文档章节

使用qt帮助 查看样式表stylesheet的帮助文档

o
 osc_1ee7cxmx
发布于 2018/08/06 19:48
字数 4712
阅读 0
收藏 0

精选30+云产品,助力企业轻松上云!>>>

QCreactor帮助文档中搜索的关键字 

Qt Style Sheets Examples        有所有控件的样式例子

Qt Style Sheets Reference      控件的所有属性

The Style Sheet Syntax           使用setStyleSheet的语法

 

有所有控件的样式例子
Style Sheet Usage
Customizing the Foreground and Background Colors
Customizing Using Dynamic Properties
Customizing a QPushButton Using the Box Model
Customizing the QPushButton's Menu Indicator Sub-Control
Complex Selector Example
Customizing Specific Widgets
Customizing QAbstractScrollArea
Customizing QCheckBox
Customizing QComboBox
Customizing QDockWidget
Customizing QFrame
Customizing QGroupBox
Customizing QHeaderView
Customizing QLineEdit
Customizing QListView
Customizing QMainWindow
Customizing QMenu
Customizing QMenuBar
Customizing QProgressBar
Customizing QPushButton
Customizing QRadioButton
Customizing QScrollBar
Customizing QSizeGrip
Customizing QSlider
Customizing QSpinBox
Customizing QSplitter
Customizing QStatusBar
Customizing QTabWidget and QTabBar
Customizing QTableView
Customizing QToolBar
Customizing QToolBox
Customizing QToolButton
Customizing QToolTip
Customizing QTreeView
Common Mistakes
QPushButton and images
Qt Style Sheets Examples
We will now see a few examples to get started with using Qt Style Sheets.
Style Sheet Usage
Customizing the Foreground and Background Colors
Let's start by setting yellow as the background color of all QLineEdits in an application. This could be achieved like this:

qApp->setStyleSheet("QLineEdit { background-color: yellow }");

If we want the property to apply only to the QLineEdits that are children (or grandchildren or grand-grandchildren) of a specific dialog, we would rather do this:

myDialog->setStyleSheet("QLineEdit { background-color: yellow }");

If we want the property to apply only to one specific QLineEdit, we can give it a name using QObject::setObjectName() and use an ID Selector to refer to it:

myDialog->setStyleSheet("QLineEdit#nameEdit { background-color: yellow }");

Alternatively, we can set the background-color property directly on the QLineEdit, omitting the selector:

nameEdit->setStyleSheet("background-color: yellow");

To ensure a good contrast, we should also specify a suitable color for the text:

nameEdit->setStyleSheet("color: blue; background-color: yellow");

It might be a good idea to change the colors used for selected text as well:

nameEdit->setStyleSheet("color: blue;"
"background-color: yellow;"
"selection-color: yellow;"
"selection-background-color: blue;");

Customizing Using Dynamic Properties
There are many situations where we need to present a form that has mandatory fields. To indicate to the user that the field is mandatory, one effective (albeit esthetically dubious) solution is to use yellow as the background color for those fields. It turns out this is very easy to implement using Qt Style Sheets. First, we would use the following application-wide style sheet:

*[mandatoryField="true"] { background-color: yellow }

This means that every widget whose mandatoryField Qt property is set to true would have a yellow background.
Then, for each mandatory field widget, we would simply create a mandatoryField property on the fly and set it to true. For example:

QLineEdit *nameEdit = new QLineEdit(this);
nameEdit->setProperty("mandatoryField", true);

QLineEdit *emailEdit = new QLineEdit(this);
emailEdit->setProperty("mandatoryField", true);

QSpinBox *ageSpinBox = new QSpinBox(this);
ageSpinBox->setProperty("mandatoryField", true);

Customizing a QPushButton Using the Box Model
This time, we will show how to create a red QPushButton. This QPushButton would presumably be connected to a very destructive piece of code.
First, we are tempted to use this style sheet:

QPushButton#evilButton { background-color: red }

However, the result is a boring, flat button with no borders:

What happened is this:
We have made a request that cannot be satisfied using the native styles alone (e.g., the Windows XP theme engine doesn't let us specify the background color of a button).
Therefore, the button is rendered using style sheets.
We haven't specified any values for border-width and border-style, so by default we obtain a 0-pixel wide border of style none.
Let's improve the situation by specifying a border:

QPushButton#evilButton {
background-color: red;
border-style: outset;
border-width: 2px;
border-color: beige;
}


Things look already a lot better. But the button looks a bit cramped. Let's specify some spacing between the border and the text using the padding. Additionally, we will enforce a minimum width, round the corners, and specify a larger font to make the button look nicer:

QPushButton#evilButton {
background-color: red;
border-style: outset;
border-width: 2px;
border-radius: 10px;
border-color: beige;
font: bold 14px;
min-width: 10em;
padding: 6px;
}


The only issue remaining is that the button doesn't react when we press it. We can fix this by specifying a slightly different background color and use a different border style.

QPushButton#evilButton {
background-color: red;
border-style: outset;
border-width: 2px;
border-radius: 10px;
border-color: beige;
font: bold 14px;
min-width: 10em;
padding: 6px;
}
QPushButton#evilButton:pressed {
background-color: rgb(224, 0, 0);
border-style: inset;
}

Customizing the QPushButton's Menu Indicator Sub-Control
Subcontrols give access to the sub-elements of a widget. For example, a QPushButton associated with a menu (using QPushButton::setMenu()) has a menu indicator. Let's customize the menu indicator for the red push button:

QPushButton#evilButton::menu-indicator {
image: url(myindicator.png);
}

By default, the menu indicator is located at the bottom-right corner of the padding rectangle. We can change this by specifying subcontrol-position and subcontrol-origin to anchor the indicator differently. We can also use top and left to move the indicator by a few pixels. For example:

QPushButton::menu-indicator {
image: url(myindicator.png);
subcontrol-position: right center;
subcontrol-origin: padding;
left: -2px;
}

This positions the myindicator.png to the center right of the QPushButton's padding rectangle (see subcontrol-origin for more information).
Complex Selector Example
Since red seems to be our favorite color, let's make the text in QLineEdit red by setting the following application-wide stylesheet:

QLineEdit { color: red }

However, we would like to give a visual indication that a QLineEdit is read-only by making it appear gray:

QLineEdit { color: red }
QLineEdit[readOnly="true"] { color: gray }

At some point, our design team comes with the requirement that all QLineEdits in the registration form (with the object name registrationDialog) to be brown:

QLineEdit { color: red }
QLineEdit[readOnly="true"] { color: gray }
#registrationDialog QLineEdit { color: brown }

A few UI design meetings later, we decide that all our QDialogs should have brown colored QLineEdits:

QLineEdit { color: red }
QLineEdit[readOnly="true"] { color: gray }
QDialog QLineEdit { color: brown }

Quiz: What happens if we have a read-only QLineEdit in a QDialog? [Hint: The Conflict Resolution section above explains what happens in cases like this.]
Customizing Specific Widgets
This section provides examples to customize specific widgets using Style Sheets.
Customizing QAbstractScrollArea
The background of any QAbstractScrollArea (Item views, QTextEdit and QTextBrowser) can be set using the background properties. For example, to set a background-image that scrolls with the scroll bar:

QTextEdit, QListView {
background-color: white;
background-image: url(draft.png);
background-attachment: scroll;
}

If the background-image is to be fixed with the viewport:

QTextEdit, QListView {
background-color: white;
background-image: url(draft.png);
background-attachment: fixed;
}

Customizing QCheckBox
Styling of a QCheckBox is almost identical to styling a QRadioButton. The main difference is that a tristate QCheckBox has an indeterminate state.

QCheckBox {
spacing: 5px;
}

QCheckBox::indicator {
width: 13px;
height: 13px;
}

QCheckBox::indicator:unchecked {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_unchecked.png);
}

QCheckBox::indicator:unchecked:hover {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_unchecked_hover.png);
}

QCheckBox::indicator:unchecked:pressed {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_unchecked_pressed.png);
}

QCheckBox::indicator:checked {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_checked.png);
}

QCheckBox::indicator:checked:hover {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_checked_hover.png);
}

QCheckBox::indicator:checked:pressed {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_checked_pressed.png);
}

QCheckBox::indicator:indeterminate:hover {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_indeterminate_hover.png);
}

QCheckBox::indicator:indeterminate:pressed {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_indeterminate_pressed.png);
}

Customizing QComboBox
We will look at an example where the drop down button of a QComboBox appears "merged" with the combo box frame.

QComboBox {
border: 1px solid gray;
border-radius: 3px;
padding: 1px 18px 1px 3px;
min-width: 6em;
}

QComboBox:editable {
background: white;
}

QComboBox:!editable, QComboBox::drop-down:editable {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #E1E1E1, stop: 0.4 #DDDDDD,
stop: 0.5 #D8D8D8, stop: 1.0 #D3D3D3);
}

/* QComboBox gets the "on" state when the popup is open */
QComboBox:!editable:on, QComboBox::drop-down:editable:on {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #D3D3D3, stop: 0.4 #D8D8D8,
stop: 0.5 #DDDDDD, stop: 1.0 #E1E1E1);
}

QComboBox:on { /* shift the text when the popup opens */
padding-top: 3px;
padding-left: 4px;
}

QComboBox::drop-down {
subcontrol-origin: padding;
subcontrol-position: top right;
width: 15px;

border-left-width: 1px;
border-left-color: darkgray;
border-left-style: solid; /* just a single line */
border-top-right-radius: 3px; /* same radius as the QComboBox */
border-bottom-right-radius: 3px;
}

QComboBox::down-arrow {
image: url(/usr/share/icons/crystalsvg/16x16/actions/1downarrow.png);
}

QComboBox::down-arrow:on { /* shift the arrow when popup is open */
top: 1px;
left: 1px;
}

The pop-up of the QComboBox is a QAbstractItemView and is styled using the descendant selector:

QComboBox QAbstractItemView {
border: 2px solid darkgray;
selection-background-color: lightgray;
}

Customizing QDockWidget
The title bar and the buttons of a QDockWidget can be customized as follows:

QDockWidget {
border: 1px solid lightgray;
titlebar-close-icon: url(close.png);
titlebar-normal-icon: url(undock.png);
}

QDockWidget::title {
text-align: left; /* align the text to the left */
background: lightgray;
padding-left: 5px;
}

QDockWidget::close-button, QDockWidget::float-button {
border: 1px solid transparent;
background: darkgray;
padding: 0px;
}

QDockWidget::close-button:hover, QDockWidget::float-button:hover {
background: gray;
}

QDockWidget::close-button:pressed, QDockWidget::float-button:pressed {
padding: 1px -1px -1px 1px;
}

If one desires to move the dock widget buttons to the left, the following style sheet can be used:

QDockWidget {
border: 1px solid lightgray;
titlebar-close-icon: url(close.png);
titlebar-normal-icon: url(float.png);
}

QDockWidget::title {
text-align: left;
background: lightgray;
padding-left: 35px;
}

QDockWidget::close-button, QDockWidget::float-button {
background: darkgray;
padding: 0px;
icon-size: 14px; /* maximum icon size */
}

QDockWidget::close-button:hover, QDockWidget::float-button:hover {
background: gray;
}

QDockWidget::close-button:pressed, QDockWidget::float-button:pressed {
padding: 1px -1px -1px 1px;
}

QDockWidget::close-button {
subcontrol-position: top left;
subcontrol-origin: margin;
position: absolute;
top: 0px; left: 0px; bottom: 0px;
width: 14px;
}

QDockWidget::float-button {
subcontrol-position: top left;
subcontrol-origin: margin;
position: absolute;
top: 0px; left: 16px; bottom: 0px;
width: 14px;
}

Note: To customize the separator (resize handle) of a QDockWidget, use QMainWindow::separator.
Customizing QFrame
A QFrame is styled using the The Box Model.

QFrame, QLabel, QToolTip {
border: 2px solid green;
border-radius: 4px;
padding: 2px;
background-image: url(images/welcome.png);
}

Customizing QGroupBox
Let us look at an example that moves the QGroupBox's title to the center.

QGroupBox {
background-color: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #E0E0E0, stop: 1 #FFFFFF);
border: 2px solid gray;
border-radius: 5px;
margin-top: 1ex; /* leave space at the top for the title */
}

QGroupBox::title {
subcontrol-origin: margin;
subcontrol-position: top center; /* position at the top center */
padding: 0 3px;
background-color: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #FF0ECE, stop: 1 #FFFFFF);
}

For a checkable QGroupBox, use the {#indicator-sub}{::indicator} subcontrol and style it exactly like a QCheckBox (i.e)

QGroupBox::indicator {
width: 13px;
height: 13px;
}

QGroupBox::indicator:unchecked {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_unchecked.png);
}

/* proceed with styling just like QCheckBox */

Customizing QHeaderView
QHeaderView is customized as follows:

QHeaderView::section {
background-color: qlineargradient(x1:0, y1:0, x2:0, y2:1,
stop:0 #616161, stop: 0.5 #505050,
stop: 0.6 #434343, stop:1 #656565);
color: white;
padding-left: 4px;
border: 1px solid #6c6c6c;
}

QHeaderView::section:checked
{
background-color: red;
}

/* style the sort indicator */
QHeaderView::down-arrow {
image: url(down_arrow.png);
}

QHeaderView::up-arrow {
image: url(up_arrow.png);
}

Customizing QLineEdit
The frame of a QLineEdit is styled using the The Box Model. To create a line edit with rounded corners, we can set:

QLineEdit {
border: 2px solid gray;
border-radius: 10px;
padding: 0 8px;
background: yellow;
selection-background-color: darkgray;
}

The password character of line edits that have QLineEdit::Password echo mode can be set using:

QLineEdit[echoMode="2"] {
lineedit-password-character: 9679;
}

The background of a read only QLineEdit can be modified as below:

QLineEdit:read-only {
background: lightblue;

Customizing QListView
The background color of alternating rows can be customized using the following style sheet:

QListView {
alternate-background-color: yellow;
}

To provide a special background when you hover over items, we can use the ::item subcontrol. For example,

QListView {
show-decoration-selected: 1; /* make the selection span the entire width of the view */
}

QListView::item:alternate {
background: #EEEEEE;
}

QListView::item:selected {
border: 1px solid #6a6ea9;
}

QListView::item:selected:!active {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #ABAFE5, stop: 1 #8588B2);
}

QListView::item:selected:active {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #6a6ea9, stop: 1 #888dd9);
}

QListView::item:hover {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #FAFBFE, stop: 1 #DCDEF1);
}

Customizing QMainWindow
The separator of a QMainWindow can be styled as follows:

QMainWindow::separator {
background: yellow;
width: 10px; /* when vertical */
height: 10px; /* when horizontal */
}

QMainWindow::separator:hover {
background: red;
}

Customizing QMenu
Individual items of a QMenu are styled using the 'item' subcontrol as follows:

QMenu {
background-color: #ABABAB; /* sets background of the menu */
border: 1px solid black;
}

QMenu::item {
/* sets background of menu item. set this to something non-transparent
if you want menu color and menu item color to be different */
background-color: transparent;
}

QMenu::item:selected { /* when user selects item using mouse or keyboard */
background-color: #654321;
}

For a more advanced customization, use a style sheet as follows:

QMenu {
background-color: white;
margin: 2px; /* some spacing around the menu */
}

QMenu::item {
padding: 2px 25px 2px 20px;
border: 1px solid transparent; /* reserve space for selection border */
}

QMenu::item:selected {
border-color: darkblue;
background: rgba(100, 100, 100, 150);
}

QMenu::icon:checked { /* appearance of a 'checked' icon */
background: gray;
border: 1px inset gray;
position: absolute;
top: 1px;
right: 1px;
bottom: 1px;
left: 1px;
}

QMenu::separator {
height: 2px;
background: lightblue;
margin-left: 10px;
margin-right: 5px;
}

QMenu::indicator {
width: 13px;
height: 13px;
}

/* non-exclusive indicator = check box style indicator (see QActionGroup::setExclusive) */
QMenu::indicator:non-exclusive:unchecked {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_unchecked.png);
}

QMenu::indicator:non-exclusive:unchecked:selected {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_unchecked_hover.png);
}

QMenu::indicator:non-exclusive:checked {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_checked.png);
}

QMenu::indicator:non-exclusive:checked:selected {
image: url(:/images/checkbox_checked_hover.png);
}

/* exclusive indicator = radio button style indicator (see QActionGroup::setExclusive) */
QMenu::indicator:exclusive:unchecked {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_unchecked.png);
}

QMenu::indicator:exclusive:unchecked:selected {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_unchecked_hover.png);
}

QMenu::indicator:exclusive:checked {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_checked.png);
}

QMenu::indicator:exclusive:checked:selected {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_checked_hover.png);
}

Customizing QMenuBar
QMenuBar is styled as follows:

QMenuBar {
background-color: qlineargradient(x1:0, y1:0, x2:0, y2:1,
stop:0 lightgray, stop:1 darkgray);
}

QMenuBar::item {
spacing: 3px; /* spacing between menu bar items */
padding: 1px 4px;
background: transparent;
border-radius: 4px;
}

QMenuBar::item:selected { /* when selected using mouse or keyboard */
background: #a8a8a8;
}

QMenuBar::item:pressed {
background: #888888;
}

Customizing QProgressBar
The QProgressBar's border, chunk, and text-align can be customized using style sheets. However, if one property or sub-control is customized, all the other properties or sub-controls must be customized as well.

For example, we change the border to grey and the chunk to cerulean.

QProgressBar {
border: 2px solid grey;
border-radius: 5px;
}

QProgressBar::chunk {
background-color: #05B8CC;
width: 20px;
}

This leaves the text-align, which we customize by positioning the text in the center of the progress bar.

QProgressBar {
border: 2px solid grey;
border-radius: 5px;
text-align: center;
}

A margin can be included to obtain more visible chunks.

In the screenshot above, we use a margin of 0.5 pixels.

QProgressBar::chunk {
background-color: #CD96CD;
width: 10px;
margin: 0.5px;
}

Customizing QPushButton
A QPushButton is styled as follows:

QPushButton {
border: 2px solid #8f8f91;
border-radius: 6px;
background-color: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #f6f7fa, stop: 1 #dadbde);
min-width: 80px;
}

QPushButton:pressed {
background-color: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #dadbde, stop: 1 #f6f7fa);
}

QPushButton:flat {
border: none; /* no border for a flat push button */
}

QPushButton:default {
border-color: navy; /* make the default button prominent */
}

For a QPushButton with a menu, use the ::menu-indicator subcontrol.

QPushButton:open { /* when the button has its menu open */
background-color: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #dadbde, stop: 1 #f6f7fa);
}

QPushButton::menu-indicator {
image: url(menu_indicator.png);
subcontrol-origin: padding;
subcontrol-position: bottom right;
}

QPushButton::menu-indicator:pressed, QPushButton::menu-indicator:open {
position: relative;
top: 2px; left: 2px; /* shift the arrow by 2 px */
}

Checkable QPushButton have the :checked pseudo state set.
Customizing QRadioButton
The indicator of a QRadioButton can be changed using:

QRadioButton::indicator {
width: 13px;
height: 13px;
}

QRadioButton::indicator::unchecked {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_unchecked.png);
}

QRadioButton::indicator:unchecked:hover {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_unchecked_hover.png);
}

QRadioButton::indicator:unchecked:pressed {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_unchecked_pressed.png);
}

QRadioButton::indicator::checked {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_checked.png);
}

QRadioButton::indicator:checked:hover {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_checked_hover.png);
}

QRadioButton::indicator:checked:pressed {
image: url(:/images/radiobutton_checked_pressed.png);
}

Customizing QScrollBar
The QScrollBar can be styled using its subcontrols like handle, add-line, sub-line, and so on. Note that if one property or sub-control is customized, all the other properties or sub-controls must be customized as well.

The scroll bar above has been styled in aquamarine with a solid grey border.

QScrollBar:horizontal {
border: 2px solid grey;
background: #32CC99;
height: 15px;
margin: 0px 20px 0 20px;
}
QScrollBar::handle:horizontal {
background: white;
min-width: 20px;
}
QScrollBar::add-line:horizontal {
border: 2px solid grey;
background: #32CC99;
width: 20px;
subcontrol-position: right;
subcontrol-origin: margin;
}

QScrollBar::sub-line:horizontal {
border: 2px solid grey;
background: #32CC99;
width: 20px;
subcontrol-position: left;
subcontrol-origin: margin;
}

The left-arrow and right-arrow have a solid grey border with a white background. As an alternative, you could also embed the image of an arrow.

QScrollBar:left-arrow:horizontal, QScrollBar::right-arrow:horizontal {
border: 2px solid grey;
width: 3px;
height: 3px;
background: white;
}

QScrollBar::add-page:horizontal, QScrollBar::sub-page:horizontal {
background: none;
}

If you want the scroll buttons of the scroll bar to be placed together (instead of the edges) like on OS X, you can use the following stylesheet:

QScrollBar:horizontal {
border: 2px solid green;
background: cyan;
height: 15px;
margin: 0px 40px 0 0px;
}

QScrollBar::handle:horizontal {
background: gray;
min-width: 20px;
}

QScrollBar::add-line:horizontal {
background: blue;
width: 16px;
subcontrol-position: right;
subcontrol-origin: margin;
border: 2px solid black;
}

QScrollBar::sub-line:horizontal {
background: magenta;
width: 16px;
subcontrol-position: top right;
subcontrol-origin: margin;
border: 2px solid black;
position: absolute;
right: 20px;
}

QScrollBar:left-arrow:horizontal, QScrollBar::right-arrow:horizontal {
width: 3px;
height: 3px;
background: pink;
}

QScrollBar::add-page:horizontal, QScrollBar::sub-page:horizontal {
background: none;
}

The scroll bar using the above stylesheet looks like this:

To customize a vertical scroll bar use a style sheet similar to the following:

QScrollBar:vertical {
border: 2px solid grey;
background: #32CC99;
width: 15px;
margin: 22px 0 22px 0;
}
QScrollBar::handle:vertical {
background: white;
min-height: 20px;
}
QScrollBar::add-line:vertical {
border: 2px solid grey;
background: #32CC99;
height: 20px;
subcontrol-position: bottom;
subcontrol-origin: margin;
}

QScrollBar::sub-line:vertical {
border: 2px solid grey;
background: #32CC99;
height: 20px;
subcontrol-position: top;
subcontrol-origin: margin;
}
QScrollBar::up-arrow:vertical, QScrollBar::down-arrow:vertical {
border: 2px solid grey;
width: 3px;
height: 3px;
background: white;
}

QScrollBar::add-page:vertical, QScrollBar::sub-page:vertical {
background: none;
}

Customizing QSizeGrip
QSizeGrip is usually styled by just setting an image.

QSizeGrip {
image: url(:/images/sizegrip.png);
width: 16px;
height: 16px;
}

Customizing QSlider
You can style horizontal slider as below:

QSlider::groove:horizontal {
border: 1px solid #999999;
height: 8px; /* the groove expands to the size of the slider by default. by giving it a height, it has a fixed size */
background: qlineargradient(x1:0, y1:0, x2:0, y2:1, stop:0 #B1B1B1, stop:1 #c4c4c4);
margin: 2px 0;
}

QSlider::handle:horizontal {
background: qlineargradient(x1:0, y1:0, x2:1, y2:1, stop:0 #b4b4b4, stop:1 #8f8f8f);
border: 1px solid #5c5c5c;
width: 18px;
margin: -2px 0; /* handle is placed by default on the contents rect of the groove. Expand outside the groove */
border-radius: 3px;
}

If you want to change the color of the slider parts before and after the handle, you can use the add-page and sub-page subcontrols. For example, for a vertical slider:

QSlider::groove:vertical {
background: red;
position: absolute; /* absolutely position 4px from the left and right of the widget. setting margins on the widget should work too... */
left: 4px; right: 4px;
}

QSlider::handle:vertical {
height: 10px;
background: green;
margin: 0 -4px; /* expand outside the groove */
}

QSlider::add-page:vertical {
background: white;
}

QSlider::sub-page:vertical {
background: pink;
}

Customizing QSpinBox
QSpinBox can be completely customized as below (the style sheet has commentary inline):

QSpinBox {
padding-right: 15px; /* make room for the arrows */
border-image: url(:/images/frame.png) 4;
border-width: 3;
}

QSpinBox::up-button {
subcontrol-origin: border;
subcontrol-position: top right; /* position at the top right corner */

width: 16px; /* 16 + 2*1px border-width = 15px padding + 3px parent border */
border-image: url(:/images/spinup.png) 1;
border-width: 1px;
}

QSpinBox::up-button:hover {
border-image: url(:/images/spinup_hover.png) 1;
}

QSpinBox::up-button:pressed {
border-image: url(:/images/spinup_pressed.png) 1;
}

QSpinBox::up-arrow {
image: url(:/images/up_arrow.png);
width: 7px;
height: 7px;
}

QSpinBox::up-arrow:disabled, QSpinBox::up-arrow:off { /* off state when value is max */
image: url(:/images/up_arrow_disabled.png);
}

QSpinBox::down-button {
subcontrol-origin: border;
subcontrol-position: bottom right; /* position at bottom right corner */

width: 16px;
border-image: url(:/images/spindown.png) 1;
border-width: 1px;
border-top-width: 0;
}

QSpinBox::down-button:hover {
border-image: url(:/images/spindown_hover.png) 1;
}

QSpinBox::down-button:pressed {
border-image: url(:/images/spindown_pressed.png) 1;
}

QSpinBox::down-arrow {
image: url(:/images/down_arrow.png);
width: 7px;
height: 7px;
}

QSpinBox::down-arrow:disabled,
QSpinBox::down-arrow:off { /* off state when value in min */
image: url(:/images/down_arrow_disabled.png);
}

Customizing QSplitter
A QSplitter derives from a QFrame and hence can be styled like a QFrame. The grip or the handle is customized using the ::handle subcontrol.

QSplitter::handle {
image: url(images/splitter.png);
}

QSplitter::handle:horizontal {
width: 2px;
}

QSplitter::handle:vertical {
height: 2px;
}

QSplitter::handle:pressed {
url(images/splitter_pressed.png);
}

Customizing QStatusBar
We can provide a background for the status bar and a border for items inside the status bar as follows:

QStatusBar {
background: brown;
}

QStatusBar::item {
border: 1px solid red;
border-radius: 3px;
}

Note that widgets that have been added to the QStatusBar can be styled using the descendant declaration (i.e)

QStatusBar QLabel {
border: 3px solid white;
}

Customizing QTabWidget and QTabBar

For the screenshot above, we need a stylesheet as follows:

QTabWidget::pane { /* The tab widget frame */
border-top: 2px solid #C2C7CB;
}

QTabWidget::tab-bar {
left: 5px; /* move to the right by 5px */
}

/* Style the tab using the tab sub-control. Note that
it reads QTabBar _not_ QTabWidget */
QTabBar::tab {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #E1E1E1, stop: 0.4 #DDDDDD,
stop: 0.5 #D8D8D8, stop: 1.0 #D3D3D3);
border: 2px solid #C4C4C3;
border-bottom-color: #C2C7CB; /* same as the pane color */
border-top-left-radius: 4px;
border-top-right-radius: 4px;
min-width: 8ex;
padding: 2px;
}

QTabBar::tab:selected, QTabBar::tab:hover {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #fafafa, stop: 0.4 #f4f4f4,
stop: 0.5 #e7e7e7, stop: 1.0 #fafafa);
}

QTabBar::tab:selected {
border-color: #9B9B9B;
border-bottom-color: #C2C7CB; /* same as pane color */
}

QTabBar::tab:!selected {
margin-top: 2px; /* make non-selected tabs look smaller */
}

Often we require the tabs to overlap to look like below:

For a tab widget that looks like above, we make use of negative margins. The resulting stylesheet looks like this:

QTabWidget::pane { /* The tab widget frame */
border-top: 2px solid #C2C7CB;
}

QTabWidget::tab-bar {
left: 5px; /* move to the right by 5px */
}

/* Style the tab using the tab sub-control. Note that
it reads QTabBar _not_ QTabWidget */
QTabBar::tab {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #E1E1E1, stop: 0.4 #DDDDDD,
stop: 0.5 #D8D8D8, stop: 1.0 #D3D3D3);
border: 2px solid #C4C4C3;
border-bottom-color: #C2C7CB; /* same as the pane color */
border-top-left-radius: 4px;
border-top-right-radius: 4px;
min-width: 8ex;
padding: 2px;
}

QTabBar::tab:selected, QTabBar::tab:hover {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #fafafa, stop: 0.4 #f4f4f4,
stop: 0.5 #e7e7e7, stop: 1.0 #fafafa);
}

QTabBar::tab:selected {
border-color: #9B9B9B;
border-bottom-color: #C2C7CB; /* same as pane color */
}

QTabBar::tab:!selected {
margin-top: 2px; /* make non-selected tabs look smaller */
}

/* make use of negative margins for overlapping tabs */
QTabBar::tab:selected {
/* expand/overlap to the left and right by 4px */
margin-left: -4px;
margin-right: -4px;
}

QTabBar::tab:first:selected {
margin-left: 0; /* the first selected tab has nothing to overlap with on the left */
}

QTabBar::tab:last:selected {
margin-right: 0; /* the last selected tab has nothing to overlap with on the right */
}

QTabBar::tab:only-one {
margin: 0; /* if there is only one tab, we don't want overlapping margins */
}

To move the tab bar to the center (as below), we require the following stylesheet:

QTabWidget::pane { /* The tab widget frame */
border-top: 2px solid #C2C7CB;
position: absolute;
top: -0.5em;
}

QTabWidget::tab-bar {
alignment: center;
}

/* Style the tab using the tab sub-control. Note that
it reads QTabBar _not_ QTabWidget */
QTabBar::tab {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #E1E1E1, stop: 0.4 #DDDDDD,
stop: 0.5 #D8D8D8, stop: 1.0 #D3D3D3);
border: 2px solid #C4C4C3;
border-bottom-color: #C2C7CB; /* same as the pane color */
border-top-left-radius: 4px;
border-top-right-radius: 4px;
min-width: 8ex;
padding: 2px;
}

QTabBar::tab:selected, QTabBar::tab:hover {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #fafafa, stop: 0.4 #f4f4f4,
stop: 0.5 #e7e7e7, stop: 1.0 #fafafa);
}

QTabBar::tab:selected {
border-color: #9B9B9B;
border-bottom-color: #C2C7CB; /* same as pane color */
}

The tear indicator and the scroll buttons can be further customized as follows:

QTabBar::tear {
image: url(tear_indicator.png);
}

QTabBar::scroller { /* the width of the scroll buttons */
width: 20px;
}

QTabBar QToolButton { /* the scroll buttons are tool buttons */
border-image: url(scrollbutton.png) 2;
border-width: 2px;
}

QTabBar QToolButton::right-arrow { /* the arrow mark in the tool buttons */
image: url(rightarrow.png);
}

QTabBar QToolButton::left-arrow {
image: url(leftarrow.png);
}

Since Qt 4.6 the close button can be customized as follow:

QTabBar::close-button {
image: url(close.png)
subcontrol-position: left;
}
QTabBar::close-button:hover {
image: url(close-hover.png)
}

Customizing QTableView
Suppose we'd like our selected item in QTableView to have bubblegum pink fade to white as its background.

This is possible with the selection-background-color property and the syntax required is:

QTableView {
selection-background-color: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0.5, y2: 0.5,
stop: 0 #FF92BB, stop: 1 white);
}

The corner widget can be customized using the following style sheet

QTableView QTableCornerButton::section {
background: red;
border: 2px outset red;
}

Customizing QToolBar
The background and the handle of a QToolBar is customized as below:

QToolBar {
background: red;
spacing: 3px; /* spacing between items in the tool bar */
}

QToolBar::handle {
image: url(handle.png);
}

Customizing QToolBox
The tabs of the QToolBox are customized using the 'tab' subcontrol.

QToolBox::tab {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #E1E1E1, stop: 0.4 #DDDDDD,
stop: 0.5 #D8D8D8, stop: 1.0 #D3D3D3);
border-radius: 5px;
color: darkgray;
}

QToolBox::tab:selected { /* italicize selected tabs */
font: italic;
color: white;
}

Customizing QToolButton
There are three types of QToolButtons.
The QToolButton has no menu. In this case, the QToolButton is styled exactly like QPushButton. See Customizing QPushButton for an example.
The QToolButton has a menu and has the QToolButton::popupMode set to QToolButton::DelayedPopup or QToolButton::InstantPopup. In this case, the QToolButton is styled exactly like a QPushButton with a menu. See Customizing QPushButton for an example of the usage of the menu-indicator pseudo state.
The QToolButton has its QToolButton::popupMode set to QToolButton::MenuButtonPopup. In this case, we style it as follows:

QToolButton { /* all types of tool button */
border: 2px solid #8f8f91;
border-radius: 6px;
background-color: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #f6f7fa, stop: 1 #dadbde);
}

QToolButton[popupMode="1"] { /* only for MenuButtonPopup */
padding-right: 20px; /* make way for the popup button */
}

QToolButton:pressed {
background-color: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1,
stop: 0 #dadbde, stop: 1 #f6f7fa);
}

/* the subcontrols below are used only in the MenuButtonPopup mode */
QToolButton::menu-button {
border: 2px solid gray;
border-top-right-radius: 6px;
border-bottom-right-radius: 6px;
/* 16px width + 4px for border = 20px allocated above */
width: 16px;
}

QToolButton::menu-arrow {
image: url(downarrow.png);
}

QToolButton::menu-arrow:open {
top: 1px; left: 1px; /* shift it a bit */
}

Customizing QToolTip
QToolTip is customized exactly like a QLabel. In addition, for platforms that support it, the opacity property may be set to adjust the opacity.
For example,

QToolTip {
border: 2px solid darkkhaki;
padding: 5px;
border-radius: 3px;
opacity: 200;
}

Customizing QTreeView
The background color of alternating rows can be customized using the following style sheet:

QTreeView {
alternate-background-color: yellow;
}

To provide a special background when you hover over items, we can use the ::item subcontrol. For example,

QTreeView {
show-decoration-selected: 1;
}

QTreeView::item {
border: 1px solid #d9d9d9;
border-top-color: transparent;
border-bottom-color: transparent;
}

QTreeView::item:hover {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1, stop: 0 #e7effd, stop: 1 #cbdaf1);
border: 1px solid #bfcde4;
}

QTreeView::item:selected {
border: 1px solid #567dbc;
}

QTreeView::item:selected:active{
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1, stop: 0 #6ea1f1, stop: 1 #567dbc);
}

QTreeView::item:selected:!active {
background: qlineargradient(x1: 0, y1: 0, x2: 0, y2: 1, stop: 0 #6b9be8, stop: 1 #577fbf);
}

The branches of a QTreeView are styled using the ::branch subcontrol. The following stylesheet color codes the various states when drawing a branch.

QTreeView::branch {
background: palette(base);
}

QTreeView::branch:has-siblings:!adjoins-item {
background: cyan;
}

QTreeView::branch:has-siblings:adjoins-item {
background: red;
}

QTreeView::branch:!has-children:!has-siblings:adjoins-item {
background: blue;
}

QTreeView::branch:closed:has-children:has-siblings {
background: pink;
}

QTreeView::branch:has-children:!has-siblings:closed {
background: gray;
}

QTreeView::branch:open:has-children:has-siblings {
background: magenta;
}

QTreeView::branch:open:has-children:!has-siblings {
background: green;
}

Colorful, though it is, a more useful example can be made using the following images:






vline.png
branch-more.png
branch-end.png
branch-closed.png
branch-open.png


QTreeView::branch:has-siblings:!adjoins-item {
border-image: url(vline.png) 0;
}

QTreeView::branch:has-siblings:adjoins-item {
border-image: url(branch-more.png) 0;
}

QTreeView::branch:!has-children:!has-siblings:adjoins-item {
border-image: url(branch-end.png) 0;
}

QTreeView::branch:has-children:!has-siblings:closed,
QTreeView::branch:closed:has-children:has-siblings {
border-image: none;
image: url(branch-closed.png);
}

QTreeView::branch:open:has-children:!has-siblings,
QTreeView::branch:open:has-children:has-siblings {
border-image: none;
image: url(branch-open.png);
}

The resulting tree view looks like this:

o
粉丝 0
博文 500
码字总数 0
作品 0
私信 提问
加载中
请先登录后再评论。

暂无文章

浅谈对python pandas中 inplace 参数的理解

这篇文章主要介绍了对python pandas中 inplace 参数的理解,具有很好的参考价值,希望对大家有所帮助。一起跟随小编过来看看吧 pandas 中 inplace 参数在很多函数中都会有,它的作用是:是否...

Linux就该这么学
27分钟前
13
0
C++ 从基本数据类型说起

前言 int 在32位和64位操作系统,都是四个字节长度。为了能编写一个在32位和64位操作系统都能稳定运行的程序,建议采用std::int32_t 或者std::int64_t指定数据类型。*与long随操作系统子长变...

osc_sxdofc9c
27分钟前
9
0
游戏音乐的作用以及起源

游戏音乐是由特殊的音乐、语言符号、美学符号组成,在电子游戏的发展下,游戏音乐越来越成熟,游戏音乐与美术相融合,能够带给玩家视觉与声音的感官冲击,形成游戏音乐所具有的独特的审美效果...

奇亿音乐
28分钟前
10
0
2020,最新Model的设计-APP重构之路

很多的app使用MVC设计模式来将“用户交互”与“数据和逻辑”分开,而model其中一个重要作用就是持久化。下文中设计的Model可能不是一个完美的,扩展性强的model范例,但在我需要重构的app中,...

osc_mfzkzkxi
28分钟前
4
0
面对职业瓶颈,iOS 开发人员应该如何突破?

我们经常看到 iOS 开发人员(各种能力水平都有)的一些问题,咨询有关专业和财务发展方面的建议。 这些问题有一个共同点:前面都会说“我现在遇到了职业困境”,然后会问一些诸如“我是否应该...

osc_gfpedeca
29分钟前
21
0

没有更多内容

加载失败,请刷新页面

加载更多

返回顶部
顶部