VMware——在CentOS中安装VMware Tools

07/02 16:32
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VMware——在CentOS中安装VMware Tools

摘要:本文主要记录了如何在VMware中的CentOS系统中,安装VMware Tools。

安装依赖

查看系统相关信息:

1 [root@localhost ~]# uname -r
2 3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64

查看已经安装的kernel版本:

1 [root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep kernel
2 kernel-tools-libs-3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64
3 kernel-3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64
4 kernel-tools-3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64

如果结果列表中有同系统版本不相同的版本,即后缀不是“3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64”的版本,则需要手动卸载和系统版本不相同的版本:

1 [root@localhost ~]# yum remove kernel-3.10.0-1127.13.1.el7.x86_64

安装所需依赖:

1 [root@localhost ~]# yum -y install perl gcc gcc-c++ make cmake kernel kernel-headers kernel-devel net-tools

缺少的包可以下载:

https://buildlogs.centos.org/c7.1511.00/kernel

加载光驱

首先要将Vmware Tools加载到光驱里,点击菜单中的“虚拟机”,选择“安装 VMware Tools(T)...”:

挂载驱动

将加载的光驱挂载到设备目录,通常情况下都是将设备目录“/dev/cdrom”挂载到“/mnt/cdrom”目录。

先创建“/mnt/cdrom”目录:

1 [root@localhost ~]# mkdir /mnt/cdrom

然后进行挂载:

1 [root@localhost ~]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
2 mount: /dev/sr0 写保护,将以只读方式挂载

拷贝安装包

查看挂载后的目录,并将安装包复制到安装目录:

1 [root@localhost ~]# ll /mnt/cdrom/
2 总用量 55889
3 -r-xr-xr-x. 1 root root     1975 3月  22 2018 manifest.txt
4 -r-xr-xr-x. 1 root root     4393 3月  22 2018 run_upgrader.sh
5 -r--r--r--. 1 root root 55485539 3月  22 2018 VMwareTools-10.2.5-8068393.tar.gz
6 -r-xr-xr-x. 1 root root   843372 3月  22 2018 vmware-tools-upgrader-32
7 -r-xr-xr-x. 1 root root   893640 3月  22 2018 vmware-tools-upgrader-64
8 [root@localhost ~]# cp /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-10.2.5-8068393.tar.gz ~

解除挂载

既然已经复制了安装包,那么就可以解除挂载了:

1 [root@localhost ~]# umount /dev/cdrom

安装

解压并安装:

1 [root@localhost ~]# tar -zxvf VMwareTools-10.2.5-8068393.tar.gz
2 ...
3 vmware-tools-distrib/vmware-install.pl
4 [root@localhost ~]# ./vmware-tools-distrib/vmware-install.pl

安装过程如下:

  1 [root@localhost ~]# ./vmware-tools-distrib/vmware-install.pl
  2 open-vm-tools packages are available from the OS vendor and VMware recommends
  3 using open-vm-tools packages. See http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2073803 for more
  4 information.
  5 Do you still want to proceed with this installation? [no]
  6 
  7 INPUT: [no]  default
  8 
  9 [root@localhost ~]# ./vmware-tools-distrib/vmware-install.pl
 10 open-vm-tools packages are available from the OS vendor and VMware recommends
 11 using open-vm-tools packages. See http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2073803 for more
 12 information.
 13 Do you still want to proceed with this installation? [no] yes
 14 
 15 INPUT: [yes]
 16 
 17 Creating a new VMware Tools installer database using the tar4 format.
 18 
 19 Installing VMware Tools.
 20 
 21 In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
 22 [/usr/bin]
 23 
 24 INPUT: [/usr/bin]  default
 25 
 26 What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?
 27 [/etc/rc.d]
 28 
 29 INPUT: [/etc/rc.d]  default
 30 
 31 What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
 32 [/etc/rc.d/init.d]
 33 
 34 INPUT: [/etc/rc.d/init.d]  default
 35 
 36 In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
 37 [/usr/sbin]
 38 
 39 INPUT: [/usr/sbin]  default
 40 
 41 In which directory do you want to install the library files?
 42 [/usr/lib/vmware-tools]
 43 
 44 INPUT: [/usr/lib/vmware-tools]  default
 45 
 46 The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is
 47 going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
 48 [yes]
 49 
 50 INPUT: [yes]  default
 51 
 52 In which directory do you want to install the common agent library files?
 53 [/usr/lib]
 54 
 55 INPUT: [/usr/lib]  default
 56 
 57 In which directory do you want to install the common agent transient files?
 58 [/var/lib]
 59 
 60 INPUT: [/var/lib]  default
 61 
 62 In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
 63 [/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]
 64 
 65 INPUT: [/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]  default
 66 
 67 The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program
 68 is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you
 69 want? [yes]
 70 
 71 INPUT: [yes]  default
 72 
 73 The installation of VMware Tools 10.2.5 build-8068393 for Linux completed
 74 successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
 75 time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl".
 76 
 77 Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by
 78 invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want
 79 this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes]
 80 
 81 INPUT: [yes]  default
 82 
 83 Initializing...
 84 
 85 
 86 Making sure services for VMware Tools are stopped.
 87 
 88 Stopping Thinprint services in the virtual machine:
 89    Stopping Virtual Printing daemon:                                   done
 90 Stopping vmware-tools (via systemctl):  [  确定  ]
 91 
 92 
 93 The module vmci has already been installed on this system by another installer
 94 or package and will not be modified by this installer.
 95 
 96 The module vsock has already been installed on this system by another installer
 97 or package and will not be modified by this installer.
 98 
 99 The module vmxnet3 has already been installed on this system by another
100 installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.
101 
102 The module pvscsi has already been installed on this system by another
103 installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.
104 
105 The module vmmemctl has already been installed on this system by another
106 installer or package and will not be modified by this installer.
107 
108 The VMware Host-Guest Filesystem allows for shared folders between the host OS
109 and the guest OS in a Fusion or Workstation virtual environment.  Do you wish
110 to enable this feature? [yes]
111 
112 INPUT: [yes]  default
113 
114 
115 Before you can compile modules, you need to have the following installed...
116 
117 make
118 gcc
119 kernel headers of the running kernel
120 
121 
122 Searching for GCC...
123 Detected GCC binary at "/bin/gcc".
124 The path "/bin/gcc" appears to be a valid path to the gcc binary.
125 Would you like to change it? [no]
126 
127 INPUT: [no]  default
128 
129 Searching for a valid kernel header path...
130 Detected the kernel headers at
131 "/lib/modules/3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64/build/include".
132 The path "/lib/modules/3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64/build/include" appears to be a
133 valid path to the 3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64 kernel headers.
134 Would you like to change it? [no]
135 
136 INPUT: [no]  default
137 
138 Using kernel build system.
139 make: 进入目录“/tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only”
140 /bin/make -C /lib/modules/3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64/build/include/.. SUBDIRS=$PWD SRCROOT=$PWD/. \
141   MODULEBUILDDIR= modules
142 make[1]: 进入目录“/usr/src/kernels/3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64”
143   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/message.o
144   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/dir.o
145   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/request.o
146   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/filesystem.o
147   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/cpName.o
148   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/rpcout.o
149   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/stubs.o
150   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/hgfsUtil.o
151   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/hgfsEscape.o
152   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/link.o
153   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/transport.o
154   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/module.o
155   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/file.o
156   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/super.o
157   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/bdhandler.o
158   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/fsutil.o
159   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/cpNameLinux.o
160   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/hgfsBd.o
161   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/backdoorGcc64.o
162   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/page.o
163   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/backdoor.o
164   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/inode.o
165   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/dentry.o
166   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/cpNameLite.o
167   CC [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/kernelStubsLinux.o
168   LD [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/vmhgfs.o
169   Building modules, stage 2.
170   MODPOST 1 modules
171   CC      /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/vmhgfs.mod.o
172   LD [M]  /tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only/vmhgfs.ko
173 make[1]: 离开目录“/usr/src/kernels/3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64”
174 /bin/make -C $PWD SRCROOT=$PWD/. \
175   MODULEBUILDDIR= postbuild
176 make[1]: 进入目录“/tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only”
177 make[1]: “postbuild”是最新的。
178 make[1]: 离开目录“/tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only”
179 cp -f vmhgfs.ko ./../vmhgfs.o
180 make: 离开目录“/tmp/modconfig-ZhY8Lb/vmhgfs-only”
181 
182 The vmxnet driver is no longer supported on kernels 3.3 and greater. Please
183 upgrade to a newer virtual NIC. (e.g., vmxnet3 or e1000e)
184 
185 The vmblock enables dragging or copying files between host and guest in a
186 Fusion or Workstation virtual environment.  Do you wish to enable this feature?
187 [yes]
188 
189 INPUT: [yes]  default
190 
191 NOTICE:  It appears your system does not have the required fuse packages
192 installed.  The VMware blocking filesystem requires the fuse packages and its
193 libraries to function properly.  Please install the fuse or fuse-utils package
194 using your systems package management utility and re-run this script in order
195 to enable the VMware blocking filesystem.
196 
197 VMware automatic kernel modules enables automatic building and installation of
198 VMware kernel modules at boot that are not already present. This feature can
199 be enabled/disabled by re-running vmware-config-tools.pl.
200 
201 Would you like to enable VMware automatic kernel modules?
202 [yes]
203 
204 INPUT: [yes]  default
205 
206 Do you want to enable Guest Authentication (vgauth)? Enabling vgauth is needed
207 if you want to enable Common Agent (caf). [yes]
208 
209 INPUT: [yes]  default
210 
211 Do you want to enable Common Agent (caf)? [no]
212 
213 INPUT: [no]  default
214 
215 No X install found.
216 
217 Creating a new initrd boot image for the kernel.
218 Generating the key and certificate files.
219 Successfully generated the key and certificate files.
220 manageSELinux install: The 'semanage' utility was not found.
221 There was an error configuring the SELinux security context for VMware Tools.  
222 Please make certain that SELinux is configured correctly.
223 
224 The configuration of VMware Tools 10.2.5 build-8068393 for Linux for this
225 running kernel completed successfully.
226 
227 You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take
228 effect.
229 
230 To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and
231 file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following:
232 1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user
233 2. Log out and log back into your desktop session
234 3. Restart your X session.
235 
236 Enjoy,
237 
238 --the VMware team
239 
240 [root@localhost ~]#
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