python获取网络图片

2019/11/08 10:31
阅读数 8

##方式1 使用urllib库

import urllib.request
import os ,stat
url = "https://cn.bing.com/th?id=OHR.Lidong2019_ZH-CN0761273672_1920x1080.jpg"
try:
    urllib.request.urlretrieve(url,filename="/home/baixiaoxu/desk/123.jpg")
except IOError as e:
    print("IOE ERROR")
except Exception as e:
    print("Exception")


注意:
1,获取地址,判断地址是否存在
2,本地保存地址,判断存在
3,获取远程地址的图片名,或改名
"""
url = "https://cn.bing.com/th?id=OHR.Lidong2019_ZH-CN0761273672_1920x1080.jpg"
file_suffix = os.path.split(url)[1][-20:-1]
print(file_suffix)
"""



##2,使用系统库文件读写操作

import urllib.request
import os ,stat

req = urllib.request.Request(url)
file = "/home/baixiaoxu/desk/file-ttttt.jpg"
req.add_header('User-Agent','Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:51.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/51.0')
response = urllib.request.urlopen(url)
html = response.read()
with open(file, 'wb') as f:
     f.write(html)

##网上的方法


import os
os.makedirs('./image/', exist_ok=True)
IMAGE_URL = "http://image.nationalgeographic.com.cn/2017/1122/20171122113404332.jpg"
 
def urllib_download():
    from urllib.request import urlretrieve
    urlretrieve(IMAGE_URL, './image/img1.png')     
 
def request_download():
    import requests
    r = requests.get(IMAGE_URL)
    with open('./image/img2.png', 'wb') as f:
        f.write(r.content)                      
 
def chunk_download():
    import requests
    r = requests.get(IMAGE_URL, stream=True)    
    with open('./image/img3.png', 'wb') as f:
        for chunk in r.iter_content(chunk_size=32):
            f.write(chunk)



##整理简单的下载图片

import  urllib
from   urllib import request
import re

response = request.urlopen('https://cn.bing.com/')
html = response.read()
ht = html.decode()
pattern = r'bgLink(.*?\.jpg)'
compile_re = re.compile(pattern)

hh = compile_re.findall(ht)
url = hh[0].split('/')[1]

download = 'https://cn.bing.com/' + url
urllib.request.urlretrieve(download,filename="/home/baixiaoxu/desk/download.jpg")

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