OpenLDAP 2.4.44 安装部署避坑指南

2019/08/19 23:11
阅读数 204

写在前面:

有关openLDAP的部署文档在网上随意能找到很多,但是最近用到才发现网上的教程多数是旧版的用法,例如"/etc/openldap/slapd.conf “早已弃用,更有甚者直接修改/etc/openldap/slapd.d/下的文件,打开的时候上面明确写着不能修改此文件,那是多大的勇气能写成文档出来分享呢?

通过参考官方文档并且借鉴了两位前辈的文档,我整理出来如下步骤,并经过验证

 

一、环境准备

1. 操作系统: CentOS 7.x
2. 关闭防火墙、selinux
3. yum源(略) 忘了用不用依赖epel-release 自己试试

二、OpenLDAP服务安装

1. 服务安装

yum install -y openldap openldap-servers openldap-clients openldap-devel

2. 生成OpenLDAP管理密码


[root@localhost ~]# slappasswd
New password: //此处输入密码
Re-enter new password: //再次密码
{SSHA}CrdqT5EAh8H2y2SorEUbuxP3R5eOggjb

记录好生成的密码,后面用得到

3. 配置OpenLDAP

OpenLDAP 2.3之后的版本取消了/etc/openldap/slapd.conf的配置方式,使用ldif文件动态配置,目前网上的文档五花八门而且缺胳膊少腿,以下参考官方文档及slapd-config(5)

http://www.openldap.org/doc/admin24/slapdconf2.html

http://www.openldap.org/doc/admin24/quickstart.html

[root@localhost ~]# vim /usr/share/openldap-servers/slapd.ldif 将所需模块注释去掉,olcSuffix和olcRootDN按照实际情况修改,如不需要TLS,将相应内容注释


#
# See slapd-config(5) for details on configuration options.
# This file should NOT be world readable.
#

dn: cn=config
objectClass: olcGlobal
cn: config
olcArgsFile: /var/run/openldap/slapd.args
olcPidFile: /var/run/openldap/slapd.pid
#
# TLS settings
#
olcTLSCACertificatePath: /etc/openldap/certs
olcTLSCertificateFile: "OpenLDAP Server"
olcTLSCertificateKeyFile: /etc/openldap/certs/password
#
# Do not enable referrals until AFTER you have a working directory
# service AND an understanding of referrals.
#
#olcReferral: ldap://root.openldap.org
#
# Sample security restrictions
# Require integrity protection (prevent hijacking)
# Require 112-bit (3DES or better) encryption for updates
# Require 64-bit encryption for simple bind
#
#olcSecurity: ssf=1 update_ssf=112 simple_bind=64


#
# Load dynamic backend modules:
# - modulepath is architecture dependent value (32/64-bit system)
# - back_sql.la backend requires openldap-servers-sql package
# - dyngroup.la and dynlist.la cannot be used at the same time
#

#dn: cn=module,cn=config
#objectClass: olcModuleList
#cn: module
#olcModulepath: /usr/lib/openldap
#olcModulepath: /usr/lib64/openldap
#olcModuleload: accesslog.la
#olcModuleload: auditlog.la
#olcModuleload: back_dnssrv.la
#olcModuleload: back_ldap.la
#olcModuleload: back_mdb.la
#olcModuleload: back_meta.la
#olcModuleload: back_null.la
#olcModuleload: back_passwd.la
#olcModuleload: back_relay.la
#olcModuleload: back_shell.la
#olcModuleload: back_sock.la
#olcModuleload: collect.la
#olcModuleload: constraint.la
#olcModuleload: dds.la
#olcModuleload: deref.la
#olcModuleload: dyngroup.la
#olcModuleload: dynlist.la
#olcModuleload: memberof.la
#olcModuleload: pcache.la
#olcModuleload: ppolicy.la
#olcModuleload: refint.la
#olcModuleload: retcode.la
#olcModuleload: rwm.la
#olcModuleload: seqmod.la
#olcModuleload: smbk5pwd.la
#olcModuleload: sssvlv.la
#olcModuleload: syncprov.la
#olcModuleload: translucent.la
#olcModuleload: unique.la
#olcModuleload: valsort.la


#
# Schema settings
#

dn: cn=schema,cn=config
objectClass: olcSchemaConfig
cn: schema

include: file:///etc/openldap/schema/core.ldif

#
# Frontend settings
#

dn: olcDatabase=frontend,cn=config
objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
objectClass: olcFrontendConfig
olcDatabase: frontend
#
# Sample global access control policy:
# Root DSE: allow anyone to read it
# Subschema (sub)entry DSE: allow anyone to read it
# Other DSEs:
# Allow self write access
# Allow authenticated users read access
# Allow anonymous users to authenticate
#
#olcAccess: to dn.base="" by * read
#olcAccess: to dn.base="cn=Subschema" by * read
#olcAccess: to *
# by self write
# by users read
# by anonymous auth
#
# if no access controls are present, the default policy
# allows anyone and everyone to read anything but restricts
# updates to rootdn. (e.g., "access to * by * read")
#
# rootdn can always read and write EVERYTHING!
#

#
# Configuration database
#

dn: olcDatabase=config,cn=config
objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
olcDatabase: config
olcAccess: to * by dn.base="gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,c
n=auth" manage by * none

#
# Server status monitoring
#

dn: olcDatabase=monitor,cn=config
objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
olcDatabase: monitor
olcAccess: to * by dn.base="gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,c
n=auth" read by dn.base="cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com" read by * none

#
# Backend database definitions
#

dn: olcDatabase=hdb,cn=config
objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
objectClass: olcHdbConfig
olcDatabase: hdb
olcSuffix: dc=my-domain,dc=com
olcRootDN: cn=Manager,dc=my-domain,dc=com
olcDbDirectory: /var/lib/ldap
olcDbIndex: objectClass eq,pres
olcDbIndex: ou,cn,mail,surname,givenname eq,pres,sub


修改完成后如下所示:


dn: cn=config
objectClass: olcGlobal
cn: config
olcArgsFile: /var/run/openldap/slapd.args
olcPidFile: /var/run/openldap/slapd.pid

dn: cn=module,cn=config
objectClass: olcModuleList
cn: module
#olcModulepath: /usr/lib/openldap 两个同时存在会冲突
olcModulepath: /usr/lib64/openldap
olcModuleload: accesslog.la
olcModuleload: auditlog.la
olcModuleload: back_dnssrv.la
olcModuleload: back_ldap.la
olcModuleload: back_mdb.la
olcModuleload: back_meta.la
olcModuleload: back_null.la
olcModuleload: back_passwd.la
olcModuleload: back_relay.la
olcModuleload: back_shell.la
olcModuleload: back_sock.la
olcModuleload: collect.la
olcModuleload: constraint.la
olcModuleload: dds.la
olcModuleload: deref.la
#olcModuleload: dyngroup.la 注释掉否则会冲突
olcModuleload: dynlist.la
olcModuleload: memberof.la
olcModuleload: pcache.la
olcModuleload: ppolicy.la
olcModuleload: refint.la
olcModuleload: retcode.la
olcModuleload: rwm.la
olcModuleload: seqmod.la
olcModuleload: smbk5pwd.la
olcModuleload: sssvlv.la
olcModuleload: syncprov.la
olcModuleload: translucent.la
olcModuleload: unique.la
olcModuleload: valsort.la

dn: cn=schema,cn=config
objectClass: olcSchemaConfig
cn: schema

include: file:///etc/openldap/schema/core.ldif

dn: olcDatabase=frontend,cn=config
objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
objectClass: olcFrontendConfig
olcDatabase: frontend

dn: olcDatabase=config,cn=config
objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
olcDatabase: config
olcAccess: to * by dn.base="gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,c
n=auth" manage by * none

dn: olcDatabase=monitor,cn=config
objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
olcDatabase: monitor
olcAccess: to * by dn.base="gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,c
n=auth" read by dn.base="cn=Manager,dc=example,dc=com" read by * none

dn: olcDatabase=hdb,cn=config
objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
objectClass: olcHdbConfig
olcDatabase: hdb
olcSuffix: dc=example,dc=com
olcRootDN: cn=Manager,dc=example,dc=com
olcRootPW: {SSHA}CrdqT5EAh8H2y2SorEUbuxP3R5eOggjb
olcDbDirectory: /var/lib/ldap
olcDbIndex: objectClass eq,pres
olcDbIndex: ou,cn,mail,surname,givenname eq,pres,sub

4. 导入DB_CONFIG、重新生成配置、修改目录权限并启动服务


删除配置
[root@localhost ~]# rm -rf /etc/openldap/slapd.d/*
导入配置
[root@localhost ~]# cp /usr/share/openldap-servers/DB_CONFIG.example /var/lib/ldap/DB_CONFIG
[root@localhost ~]# slapadd -n 0 -F /etc/openldap/slapd.d -l /usr/share/openldap-servers/slapd.ldif
修改目录权限
chown -R ldap.ldap /etc/openldap/slapd.d/*
chown -R ldap.ldap /var/lib/ldap/*

启动
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl start slapd

导入schema
[root@localhost ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/cosine.ldif
[root@localhost ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/nis.ldif
[root@localhost ~]# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f /etc/openldap/schema/inetorgperson.ldif

 

5. 解决无法操作根节点数据This base cannot be created with PLA问题

[root@localhost ~]# vim base.ldif


dn: dc=example,dc=com
o: example
objectclass: dcObject
objectclass: organization

[root@localhost ~]# ldapadd -f base.ldif -x -D cn=Manager,dc=example,dc=com -W

输入密码

完成上述操作后可以预先安装PhpLDAPadmin

6. 添加memberof 创建如下三个文件

memberof_config.ldif 第五行和第七行 切记不要随意复制粘贴{}中数字根据实际情况决定

[root@localhost ~]# ls /etc/openldap/slapd.d/cn\=config/
cn=module{0}.ldif cn=module{1}.ldif cn=schema cn=schema.ldif olcDatabase={0}config.ldif olcDatabase={-1}frontend.ldif olcDatabase={1}monitor.ldif olcDatabase={2}hdb olcDatabase={2}hdb.ldif


dn: cn=module,cn=config
cn: module
objectClass: olcModuleList
olcModuleLoad: memberof
olcModulePath: /usr/lib64/ldap

dn: olcOverlay=memberof,olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
objectClass: olcConfig
objectClass: olcMemberOf
objectClass: olcOverlayConfig
objectClass: top
olcOverlay: memberof
olcMemberOfDangling: ignore
olcMemberOfRefInt: TRUE
olcMemberOfGroupOC: groupOfUniqueNames
olcMemberOfMemberAD: uniqueMember
olcMemberOfMemberOfAD: memberOf

refint1.ldif 第一行{}中数字原理同上


dn: cn=module{1},cn=config
add: olcmoduleload
olcmoduleload: refint

refint2.ldif 第一行{}中数字原理同上


dn: olcOverlay=refint,olcDatabase={2}hdb,cn=config
objectClass: olcConfig
objectClass: olcOverlayConfig
objectClass: olcRefintConfig
objectClass: top
olcOverlay: refint
olcRefintAttribute: memberof uniqueMember manager owner

 

执行命令添加
sudo ldapadd -Q -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f memberof_config.ldif
sudo ldapmodify -Q -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f refint1.ldif
sudo ldapadd -Q -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f refint2.ldif

验证

ldapsearch -x -LLL -H ldap:/// -b cn=wangtiexhui,ou=users,dc=example,dc=com dn memberof   (注:用户是用phpldapadmin创建的,暂时没时间写,等有空了补齐,目前市面上的文档还不算坑,可以参考其他文档)

 

三、安装PhpLDAPadmin

四、安装self-service-password

 

最后说明几点:

1、文档没写完,坑后续会填上

2、其中有借鉴的成分,但几乎都是转载找不到原作者了,如有侵权私信我

3、可以转载,请注明出处

4、有问题可以联系我包括但不限于提问、指正或互相交流

 

 

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