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有序字典orderedDict

o
 osc_1ee7cxmx
发布于 2018/08/06 21:26
字数 925
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有序字典orderedDict
orderdDict是对字典类型的补充,他记住了字典元素添加的顺序
class OrderedDict(dict):
'Dictionary that remembers insertion order'
# An inherited dict maps keys to values.
# The inherited dict provides __getitem__, __len__, __contains__, and get.
# The remaining methods are order-aware.
# Big-O running times for all methods are the same as regular dictionaries.
# The internal self.__map dict maps keys to links in a doubly linked list.
# The circular doubly linked list starts and ends with a sentinel element.
# The sentinel element never gets deleted (this simplifies the algorithm).
# Each link is stored as a list of length three: [PREV, NEXT, KEY].
def __init__(self, *args, **kwds):
'''Initialize an ordered dictionary. The signature is the same as
regular dictionaries, but keyword arguments are not recommended because
their insertion order is arbitrary.
'''
if len(args) > 1:
raise TypeError('expected at most 1 arguments, got %d' % len(args))
try:
self.__root
except AttributeError:
self.__root = root = [] # sentinel node
root[:] = [root, root, None]
self.__map = {}
self.__update(*args, **kwds)
def __setitem__(self, key, value, dict_setitem=dict.__setitem__):
'od.__setitem__(i, y) <==> od[i]=y'
# Setting a new item creates a new link at the end of the linked list,
# and the inherited dictionary is updated with the new key/value pair.
if key not in self:
root = self.__root
last = root[0]
last[1] = root[0] = self.__map[key] = [last, root, key]
return dict_setitem(self, key, value)
def __delitem__(self, key, dict_delitem=dict.__delitem__):
'od.__delitem__(y) <==> del od[y]'
# Deleting an existing item uses self.__map to find the link which gets
# removed by updating the links in the predecessor and successor nodes.
dict_delitem(self, key)
link_prev, link_next, _ = self.__map.pop(key)
link_prev[1] = link_next # update link_prev[NEXT]
link_next[0] = link_prev # update link_next[PREV]
def __iter__(self):
'od.__iter__() <==> iter(od)'
# Traverse the linked list in order.
root = self.__root
curr = root[1] # start at the first node
while curr is not root:
yield curr[2] # yield the curr[KEY]
curr = curr[1] # move to next node
def __reversed__(self):
'od.__reversed__() <==> reversed(od)'
# Traverse the linked list in reverse order.
root = self.__root
curr = root[0] # start at the last node
while curr is not root:
yield curr[2] # yield the curr[KEY]
curr = curr[0] # move to previous node
def clear(self):
'od.clear() -> None. Remove all items from od.'
root = self.__root
root[:] = [root, root, None]
self.__map.clear()
dict.clear(self)
# -- the following methods do not depend on the internal structure --
def keys(self):
'od.keys() -> list of keys in od'
return list(self)
def values(self):
'od.values() -> list of values in od'
return [self[key] for key in self]
def items(self):
'od.items() -> list of (key, value) pairs in od'
return [(key, self[key]) for key in self]
def iterkeys(self):
'od.iterkeys() -> an iterator over the keys in od'
return iter(self)
def itervalues(self):
'od.itervalues -> an iterator over the values in od'
for k in self:
yield self[k]
def iteritems(self):
'od.iteritems -> an iterator over the (key, value) pairs in od'
for k in self:
yield (k, self[k])
update = MutableMapping.update
__update = update # let subclasses override update without breaking __init__
__marker = object()
def pop(self, key, default=__marker):
'''od.pop(k[,d]) -> v, remove specified key and return the corresponding
value. If key is not found, d is returned if given, otherwise KeyError
is raised.
'''
if key in self:
result = self[key]
del self[key]
return result
if default is self.__marker:
raise KeyError(key)
return default
def setdefault(self, key, default=None):
'od.setdefault(k[,d]) -> od.get(k,d), also set od[k]=d if k not in od'
if key in self:
return self[key]
self[key] = default
return default
def popitem(self, last=True):
'''od.popitem() -> (k, v), return and remove a (key, value) pair.
Pairs are returned in LIFO order if last is true or FIFO order if false.
'''
if not self:
raise KeyError('dictionary is empty')
key = next(reversed(self) if last else iter(self))
value = self.pop(key)
return key, value
def __repr__(self, _repr_running={}):
'od.__repr__() <==> repr(od)'
call_key = id(self), _get_ident()
if call_key in _repr_running:
return '...'
_repr_running[call_key] = 1
try:
if not self:
return '%s()' % (self.__class__.__name__,)
return '%s(%r)' % (self.__class__.__name__, self.items())
finally:
del _repr_running[call_key]
def __reduce__(self):
'Return state information for pickling'
items = [[k, self[k]] for k in self]
inst_dict = vars(self).copy()
for k in vars(OrderedDict()):
inst_dict.pop(k, None)
if inst_dict:
return (self.__class__, (items,), inst_dict)
return self.__class__, (items,)
def copy(self):
'od.copy() -> a shallow copy of od'
return self.__class__(self)
@classmethod
def fromkeys(cls, iterable, value=None):
'''OD.fromkeys(S[, v]) -> New ordered dictionary with keys from S.
If not specified, the value defaults to None.
'''
self = cls()
for key in iterable:
self[key] = value
return self
def __eq__(self, other):
'''od.__eq__(y) <==> od==y. Comparison to another OD is order-sensitive
while comparison to a regular mapping is order-insensitive.
'''
if isinstance(other, OrderedDict):
return dict.__eq__(self, other) and all(_imap(_eq, self, other))
return dict.__eq__(self, other)
def __ne__(self, other):
'od.__ne__(y) <==> od!=y'
return not self == other
# -- the following methods support python 3.x style dictionary views --
def viewkeys(self):
"od.viewkeys() -> a set-like object providing a view on od's keys"
return KeysView(self)
def viewvalues(self):
"od.viewvalues() -> an object providing a view on od's values"
return ValuesView(self)
def viewitems(self):
"od.viewitems() -> a set-like object providing a view on od's items"
return ItemsView(self)
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