API Gateway : Kong

2018/08/20 21:18
阅读数 665

what

problems

before architecture 多个服务要写自己的log,auth,对于比较耗时的,有时还要高流量限制。

solution intro

new

单点部署的情况: spof spof scale out

why not just haproxy log (kinbana)

haproxy rate limit http://blog.serverfault.com/2010/08/26/1016491873/ simple version:

  frontend fe_api_ssl
    
    acl too_many_uploads_by_user sc0_gpc0_rate() gt 100
    acl mark_seen sc0_inc_gpc0 gt 0
   
    stick-table type string size 100k store gpc0_rate(60s)
   
    tcp-request content track-sc0 hdr(Authorization) if METH_POST document_request is_upload
   
    use_backend be_429_slow_down if mark_seen too_many_uploads_by_user  
   
  backend be_429_slow_down
    timeout tarpit 2s
    errorfile 500 /etc/haproxy/errorfiles/429.http
    http-request tarpit


  backend be_api

feature

install

try to use docker instead of pkg/deb/vagrant

docker run -d --name kong-database  -p 5432:5432   -e "POSTGRES_USER=kong"   -e "POSTGRES_DB=kong"   postgres:9.4
docker run -d --name kong-database  -p 9042:9042  cassandra:3


dengwei@RMBAP:~/projects/github/kong$ docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                     PORTS                                                                                                      NAMES
b1b969345f2c        kong:latest         "/docker-entrypoin..."   16 hours ago        Up 16 hours                0.0.0.0:7946->7946/tcp, 0.0.0.0:8000-8001->8000-8001/tcp, 0.0.0.0:8443->8443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:7946->7946/udp   kong
9d73317da8e3        cassandra:3         "/docker-entrypoin..."   16 hours ago        Up 16 hours                7000-7001/tcp, 7199/tcp, 9160/tcp, 0.0.0.0:9042->9042/tcp                                                  kong-database
                                             kong-database

config

http localhost:8001
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
...
Server: kong/0.10.2

{
    "configuration": {
        "admin_ip": "0.0.0.0",
        "admin_listen": "0.0.0.0:8001",
        "admin_listen_ssl": "0.0.0.0:8444",
        "admin_port": 8001,
        "admin_ssl": true,
        ...
        "admin_ssl_ip": "0.0.0.0",
        "admin_ssl_port": 8444,
        "anonymous_reports": true,
        "cassandra_consistency": "ONE",
        "cassandra_contact_points": [
            "kong-database"
        ],
        "cassandra_data_centers": [
            "dc1:2",
            "dc2:3"
        ],
        "cassandra_keyspace": "kong",
        "cassandra_lb_policy": "RoundRobin",
        "cassandra_port": 9042,
        ...
        "pg_user": "kong",
        "plugins": {
            "acl": true,
            ...
        },
        "prefix": "/usr/local/kong",
        "proxy_ip": "0.0.0.0",
        "proxy_listen": "0.0.0.0:8000",
        ...
    },
    "hostname": "b1b969345f2c",
    "lua_version": "LuaJIT 2.1.0-beta2",
    "plugins": {
        "available_on_server": {
            "acl": true,
           ...
        },
        "enabled_in_cluster": {}
    },
   ...
    "tagline": "Welcome to kong",
    "timers": {
        "pending": 4,
        "running": 0
    },
    "version": "0.10.2"
}

adding an api:

http POST localhost:8001/apis name=demo upstream_url=http://mockbin.org/request request_host=mockbin.org

host with port

http POST localhost:8001/apis name=localdemo upstream_url=http://localhost:3010/request hosts=localhost

list apis:

http localhost:8001/apis

check admin log

in docker container:

sh-4.2# ls
access.log  admin_access.log  error.log  serf.log

use plugin

  • auth example

     http POST localhost:8001/apis/0ee4b228-3089-4ae9-b13a-09ba4df8004e/plugins name=key-auth config.key_names=X-AUTH
     http POST localhost:8001/consumers/b7199b84-cbe6-47ef-9cd0-c68ab27dfee0/key-auth key=abc123
    

verify :

http localhost:8000 HOST:mockbin.org X-AUTH:1234
http localhost:8000 HOST:mockbin.org X-AUTH:abc123

previous one won't work , latter one works, which with the right key

  • rate limit example: find your api id by list apis

    http localhost:8001/apis

in my example the api id is: 0ee4b228-3089-4ae9-b13a-09ba4df8004e

http POST localhost:8001/apis/0ee4b228-3089-4ae9-b13a-09ba4df8004e/plugin;5Cs name=rate-limiting config.minute=5 config.hour=10

test it:

http localhost:8000 Host:mockbin.org X-AUTH:abc123
HTTP/1.1 200 OK

after 5 times with 1 minute:

dengwei@RMBAP:~/projects/work$  http localhost:8000 Host:mockbin.org X-AUTH:abc123
HTTP/1.1 429
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Date: Thu, 25 May 2017 12:18:35 GMT
Server: kong/0.10.2
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
X-RateLimit-Limit-hour: 10
X-RateLimit-Limit-minute: 5
X-RateLimit-Remaining-hour: 0
X-RateLimit-Remaining-minute: 5

{
    "message": "API rate limit exceeded"
}

how does it work

rest api with other url in sub page ui for monitor(need enterprise) plugin with other language?

to do or not

api gateway: to be or not to be

ref

API & Microservices Management with Kong kong基础使用 kong ui kong dashboard docker 使用Kong来管理业务restful api [聊聊架构:深入浅出聊聊企业级API网关](https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA5Nzc4OTA1Mw==&mid=2659599286&idx=1&sn=f41c9dc7f9f2027eab97889b1b01a391&chksm=8be996a4bc9e1fb29ea77d0941bedb60714c6a7ae94edd44bf705a0910979e18e631210ab326)

problems

in docker you will not success in forward your request via kong. issue here

    dengwei@RMBAP:~/projects/work$ http POST localhost:8001/apis name=localdemoabc upstream_url=http://localhost:3010/ uris=/abc

    HTTP/1.1 201 Created

    dengwei@RMBAP:~/projects/work$ http localhost:8000/abc host=localhost
    HTTP/1.1 502 Bad Gateway

todo:

nginx + koa sample how routing work and verify ui page speed lost comparing with other api gateway: loopback.io http://orange.sumory.com/

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