小程序开发----自定义会员卡卡号和用户领取,以及简单介绍卡券功能和注意事项

2019/04/10 10:10
阅读数 123

  前一段时间做项目涉及到这方面的内容,看了技术文档,小程序页面没有详细介绍,要前往微信公众号开发文档,卡券功能是先为微信公众号开发的功能,后来也提供个小程序,文档在小程序中没有过多的介绍,微信文档我就不想过多的吐槽了,大家都懂。

一、会员卡

  1、在小程序会员卡,其实也是用到微信公众号的,开始在摸索,在微信公众号管理后台创建会员卡,在小程序中能调用,但会员卡号不能自定义编号,因为管理后创建的,默认是不能自定义编码(use_custom _code=false),一键开卡(wx_activate=true)、自动激活(auto_activate=true),所以不是我们需要的,应该另辟一条道路,自己通过接口创建会员卡,代码例子如下:

 1     public function addCard(){
2 $url = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/card/create?access_token='.$this->getAccessToken(); 4 $post['card']['card_type'] = 'MEMBER_CARD'; 5 $post['card']['member_card']['prerogative'] = '111'; 6 $post['card']['member_card']['auto_activate'] = true; //自动激活 7 $post['card']['member_card']['wx_activate'] = true; //一键开卡 8 $post['card']['member_card']['supply_bonus'] = false; 9 $post['card']['member_card']['supply_balance'] = false; 10 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['logo_url'] = "http://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx=png"; //会员卡图片路径 11 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['code_type'] = "CODE_TYPE_TEXT"; 12 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['brand_name'] = 'brand_name_1'; 13 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['title'] = 'title_1'; 14 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['color'] = 'Color010'; 15 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['notice'] = 'notice'; 16 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['description'] = 'description'; 17 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['sku']['quantity'] = 1000000000; 18 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['date_info']['type'] = 'DATE_TYPE_PERMANENT'; 19 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['get_limit'] = 1; //限领一张 20 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['can_share'] = false; 21 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['can_give_friend'] = false; 22 $post['card']['member_card']['base_info']['use_custom_code'] = true; //开启自定义编码 23 $data = http_curl_post_json($url,$post); 24 $data = json_decode($data,true); 25 return $data; 26 }

   2、创建好会员卡后,在小程序中写入用户领取会员卡的前端代码,jssdk的wx.addCard方法,其中加密不同于jssdk的加密方式,加密方式看微信公众号jssdk说明文档附录4,addCard方法的cardExt里的参数很重要

    code:需要给用户自定义编码时,才需填入你后台开发生成编码(会员卡卡号),否则不填为空字符串

    openid:需要给自定的用户发放会员卡是,才需填入用户的openid(微信公众号的openid而不是小程序的openid),否则为空字符串

    ...........等参数

    注意:以上参数需要用到的时候才加入一起加密,如:code的值为空字符串则不需加了加密,否则领取会员卡时会出签名错误

    加密方法如下:

  1 <?php
  2 class Jssdk {
  3 
  4     private $appId = '';
  5     private $appSecret = '';
  6     public function __construct($appId,$appSecret){
  7         $this->appId = $appId;
  8         $this->appSecret = $appSecret;
  9     }
 10     /*
 11     *实现微信jssdk加密
 12     */
 13     public function getSignPackage($url) {
 14         $jsapiTicket = $this->getJsApiTicket();
 15         // 注意 URL 一定要动态获取,不能 hardcode. //ajax页面url则必须要前端传输url地址
 16         // $protocol = (!empty($_SERVER['HTTPS']) && $_SERVER['HTTPS'] !== 'off' || $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] == 443) ? "https://" : "http://";
 17         // $url = "$protocol$_SERVER[HTTP_HOST]$_SERVER[REQUEST_URI]";
 18         $timestamp = time();
 19         $nonceStr = $this->createNonceStr();
 20 
 21         // 这里参数的顺序要按照 key 值 ASCII 码升序排序
 22         $string = "jsapi_ticket=$jsapiTicket&noncestr=$nonceStr&timestamp=$timestamp&url=$url";
 23 
 24         $signature = sha1($string);
 25 
 26         $signPackage = array(
 27             "appId"     => $this->appId,
 28             "nonceStr"  => $nonceStr,
 29             "timestamp" => $timestamp,
 30             "url"       => $url,
 31             "signature" => $signature,
 32             "rawString" => $string
 33         );
 34         return $signPackage;
 35     }
 36 
 37     //获取access_token
 38     public function getAccessTokenInfo(){
 39         return $this->getAccessToken();
 40     }
 41 
 42     private function createNonceStr($length = 16) {
 43         $chars = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789";
 44         $str = "";
 45         for ($i = 0; $i < $length; $i++) {
 46             $str .= substr($chars, mt_rand(0, strlen($chars) - 1), 1);
 47         }
 48         return $str;
 49     }
 50 
 51     private function getJsApiTicket() {
 52         // jsapi_ticket 应该全局存储与更新,以下代码以写入到文件中做示例
 53         $data = json_decode(file_get_contents("xxxx/jsapi_ticket.json")); //xxxx/jsapi_ticket.json 是存放路径
 54         if ($data->expire_time < time()) {
 55             $accessToken = $this->getAccessToken();
 56             $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/ticket/getticket?type=jsapi&access_token=$accessToken";
 57             $res = json_decode($this->curl($url));
 58             $ticket = $res->ticket;
 59             if ($ticket) {
 60                 $data->expire_time = time() + 7000;
 61                 $data->jsapi_ticket = $ticket;
 62                 $fp = fopen("xxxx/jsapi_ticket.json", "w");
 63                 fwrite($fp, json_encode($data));
 64                 fclose($fp);
 65             }
 66         } else {
 67             $ticket = $data->jsapi_ticket;
 68         }
 69         return $ticket;
 70     }
 71 
 72     private function getAccessToken() {
 73         // access_token 应该全局存储与更新,以下代码以写入到文件中做示例
 74         $data = json_decode(file_get_contents("xxxx/access_token.json"));
 75         if ($data->expire_time < time()) {
 76             $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/token?grant_type=client_credential&appid=$this->appId&secret=$this->appSecret";
 77             $res = json_decode($this->curl($url));
 78             $access_token = $res->access_token;
 79             if ($access_token) {
 80                 $data->expire_time = time() + 7000;
 81                 $data->access_token = $access_token;
 82                 $fp = fopen("xxxx/access_token.json", "w");
 83                 fwrite($fp, json_encode($data));
 84                 fclose($fp);
 85             }
 86         } else {
 87             $access_token = $data->access_token;
 88         }
 89         return $access_token;
 90     }
 91 
 92     private function curl( $url , $postFields = NULL )
 93     {
 94         $ch = curl_init();
 95         curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_TIMEOUT , 3 );
 96         curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_URL , $url );
 97         curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_FAILONERROR , FALSE );
 98         curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER , TRUE );
 99         //https 请求
100         if ( strlen( $url ) > 5 && strtolower( substr( $url , 0 , 5 ) ) == 'https' ){
101             curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER , FALSE );
102             curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST , FALSE );
103         }
104  
105         if ( is_array( $postFields ) && 0 < count( $postFields ) ){
106             $postBodyString = '';
107             $postMultipart  = FALSE;
108             foreach ( $postFields as $k => $v ) {
109                 if ( '@' != substr( $v , 0 , 1 ) ) //判断是不是文件上传
110                 {
111                     $postBodyString .= "$k=" . urlencode( $v ) . "&";
112                 } else {
113                     //文件上传用multipart/form-data,否则用www-form-urlencoded
114                     $postMultipart = TRUE;
115                 }
116             }
117             $postFields = trim( $postBodyString , '&' );
118             unset( $k , $v );
119             curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_POST , TRUE );
120             if ( $postMultipart ){
121                 curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS , $postFields );
122             } else {
123                 curl_setopt( $ch , CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS , $postFields );
124             }
125         }
126  
127         $reponse = curl_exec( $ch );
128         curl_close( $ch );
129         return $reponse;
130     }
131 
132     //卡券等签名,
133     private function apiTicket() {
134         // api_ticket 应该全局存储与更新,以下代码以写入到文件中做示例
135         $data = json_decode(file_get_contents("xxxx/api_ticket.json"));
136         if ($data->expires_in < time()) {
137             $accessToken = $this->getAccessToken();
138             $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/ticket/getticket?access_token=$accessToken&type=wx_card";
139             $res = json_decode($this->curl($url));
140             $ticket = $res->ticket;
141             if ($ticket) {
142                 $data->expires_in = time() + 7000;
143                 $data->ticket = $ticket;
144                 $fp = fopen("xxxx/api_ticket.json", "w");
145                 fwrite($fp, json_encode($data));
146                 fclose($fp);
147             }
148         } else {
149             $ticket = $data->ticket;
150         }
151         return $ticket;
152     }
153     //由于历史原因,卡券的JS接口先于JSSDK出现,当时的JSAPI并没有鉴权体系,所以在卡券的签名里也加上了appsecret/api_ticket这些身份信息
154     public function getApiTicket($cardId='',$code='') {
155         $apiTicket = $this->apiTicket();
156         $timestamp = time();
157         $nonceStr = $this->createNonceStr();
158         // 这里参数的顺序要按照 key 值 ASCII 码升序排序
159         $tmpArr = array($nonceStr,$apiTicket,$cardId,$timestamp);
160         if($code){
161             array_push($tmpArr, $code);
162         }
163         sort($tmpArr,SORT_STRING);
164         $tmpStr = implode($tmpArr);
165         $signature = sha1($tmpStr);
166         $signPackage = array(
167             "cardId"     => $cardId,
168             "nonceStr"  => $nonceStr,
169             "timestamp" => $timestamp,
170             "signature" => $signature,
171         );
172         return $signPackage;
173     }
174 }
175 ?>

  3、领取会员卡,回调给后台领取信息,在addCard方法领取成功会返回用户领取的相关信息,success中把领取的信息提交后台保存,从而确认领取成功。

  4、很多jssdk功能最先在微信公众号的,之后小程序在这基础之上引用,所以在小程序引用jssdk的方法涉及到的appid和appid密码都是微信公众号的而不是小程序的,卡券也如此,千万不要搞错,否则会造成签名错误等问题,这点微信官网没有说明。

  5、熟悉会员卡,其它卡券类型也差不多。

以下会运用到的方法: 
1
//post方式提交json格式的数据 2 function http_curl_post_json($url,$post){ 3 $data_string = json_encode($post); 4 $ch = curl_init($url); 5 curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, "POST"); 6 curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS,$data_string); 7 curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,true); 8 curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array( 9 'Content-Type: application/json', 10 'Content-Length: ' . strlen($data_string)) 11 ); 12 $result = curl_exec($ch); 13 return $result; 14 }

 是

原文出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/TreeSky/p/12325061.html

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