C#实现网页加载后将页面截取成长图片

2021/01/09 12:48
阅读数 74

背景

最近再做一个需求,需要对网页生成预览图,如下图

但是网页千千万,总不能一个个打开,截图吧;于是想着能不能使用代码来实现网页的截图。其实要实现这个功能,无非就是要么实现一个仿真浏览器,要么调用系统浏览器,再进行截图操作。

代码实现

1、启用线程Thread

 void startPrintScreen(ScreenShotParam requestParam)
        {
            Thread thread = new Thread(new ParameterizedThreadStart(do_PrintScreen));
            thread.SetApartmentState(ApartmentState.STA);
            thread.Start(requestParam);
            if (requestParam.Wait)
            {
                thread.Join();
                FileInfo result = new FileInfo(requestParam.SavePath);
                long minSize = 1 * 1024;// 太小可能是空白圖,重抓
                int maxRepeat = 2;                
                while ((!result.Exists || result.Length <= minSize) && maxRepeat > 0)
                {
                    thread = new Thread(new ParameterizedThreadStart(do_PrintScreen));
                    thread.SetApartmentState(ApartmentState.STA);
                    thread.Start(requestParam);
                    thread.Join();
                    maxRepeat--;
                }
            }
        }

2、模拟浏览器WebBrowser

   void do_PrintScreen(object param)
        {
            try
            {
                ScreenShotParam screenShotParam = (ScreenShotParam)param;
                string requestUrl = screenShotParam.Url;
                string savePath = screenShotParam.SavePath;
                WebBrowser wb = new WebBrowser();
                wb.ScrollBarsEnabled = false;
                wb.ScriptErrorsSuppressed = true;
                wb.Navigate(requestUrl);
                logger.Debug("wb.Navigate");
                DateTime startTime = DateTime.Now;
                TimeSpan waitTime = new TimeSpan(0, 0, 0, 10, 0);// 10 second
                while (wb.ReadyState != WebBrowserReadyState.Complete)
                {
                    Application.DoEvents();
                    if (DateTime.Now - startTime > waitTime)
                    {
                        wb.Dispose();
                        logger.Debug("wb.Dispose() timeout");
                        return;
                    }
                }


                wb.Width = screenShotParam.Left + screenShotParam.Width + screenShotParam.Left; // wb.Document.Body.ScrollRectangle.Width (避掉左右側的邊線);
                wb.Height = screenShotParam.Top + screenShotParam.Height; // wb.Document.Body.ScrollRectangle.Height;
                wb.ScrollBarsEnabled = false;
                wb.Document.Body.Style = "overflow:hidden";//hide scroll bar
                var doc = (wb.Document.DomDocument) as mshtml.IHTMLDocument2;
                var style = doc.createStyleSheet("", 0);
                style.cssText = @"img { border-style: none; }";


                Bitmap bitmap = new Bitmap(wb.Width, wb.Height);
                wb.DrawToBitmap(bitmap, new Rectangle(0, 0, wb.Width, wb.Height));
                wb.Dispose();
                logger.Debug("wb.Dispose()");


                bitmap = CutImage(bitmap, new Rectangle(screenShotParam.Left, screenShotParam.Top, screenShotParam.Width, screenShotParam.Height));
                bool needResize = screenShotParam.Width > screenShotParam.ResizeMaxWidth || screenShotParam.Height > screenShotParam.ResizeMaxWidth;
                if (needResize)
                {
                    double greaterLength = bitmap.Width > bitmap.Height ? bitmap.Width : bitmap.Height;
                    double ratio = screenShotParam.ResizeMaxWidth / greaterLength;
                    bitmap = Resize(bitmap, ratio);
                }


                bitmap.Save(savePath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Gif);
                bitmap.Dispose();
                logger.Debug("bitmap.Dispose();");
                logger.Debug("finish");


            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                logger.Info($"exception: {ex.Message}");
            }
        }

3、截图操作

  private static Bitmap CutImage(Bitmap source, Rectangle p)
        {
            // An empty bitmap which will hold the cropped image
            Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap(p.Width, p.Height);
            //using (Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap(p.Width, p.Height))
            {
                Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(bmp);


                // Draw the given area (p) of the source image
                // at location 0,0 on the empty bitmap (bmp)
                g.DrawImage(source, 0, 0, p, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);


                return bmp;
            }
        }


        private static Bitmap Resize(Bitmap originImage, Double times)
        {
            int width = Convert.ToInt32(originImage.Width * times);
            int height = Convert.ToInt32(originImage.Height * times);


            return ResizeProcess(originImage, originImage.Width, originImage.Height, width, height);
        }

完整代码

  public static string ScreenShotAndSaveAmazonS3(string account, string locale, Guid rule_ID, Guid template_ID)
        {
          
            //新的Template
            var url = string.Format("https://xxxx/public/previewtemplate?showTemplateName=0&locale={0}&inputTemplateId={1}&inputThemeId=&Account={2}",
                locale,
                template_ID,
                account
                );
            


            var tempPath = Tools.GetAppSetting("TempPath");


            //路徑準備
            var userPath = AmazonS3.GetS3UploadDirectory(account, locale, AmazonS3.S3SubFolder.Template);
            var fileName = string.Format("{0}.gif", template_ID);
            var fullFilePath = Path.Combine(userPath.LocalDirectoryPath, fileName);
            logger.Debug("userPath: {0}, fileName: {1}, fullFilePath: {2}, url:{3}", userPath, fileName, fullFilePath, url);
 
            //開始截圖,並暫存在本機
            var screen = new Screen();
            screen.ScreenShot(url, fullFilePath);


            //將截圖,儲存到 Amazon S3
            //var previewImageUrl = AmazonS3.UploadFile(fullFilePath, userPath.RemotePath + fileName);


            return string.Empty;
        }
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows.Forms;


namespace PrintScreen.Common
{
    public class Screen
    {
        protected static NLog.Logger logger = NLog.LogManager.GetCurrentClassLogger();


        public void ScreenShot(string url, string path
            , int width = 400, int height = 300
            , int left = 50, int top = 50
            , int resizeMaxWidth = 200, int wait = 1)
        {
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(url) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(path))
            {
                ScreenShotParam requestParam = new ScreenShotParam
                {
                    Url = url,
                    SavePath = path,
                    Width = width,
                    Height = height,
                    Left = left,
                    Top = top,
                    ResizeMaxWidth = resizeMaxWidth,
                    Wait = wait != 0
                };
                startPrintScreen(requestParam);
            }
        }


        void startPrintScreen(ScreenShotParam requestParam)
        {
            Thread thread = new Thread(new ParameterizedThreadStart(do_PrintScreen));
            thread.SetApartmentState(ApartmentState.STA);
            thread.Start(requestParam);
            if (requestParam.Wait)
            {
                thread.Join();
                FileInfo result = new FileInfo(requestParam.SavePath);
                long minSize = 1 * 1024;// 太小可能是空白圖,重抓
                int maxRepeat = 2;                
                while ((!result.Exists || result.Length <= minSize) && maxRepeat > 0)
                {
                    thread = new Thread(new ParameterizedThreadStart(do_PrintScreen));
                    thread.SetApartmentState(ApartmentState.STA);
                    thread.Start(requestParam);
                    thread.Join();
                    maxRepeat--;
                }
            }
        }


        void do_PrintScreen(object param)
        {
            try
            {
                ScreenShotParam screenShotParam = (ScreenShotParam)param;
                string requestUrl = screenShotParam.Url;
                string savePath = screenShotParam.SavePath;
                WebBrowser wb = new WebBrowser();
                wb.ScrollBarsEnabled = false;
                wb.ScriptErrorsSuppressed = true;
                wb.Navigate(requestUrl);
                logger.Debug("wb.Navigate");
                DateTime startTime = DateTime.Now;
                TimeSpan waitTime = new TimeSpan(0, 0, 0, 10, 0);// 10 second
                while (wb.ReadyState != WebBrowserReadyState.Complete)
                {
                    Application.DoEvents();
                    if (DateTime.Now - startTime > waitTime)
                    {
                        wb.Dispose();
                        logger.Debug("wb.Dispose() timeout");
                        return;
                    }
                }


                wb.Width = screenShotParam.Left + screenShotParam.Width + screenShotParam.Left; // wb.Document.Body.ScrollRectangle.Width (避掉左右側的邊線);
                wb.Height = screenShotParam.Top + screenShotParam.Height; // wb.Document.Body.ScrollRectangle.Height;
                wb.ScrollBarsEnabled = false;
                wb.Document.Body.Style = "overflow:hidden";//hide scroll bar
                var doc = (wb.Document.DomDocument) as mshtml.IHTMLDocument2;
                var style = doc.createStyleSheet("", 0);
                style.cssText = @"img { border-style: none; }";


                Bitmap bitmap = new Bitmap(wb.Width, wb.Height);
                wb.DrawToBitmap(bitmap, new Rectangle(0, 0, wb.Width, wb.Height));
                wb.Dispose();
                logger.Debug("wb.Dispose()");


                bitmap = CutImage(bitmap, new Rectangle(screenShotParam.Left, screenShotParam.Top, screenShotParam.Width, screenShotParam.Height));
                bool needResize = screenShotParam.Width > screenShotParam.ResizeMaxWidth || screenShotParam.Height > screenShotParam.ResizeMaxWidth;
                if (needResize)
                {
                    double greaterLength = bitmap.Width > bitmap.Height ? bitmap.Width : bitmap.Height;
                    double ratio = screenShotParam.ResizeMaxWidth / greaterLength;
                    bitmap = Resize(bitmap, ratio);
                }


                bitmap.Save(savePath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Gif);
                bitmap.Dispose();
                logger.Debug("bitmap.Dispose();");
                logger.Debug("finish");


            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                logger.Info($"exception: {ex.Message}");
            }
        }


        private static Bitmap CutImage(Bitmap source, Rectangle p)
        {
            // An empty bitmap which will hold the cropped image
            Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap(p.Width, p.Height);
            //using (Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap(p.Width, p.Height))
            {
                Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(bmp);


                // Draw the given area (p) of the source image
                // at location 0,0 on the empty bitmap (bmp)
                g.DrawImage(source, 0, 0, p, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);


                return bmp;
            }
        }


        private static Bitmap Resize(Bitmap originImage, Double times)
        {
            int width = Convert.ToInt32(originImage.Width * times);
            int height = Convert.ToInt32(originImage.Height * times);


            return ResizeProcess(originImage, originImage.Width, originImage.Height, width, height);
        }


        private static Bitmap ResizeProcess(Bitmap originImage, int oriwidth, int oriheight, int width, int height)
        {
            Bitmap resizedbitmap = new Bitmap(width, height);
            //using (Bitmap resizedbitmap = new Bitmap(width, height))
            {
                Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(resizedbitmap);
                g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.High;
                g.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                g.Clear(Color.Transparent);
                g.DrawImage(originImage, new Rectangle(0, 0, width, height), new Rectangle(0, 0, oriwidth, oriheight), GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                return resizedbitmap;
            }
        }


    }


    class ScreenShotParam
    {
        public string Url { get; set; }
        public string SavePath { get; set; }
        public int Width { get; set; }
        public int Height { get; set; }
        public int Left { get; set; }
        public int Top { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 長邊縮到指定長度
        /// </summary>
        public int ResizeMaxWidth { get; set; }
        public bool Wait { get; set; }
    }


}


效果

完成,达到预期的效果。

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