oracle之percent_rank() over()函数和PERCENTILE_CONT() within group()over()函数详解

2018/12/28 15:11
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创建一个临时表

create table EMP
(
  EMPNO    NUMBER(4) not null,
  ENAME    VARCHAR2(10),
  JOB      VARCHAR2(9),
  MGR      NUMBER(4),
  HIREDATE DATE,
  SAL      NUMBER(7,2),
  COMM     NUMBER(7,2),
  DEPTNO   NUMBER(2)
);

插入数据

insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7369, 'SMITH', 'CLERK', 7902, to_date('17-12-1980', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 800.00, null, 20);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7499, 'ALLEN', 'SALESMAN', 7698, to_date('20-02-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 1600.00, 300.00, 30);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7521, 'WARD', 'SALESMAN', 7698, to_date('22-02-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 1250.00, 500.00, 30);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7566, 'JONES', 'MANAGER', 7839, to_date('02-04-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 2975.00, null, 20);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7654, 'MARTIN', 'SALESMAN', 7698, to_date('28-09-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 1250.00, 1400.00, 30);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7698, 'BLAKE', 'MANAGER', 7839, to_date('01-05-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 2850.00, null, 30);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7782, 'CLARK', 'MANAGER', 7839, to_date('09-06-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 2450.00, null, 10);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7788, 'SCOTT', 'ANALYST', 7566, to_date('19-04-1987', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 3000.00, null, 20);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7839, 'KING', 'PRESIDENT', null, to_date('17-11-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 5000.00, null, 10);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7844, 'TURNER', 'SALESMAN', 7698, to_date('08-09-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 1500.00, 0.00, 30);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7876, 'ADAMS', 'CLERK', 7788, to_date('23-05-1987', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 1100.00, null, 20);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7900, 'JAMES', 'CLERK', 7698, to_date('03-12-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 950.00, null, 30);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7902, 'FORD', 'ANALYST', 7566, to_date('03-12-1981', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 3000.00, null, 20);
insert into emp (EMPNO, ENAME, JOB, MGR, HIREDATE, SAL, COMM, DEPTNO)
values (7934, 'MILLER', 'CLERK', 7782, to_date('23-01-1982', 'dd-mm-yyyy'), 1300.00, null, 10);
commit;

查询表:

select *  from emp e; 

按薪水的倒序,取薪水的排名,及一定百分比的薪水值

select e.ename,e.sal,e.deptno,
       percent_rank() over(partition by deptno order by sal desc) p_rank, --以deptno分组,以sal倒序,取出百分比排名
       PERCENTILE_CONT(0) within group(order by sal desc)
        over(partition by deptno) max_sal ,                               --以deptno分组,以sal倒序,取出占0%的薪水
       PERCENTILE_CONT(0.25) within group(order by sal desc)
        over(partition by deptno) max_sal_25,                             --以deptno分组,以sal倒序,取出25%的薪水
       PERCENTILE_CONT(0.5) within group(order by sal desc)
        over(partition by deptno) max_sal_50,                             --以deptno分组,以sal倒序,取出50%的薪水
       PERCENTILE_CONT(0.75) within group(order by sal desc)              --以deptno分组,以sal倒序,取出70%的薪水
        over(partition by deptno) max_sal_75                             
   from emp e;

按薪水的正序,取薪水的排名,及一定百分比的薪水值

以上即全部Oracle分析函数PERCENTILE_CONT解析。

 

  

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