MySQL router

2019/01/15 10:28
阅读数 60

MySQL Router is a building block for high availability (HA) solutions. It simplifies application development
by intelligently routing connections to MySQL servers for increased performance and reliability.

MySQL Router 8 fully supports MySQL 5.7 and MySQL 8, and it replaces the MySQL Router 2.x series. If
you currently use Router 2.0 or 2.1 then we recommend upgrading your installation to MySQL Router 8.

 

1 mysql router 安装

==mysqlroueter 2.1,本测试环境是mysql 5.6.15, Kylin Linux release 3.3.1707 (Core)
[root@mysqlhq soft]# rpm -ivh mysql-router-2.1.6-1.el6.x86_64.rpm 
warning: mysql-router-2.1.6-1.el6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:mysql-router-2.1.6-1.el6         ################################# [100%]
[root@mysqlhq soft]# whereis mysqlrouter
mysqlrouter: /usr/bin/mysqlrouter /usr/lib64/mysqlrouter /etc/mysqlrouter
[root@mysqlhq soft]# ll /usr/bin/mysqlrouter 
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 23592 Feb 21  2018 /usr/bin/mysqlrouter
[root@mysqlhq soft]# which mysqlrouter
/usr/bin/mysqlrouter
[root@mysqlhq soft]# rpm -qa|grep mysql-router
mysql-router-2.1.6-1.el6.x86_64
[root@mysqlhq soft]# ll /etc/mysqlrouter/
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1231 Feb 21  2018 mysqlrouter.conf
[root@mysqlhq soft]# ll /etc/init.d/mysqlrouter
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2879 Feb 21  2018 /etc/init.d/mysqlrouter
[root@mysqlhq ~]# ll /usr/lib64/mysqlrouter
total 2592
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root    9424 Feb 21  2018 keepalive.so
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   24136 Feb 21  2018 logger.so
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  124416 Feb 21  2018 metadata_cache.so
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   30096 Feb 21  2018 mysql_protocol.so
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  210504 Feb 21  2018 routing.so
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2241288 Feb 21  2018 x_protocol.so

#m-s架构
#m 192.168.19.145
#s 192.168.19.227
[root
@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# vim mysqlrouter.conf [DEFAULT] logging_folder = /var/log/mysqlrouter/ plugin_folder = /usr/lib64/mysqlrouter runtime_folder = /var/run/mysqlrouter config_folder = /etc/mysqlrouter [logger] level = info [routing:read_write] bind_address = 192.168.19.145 bind_port = 7001 mode = read-write destinations = 192.168.19.145:3306,192.168.19.227:3306 max_connections = 1024 max_connect_errors = 100 client_connect_timeout = 6 connect_timeout=3 # If no plugin is configured which starts a service, keepalive # will make sure MySQL Router will not immediately exit. It is # safe to remove once Router is configured. [routing:read_only] bind_address = 192.168.19.145 bind_port = 7002 mode = read-only destinations = 192.168.19.145:3306,192.168.19.227:3306 max_connections = 1024 max_connect_errors = 100 client_connect_timeout = 6 connect_timeout=3 [keepalive] interval = 60 [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# mysqlrouter -v MySQL Router v2.1.6 on Linux (64-bit) (GPL community edition) [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# groupadd mysqlrouter groupadd: group 'mysqlrouter' already exists [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# useradd -g mysqlrouter mysqlrouter useradd: user 'mysqlrouter' already exists [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# id mysqlrouter uid=989(mysqlrouter) gid=984(mysqlrouter) groups=984(mysqlrouter) [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# chown -R mysqlrouter:mysqlrouter /etc/mysqlrouter [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# /usr/bin/mysqlrouter -c /etc/mysqlrouter/mysqlrouter.conf & [1] 3577 [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# ps -ef|grep mysqlrouter root 3577 831 0 16:57 pts/0 00:00:00 /usr/bin/mysqlrouter -c /etc/mysqlrouter/mysqlrouter.conf root 3588 831 0 16:57 pts/0 00:00:00 grep --color=auto mysqlrouter [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# netstat -lnt|grep 7001 tcp 0 0 192.168.19.145:7001 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN [root@mysqlhq ~]# cd /var/log/mysqlrouter/ [root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# vim mysqlrouter.log 2019-01-14 16:57:10 WARNING [7f266a1d1700] [routing:read_only] setup_tcp_service() error from bind(): Cannot assign requested address 2019-01-14 16:57:10 ERROR [7f266a1d1700] routing:read_only: Setting up TCP service using 192.168.20.118:7002: [routing:read_only] Failed to setup service socket: Cannot assign requested address 2019-01-14 16:57:10 INFO [7f26699d0700] [routing:read_write] started: listening on 192.168.19.145:7001; read-write 2019-01-14 16:57:10 INFO [7f266a9d2700] keepalive started with interval 60 2019-01-14 16:57:10 INFO [7f266a9d2700] keepalive 2019-01-14 16:58:10 INFO [7f266a9d2700] keepalive

2 启动,测试mysql router

[mysql@mysqlhq ~]$ mysql  -h 192.168.19.145  -u system -p*** -P 7001
Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 312548
Server version: 5.6.15-log MySQL Community Server - (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

(system@192.168.19.145:7001) [(none)]> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
| test               |
| zabbix             |
+--------------------+
(system@192.168.19.145:7001) [(none)]> show variables like '%read_only%';
+------------------+-------+
| Variable_name    | Value |
+------------------+-------+
| innodb_read_only | OFF   |
| read_only        | OFF   |
| tx_read_only     | OFF   |
+------------------+-------+

[mysql@mysqlhq ~]$ mysql  -h 192.168.19.145  -u system -p*** -P 7001 -e "select @@hostname;"
Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
+------------+
| @@hostname |
+------------+
| mysqlhq    |
+------------+

[root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# netstat -lnt|grep 7002  #7002端口没有启动起来,log中没有报错信息
检查配置文件,发现ip写错了
[routing:read_only]
bind_address = 192.168.20.118 #此处修改为192.168.19.145
重新启动mysqlrouter
[root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# /usr/bin/mysqlrouter --help
[root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# ps -ef|grep mysqlrouter
root      3577   831  0 16:57 pts/0    00:00:00 /usr/bin/mysqlrouter -c /etc/mysqlrouter/mysqlrouter.conf
root      4266  4138  0 17:04 pts/2    00:00:00 tail -f mysqlrouter.log
root      5544   831  0 17:18 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto mysqlrouter
[root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# kill 3577
[root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]#  /usr/bin/mysqlrouter -c /etc/mysqlrouter/mysqlrouter.conf &
[root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# netstat -lnt|grep 7001
tcp        0      0 192.168.19.145:7001     0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN     
[root@mysqlhq mysqlrouter]# netstat -lnt|grep 7002
tcp        0      0 192.168.19.145:7002     0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN  
日志信息
2019-01-14 17:18:13 INFO    [7faef06c7700] keepalive started with interval 60
2019-01-14 17:18:13 INFO    [7faef06c7700] keepalive
2019-01-14 17:18:13 INFO    [7faeefec6700] [routing:read_only] started: listening on 192.168.19.145:7002; read-only
2019-01-14 17:18:13 INFO    [7faeef6c5700] [routing:read_write] started: listening on 192.168.19.145:7001; read-write
在2个port上进行查询
[mysql@mysqlhq scripts]$ mysql  -h 192.168.19.145  -u system -p*** -P 7001 -e "select @@hostname;"
Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
+------------+
| @@hostname |
+------------+
| mysqlhq    |
+------------+
[mysql@mysqlhq scripts]$ mysql  -h 192.168.19.145  -u system -p*** -P 7002 -e "select @@hostname;"
Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
+------------+
| @@hostname |
+------------+
| mysqlhq    |
+------------+

(system@192.168.19.145:7001) [(none)]> select @@port;
+--------+
| @@port |
+--------+
| 3306 |
+--------+

 

3 性能--

Deploying MySQL Router
Performance Recommendations
For best performance, MySQL Router is typically installed on the same host as the application that uses it. Possible reasons include:
为了获得更好的性能,建议把mysql router安装在application的主机上
  To allow local UNIX domain socket connections to the application, instead of TCP/IP. 允许本地UNIX域套接字连接到应用程序,替代TCP/IP
  To decrease network latency. 减少网络的潜在因素
  To allow MySQL Router to connect to MySQL without requiring extra accounts for the Router's host, for MySQL accounts that are created specifically
  for application hosts, such as myapp@198.51.100.45 instead of a value like myapp@%. 账号安全
  Typically application servers are easiest to scale. 通常,应用服务器是最容易伸缩的
  You can run several instances of MySQL Router on your network, and do not need to isolate the router to a single machine or even a single
  Router instance. This is because MySQL Router has no affinity for any particular server or host.

https://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql-router/2.1/en/mysql-router-preface.html

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