如何将 CentOS 8 转换为 CentOS Stream

原创
2021/02/22 15:52
阅读数 411

    CentOS 未来是不会更新数字版本了。CentOS 项目组,未来会变更为Stream版本,也就是俗称的滚动版本,那么如何将数字版本升级为滚动版本呢?


    若需要将其转换为滚动版本,那么即可参考本文进行升级。



    步骤一:开启CentOS Stream仓库


    查看是否有centos-release-stream仓库

[root@cby ~]# dnf search centos-release-streamLast metadata expiration check: 122 days, 22:31:50 ago on Thu 22 Oct 2020 04:55:01 PM CST.=================== Name Exactly Matched: centos-release-stream ===================centos-release-stream.x86_64 : CentOS-Stream release file


    安装centos-release-stream仓库

[root@cby ~]# dnf install -y centos-release-streamCentOS-8 - AppStream                                91 kB/s | 4.3 kB     00:00    CentOS-8 - AppStream                                29 MB/s | 6.3 MB     00:00    CentOS-8 - Base                                     51 kB/s | 3.9 kB     00:00    CentOS-8 - Base                                     11 MB/s | 2.3 MB     00:00    CentOS-8 - Extras                                   26 kB/s | 1.5 kB     00:00    CentOS-8 - Extras                                   57 kB/s | 8.6 kB     00:00    Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 8 - x86_64      78 kB/s | 4.7 kB     00:00    Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 8 - x86_64      35 MB/s | 8.9 MB     00:00    Dependencies resolved.=================================================================================== Package                    Arch        Version                  Repository   Size===================================================================================Installing: centos-release-stream      x86_64      8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8       extras       11 k
Transaction Summary===================================================================================Install 1 Package
Total download size: 11 kInstalled size: 6.6 kDownloading Packages:centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64.rp 69 kB/s | 11 kB 00:00 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Total 69 kB/s | 11 kB 00:00 Running transaction checkTransaction check succeeded.Running transaction testTransaction test succeeded.Running transaction Preparing : 1/1 Installing : centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64 1/1 Verifying : centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64 1/1
Installed: centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64
Complete!


    查看所有的仓库

[root@cby ~]# dnf repolistrepo id                    repo nameAppStream                  CentOS-8 - AppStreamBaseOS                     CentOS-8 - BaseStream-AppStream           CentOS-Stream - AppStreamStream-BaseOS              CentOS-Stream - BaseStream-extras              CentOS-Stream - Extrasepel                       Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 8 - x86_64extras                     CentOS-8 - Extras



步骤二:设置CentOS Stream仓库为默认


使用dnf 的swap选项移除centos-linux-repos

并安装centos-stream-repos


[root@cby ~]# dnf swap centos-linux-repos centos-stream-reposCentOS-Stream - AppStream                          3.8 MB/s | 6.6 MB     00:01    CentOS-Stream - Base                               2.0 MB/s | 2.3 MB     00:01    CentOS-Stream - Extras                              13 kB/s | 8.9 kB     00:00    No match for argument: centos-linux-reposNo packages marked for removal.Dependencies resolved.=================================================================================== Package                    Arch        Version           Repository          Size===================================================================================Installing: centos-stream-release      noarch      8.4-1.el8         Stream-BaseOS       21 k     replacing  centos-release.x86_64 8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8     replacing  centos-release-stream.x86_64 8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8     replacing  centos-repos.x86_64 8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8 centos-stream-repos        noarch      8-2.el8           Stream-BaseOS       19 kUpgrading: centos-gpg-keys            noarch      1:8-2.el8         BaseOS              12 k
Transaction Summary===================================================================================Install 2 PackagesUpgrade 1 Package
Total download size: 52 kIs this ok [y/N]: yDownloading Packages:(1/3): centos-gpg-keys-8-2.el8.noarch.rpm 116 kB/s | 12 kB 00:00 (2/3): centos-stream-release-8.4-1.el8.noarch.rpm 164 kB/s | 21 kB 00:00 (3/3): centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch.rpm 138 kB/s | 19 kB 00:00 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Total 78 kB/s | 52 kB 00:00 Running transaction checkTransaction check succeeded.Running transaction testTransaction test succeeded.Running transaction Preparing : 1/1 Running scriptlet: centos-gpg-keys-1:8-2.el8.noarch 1/1 Upgrading : centos-gpg-keys-1:8-2.el8.noarch 1/7 Installing : centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch 2/7 Installing : centos-stream-release-8.4-1.el8.noarch 3/7 Obsoleting : centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64 4/7 Obsoleting : centos-release-8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8.x86_64 5/7 Obsoleting : centos-repos-8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8.x86_64 6/7 warning: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-fasttrack.repo saved as /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-fasttrack.repo.rpmsavewarning: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-centosplus.repo saved as /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-centosplus.repo.rpmsavewarning: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-PowerTools.repo saved as /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-PowerTools.repo.rpmsavewarning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-HA.repo: remove failed: No such file or directorywarning: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Extras.repo saved as /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Extras.repo.rpmsavewarning: file /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Devel.repo: remove failed: No such file or directorywarning: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-CR.repo saved as /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-CR.repo.rpmsavewarning: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo saved as /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.rpmsavewarning: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-AppStream.repo saved as /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-AppStream.repo.rpmsave
Cleanup : centos-gpg-keys-8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8.noarch 7/7 Running scriptlet: centos-gpg-keys-8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8.noarch 7/7 Verifying : centos-stream-release-8.4-1.el8.noarch 1/7 Verifying : centos-release-8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8.x86_64 2/7 Verifying : centos-release-stream-8.1-1.1911.0.7.el8.x86_64 3/7 Verifying : centos-repos-8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8.x86_64 4/7 Verifying : centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch 5/7 Verifying : centos-gpg-keys-1:8-2.el8.noarch 6/7 Verifying : centos-gpg-keys-8.2-2.2004.0.1.el8.noarch 7/7
Upgraded: centos-gpg-keys-1:8-2.el8.noarch
Installed: centos-stream-release-8.4-1.el8.noarch centos-stream-repos-8-2.el8.noarch
Complete!


      步骤三:将已安装的软件包同步到最新的可用版本


[root@cby ~]# dnf distro-syncCentOS Stream 8 - AppStream                        7.3 MB/s | 6.6 MB     00:00    CentOS Stream 8 - BaseOS                           2.4 MB/s | 2.3 MB     00:00    CentOS Stream 8 - Extras                            14 kB/s | 8.9 kB     00:00    Dependencies resolved.=================================================================================== Package                    Arch   Version                         Repo       Size===================================================================================Installing: kernel                     x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos    5.5 M kernel-core                x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos     35 M kernel-devel               x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos     18 M kernel-modules             x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos     28 MUpgrading: NetworkManager             x86_64 1:1.30.0-0.10.el8               baseos    2.6 M NetworkManager-libnm       x86_64 1:1.30.0-0.10.el8               baseos    1.8 M NetworkManager-team        x86_64 1:1.30.0-0.10.el8               baseos    144 k NetworkManager-tui         x86_64 1:1.30.0-0.10.el8               baseos    326 k PackageKit                 x86_64 1.1.12-6.el8                    appstream 599 k PackageKit-glib            x86_64 1.1.12-6.el8                    appstream 140 k abattis-cantarell-fonts    noarch 0.0.25-6.el8                    appstream 156 k adcli                      x86_64 0.8.2-9.el8                     baseos    115 k authselect                 x86_64 1.2.2-1.el8                     baseos    128 k authselect-compat          x86_64 1.2.2-1.el8                     appstream  37 k authselect-libs            x86_64 1.2.2-1.el8                     baseos    214 k avahi-libs                 x86_64 0.7-20.el8                      baseos     62 k bash                       x86_64 4.4.19-14.el8                   baseos    1.5 M bind-export-libs           x86_64 32:9.11.26-2.el8                baseos    1.1 M bind-libs                  x86_64 32:9.11.26-2.el8                appstream 173 k bind-libs-lite             x86_64 32:9.11.26-2.el8                appstream 1.2 M bind-license               noarch 32:9.11.26-2.el8                appstream 102 k bind-utils                 x86_64 32:9.11.26-2.el8                appstream 451 k binutils                   x86_64 2.30-90.el8                     baseos    5.7 M bpftool                    x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos    6.2 M brotli                     x86_64 1.0.6-3.el8                     baseos    323 k centos-logos               x86_64 82.0-2.el8                      appstream 706 k chkconfig                  x86_64 1.13-2.el8                      baseos    194 k cloud-utils-growpart       noarch 0.31-1.el8                      appstream  32 k cockpit                    x86_64 237-1.el8                       baseos     76 k cockpit-bridge             x86_64 237-1.el8                       baseos    535 k cockpit-packagekit         noarch 237-1.el8                       appstream 573 k cockpit-system             noarch 237-1.el8                       baseos    3.3 M cockpit-ws                 x86_64 237-1.el8                       baseos    1.3 M coreutils                  x86_64 8.30-8.el8                      baseos    1.2 M coreutils-common           x86_64 8.30-8.el8                      baseos    2.0 M cpio                       x86_64 2.12-10.el8                     baseos    265 k cpp                        x86_64 8.4.1-1.el8                     appstream  10 M crontabs                   noarch 1.11-17.20190603git.el8         baseos     25 k crypto-policies            noarch 20200713-1.git51d1222.el8       baseos     62 k cryptsetup                 x86_64 2.3.3-2.el8                     baseos    189 k cryptsetup-libs            x86_64 2.3.3-2.el8                     baseos    470 k cups-client                x86_64 1:2.2.6-38.el8                  appstream 169 k cups-libs                  x86_64 1:2.2.6-38.el8                  baseos    433 k curl                       x86_64 7.61.1-18.el8                   baseos    353 k cyrus-sasl-gssapi          x86_64 2.1.27-5.el8                    baseos     50 k cyrus-sasl-lib             x86_64 2.1.27-5.el8                    baseos    123 k cyrus-sasl-plain           x86_64 2.1.27-5.el8                    baseos     47 k dbus                       x86_64 1:1.12.8-12.el8                 baseos     41 k dbus-common                noarch 1:1.12.8-12.el8                 baseos     45 k dbus-daemon                x86_64 1:1.12.8-12.el8                 baseos    240 k dbus-libs                  x86_64 1:1.12.8-12.el8                 baseos    183 k dbus-tools                 x86_64 1:1.12.8-12.el8                 baseos     85 k device-mapper              x86_64 8:1.02.175-4.el8                baseos    375 k device-mapper-event        x86_64 8:1.02.175-4.el8                baseos    269 k device-mapper-event-libs   x86_64 8:1.02.175-4.el8                baseos    269 k device-mapper-libs         x86_64 8:1.02.175-4.el8                baseos    408 k device-mapper-persistent-data                            x86_64 0.8.5-4.el8                     baseos    468 k dhcp-client                x86_64 12:4.3.6-44.0.1.el8             baseos    318 k dhcp-common                noarch 12:4.3.6-44.0.1.el8             baseos    207 k dhcp-libs                  x86_64 12:4.3.6-44.0.1.el8             baseos    148 k dmidecode                  x86_64 1:3.2-8.el8                     baseos     91 k dnf                        noarch 4.4.2-6.el8                     baseos    540 k dnf-data                   noarch 4.4.2-6.el8                     baseos    151 k dnf-plugins-core           noarch 4.0.18-3.el8                    baseos     69 k dracut                     x86_64 049-135.git20210121.el8         baseos    372 k dracut-config-rescue       x86_64 049-135.git20210121.el8         baseos     58 k dracut-network             x86_64 049-135.git20210121.el8         baseos    105 k dracut-squash              x86_64 049-135.git20210121.el8         baseos     58 k e2fsprogs                  x86_64 1.45.6-1.el8                    baseos    1.0 M e2fsprogs-libs             x86_64 1.45.6-1.el8                    baseos    233 k elfutils-debuginfod-client x86_64 0.182-3.el8                     baseos     65 k elfutils-default-yama-scope                            noarch 0.182-3.el8                     baseos     49 k elfutils-libelf            x86_64 0.182-3.el8                     baseos    216 k elfutils-libs              x86_64 0.182-3.el8                     baseos    293 k ethtool                    x86_64 2:5.8-5.el8                     baseos    206 k expat                      x86_64 2.2.5-4.el8                     baseos    111 k file                       x86_64 5.33-16.el8                     baseos     76 k file-libs                  x86_64 5.33-16.el8                     baseos    542 k filesystem                 x86_64 3.8-4.el8                       baseos    1.1 M firewalld                  noarch 0.8.2-6.el8                     baseos    488 k firewalld-filesystem       noarch 0.8.2-6.el8                     baseos     76 k fprintd                    x86_64 1.90.9-2.el8                    appstream 154 k fprintd-pam                x86_64 1.90.9-2.el8                    appstream  28 k freetype                   x86_64 2.9.1-5.el8                     baseos    394 k gawk                       x86_64 4.2.1-2.el8                     baseos    1.1 M gcc                        x86_64 8.4.1-1.el8                     appstream  23 M glib2                      x86_64 2.56.4-9.el8                    baseos    2.5 M glibc                      x86_64 2.28-148.el8                    baseos    3.6 M glibc-common               x86_64 2.28-148.el8                    baseos    1.3 M glibc-devel                x86_64 2.28-148.el8                    baseos    1.0 M glibc-headers              x86_64 2.28-148.el8                    baseos    478 k glibc-langpack-en          x86_64 2.28-148.el8                    baseos    826 k glibc-langpack-zh          x86_64 2.28-148.el8                    baseos    2.2 M gnupg2                     x86_64 2.2.20-2.el8                    baseos    2.4 M gnupg2-smime               x86_64 2.2.20-2.el8                    baseos    283 k gnutls                     x86_64 3.6.14-7.el8_3                  baseos    1.0 M gpgme                      x86_64 1.13.1-7.el8                    baseos    336 k gpm-libs                   x86_64 1.20.7-17.el8                   appstream  39 k grub2-common               noarch 1:2.02-95.el8                   baseos    888 k grub2-pc                   x86_64 1:2.02-95.el8                   baseos     40 k grub2-pc-modules           noarch 1:2.02-95.el8                   baseos    909 k grub2-tools                x86_64 1:2.02-95.el8                   baseos    2.0 M grub2-tools-efi            x86_64 1:2.02-95.el8                   baseos    471 k grub2-tools-extra          x86_64 1:2.02-95.el8                   baseos    1.1 M grub2-tools-minimal        x86_64 1:2.02-95.el8                   baseos    206 k grubby                     x86_64 8.40-41.el8                     baseos     49 k gsettings-desktop-schemas  x86_64 3.32.0-5.el8                    baseos    633 k gzip                       x86_64 1.9-12.el8                      baseos    167 k hdparm                     x86_64 9.54-3.el8                      baseos    100 k hwdata                     noarch 0.314-8.8.el8                   baseos    1.7 M ima-evm-utils              x86_64 1.3.2-11.el8                    baseos     64 k initscripts                x86_64 10.00.14-1.el8                  baseos    339 k iproute                    x86_64 5.9.0-3.el8                     baseos    692 k iprutils                   x86_64 2.4.19-1.el8                    baseos    255 k iptables                   x86_64 1.8.4-17.el8                    baseos    586 k iptables-ebtables          x86_64 1.8.4-17.el8                    baseos     71 k iptables-libs              x86_64 1.8.4-17.el8                    baseos    107 k iputils                    x86_64 20180629-6.el8                  baseos    148 k irqbalance                 x86_64 2:1.4.0-6.el8                   baseos     56 k iwl100-firmware            noarch 39.31.5.1-102.el8.1             baseos    171 k iwl1000-firmware           noarch 1:39.31.5.1-102.el8.1           baseos    234 k iwl105-firmware            noarch 18.168.6.1-102.el8.1            baseos    255 k iwl135-firmware            noarch 18.168.6.1-102.el8.1            baseos    264 k iwl2000-firmware           noarch 18.168.6.1-102.el8.1            baseos    258 k iwl2030-firmware           noarch 18.168.6.1-102.el8.1            baseos    266 k iwl3160-firmware           noarch 1:25.30.13.0-102.el8.1          baseos    1.7 M iwl3945-firmware           noarch 15.32.2.9-102.el8.1             baseos    109 k iwl4965-firmware           noarch 228.61.2.24-102.el8.1           baseos    122 k iwl5000-firmware           noarch 8.83.5.1_1-102.el8.1            baseos    315 k iwl5150-firmware           noarch 8.24.2.2-102.el8.1              baseos    167 k iwl6000-firmware           noarch 9.221.4.1-102.el8.1             baseos    188 k iwl6000g2a-firmware        noarch 18.168.6.1-102.el8.1            baseos    330 k iwl6050-firmware           noarch 41.28.5.1-102.el8.1             baseos    263 k iwl7260-firmware           noarch 1:25.30.13.0-102.el8.1          baseos     16 M json-c                     x86_64 0.13.1-0.4.el8                  baseos     40 k kbd                        x86_64 2.0.4-10.el8                    baseos    390 k kbd-legacy                 noarch 2.0.4-10.el8                    baseos    481 k kbd-misc                   noarch 2.0.4-10.el8                    baseos    1.5 M kernel-headers             x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos    6.8 M kernel-tools               x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos    5.7 M kernel-tools-libs          x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos    5.5 M kexec-tools                x86_64 2.0.20-45.el8                   baseos    507 k kmod                       x86_64 25-17.el8                       baseos    126 k kmod-kvdo                  x86_64 6.2.4.26-76.el8                 baseos    340 k kmod-libs                  x86_64 25-17.el8                       baseos     68 k kpartx                     x86_64 0.8.4-8.el8                     baseos    111 k kpatch                     noarch 0.9.2-3.el8                     baseos     17 k krb5-libs                  x86_64 1.18.2-8.el8                    baseos    838 k ledmon                     x86_64 0.95-1.el8                      baseos     84 k libX11                     x86_64 1.6.8-4.el8                     appstream 611 k libX11-common              noarch 1.6.8-4.el8                     appstream 158 k libXau                     x86_64 1.0.9-3.el8                     appstream  37 k libXext                    x86_64 1.3.4-1.el8                     appstream  45 k libarchive                 x86_64 3.3.3-1.el8                     baseos    359 k libblkid                   x86_64 2.32.1-27.el8                   baseos    217 k libcap                     x86_64 2.26-4.el8                      baseos     60 k libcom_err                 x86_64 1.45.6-1.el8                    baseos     49 k libcomps                   x86_64 0.1.11-5.el8                    baseos     81 k libcroco                   x86_64 0.6.12-4.el8_2.1                baseos    113 k libcurl                    x86_64 7.61.1-18.el8                   baseos    299 k libdb                      x86_64 5.3.28-40.el8                   baseos    751 k libdb-utils                x86_64 5.3.28-40.el8                   baseos    150 k libdnf                     x86_64 0.55.0-3.el8                    baseos    678 k libfdisk                   x86_64 2.32.1-27.el8                   baseos    250 k libffi                     x86_64 3.1-22.el8                      baseos     37 k libfprint                  x86_64 1.90.7-1.el8                    appstream 253 k libgcc                     x86_64 8.4.1-1.el8                     baseos     78 k libgcrypt                  x86_64 1.8.5-4.el8                     baseos    463 k libgomp                    x86_64 8.4.1-1.el8                     baseos    204 k libipa_hbac                x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    110 k libkcapi                   x86_64 1.2.0-2.el8                     baseos     48 k libkcapi-hmaccalc          x86_64 1.2.0-2.el8                     baseos     31 k libldb                     x86_64 2.2.0-1.el8                     baseos    188 k libmaxminddb               x86_64 1.2.0-10.el8                    appstream  33 k libmodulemd1               x86_64 1.8.16-0.2.9.4.2                baseos    176 k libmount                   x86_64 2.32.1-27.el8                   baseos    233 k libmpc                     x86_64 1.1.0-9.1.el8                   appstream  61 k libnfsidmap                x86_64 1:2.3.3-41.el8                  baseos    120 k libpcap                    x86_64 14:1.9.1-5.el8                  baseos    169 k libpsl                     x86_64 0.20.2-6.el8                    baseos     61 k libpwquality               x86_64 1.4.4-1.el8                     baseos    107 k librepo                    x86_64 1.12.0-3.el8                    baseos     91 k libreport-filesystem       x86_64 2.9.5-15.el8                    baseos     21 k libseccomp                 x86_64 2.4.3-1.el8                     baseos     67 k libselinux                 x86_64 2.9-5.el8                       baseos    165 k libselinux-utils           x86_64 2.9-5.el8                       baseos    243 k libsemanage                x86_64 2.9-6.el8                       baseos    165 k libsepol                   x86_64 2.9-2.el8                       baseos    339 k libsmartcols               x86_64 2.32.1-27.el8                   baseos    176 k libsmbclient               x86_64 4.13.3-3.el8                    baseos    146 k libsolv                    x86_64 0.7.16-2.el8                    baseos    362 k libsoup                    x86_64 2.62.3-2.el8                    baseos    424 k libss                      x86_64 1.45.6-1.el8                    baseos     53 k libssh                     x86_64 0.9.4-2.el8                     baseos    215 k libssh-config              noarch 0.9.4-2.el8                     baseos     18 k libsss_autofs              x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    112 k libsss_certmap             x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    149 k libsss_idmap               x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    114 k libsss_nss_idmap           x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    121 k libsss_sudo                x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    110 k libstdc++                  x86_64 8.4.1-1.el8                     baseos    451 k libstoragemgmt             x86_64 1.8.7-1.el8                     baseos    245 k libtalloc                  x86_64 2.3.1-2.el8                     baseos     49 k libtdb                     x86_64 1.4.3-1.el8                     baseos     59 k libteam                    x86_64 1.31-2.el8                      baseos     64 k libtevent                  x86_64 0.10.2-2.el8                    baseos     49 k libusbx                    x86_64 1.0.23-4.el8                    baseos     74 k libuuid                    x86_64 2.32.1-27.el8                   baseos     95 k libwbclient                x86_64 4.13.3-3.el8                    baseos    119 k libxml2                    x86_64 2.9.7-9.el8                     baseos    696 k libzstd                    x86_64 1.4.4-1.el8                     baseos    266 k linux-firmware             noarch 20201218-102.git05789708.el8    baseos    123 M lm_sensors-libs            x86_64 3.4.0-22.20180522git70f7e08.el8 baseos     59 k logrotate                  x86_64 3.14.0-4.el8                    baseos     86 k lshw                       x86_64 B.02.19.2-5.el8                 baseos    341 k lsof                       x86_64 4.93.2-1.el8                    baseos    253 k lsscsi                     x86_64 0.32-2.el8                      baseos     71 k lvm2                       x86_64 8:2.03.11-4.el8                 baseos    1.6 M lvm2-libs                  x86_64 8:2.03.11-4.el8                 baseos    1.1 M lz4-libs                   x86_64 1.8.3-2.el8                     baseos     66 k man-pages-overrides        noarch 8.3.0.2-2.el8                   appstream  70 k mcelog                     x86_64 3:173-0.el8                     baseos     82 k mdadm                      x86_64 4.1-15.el8                      baseos    455 k microcode_ctl              x86_64 4:20201112-2.el8                baseos    4.7 M net-tools                  x86_64 2.0-0.52.20160912git.el8        baseos    322 k nettle                     x86_64 3.4.1-2.el8                     baseos    300 k nftables                   x86_64 1:0.9.3-17.el8                  baseos    313 k nscd                       x86_64 2.28-148.el8                    baseos    131 k nss                        x86_64 3.53.1-17.el8_3                 appstream 723 k nss-softokn                x86_64 3.53.1-17.el8_3                 appstream 484 k nss-softokn-freebl         x86_64 3.53.1-17.el8_3                 appstream 376 k nss-sysinit                x86_64 3.53.1-17.el8_3                 appstream  72 k nss-util                   x86_64 3.53.1-17.el8_3                 appstream 136 k numactl-libs               x86_64 2.0.12-11.el8                   baseos     36 k oddjob                     x86_64 0.34.7-1.el8                    appstream  80 k oddjob-mkhomedir           x86_64 0.34.7-1.el8                    appstream  49 k openldap                   x86_64 2.4.46-16.el8                   baseos    351 k openssh                    x86_64 8.0p1-5.el8                     baseos    520 k openssh-clients            x86_64 8.0p1-5.el8                     baseos    667 k openssh-server             x86_64 8.0p1-5.el8                     baseos    484 k openssl                    x86_64 1:1.1.1g-12.el8_3               baseos    707 k openssl-libs               x86_64 1:1.1.1g-12.el8_3               baseos    1.5 M p11-kit                    x86_64 0.23.22-1.el8                   baseos    324 k p11-kit-trust              x86_64 0.23.22-1.el8                   baseos    137 k pam                        x86_64 1.3.1-14.el8                    baseos    738 k pciutils                   x86_64 3.7.0-1.el8                     baseos    105 k pciutils-libs              x86_64 3.7.0-1.el8                     baseos     54 k pcre2                      x86_64 10.32-2.el8                     baseos    246 k perl-Errno                 x86_64 1.28-419.el8                    baseos     76 k perl-IO                    x86_64 1.38-419.el8                    baseos    142 k perl-interpreter           x86_64 4:5.26.3-419.el8                baseos    6.3 M perl-libs                  x86_64 4:5.26.3-419.el8                baseos    1.6 M perl-macros                x86_64 4:5.26.3-419.el8                baseos     72 k platform-python            x86_64 3.6.8-36.el8                    baseos     84 k platform-python-devel      x86_64 3.6.8-36.el8                    appstream 249 k platform-python-pip        noarch 9.0.3-19.el8                    baseos    1.7 M platform-python-setuptools noarch 39.2.0-6.el8                    baseos    632 k plymouth                   x86_64 0.9.4-9.20200615git1e36e30.el8  appstream 127 k plymouth-core-libs         x86_64 0.9.4-9.20200615git1e36e30.el8  appstream 122 k plymouth-scripts           x86_64 0.9.4-9.20200615git1e36e30.el8  appstream  43 k policycoreutils            x86_64 2.9-12.el8                      baseos    378 k policycoreutils-python-utils                            noarch 2.9-12.el8                      baseos    252 k popt                       x86_64 1.18-1.el8                      baseos     61 k procps-ng                  x86_64 3.3.15-6.el8                    baseos    329 k psmisc                     x86_64 23.1-5.el8                      baseos    151 k python-rpm-macros          noarch 3-41.el8                        appstream  15 k python-srpm-macros         noarch 3-41.el8                        appstream  15 k python3-bind               noarch 32:9.11.26-2.el8                appstream 149 k python3-cryptography       x86_64 3.2.1-3.el8                     baseos    559 k python3-dnf                noarch 4.4.2-6.el8                     baseos    539 k python3-dnf-plugins-core   noarch 4.0.18-3.el8                    baseos    228 k python3-firewall           noarch 0.8.2-6.el8                     baseos    394 k python3-gobject            x86_64 3.28.3-2.el8                    appstream  26 k python3-gobject-base       x86_64 3.28.3-2.el8                    baseos    313 k python3-gpg                x86_64 1.13.1-7.el8                    baseos    245 k python3-hawkey             x86_64 0.55.0-3.el8                    baseos    113 k python3-libcomps           x86_64 0.1.11-5.el8                    baseos     52 k python3-libdnf             x86_64 0.55.0-3.el8                    baseos    765 k python3-librepo            x86_64 1.12.0-3.el8                    baseos     52 k python3-libs               x86_64 3.6.8-36.el8                    baseos    7.8 M python3-libselinux         x86_64 2.9-5.el8                       baseos    283 k python3-libsemanage        x86_64 2.9-6.el8                       baseos    127 k python3-libstoragemgmt     noarch 1.8.7-1.el8                     baseos    172 k python3-libstoragemgmt-clibs                            x86_64 1.8.7-1.el8                     baseos     27 k python3-libxml2            x86_64 2.9.7-9.el8                     baseos    237 k python3-linux-procfs       noarch 0.6.3-1.el8                     baseos     43 k python3-nftables           x86_64 1:0.9.3-17.el8                  baseos     27 k python3-perf               x86_64 4.18.0-277.el8                  baseos    5.6 M python3-pip                noarch 9.0.3-19.el8                    appstream  20 k python3-pip-wheel          noarch 9.0.3-19.el8                    baseos    1.0 M python3-ply                noarch 3.9-9.el8                       baseos    111 k python3-policycoreutils    noarch 2.9-12.el8                      baseos    2.2 M python3-pyOpenSSL          noarch 19.0.0-1.el8                    appstream 103 k python3-rpm                x86_64 4.14.3-12.el8                   baseos    157 k python3-rpm-macros         noarch 3-41.el8                        appstream  14 k python3-setools            x86_64 4.3.0-2.el8                     baseos    626 k python3-setuptools         noarch 39.2.0-6.el8                    baseos    163 k python3-setuptools-wheel   noarch 39.2.0-6.el8                    baseos    289 k python3-sssdconfig         noarch 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    136 k python3-syspurpose         x86_64 1.28.12-1.el8                   baseos    302 k python3-unbound            x86_64 1.7.3-15.el8                    appstream 119 k python36                   x86_64 3.6.8-2.module_el8.4.0+666+456f5f48                                                                   appstream  19 k python36-devel             x86_64 3.6.8-2.module_el8.4.0+666+456f5f48                                                                   appstream  16 k quota                      x86_64 1:4.04-12.el8                   baseos    213 k quota-nls                  noarch 1:4.04-12.el8                   baseos     95 k realmd                     x86_64 0.16.3-22.el8                   baseos    237 k rpm                        x86_64 4.14.3-12.el8                   baseos    541 k rpm-build-libs             x86_64 4.14.3-12.el8                   baseos    155 k rpm-libs                   x86_64 4.14.3-12.el8                   baseos    339 k rpm-plugin-selinux         x86_64 4.14.3-12.el8                   baseos     76 k rpm-plugin-systemd-inhibit x86_64 4.14.3-12.el8                   baseos     77 k rsync                      x86_64 3.1.3-12.el8                    baseos    405 k rsyslog                    x86_64 8.1911.0-7.el8                  appstream 732 k rsyslog-gnutls             x86_64 8.1911.0-7.el8                  appstream  31 k rsyslog-gssapi             x86_64 8.1911.0-7.el8                  appstream  33 k rsyslog-relp               x86_64 8.1911.0-7.el8                  appstream  32 k samba-client-libs          x86_64 4.13.3-3.el8                    baseos    5.4 M samba-common               noarch 4.13.3-3.el8                    baseos    218 k samba-common-libs          x86_64 4.13.3-3.el8                    baseos    171 k sed                        x86_64 4.5-2.el8                       baseos    298 k selinux-policy             noarch 3.14.3-63.el8                   baseos    627 k selinux-policy-targeted    noarch 3.14.3-63.el8                   baseos     15 M setroubleshoot-plugins     noarch 3.3.13-1.el8                    appstream 361 k setroubleshoot-server      x86_64 3.3.24-3.el8                    appstream 401 k setup                      noarch 2.12.2-6.el8                    baseos    181 k shadow-utils               x86_64 2:4.6-12.el8                    baseos    1.2 M smartmontools              x86_64 1:7.1-1.el8                     baseos    544 k snappy                     x86_64 1.1.8-3.el8                     baseos     37 k sos                        noarch 4.0-7.el8                       baseos    687 k sqlite                     x86_64 3.26.0-13.el8                   baseos    667 k sqlite-libs                x86_64 3.26.0-13.el8                   baseos    580 k sssd                       x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    101 k sssd-ad                    x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    272 k sssd-client                x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    196 k sssd-common                x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    1.6 M sssd-common-pac            x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    176 k sssd-ipa                   x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    357 k sssd-kcm                   x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    235 k sssd-krb5                  x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    143 k sssd-krb5-common           x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    185 k sssd-ldap                  x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    221 k sssd-nfs-idmap             x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    110 k sssd-proxy                 x86_64 2.4.0-7.el8                     baseos    144 k strace                     x86_64 5.7-2.el8                       baseos    1.1 M sudo                       x86_64 1.8.29-7.el8                    baseos    925 k sysstat                    x86_64 11.7.3-5.el8                    appstream 425 k systemd                    x86_64 239-44.el8                      baseos    3.6 M systemd-libs               x86_64 239-44.el8                      baseos    1.1 M systemd-pam                x86_64 239-44.el8                      baseos    464 k systemd-udev               x86_64 239-44.el8                      baseos    1.4 M tar                        x86_64 2:1.30-5.el8                    baseos    838 k tcpdump                    x86_64 14:4.9.3-1.el8                  appstream 452 k teamd                      x86_64 1.31-2.el8                      baseos    130 k telnet                     x86_64 1:0.17-76.el8                   appstream  72 k trousers                   x86_64 0.3.15-1.el8                    baseos    152 k trousers-lib               x86_64 0.3.15-1.el8                    baseos    168 k tuned                      noarch 2.15.0-1.el8                    baseos    302 k tzdata                     noarch 2021a-1.el8                     baseos    473 k unbound-libs               x86_64 1.7.3-15.el8                    appstream 503 k unzip                      x86_64 6.0-44.el8                      baseos    195 k util-linux                 x86_64 2.32.1-27.el8                   baseos    2.5 M util-linux-user            x86_64 2.32.1-27.el8                   baseos     99 k vdo                        x86_64 6.2.4.14-14.el8                 baseos    592 k vim-common                 x86_64 2:8.0.1763-15.el8               appstream 6.3 M vim-enhanced               x86_64 2:8.0.1763-15.el8               appstream 1.4 M vim-filesystem             noarch 2:8.0.1763-15.el8               appstream  48 k vim-minimal                x86_64 2:8.0.1763-15.el8               baseos    572 k wget                       x86_64 1.19.5-10.el8                   appstream 734 k xfsprogs                   x86_64 5.0.0-8.el8                     baseos    1.1 M yum                        noarch 4.4.2-6.el8                     baseos    202 k zlib                       x86_64 1.2.11-17.el8                   baseos    102 kInstalling dependencies: crypto-policies-scripts    noarch 20200713-1.git51d1222.el8       baseos     67 k dejavu-fonts-common        noarch 2.35-7.el8                      baseos     74 k fstrm                      x86_64 0.6.0-3.el8.1                   appstream  29 k libibverbs                 x86_64 32.0-4.el8                      baseos    321 k libicu                     x86_64 60.3-2.el8_1                    baseos    8.8 M libmodulemd                x86_64 2.9.4-2.el8                     baseos    189 k lmdb-libs                  x86_64 0.9.24-1.el8                    baseos     58 k perl-Data-Dumper           x86_64 2.167-399.el8                   baseos     58 k perl-Digest                noarch 1.17-395.el8                    appstream  27 k perl-Digest-MD5            x86_64 2.55-396.el8                    appstream  37 k perl-Encode                x86_64 4:2.97-3.el8                    baseos    1.5 M perl-File-Temp             noarch 0.230.600-1.el8                 baseos     63 k perl-Getopt-Long           noarch 1:2.50-4.el8                    baseos     63 k perl-HTTP-Tiny             noarch 0.074-1.el8                     baseos     58 k perl-MIME-Base64           x86_64 3.15-396.el8                    baseos     31 k perl-Net-SSLeay            x86_64 1.88-1.module_el8.4.0+517+be1595ff                                                                   appstream 379 k perl-Pod-Escapes           noarch 1:1.07-395.el8                  baseos     20 k perl-Pod-Perldoc           noarch 3.28-396.el8                    baseos     86 k perl-Pod-Simple            noarch 1:3.35-395.el8                  baseos    213 k perl-Pod-Usage             noarch 4:1.69-395.el8                  baseos     34 k perl-Storable              x86_64 1:3.11-3.el8                    baseos     98 k perl-Term-ANSIColor        noarch 4.06-396.el8                    baseos     46 k perl-Term-Cap              noarch 1.17-395.el8                    baseos     23 k perl-Text-ParseWords       noarch 3.30-395.el8                    baseos     18 k perl-Time-Local            noarch 1:1.280-1.el8                   baseos     34 k perl-URI                   noarch 1.73-3.el8                      appstream 116 k perl-libnet                noarch 3.11-3.el8                      appstream 121 k perl-podlators             noarch 4.11-1.el8                      baseos    118 k protobuf-c                 x86_64 1.3.0-6.el8                     appstream  37 k python3-ptyprocess         noarch 0.5.2-4.el8                     appstream  31 k python3-pydbus             noarch 0.6.0-5.el8                     appstream  53 k rdma-core                  x86_64 32.0-4.el8                      baseos     59 k tpm2-tss                   x86_64 2.3.2-3.el8                     baseos    275 kInstalling weak dependencies: dejavu-sans-mono-fonts     noarch 2.35-7.el8                      baseos    447 k kpatch-dnf                 noarch 0.2-3.el8                       baseos     17 k memstrack                  x86_64 0.1.11-1.el8                    baseos     48 k perl-IO-Socket-IP          noarch 0.39-5.el8                      appstream  47 k perl-IO-Socket-SSL         noarch 2.066-4.module_el8.4.0+517+be1595ff                                                                   appstream 298 k perl-Mozilla-CA            noarch 20160104-7.module_el8.3.0+416+dee7bcef                                                                   appstream  15 k python3-pexpect            noarch 4.3.1-3.el8                     appstream 138 kEnabling module streams: perl                              5.26                                            perl-IO-Socket-SSL                2.066                                           perl-libwww-perl                  6.34                                           
Transaction Summary===================================================================================Install 44 PackagesUpgrade 367 Packages
Total download size: 495 MIs this ok [y/N]: y
--------此处略去十万字--------
Installed: crypto-policies-scripts-20200713-1.git51d1222.el8.noarch dejavu-fonts-common-2.35-7.el8.noarch dejavu-sans-mono-fonts-2.35-7.el8.noarch fstrm-0.6.0-3.el8.1.x86_64 kernel-4.18.0-277.el8.x86_64 kernel-core-4.18.0-277.el8.x86_64 kernel-devel-4.18.0-277.el8.x86_64 kernel-modules-4.18.0-277.el8.x86_64 kpatch-dnf-0.2-3.el8.noarch libibverbs-32.0-4.el8.x86_64 libicu-60.3-2.el8_1.x86_64 libmodulemd-2.9.4-2.el8.x86_64 lmdb-libs-0.9.24-1.el8.x86_64 memstrack-0.1.11-1.el8.x86_64 perl-Data-Dumper-2.167-399.el8.x86_64 perl-Digest-1.17-395.el8.noarch perl-Digest-MD5-2.55-396.el8.x86_64 perl-Encode-4:2.97-3.el8.x86_64 perl-File-Temp-0.230.600-1.el8.noarch perl-Getopt-Long-1:2.50-4.el8.noarch perl-HTTP-Tiny-0.074-1.el8.noarch perl-IO-Socket-IP-0.39-5.el8.noarch perl-IO-Socket-SSL-2.066-4.module_el8.4.0+517+be1595ff.noarch perl-MIME-Base64-3.15-396.el8.x86_64 perl-Mozilla-CA-20160104-7.module_el8.3.0+416+dee7bcef.noarch perl-Net-SSLeay-1.88-1.module_el8.4.0+517+be1595ff.x86_64 perl-Pod-Escapes-1:1.07-395.el8.noarch perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.28-396.el8.noarch perl-Pod-Simple-1:3.35-395.el8.noarch perl-Pod-Usage-4:1.69-395.el8.noarch perl-Storable-1:3.11-3.el8.x86_64 perl-Term-ANSIColor-4.06-396.el8.noarch perl-Term-Cap-1.17-395.el8.noarch perl-Text-ParseWords-3.30-395.el8.noarch perl-Time-Local-1:1.280-1.el8.noarch perl-URI-1.73-3.el8.noarch perl-libnet-3.11-3.el8.noarch perl-podlators-4.11-1.el8.noarch protobuf-c-1.3.0-6.el8.x86_64 python3-pexpect-4.3.1-3.el8.noarch python3-ptyprocess-0.5.2-4.el8.noarch python3-pydbus-0.6.0-5.el8.noarch rdma-core-32.0-4.el8.x86_64 tpm2-tss-2.3.2-3.el8.x86_64
Complete!


    

    使用以下命令验证系统是否是centos-stream版本:


[root@cby ~]# cat /etc/centos-releaseCentOS Stream release 8



在最后重启系统之后,默认启动CentOS Stream 8版本的啦!




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