Nexus搭建maven私服,各种教程很乱?

原创
02/03 17:39
阅读数 238

有时候自己写的一些maven组件不能共享他人使用,尝试过阿里云云效私服之后吐了。。。,于是决定自己搭建一个比较合适。

下载Nexus,我下载的是windows免安装的,直接运行,3.19到bin目录运行 nexus.exe /run nexus3 ,网上很多其他运行命令都不对,密码在最新的版本已经不再是admin123了,在sonatype-work\nexus3 文件夹下,账户是admin,登录进去会修改密码,直接修改即可;

这里的教程是使用默认的仓库,当然也可以自己创建仓库

,这里使用默认maven-releases;

这里把setting.xml默认配置贴一下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!-- Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License athttp://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License. -->

<!--| This is the configuration file for Maven. It can be specified at two levels:|| 1. User Level. This settings.xml file provides configuration for a single| user, and is normally provided in| ${user.home}/.m2/settings.xml.|| NOTE: This location can be overridden with the CLI option:|| -s /path/to/user/settings.xml|| 2. Global Level. This settings.xml file provides configuration for all| Maven users on a machine (assuming they're all using the| same Maven installation). It's normally provided in| ${maven.home}/conf/settings.xml.|| NOTE: This location can be overridden with the CLI option:|| -gs /path/to/global/settings.xml|| The sections in this sample file are intended to give you a running start| at getting the most out of your Maven installation. Where appropriate, the| default values (values used when the setting is not specified) are provided.||-->

-<settings xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/settings-1.0.0.xsd" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0">

<!-- localRepository| The path to the local repository maven will use to store artifacts.|| Default: ~/.m2/repository<localRepository>/path/to/local/repo</localRepository> -->


<!--<localRepository>C:/Users/Administrator/.m2/repository</localRepository> -->


<localRepository>E:\Maven\repository</localRepository>

<!-- interactiveMode| This will determine whether maven prompts you when it needs input. If set| to false, maven will use a sensible default value, perhaps based on some| other setting, for the parameter in question.|| Default: true<interactiveMode>true</interactiveMode> -->


<!-- offline| Determines whether maven should attempt to connect to the network when| executing a build. This will have an effect on artifact downloads,| artifact deployment, and others.|| Default: false<offline>false</offline> -->


<!-- pluginGroups| This is a list of additional group identifiers that will be searched when| resolving plugins by their prefix, i.e. when invoking a command line like| "mvn prefix:goal". Maven will automatically add the group identifiers| "org.apache.maven.plugins" and "org.codehaus.mojo" if these are not| already contained in the list.|-->

-<pluginGroups>

<!-- pluginGroup| Specifies a further group identifier to use for plugin lookup.<pluginGroup>com.your.plugins</pluginGroup> -->


</pluginGroups>

<!-- proxies| This is a list of proxies which can be used on this machine to connect to| the network. Unless otherwise specified (by system property or command- | line switch), the first proxy specification in this list marked as active| will be used.|-->

-<proxies>

<!-- proxy| Specification for one proxy, to be used in connecting to the network.|<proxy><id>optional</id><active>true</active><protocol>http</protocol><username>proxyuser</username><password>proxypass</password><host>proxy.host.net</host><port>80</port><nonProxyHosts>local.net|some.host.com</nonProxyHosts></proxy> -->


</proxies>

<!-- servers| This is a list of authentication profiles, keyed by the server-id used| within the system. Authentication profiles can be used whenever maven must| make a connection to a remote server.|-->

-<servers>


-<server>

<id>releases</id>

<username>admin</username>

<password>修改后密码</password>

</server>


-<server>

<id>snapshots</id>

<username>admin</username>

<password>修改后密码</password>

</server>

</servers>

<!-- mirrors| This is a list of mirrors to be used in downloading artifacts from remote| repositories.|| It works like this: a POM may declare a repository to use in resolving| certain artifacts. However, this repository may have problems with heavy| traffic at times, so people have mirrored it to several places.|| That repository definition will have a unique id, so we can create a| mirror reference for that repository, to be used as an alternate download| site. The mirror site will be the preferred server for that repository.|-->

-<mirrors>

<!-- mirror| Specifies a repository mirror site to use instead of a given repository.| The repository that this mirror serves has an ID that matches the| mirrorOf element of this mirror. IDs are used for inheritance and direct| lookup purposes, and must be unique across the set of mirrors.|<mirror><id>mirrorId</id><mirrorOf>repositoryId</mirrorOf><name>Human Readable Name for this Mirror.</name><url>http://my.repository.com/repo/path</url></mirror> -->

-<mirror>

<id>nexus-aliyun</id>

<mirrorOf>central</mirrorOf>

<name>Nexus aliyun</name>

<url>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public</url>

</mirror>

</mirrors>

<!-- profiles| This is a list of profiles which can be activated in a variety of ways,| and which can modify the build process. Profiles provided in the| settings.xml are intended to provide local machine-specific paths and| repository locations which allow the build to work in the local| environment.|| For example, if you have an integration testing plugin - like cactus - | that needs to know where your Tomcat instance is installed, you can| provide a variable here such that the variable is dereferenced during the| build process to configure the cactus plugin.|| As noted above, profiles can be activated in a variety of ways. One| way - the activeProfiles section of this document (settings.xml) - will be| discussed later. Another way essentially relies on the detection of a| system property, either matching a particular value for the property, or| merely testing its existence. Profiles can also be activated by JDK| version prefix, where a value of '1.4' might activate a profile when the| build is executed on a JDK version of '1.4.2_07'. Finally, the list of| active profiles can be specified directly from the command line.|| NOTE: For profiles defined in the settings.xml, you are restricted to| specifying only artifact repositories, plugin repositories, and| free-form properties to be used as configuration variables for| plugins in the POM.||-->

-<profiles>

<!-- profile| Specifies a set of introductions to the build process, to be activated| using one or more of the mechanisms described above. For inheritance| purposes, and to activate profiles via <activatedProfiles/> or the| command line, profiles have to have an ID that is unique.|| An encouraged best practice for profile identification is to use a| consistent naming convention for profiles, such as 'env-dev',| 'env-test', 'env-production', 'user-jdcasey', 'user-brett', etc. This| will make it more intuitive to understand what the set of introduced| profiles is attempting to accomplish, particularly when you only have a| list of profile id's for debug.|| This profile example uses the JDK version to trigger activation, and| provides a JDK-specific repo.<profile><id>jdk-1.4</id><activation><jdk>1.4</jdk></activation><repositories><repository><id>jdk14</id><name>Repository for JDK 1.4 builds</name><url>http://www.myhost.com/maven/jdk14</url><layout>default</layout><snapshotPolicy>always</snapshotPolicy></repository></repositories></profile> -->


<!--| Here is another profile, activated by the system property 'target-env'| with a value of 'dev', which provides a specific path to the Tomcat| instance. To use this, your plugin configuration might hypothetically| look like:|| ...| <plugin>| <groupId>org.myco.myplugins</groupId>| <artifactId>myplugin</artifactId>|| <configuration>| <tomcatLocation>${tomcatPath}</tomcatLocation>| </configuration>| </plugin>| ...|| NOTE: If you just wanted to inject this configuration whenever someone| set 'target-env' to anything, you could just leave off the| <value/> inside the activation-property.|<profile><id>env-dev</id><activation><property><name>target-env</name><value>dev</value></property></activation><properties><tomcatPath>/path/to/tomcat/instance</tomcatPath></properties></profile> -->

-<profile>

<id>jdk-1.8</id>


-<activation>

<activeByDefault>true</activeByDefault>

<jdk>1.8</jdk>

</activation>


-<properties>

<maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>

<maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>

<maven.compiler.compilerVersion>1.8</maven.compiler.compilerVersion>

</properties>

</profile>

</profiles>

<!-- activeProfiles| List of profiles that are active for all builds.|<activeProfiles><activeProfile>alwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile><activeProfile>anotherAlwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile></activeProfiles> -->


</settings>

 

以上配置直接拿来用即可,

然后在pom里面添加一段

<distributionManagement>
    <repository>
        <id>releases</id>
        <url>http://2c356758w9.51mypc.cn/repository/maven-releases/</url>
    </repository>
    <snapshotRepository>
        <id>snapshots</id>
        <url>http://2c356758w9.51mypc.cn/repository/maven-snapshots/</url>
    </snapshotRepository>
</distributionManagement>

http://2c356758w9.51mypc.cn是代理的本地地址,我选择的花生壳

最后直接deploy即可

然后是如何下载?很简单了 setting.xml配置保持不变,只需在pom里面添加

<repositories>
    <repository>
        <id>nexus</id>
        <url>http://2c356758w9.51mypc.cn/nexus/content/groups/public/</url>
        <releases>
            <enabled>true</enabled>
        </releases>
        <snapshots>
            <enabled>true</enabled>
        </snapshots>
    </repository>
</repositories>

如果是别人只是下载的话setting可以不用配置,只在pom内添加私服地址即可,一般snapshots是禁用状态,代表不稳定版本

ok,至此就是私服maven项目的上传和下载了

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