XML工具类封装
XML工具类封装
石头茨 发表于1年前
XML工具类封装
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摘要: xml 互转json,xml互转map

xml转json,基于json-lib-2.4-jdk15.jar; xml转map,基于jdom2-2.0.6.jar

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.StringReader;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;

import org.jdom2.Attribute;
import org.jdom2.Document;
import org.jdom2.Element;
import org.jdom2.JDOMException;
import org.jdom2.input.SAXBuilder;
import org.jdom2.output.Format;
import org.jdom2.output.XMLOutputter;

import net.sf.json.JSON;
import net.sf.json.JSONSerializer;
import net.sf.json.xml.XMLSerializer;

public class XmlUtil {

	/**
	 * 属性标识
	 */
	public static final String attributeMark = "@";

	/**
	 * 将xml字符串<STRONG>转换</STRONG>为JSON字符串
	 * 
	 * @param xmlString
	 *            xml字符串
	 * @return JSON<STRONG>对象</STRONG>
	 */
	public static String xml2json(String xmlString) {
		XMLSerializer xmlSerializer = new XMLSerializer();

		JSON json = xmlSerializer.read(xmlString);
		return json.toString();
	}

	/**
	 * 将xmlDocument<STRONG>转换</STRONG>为JSON<STRONG>对象</STRONG>
	 * 
	 * @param xmlDocument
	 *            XML Document
	 * @return JSON<STRONG>对象</STRONG>
	 */
	public static String xml2json(Document xmlDocument) {
		return xml2json(xmlDocument.toString());
	}

	/**
	 * JSON(数组)字符串<STRONG>转换</STRONG>成XML字符串。<br/>
	 * json字符串,属性字段转xml时,需要添加@标识。<br/>
	 * 
	 * <pre>
	 * 如:
	 *	"Application": {
	 *		"@decisionNum": "01",
	 *		"@applicationID": "adfsdf",
	 *		"MessageList": {
	 *			"StatusCode": "1",
	 *			"StatusDescription": "Successful"
	 *		}
	 *	}
	 * </pre>
	 * 
	 * @param jsonString
	 * @return xml 数据
	 */
	public static String json2xml(String jsonString) {
		XMLSerializer xmlSerializer = new XMLSerializer();
		return xmlSerializer.write(JSONSerializer.toJSON(jsonString));
		// return
		// xmlSerializer.write(JSONArray.fromObject(jsonString));//这种方式只支持JSON数组
	}

	/**
	 * 取得xml文件的根节点名称,即消息名称。
	 * 
	 * @param xmlStr
	 *            xml内容
	 * @return String 返回名称
	 */
	public static String getRootName(String xmlStr) throws Exception {
		SAXBuilder builder = new SAXBuilder();
		Document doc = builder.build(new StringReader(xmlStr));
		Element root = doc.getRootElement();
		return root.getName();
	}

	private static void getAttributeValue(Element e, Map<String, Object> map) {
		if (e.getAttributes().size() > 0) {
			Iterator<Attribute> it_attr = e.getAttributes().iterator();
			while (it_attr.hasNext()) {
				Attribute attribute = (Attribute) it_attr.next();
				String attrname = attribute.getName();
				String attrvalue = e.getAttributeValue(attrname);
				map.put(attrname, attrvalue);
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 把xml文件转换为map形式,其中key为有值的节点名称
	 * 
	 * @param xmlStr
	 *            xml内容
	 * @return Map 转换为map返回
	 */
	public static Map<String, Object> xml2Map(String xmlStr) throws JDOMException, IOException {
		SAXBuilder builder = new SAXBuilder();
		Document doc = builder.build(new StringReader(xmlStr));
		Map<String, Object> rtnMap = new HashMap<String, Object>();
		if (doc == null) {
			return rtnMap;
		}

		// 得到根节点
		Element rootElement = doc.getRootElement();

		Map<String, Object> bodyMap = new HashMap<String, Object>();
		rtnMap.put(rootElement.getName(), bodyMap);

		element2map(rootElement, bodyMap);
		return rtnMap;
	}

	/**
	 * 递归函数,找出最下层的节点并加入到map中,由xml2Map方法调用。
	 * 
	 * @param element
	 *            xml节点,包括根节点
	 * @param map
	 *            目标map
	 */
	public static void element2map(Element element, Map<String, Object> map) {
		if (null == element) {
			return;
		}
		getAttributeValue(element, map);

		String name = element.getName();
		List<Element> children = element.getChildren();
		if (!"".equals(element.getTextTrim())) {
			map.put(name, element.getText());
		} else if (children != null && children.size() > 0) {
			for (Element elmtSub : children) {
				Map<String, Object> mapSub = new HashMap<String, Object>();
				String childName = elmtSub.getName();
				element2map(elmtSub, mapSub);

				Object first = map.get(childName);
				if (null == first) {
					map.put(childName, mapSub);
				} else {
					if (first instanceof List<?>) {
						((List) first).add(mapSub);
					} else {
						List<Object> listSub = new ArrayList<Object>();
						listSub.add(first);
						listSub.add(mapSub);
						map.put(childName, listSub);
					}
				}
			}

		}
	}

	/**
	 * 格式化xml
	 * 
	 * @param xmlStr
	 * @param encoding
	 * 
	 * @return String
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static String formatXml(String xmlStr) throws Exception {
		return formatXml(xmlStr, "utf-8");
	}

	/**
	 * 格式化xml
	 * 
	 * @param xmlStr
	 * @param encoding
	 * 
	 * @return String
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static String formatXml(String xmlStr, String encoding) throws Exception {
		SAXBuilder sb = new SAXBuilder();
		Reader reader = new StringReader(xmlStr);

		Document doc = null;
		try {
			doc = sb.build(reader);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			throw e;
		}

		Format prettyFormat = Format.getPrettyFormat();
		prettyFormat.setEncoding(encoding);
		XMLOutputter outputter = new XMLOutputter(prettyFormat);
		String result = "";
		if (null != doc) {
			result = outputter.outputString(doc);
		}

		return result;
	}

	/**
	 * 
	 * map2Xml <br/>
	 * map对象,字段生成为xml属性时,key需要添加@标识。<br/>
	 * 列如map实例对象字符串:{Application={@applicationID=adfsdf, AppliInfo={@age=23,name=yame}}}
	 * <br/>
	 * 
	 * @param map
	 * @return
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static String map2Xml(Map map) throws Exception {
		StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
		sb.append("<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>");
		mapToXmlHandle(map, sb);
		try {
			return sb.toString();
		} catch (Exception e) {
			throw e;
		}
	}

	private static void mapToXmlHandle(Map map, StringBuffer sb) {
		Set set = map.keySet();
		for (Iterator it = set.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
			String key = (String) it.next();
			Object value = map.get(key);
			if (null == value)
				value = "";
			if (value instanceof List) {
				List list = (List) value;

				for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
					sb.append("<");
					sb.append(key);
					sb.append(">");
					Map hm = (Map) list.get(i);
					mapToXmlHandle(hm, sb);
					sb.append("</");
					sb.append(key);
					sb.append(">");
				}

			} else {
				if (value instanceof Map) {
					sb.append("<");
					sb.append(key);
					sb.append(">");
					mapToXmlHandle((HashMap) value, sb);
					sb.append("</");
					sb.append(key);
					sb.append(">");
				} else {
					if (key.startsWith(attributeMark)) {
						String tempAtt = " " + key.replaceAll(attributeMark, "") + "=\"" + value + "\"";
						sb.insert(sb.length() - 1, tempAtt);
					} else {
						sb.append("<" + key + ">" + value + "</" + key + ">");
					}
				}

			}

		}
	}

}


标签: xml java 工具类
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