝网", template='SMS_33435156', params=params)
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