Reading 1 > Language Enhancement > 1
Review the sentences from Reading 1 below. All the boldfaced words are either active words or academic words marked in Academic Word List (AWL). Choose the word from a, b, or c that has the closest meaning to each boldfaced word.
- In the 1960s and ‘70s, teams of engineers and computer scientists worked to build the foundation for a network of networks. (Para. 1)
- The last few years have pointed toward mobile computing. (Para. 2)
b. using a computer
c. doing mathematics
- Some devices remain perpetually connected unless you turn them off or set them to airplane mode. (Para. 2)
- The machines … will rely upon high-speed physical connections capable of transmitting data at a blistering speed. (Para. 3)
a. sending out
- Sending the equivalent of a Blu-ray disc full of data across a network in the blink of an eye will be the norm. (Para. 3)
- By 2050, it‘s not unreasonable to guess that we could have eye implants allowing us to see the digital world without the need for a display. (Para. 4)
- Even if we decide that altering ourselves is ethically questionable, we can achieve a similar effect just by building display capabilities into a pair of glasses. (Para. 4)
- Imagine looking around you and activating a digital overlay that gives you volumes of information about your surroundings. (Para. 5)
a. many books
b. large amounts
c. a lot of content
- A pervasive Internet coupled with the right mobile technology could make it happen. (Para. 5)
- Do you see the Internet becoming part of our perception of the real world around us or do you believe the two will forever remain separate concepts? (Para. 7)
Reading 1 > Language Enhancement > 2
Scan for the verbs used in Reading 1 and complete the collocations.
1)trace Its roots back to (Para. 1)
2)build The foundation (Para. 1)
3)set Them to airplane mode (Para. 2)
4)view This world in dozens of different ways (Para. 4)
5)achieve A similar effect (Para. 4)
6)perform Routine tasks (Para. 5)
7)grab A bite to eat (Para. 5)
8)execute A quick command (Para. 6)
9)have Instant access to (Para. 6)
10)take A great interest in (Para. 7)
Use the collocations in Step A to complete the sentences.
1)This set of books aims to familiarize students with the basic knowledge in physics so as to build the foundation For further specialized science.
2)The new mobile phones allow safe access to games, music and address books during flights even if you set them to airplane mode**.
3)Sure, you may achieve a similar effect by sending emails to your colleagues, but it adds a more personal touch if you deliver the news to them in person.
4)In fact, many American giant corporate enterprises trace their roots back to Small, family-owned businesses.
5)In normal times, thousands of workers perform routine tasks Of reactor (反应堆) maintenance at the nuclear power station.
6)By moving the pointer to the icon (图标) and pressing a mouse button, you can execute a quick command Or convert the icon into a window.
7)Internet-based products like online news, social media, web games, e-commerce enable their users to view this world in dozens of different ways
8)People want to have instant access to Reports or books that promise to solve their technical problems in the blink of an eye.
9)The technology company recruits those who have Internet work experience and take a great interest in Internet products.
10)The staff were willing to work around the clock, sleep in the office, grab a bite to eat And battle each other over strategy and technical decisions.
Reading 1 > Language Enhancement > 3
Word Building Skill(s)
Match the following words with the corresponding meanings in the box.
1)predecessor sth. Formerly used
2)predict say sth. Will happen
3)pretend take on a false or misleading appearance
4)precaution careful thought in advance to avoid risk
5)perception the state of being aware of sth.
6)permanent lasting for all time in the future
7)pervasive existing in or spreading through every part of sth.
8)perform play the part of; carry out
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences by choosing the proper words with the prefix “pre-” or “per-” from the box. Change the form where necessary.
Predecessor Predict Pretend Precaution
Perception Permanent Pervasive Perform
1)She began to raise money for her dream of a permanent, non-profit school for the higher education of women.
2)You should be warm-hearted and pretend That this new colleague is one of your best friends.
3)When changing the point of observation, we also change our understanding and perception Of the surrounding world.
4)By using this test, the teacher could predict Whether the students are capable of doing this task.
5)The car is some 40mm shorter than its predecessor.
6)Jane admitted she was a bit worried about having to perform The leading female role after only a year of opera studies.
Reading 1 > Language Enhancement > 4
Translate into Chinese the following sentences from the text, leaving out the words in bold type.
1)In the 1960s and ‘70s, teams of engineers and computer scientists worked to build the foundation for a network of networks. (Para. 1)
2)ARPANET, one of the Internet‘s predecessors, began modestly as a three-node network. (Para. 1) 互联网的前身之一阿帕网，开始时不过是仅有三个节点的网络。
3)In the 1980s, this network proved to be a valuable tool for research and communication. (Para. 1)
4)I think these trends point to what the Internet will be in 2050 — pervasive. (Para. 2)
我认为这些趋势指向了2050年互联网的特点 —— 无所不在。
5)Even if we decide that altering ourselves is ethically questionable, we can achieve a similar effect just by building display capabilities into a pair of glasses. (Para. 4)
6)It all appears in a cloud around the person and soon you know his or her interests, opinions and even relationship status. (Para. 6)
Reading 2 > Language Enhancement > 1
Review the sentences from Reading 2 below. All the boldfaced words are either active words or academic words marked in Academic Word List (AWL). Choose the word from a, b, or c that has the closest meaning to each boldfaced word.
- it could cut nearly all of the carbon emissions from the transportation sector. (Para. 2)
2.A new report today finds that layering the three vehicle technologies … could cut carbon emissions 80 percent by 2050 worldwide from a business-as-usual scenario. (Para. 3)
3.It’s becoming increasingly clear that all three of these possible revolutions are reaching maturity, … (Para. 5)
4.While some transportation researchers have suggested autonomous cars could cut emissions by boosting driver efficiency, … (Para. 6)
5.We have to stop thinking that self-driving cars will automatically be sustainable, … (Para. 8)
6.We need policies to make sure we steerthis towards electric and efficient. (Para. 8)
7.Worldwide, that combination would generate 0.7 gigaton of carbon emissions annually by mid-century, … (Para. 10)
8.In the United States, transportation has surpassed the electricity sector as the top source of greenhouse gas emissions, … (Para. 11)
9.… upending the transportation sector would require overcoming the attachmentmany people have to their individual cars, … (Para. 13)
10.… upending the transportation sector would require overcoming the attachment many people have to their individual cars, … (Para. 13)
11.Incorporating more ride sharing and public transit was the only scenario that matched with a pathway to keep global warming under 2 degrees Celsius. (Para. 14)
Reading 1 > Language Enhancement > 2
Reading 2 > Language Enhancement > 3
Word Building Skill(s)
Complete the words according to the meanings given. The prefix of each target word is also given.
1)transit/transport/transportation: the system of buses, trains, etc. which people use to travel from place to place (trans)
2)transmit: send out (a signal) either by radio waves or over a wire (trans)
3)translation: the process of changing written or spoken words into another language (trans)
4)sustainable: able to continue for a long time (sus)
5)suspend: stop sth. Officially for a time; prevent from continuing or being active (sus)
6)suspect: have doubts about sth. Or sb. (sus)
Complete the sentences with the words you have written down in Step A. Change the form where necessary.
Transit/transport/transportation Transmit Translation
Sustainable Suspend Suspect
1)The city transit/transport/transportation Is usually well developed, with a variety of modes of travel available, including buses, taxis and subways.
2)Because of the poor performance in the market, the publishing house decided to Suspend***The sale of this book.
3)With this 4G network, we can***Transmit
Data between mobile phones faster.
4)On the face of it, he seems to be telling the truth. But I still Suspect He‘s hiding something.
5)What makes a good Translation It must be true to the original, clear and easy to understand.
Reading 2 > Language Enhancement > 4
Translate into Chinese the following passage that serves as a summary of Reading 2, leaving out the words in bold type.
1.In the United States, transportation has surpassed the electricity sector as the top source of greenhouse gas emissions, at around 30 percent. But a recent report finds that layering the three vehicle technologies — autonomous, electric and shared — on top of one another could cut carbon emissions 80 percent by 205View0 worldwide from a business-as-usual scenario.
在美国，交通部门已经超过电力部门成为温室气体排放的首要来源，约为30%。但是最近的一份报告发现，到2050 w时，将三种汽车技术 – 自主、电动和共享 – 相互叠加可以减少80% 的碳排放
2.While it is wrong to think that self-driving cars will automatically be sustainable, emissions reduction can come when the vehicles are electrified and plugging into an increasingly cleaner grid.
3.And if people are willing to overcome the attachment they have to their individual cars and change their behavior, using substantially more ride sharing, public transport, cycling and walking, it is possible to upend the transportation sector and cut car travel by more than half in 2050 and the number of cars by nearly three-quarters.
Listing Comprehension>Task 1
Listening Comprehension > Task 2
1)Virtual reality, or VR, is a computer-generated technology that creates a three-dimensional
digital world That you can not only see and observe, but explore and interact with as if you are there.
2)VR has already proved effective as a training tool as it simulates real experiences.
3)He explains that by exposing patients to what they fear most in a virtual environment and showing them that nothing bad happens, they can eventually overcome their panic.
Viewing Comprehension>Task 1
Viewing Comprehension>Task 2