文档章节

基于netty的多人多聊天室

o
 osc_g8254g7s
发布于 2019/08/18 13:25
字数 1701
阅读 12
收藏 0

精选30+云产品,助力企业轻松上云!>>>

  上篇文章已经详细介绍了如何基于netty搭建一个多人单聊天室(https://www.cnblogs.com/junehozhao/p/11853800.html),那么怎么建一个多人多聊天室呢?

  其实,实现的方法并不难,我是借助使用redis来实现的,我们从代码中可以知道,对于每个聊天的channel,是通过ChannelGroup来管理的,也就是每个进来的通道,我都会把它放进ChannelGroup中。那么每当我们接收到来访问的请求时,可以把每个聊天室的唯一ID传过来,在redis中,根据这个聊天室ID,把所有属于这个聊天室ID的channel都放到同一个HashMap,并且缓存到redis中,这样,每当一个channel需要推送消息,我们就根据消息中的聊天室ID去redis中拿所有的channel,然后再向这些channel循环推送消息,这样,一个简单的多聊天室就实现了。

  代码如下,同样的,把http和websocket的两个方法抽到了接口文件中,首先是 IHttp接口:

package com.june.netty.socket;
 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.FullHttpRequest;
 
public interface IHttp {
 
    void handleHttpRequset(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, FullHttpRequest request);
}

 

IWebSocket接口:

package com.june.netty.socket;
 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.TextWebSocketFrame;
 
public interface IWebSocket {
 
     void textdoMessage(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, TextWebSocketFrame msg);
 
}

 

然后是实现类WebsocketImpl,实现了IHttp和IWebSocket两个接口,关于消息的发送方法和初始化方法就在这个类中,并且相对于单聊天室,这里面做了比较大的改动:

package com.june.netty.socket;
 
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.google.gson.Gson;
import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.*;
import io.netty.channel.group.ChannelGroup;
import io.netty.channel.group.DefaultChannelGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.FullHttpRequest;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpHeaderNames;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpObjectAggregator;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpServerCodec;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.TextWebSocketFrame;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.WebSocketServerHandshaker;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.WebSocketServerHandshakerFactory;
import io.netty.handler.stream.ChunkedWriteHandler;
import io.netty.util.AttributeKey;
import io.netty.util.concurrent.GlobalEventExecutor;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
 
public class WebsocketImpl implements IHttp,IWebSocket{
    private static final String HN_HTTP_CODEC = "HN_HTTP_CODEC";
    private static final String NH_HTTP_AGGREGATOR ="NH_HTTP_AGGREGATOR";
    private static final String NH_HTTP_CHUNK = "HN_HTTP_CHUNK";
    private static final String NH_SERVER = "NH_LOGIC";
 
    private static final AttributeKey<WebSocketServerHandshaker> ATTR_HANDSHAKER = AttributeKey.newInstance("ATTR_KEY_CHANNELID");
 
    private static final int MAX_CONTENT_LENGTH = 65536;
 
    private static final String WEBSOCKET_URI_ROOT_PATTERN = "ws://%s:%d";
    //websocket地址
    private String host;
    //websocket端口号
    private int port;
    //存放websocket连接
    private Map<ChannelId, Channel> channelMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<ChannelId, Channel>();
    private ChannelGroup group = new DefaultChannelGroup(GlobalEventExecutor.INSTANCE);
    private final String WEBSOCKET_URI_ROOT;
    public WebsocketImpl(String host, int port) {
        super();
        this.host = host;
        this.port = port;
        WEBSOCKET_URI_ROOT = String.format(WEBSOCKET_URI_ROOT_PATTERN, host, port);
    }
    //socket初始化方法
    public void start(){
        EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        ServerBootstrap sb = new ServerBootstrap();
        sb.group(bossGroup, workerGroup);
        sb.channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class);
        sb.childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<Channel>() {
            @Override
            protected void initChannel(Channel ch) throws Exception {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                ChannelPipeline pl = ch.pipeline();
                //保存引用
                channelMap.put(ch.id(), ch);
                group.add(ch);
                ch.closeFuture().addListener(new ChannelFutureListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void operationComplete(ChannelFuture future) throws Exception {
                        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                        //关闭后抛弃
                        channelMap.remove(future.channel().id());
                        group.remove(ch);
                    }
                });
                pl.addLast(HN_HTTP_CODEC,new HttpServerCodec());
                pl.addLast(NH_HTTP_AGGREGATOR,new HttpObjectAggregator(MAX_CONTENT_LENGTH));
                pl.addLast(NH_HTTP_CHUNK,new ChunkedWriteHandler());
                pl.addLast(NH_SERVER,new WebSocketServerHandler(WebsocketImpl.this,WebsocketImpl.this));
            }
        });
        try {
            ChannelFuture future = sb.bind(host,port).addListener(new ChannelFutureListener() {
                @Override
                public void operationComplete(ChannelFuture future) throws Exception {
                    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                    if(future.isSuccess()){
                        System.out.println("websocket started");
                    }
                }
            }).sync();
            future.channel().closeFuture().addListener(new ChannelFutureListener() {
                @Override
                public void operationComplete(ChannelFuture future) throws Exception {
                    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                    System.out.println("channel is closed");
                }
            }).sync();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally{
            bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
            workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }
        System.out.println("websocket stoped");
    }
 
    @Override
    public void handleHttpRequset(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, FullHttpRequest request) {
            String subProtocols = request.headers().get(HttpHeaderNames.SEC_WEBSOCKET_PROTOCOL);
            WebSocketServerHandshakerFactory factory = new WebSocketServerHandshakerFactory(WEBSOCKET_URI_ROOT, subProtocols, false);
            WebSocketServerHandshaker handshaker = factory.newHandshaker(request);
            if(handshaker == null){
                WebSocketServerHandshakerFactory.sendUnsupportedVersionResponse(ctx.channel());
            }else{
                handshaker.handshake(ctx.channel(), request);
                ctx.channel().attr(ATTR_HANDSHAKER).set(handshaker);
            }
            return;
    }
 
    @Override
    public void textdoMessage(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, TextWebSocketFrame msg) {
       Map<String,Object> maps = (Map) JSON.parse(msg.text());
        //根据groupId从redis中获取channel
        String key = "channel:" + maps.get("groupId");
        Channel channel = ctx.channel();
        Map<String , Object> map = JedisUtils.getObjectMap(key);
        if(map == null){
            map = new HashMap<>();
        }
        map.put(channel.id()+"" ,channel.id());
        JedisUtils.del(key);
        JedisUtils.setObjectMap(key , map ,0);
        group.add(ctx.channel());
        sendGroupText(map,maps);
    }

   public void sendGroupText(Map<String , Object> map, Map<String, Object> maps) {
        Gson gson = new Gson();
        String groupId = (String) maps.get("groupId");
        String value = (String) maps.get("msg");
        Map<String,String> backMap = new HashMap<String,String>();
        backMap.put("msg",value);
        for(Map.Entry<String , Object> entry : map.entrySet() ){
            Channel channel = group.find((ChannelId) entry.getValue());
            if(channel != null){
                channel.writeAndFlush(new TextWebSocketFrame(gson.toJson(backMap)));
            }
        }
    }
}

 

  里面有个一细节就是使用redis缓存HashMap,我把代码放上,至于如何springboot整合redis,不是本文重点而且也很简单,有兴趣的小伙伴可以关注后续的文章,会有介绍:

/**
     * 获取Map缓存
     * @param key 键
     * @return*/
    public static Map<String, Object> getObjectMap(String key) {
        key = KEY_PREFIX + key;
        Map<String, Object> value = null;
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = getResource();
            if (jedis.exists(getBytesKey(key))) {
                value = Maps.newHashMap();
                Map<byte[], byte[]> map = jedis.hgetAll(getBytesKey(key));
                for (Map.Entry<byte[], byte[]> e : map.entrySet()){
                    value.put(StringUtils.toString(e.getKey()), 
             toObject(e.getValue()));
                }
                logger.debug("getObjectMap {} = {}", key, value);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.warn("getObjectMap {} = {}", key, value, e);
        } finally {
            returnResource(jedis);
        }
        return value;
    }

       /**
     * 设置Map缓存
     * @param key 键
     * @param value 值
     * @param cacheSeconds 超时时间,0为不超时
     * @return
     */
    public static String setObjectMap(String key, Map<String, Object> value, int     
        cacheSeconds) {
        key = KEY_PREFIX + key;
        String result = null;
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = getResource();
            if (jedis.exists(getBytesKey(key))) {
                jedis.del(key);
            }
            Map<byte[], byte[]> map = Maps.newHashMap();
            for (Map.Entry<String, Object> e : value.entrySet()){
                map.put(getBytesKey(e.getKey()), toBytes(e.getValue()));
            }
            result = jedis.hmset(getBytesKey(key), (Map<byte[], byte[]>)map);
            if (cacheSeconds != 0) {
                jedis.expire(key, cacheSeconds);
            }
            logger.debug("setObjectMap {} = {}", key, value);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.warn("setObjectMap {} = {}", key, value, e);
        } finally {
            returnResource(jedis);
        }
        return result;
    }

 

然后是消息的接收方法类,和单聊天室的是一样的:

package com.june.netty.socket;
 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.SimpleChannelInboundHandler;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.FullHttpRequest;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.websocketx.TextWebSocketFrame;
 
public class WebSocketServerHandler extends SimpleChannelInboundHandler<Object>{
    private IWebSocket iWebSocket;
 
    private IHttp iHttp;
 
    public WebSocketServerHandler(IWebSocket iWebSocket,
                                  IHttp iHttp) {
        super();
        this.iWebSocket = iWebSocket;
        this.iHttp = iHttp;
    }
 
    @Override
    protected void channelRead0(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg)
            throws Exception {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        if (msg instanceof TextWebSocketFrame){
            iWebSocket.textdoMessage(ctx,(TextWebSocketFrame)msg);
        }if(msg instanceof FullHttpRequest){
            iHttp.handleHttpRequset(ctx, (FullHttpRequest)msg);
        }
    }
    @Override
    public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        ctx.flush();
    }
 
 
}

 

最后是随着项目一起启动和初始化websocket的类SocketStartupRunner:

package com.june.netty.runner;
 
import com.june.netty.socket.WebsocketImpl;
import org.springframework.boot.CommandLineRunner;
import org.springframework.core.annotation.Order;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
 
@Component
@Order(value = 2)
public class SocketStartupRunner implements CommandLineRunner {
    @Override
    public void run(String... args) throws Exception {
        WebsocketImpl socket = new WebsocketImpl("localhost", 8009);
        socket.start();
    }
 
}

 

对于pom文件的配置,主要是添加netty包和redis的配置,主要代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.1.7.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.june</groupId>
    <artifactId>netty</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>chat</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        <fastjson.version>1.2.15</fastjson.version>
        <guava.version>25.1-jre</guava.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-websocket</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- fastjson json -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>${fastjson.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>

        <!-- spring security -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.jsonwebtoken</groupId>
            <artifactId>jjwt</artifactId>
            <version>0.7.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>redis.clients</groupId>
            <artifactId>jedis</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.guava</groupId>
            <artifactId>guava</artifactId>
            <version>18.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.code.gson</groupId>
            <artifactId>gson</artifactId>
            <version>${gson.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>2.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.netty</groupId>
            <artifactId>netty-all</artifactId>
            <version>4.1.6.Final</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

 

对于页面的更改,相比较单聊天室,只是添加了一个聊天室的唯一ID:groupId

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">  
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">  
<head>  
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />  
<title></title>  
</head>  
  </head>  
  <script type="text/javascript">  
  var socket;     
  if(!window.WebSocket){  
      window.WebSocket = window.MozWebSocket;  
  }     
  if(window.WebSocket){  
      socket = new WebSocket("ws://localhost:8009");          
      socket.onmessage = function(event){  
            appendln("收到:" + JSON.parse(event.data).msg);  
      };    
      socket.onopen = function(event){  
            appendln("链接已打开");               
      };     
      socket.onclose = function(event){  
            appendln("链接已关闭");  
      };  
  }else{  
        alert("链接丢失");  
  }  
   
  function send(message){  
    if(!window.WebSocket){return;}  
    if(socket.readyState == WebSocket.OPEN){
        var messages = {"groupId": "admin","msg":message}
        socket.send(JSON.stringify(messages));  
        appendln("发送:" + message);  
    }else{  
        alert("发送失败,链接丢失");  
    }  
      
  }  
    
  function appendln(text) {  
    var ta = document.getElementById('responseMsg');  
    ta.value += text + "\r\n";  
  }  
    
  function clear() {  
    var ta = document.getElementById('responseMsg');  
    ta.value = "";  
  }  
        
  </script>  
  <body>  
    <form onSubmit="return false;">    
        <h3>聊天室</h3>  
        <textarea id="responseMsg" style="width: 1000px;height: 600px;"></textarea>  
        <br/>
        <input type = "text" name="message" value="你好啊,朋友"/>  
        <input type="button" value="发送" onClick="send(this.form.message.value)"/>  
    </form>  
  </body>  
</html>

 

这样,一个基于netty的多聊天室就完成了。

o
粉丝 0
博文 500
码字总数 0
作品 0
私信 提问
加载中
请先登录后再评论。

暂无文章

Java线程池

前言 Java中对线程池的抽象是ThreadPoolExecutor类,Executors是一个工具类,内置了多种创建线程池的方法: newFixedThreadPool:固定长度线程池 newCachedThreadPool :可缓存线程池 newSin...

nullpointerxyz
30分钟前
35
0
Python笔记:用Python制作二维码

这些年,二维码在我国的日常使用频率特别大。因为其具有简单及安全性吧!除了用网络工具制作二维码,其实用JavaScript或Python也可以制作二维码,而且更有个性。 示例一(制作普通黑白二维码...

tengyulong
42分钟前
0
0
Redis-初体验/数据结构

定义: Redis 是 C 语言开发的一个开源的(遵从 BSD 协议)高性能键值对(key-value)的内存数据库,可以用作数据库、缓存、消息中间件等。它是一种 NoSQL(not-only sql,泛指非关系型数据库...

心田已荒
44分钟前
15
0
如何在保留订单的同时从列表中删除重复项? - How do you remove duplicates from a list whilst preserving order?

问题: Is there a built-in that removes duplicates from list in Python, whilst preserving order? 是否有内置的程序在保留顺序的同时从Python列表中删除重复项? I know that I can us...

fyin1314
今天
29
0
以太坊智能合约开发常见的10个安全问题

本文介绍CheckMarx安全研究小组通过扫描公开的以太坊智能合约所发现的Solidity智能合约开发中常见的十大安全问题,其中__未检查的外部调用__ 和 高成本循环 分列排行榜前两名。该安全问题排行...

区块链教程
今天
19
0

没有更多内容

加载失败,请刷新页面

加载更多

返回顶部
顶部