CentOS7静默安装Oracle11g

2019/03/18 15:09
阅读数 71

操作系统:

[root@docker ~]# uname -m
x86_64
[root@docker ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release 
CentOS Linux release 7.1.1503 (Core)

 

安装软件包:

https://pan.baidu.com/s/1wejL8STpMG1Hnp32YzEVHQ

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binutils-2.23.52.0.1-12.el7.x86_64 compat-libcap1-1.10-3.el7.x86_64 compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-71.el7.i686 compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-71.el7.x86_64 gcc-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 gcc-c++-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 glibc-2.17-36.el7.i686 glibc-2.17-36.el7.x86_64 glibc-devel-2.17-36.el7.i686 glibc-devel-2.17-36.el7.x86_64 ksh libaio-0.3.109-9.el7.i686 libaio-0.3.109-9.el7.x86_64 libaio-devel-0.3.109-9.el7.i686 libaio-devel-0.3.109-9.el7.x86_64 libgcc-4.8.2-3.el7.i686 libgcc-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 libstdc++-4.8.2-3.el7.i686 libstdc++-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 libstdc++-devel-4.8.2-3.el7.i686 libstdc++-devel-4.8.2-3.el7.x86_64 libXi-1.7.2-1.el7.i686 libXi-1.7.2-1.el7.x86_64 libXtst-1.2.2-1.el7.i686 libXtst-1.2.2-1.el7.x86_64 make-3.82-19.el7.x86_64 sysstat-10.1.5-1.el7.x86_64
unixODBC-2.3.1-6.el7.x86_64 or later
unixODBC-2.3.1-6.el7.i686 or later
unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-6.el7.x86_64 or later
unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-6.el7.i686 or later
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用yum进行安装

yum -y install binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++-33 compat-libstdc++-33*i686 compat-libstdc++-33*.devel compat-libstdc++-33 compat-libstdc++-33*.devel gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc*.i686 glibc-devel glibc-devel*.i686 ksh libaio libaio*.i686 libaio-devel libaio-devel*.devel libgcc libgcc*.i686 libstdc++ libstdc++*.i686 libstdc++-devel libstdc++-devel*.devel libXi libXi*.i686 libXtst libXtst*.i686 make sysstat unixODBC unixODBC*.i686 unixODBC-devel unixODBC-devel*.i686

 

检测是否31个包都有安装

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[root@docker ~]# rpm -q binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++-33 gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libXi libXtst  make sysstat  unixODBC unixODBC-devel
binutils-2.23.52.0.1-55.el7.x86_64 compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7.x86_64 compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.x86_64 compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686 gcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64 gcc-c++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64 glibc-2.17-106.el7_2.8.x86_64 glibc-2.17-106.el7_2.8.i686 glibc-devel-2.17-106.el7_2.8.x86_64 glibc-devel-2.17-106.el7_2.8.i686 ksh-20120801-22.el7_1.3.x86_64 libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64 libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.i686 libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64 libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.i686 libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64 libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.i686 libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64 libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.i686 libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64 libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.i686 libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 libXi-1.7.4-2.el7.i686 libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.i686 make-3.82-21.el7.x86_64 sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7.x86_64 unixODBC-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64 unixODBC-2.3.1-11.el7.i686 unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64 unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-11.el7.i686
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版本号只能大于规定的版本,不能小于。

 

创建oinstall和dba组

/usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall
/usr/sbin/groupadd dba

创建oracle用户

/usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle

设置oracle用户密码

passwd oracle

验证创建是否正确

[root@docker ~]# id oracle
uid=1001(oracle) gid=1001(oinstall) groups=1001(oinstall),1002(dba)

 

配置内核参数

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[root@docker ~]# vim /etc/sysctl.conf 

# System default settings live in /usr/lib/sysctl.d/00-system.conf.
# To override those settings, enter new settings here, or in an /etc/sysctl.d/<name>.conf file # # For more information, see sysctl.conf(5) and sysctl.d(5). fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576 fs.file-max = 6815744 kernel.shmall = 2097152 kernel.shmmax = 536870912 #最低:536870912,最大值:比物理内存小1个字节的值,建议超过物理内存的一半 kernel.shmmni = 4096 kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500 net.core.rmem_default = 262144 net.core.rmem_max = 4194304 net.core.wmem_default = 262144 net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
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参数的值不能小于上面的配置,这是oracle官方建议的最小值,生产环境建议调整这些参数,以优化系统性能。

修改后使之生效

/sbin/sysctl -p

 

修改用户限制

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vim  /etc/security/limits.conf

#在末尾添加
oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384 oracle soft nofile 1024 oracle hard nofile 65536 oracle soft stack 10240
oracle hard stack 10240
 
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在/etc/pam.d/login 文件中,使用文本编辑器或vi命令增加或修改以下内容
session required /lib64/security/pam_limits.so
session required pam_limits.so

在/etc/profile 文件中,使用文本编辑器或vi命令增加或修改以下内容

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if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then ulimit -p 16384 ulimit -n 65536 else ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536 fi fi
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使之生效

source /etc/profile

 

创建安装目录

mkdir -p /u01/app/
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/
chmod -R 775 /u01/app/

 

配置环境变量

[oracle@docker ~]$ vim ~/.bash_profile 

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_SID=dbsrv2

使之生效

source ~/.bash_profile

解压oracle软件

[root@docker src]# unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip
[root@docker src]# unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip

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[oracle@docker ~]$ mkdir etc
[oracle@docker ~]$ cp  /usr/local/src/database/response/* /home/oracle/etc/ [oracle@docker ~]$ ls etc dbca.rsp db_install.rsp netca.rsp

设置响应文件权限

[oracle@docker ~]$ su - root

[root@docker ~]# chmod 700 /home/oracle/etc/*.rsp

 

静默安装Oracle软件

su - oracle
修改安装Oracle软件的响应文件/home/oracle/etc/db_install.rsp
 
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oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY     // 安装类型
ORACLE_HOSTNAME=docker        // 主机名称(hostname查询) UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall // 安装组 INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory //INVENTORY目录(不填就是默认值) SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,zh_CN,zh_TW // 选择语言 ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1 //oracle_home ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle //oracle_base oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE     // oracle版本 oracle.install.db.isCustomInstall=false   //自定义安装,否,使用默认组件 oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba /  / dba用户组 oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=oinstall // oper用户组 oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE //数据库类型 oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.globalDBName=orcl //globalDBName oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.SID=dbsrv2 //SID oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryLimit=81920 //自动管理内存的内存(M) oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.ALL=oracle //设定所有数据库用户使用同一个密码 SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false //(手动写了false) DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true   //设置安全更新(貌似是有bug,这个一定要选true,否则会无限提醒邮件地址有问题,终止安装。PS:不管地址对不对)
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开始静默安装

[oracle@docker database]$ ./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /home/oracle/etc/db_install.rsp

查看安装日志

tail -f /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2016-08-31_06-56-29PM.log
出现类似如下提示表示安装完成:
------------------------------------------------------------------------

The following configuration scripts need to be executed as the "root" user.
#!/bin/sh
#Root scripts to run

/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/root.sh
To execute the configuration scripts:
1. Open a terminal window
2. Log in as "root"
3. Run the scripts
4. Return to this window and hit "Enter" key to continue

Successfully Setup Software.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

使用root用户执行脚本
su - root
/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/root.sh

增加或修改oracle的环境变量

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su  - oracle
vim ~/.bash_profile

#for oracle
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_SID=dbsrv2
export ROACLE_PID=ora11g
#export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/usr/lib
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

export LANG="zh_CN.UTF-8"
export NLS_LANG="SIMPLIFIED CHINESE_CHINA.AL32UTF8"
export NLS_DATE_FORMAT='yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss'

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配置监听程序

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[oracle@docker ~]$ netca /silent /responsefile /home/oracle/etc/netca.rsp

Parsing command line arguments:
Parameter "silent" = true
Parameter "responsefile" = /home/oracle/etc/netca.rsp
Done parsing command line arguments.
Oracle Net Services Configuration:
Profile configuration complete.
Oracle Net Listener Startup:
Running Listener Control:
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/bin/lsnrctl start LISTENER
Listener Control complete.
Listener started successfully.
Listener configuration complete.
Oracle Net Services configuration successful. The exit code is 0

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启动监控程序

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[oracle@docker ~]$ lsnrctl start

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 01-SEP-2016 11:23:31 Copyright (c) 1991, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved. Starting /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait... TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production System parameter file is /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora Log messages written to /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/docker/listener/alert/log.xml Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521))) Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=docker)(PORT=1521))) Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC1521))) STATUS of the LISTENER ------------------------ Alias LISTENER Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production Start Date 01-SEP-2016 11:23:31 Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec Trace Level off Security ON: Local OS Authentication SNMP OFF Listener Parameter File /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora Listener Log File /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/docker/listener/alert/log.xml Listening Endpoints Summary... (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521))) (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=docker)(PORT=1521))) The listener supports no services The command completed successfully
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静默dbca建库

编辑应答文件

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[oracle@docker ~]$ vi etc/dbca.rsp

[GENERAL]
RESPONSEFILE_VERSION = "11.2.0"
OPERATION_TYPE = "createDatabase"
[CREATEDATABASE]
GDBNAME = "dbsrv2"
SID = "dbsrv2"
TEMPLATENAME = "General_Purpose.dbc"
CHARACTERSET = "AL32UTF8"

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建库

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[oracle@docker ~]$ dbca -silent -responseFile etc/dbca.rsp

Enter SYS user password: 
  
Enter SYSTEM user password: 
 
sh: /bin/ksh: No such file or directory
sh: /bin/ksh: No such file or directory Copying database files 1% complete 3% complete 11% complete 18% complete 26% complete 37% complete Creating and starting Oracle instance 40% complete 45% complete 50% complete 55% complete 56% complete 57% complete 60% complete 62% complete Completing Database Creation 66% complete 70% complete 73% complete 74% complete 85% complete 96% complete 100% complete Look at the log file Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/orcl11g/orcl11g.log" for further details.
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查看输出日志

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[oracle@docker ~]$ cat /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/orcl11g/orcl11g.log
Copying database files
DBCA_PROGRESS : 1%
DBCA_PROGRESS : 3% DBCA_PROGRESS : 11% DBCA_PROGRESS : 18% DBCA_PROGRESS : 26% DBCA_PROGRESS : 37% Creating and starting Oracle instance DBCA_PROGRESS : 40% DBCA_PROGRESS : 45% DBCA_PROGRESS : 50% DBCA_PROGRESS : 55% DBCA_PROGRESS : 56% DBCA_PROGRESS : 60% DBCA_PROGRESS : 62% Completing Database Creation DBCA_PROGRESS : 66% DBCA_PROGRESS : 70% DBCA_PROGRESS : 73% DBCA_PROGRESS : 85% DBCA_PROGRESS : 96% DBCA_PROGRESS : 100% Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at: /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/orcl11g. Database Information: Global Database Name:orcl11g.us.oracle.com System Identifier(SID):dbsrv2
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 至此完成数据库实例的创建。

 

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参考:https://www.cnblogs.com/zydev/p/5827207.html

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