认证和SSO(五)-基于token的SSO

2020/02/08 02:38
阅读数 399

1、修改项目使其基于浏览器cookie的SSO

1.1、修改回调方法,获得到token后,由存放到session改为存放到cookie

/**
     * 回调方法
     * 接收认证服务器发来的授权码,并换取令牌
     *
     * @param code  授权码
     * @param state 请求授权服务器时发送的state
     */
    @GetMapping("/oauth/callback")
    public void oauthCallback(@RequestParam String code, String state, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException {

        String oauthTokenUrl = "http://gateway.caofanqi.cn:9010/token/oauth/token";

        HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
        headers.setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_FORM_URLENCODED);
        headers.setBasicAuth("webApp", "123456");

        MultiValueMap<String, String> params = new LinkedMultiValueMap<>();
        params.set("code", code);
        params.set("grant_type", "authorization_code");
        params.set("redirect_uri", "http://web.caofanqi.cn:9000/oauth/callback");

        HttpEntity<MultiValueMap<String, String>> httpEntity = new HttpEntity<>(params, headers);

        ResponseEntity<TokenInfoDTO> authResult = restTemplate.exchange(oauthTokenUrl, HttpMethod.POST, httpEntity, TokenInfoDTO.class);

        log.info("tokenInfo : {}", authResult.getBody());
        //将token放到session中
        //request.getSession().setAttribute("token", authResult.getBody().init());

        //将token放到cookie中
        Cookie accessTokenCookie = new Cookie("access_token",authResult.getBody().getAccess_token());
        accessTokenCookie.setMaxAge(authResult.getBody().getExpires_in().intValue() - 5);
        accessTokenCookie.setDomain("caofanqi.cn");
        accessTokenCookie.setPath("/");
        response.addCookie(accessTokenCookie);

        Cookie refreshTokenCookie = new Cookie("refresh_token",authResult.getBody().getRefresh_token());
        refreshTokenCookie.setMaxAge(2592000);
        refreshTokenCookie.setDomain("caofanqi.cn");
        refreshTokenCookie.setPath("/");
        response.addCookie(refreshTokenCookie);

        log.info("state :{}", state);
        //一般会根据state记录需要登陆时的路由
        response.sendRedirect("/");
    }

1.2、写一个CookieTokenFilter,将token从cookie中取出来

/**
 * 将cookie中的token取出放到请求头中
 *
 * @author caofanqi
 * @date 2020/2/6 0:34
 */
@Slf4j
@Component
public class CookieTokenFilter extends ZuulFilter {

    private RestTemplate restTemplate = new RestTemplate();

    @Override
    public String filterType() {
        return "pre";
    }

    @Override
    public int filterOrder() {
        return 1;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean shouldFilter() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public Object run() throws ZuulException {

        RequestContext requestContext = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
        HttpServletResponse response = requestContext.getResponse();

        String accessToken = getCookie("access_token");
        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(accessToken)) {
            // 有值说明没过期
            requestContext.addZuulRequestHeader("Authorization", "bearer " + accessToken);
        } else {
            //使用refresh_token刷新令牌
            String refreshToken = getCookie("refresh_token");
            if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(refreshToken)) {
                //去认证服务器刷新令牌
                String oauthTokenUrl = "http://gateway.caofanqi.cn:9010/token/oauth/token";

                HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
                headers.setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_FORM_URLENCODED);
                headers.setBasicAuth("webApp", "123456");

                MultiValueMap<String, String> params = new LinkedMultiValueMap<>();
                params.set("grant_type", "refresh_token");
                params.set("refresh_token", refreshToken);

                HttpEntity<MultiValueMap<String, String>> httpEntity = new HttpEntity<>(params, headers);

                try {
                    ResponseEntity<TokenInfoDTO> refreshTokenResult = restTemplate.exchange(oauthTokenUrl, HttpMethod.POST, httpEntity, TokenInfoDTO.class);
                    requestContext.addZuulRequestHeader("Authorization", "bearer " + refreshTokenResult.getBody().getAccess_token());

                    Cookie accessTokenCookie = new Cookie("access_token", refreshTokenResult.getBody().getAccess_token());
                    accessTokenCookie.setMaxAge(refreshTokenResult.getBody().getExpires_in().intValue() - 5);
                    accessTokenCookie.setDomain("caofanqi.cn");
                    accessTokenCookie.setPath("/");
                    response.addCookie(accessTokenCookie);

                    Cookie refreshTokenCookie = new Cookie("refresh_token", refreshTokenResult.getBody().getRefresh_token());
                    refreshTokenCookie.setMaxAge(2592000);
                    refreshTokenCookie.setDomain("caofanqi.cn");
                    refreshTokenCookie.setPath("/");
                    response.addCookie(refreshTokenCookie);

                    log.info("refresh_token......");
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    //刷新令牌失败
                    log.info("token refresh fail");
                    requestContext.setSendZuulResponse(false);
                    requestContext.setResponseStatusCode(HttpStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR.value());
                    requestContext.getResponse().setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE);
                    requestContext.setResponseBody("{\"message\":\"token refresh fail\"}");
                }
            } else {
                //过期了,无法刷新令牌
                log.info("refresh_token not exist");
                requestContext.setSendZuulResponse(false);
                requestContext.setResponseStatusCode(HttpStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR.value());
                requestContext.getResponse().setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE);
                requestContext.setResponseBody("{\"message\":\"token refresh fail\"}");
            }
        }

        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 获取cookie的值
     */
    private String getCookie(String cookieName) {

        RequestContext requestContext = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
        HttpServletRequest request = requestContext.getRequest();

        Cookie[] cookies = request.getCookies();

        for (Cookie cookie : cookies) {
            if (StringUtils.equals(cookieName, cookie.getName())) {
                return cookie.getValue();
            }
        }

        return null;
    }
}

1.3、判断用户登陆状态,从网关中获取,MeFilter放到授权Filter之后。因为之间基于session,直接从客户端服务器中获取就行,现在不急于session,客户端不知道用户登陆状态,去网关获取。

  之前配置了以api开头的请求会转发到网关

   网关配置

   网关过滤器MeFilter

/**
 * 用户判断当前用户是否认证
 *
 * @author caofanqi
 * @date 2020/2/7 21:43
 */
@Component
public class MeFilter extends ZuulFilter {

    @Override
    public String filterType() {
        return "pre";
    }

    @Override
    public int filterOrder() {
        return 6;
    }

    /**
     *  只处理/user/me请求
     */
    @Override
    public boolean shouldFilter() {
        RequestContext requestContext = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
        HttpServletRequest request = requestContext.getRequest();
        return StringUtils.equals(request.getRequestURI(),"/user/me");
    }

    /**
     *  判断请求头中有没有我们放入的username,后直接返回,不继续往下走
     */
    @Override
    public Object run() throws ZuulException {
        RequestContext requestContext = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
        String username = requestContext.getZuulRequestHeaders().get("username");
        if(StringUtils.isNotBlank(username)) {
            requestContext.setResponseBody("{\"username\":\""+username+"\"}");
        }
        requestContext.setSendZuulResponse(false);
        requestContext.setResponseStatusCode(HttpStatus.OK.value());
        requestContext.getResponse().setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE);

        return null;
    }
}

1.4、启动各项目,进行测试

过期时间设置如下

  访问http://web.caofanqi.cn:9000/ ,自动跳转到登陆页面,进行登陆,间隔时间获取订单信息,webApp控制台打印如下

   查看浏览器cookie如下

1.5、但是现在还有一个问题,认证信息放在cookie中,退出时,也要将cookie删除

//退出
    function logout() {
        $.get("/logout", function () {
        });
        //将浏览器中的cookie也删除
        $.removeCookie('access_token', { domain:'caofanqi.cn', path: '/' });
        $.removeCookie('refresh_token', { domain:'caofanqi.cn', path: '/' });
        //客户端session失效后,将认证服务器session也失效掉,添加重定向url
        location.href = "http://auth.caofanqi.cn:9020/logout?redirect_uri=http://web.caofanqi.cn:9000";
    }

2、基于token的SSO优缺点

2.1、优点:

  复杂度低,相对于基于session的SSO来说,只需要做access_token和refresh_token的过期处理。

  不占用服务器资源,适合用户量特别大的系统。因为token存在浏览器cookie中,只有cookie中的refresh_token失效时,才会去认证服务器登陆。不需要认证服务器设置有效期很长的session。因为通过token就可以访问微服务。

2.2、缺点:

  安全性低:token存在浏览器,有一定的风险。可以使用https,缩短access_token的有效期来防范。

  可控性低:token存在浏览器,没办法主动失效掉。

  跨域问题:cookie只能放在顶级域名下(caofanqi.cn),只有二级域名(web.caofanqi.cn、order.caofanqi.cn)才可以做SSO。如果要与baidu.com做SSO的话,需要同时设置多个cookie。

 

 

项目源码:https://github.com/caofanqi/study-security/tree/dev-web-sso-token

 

展开阅读全文
打赏
0
0 收藏
分享
加载中
更多评论
打赏
0 评论
0 收藏
0
分享
返回顶部
顶部