Java多线程编程
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Java多线程编程
twins 发表于4年前
Java多线程编程
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摘要: Java多线程编程总结

Java多线程相关的两个类:

  1. Thread,需要继承
  2. Runnable,需要实现这个接口

相同点: 1.都要实现run方法,调用时使用start方法。 2.Thread也是实现Runnable

不同点: 1.Thread不适合资源共享 class hello extends Thread { public void run() { for (int i = 0; i < 7; i++) { if (count > 0) { System.out.println("count= " + count--); } } }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        hello h1 = new hello();
        hello h2 = new hello();
        hello h3 = new hello();
        h1.start();
        h2.start();
        h3.start();
    }
 
    private int count = 5;
}

输出时,count不能够共享 2. Runnable可以实现共享

 class MyThread implements Runnable{
        private int ticket = 5;  //5张票
     
        public void run() {
            for (int i=0; i<=20; i++) {
                if (this.ticket > 0) {
                    System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName()+ "正在卖票"+this.ticket--);
                }
            }
        }
    }
public class lzwCode {
        public static void main(String [] args) {
            MyThread my = new MyThread();
            new Thread(my, "1号窗口").start();
            new Thread(my, "2号窗口").start();
            new Thread(my, "3号窗口").start();
        }
    }

此时,输出结果为: ![在此输入图片描述][1] [1]: http://img.my.csdn.net/uploads/201112/1/0_1322708778u3rs.gif 3. 线程同步 共享资源变量时,需要资源同步 同步时,分为同步对象与同步方法两种情形: 3.1 同步对象 synchronized(同步对象){ //需要同步的代码 } 如买票问题: class hello implements Runnable { public void run() { for(int i=0;i<10;++i){ synchronized (this) { if(count>0){ try{ Thread.sleep(1000); }catch(InterruptedException e){ e.printStackTrace(); } System.out.println(count--); } } } }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        hello he=new hello();
        Thread h1=new Thread(he);
        Thread h2=new Thread(he);
        Thread h3=new Thread(he);
        h1.start();
        h2.start();
        h3.start();
    }
    private int count=5;
}

3.2 方法同步: 同如买票问题: class hello implements Runnable { public void run() { for (int i = 0; i < 10; ++i) { sale(); } }

    public synchronized void sale() {
        if (count > 0) {
            try {
                Thread.sleep(1000);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            System.out.println(count--);
        }
    }
 
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        hello he = new hello();
        Thread h1 = new Thread(he);
        Thread h2 = new Thread(he);
        Thread h3 = new Thread(he);
        h1.start();
        h2.start();
        h3.start();
    }
 
    private int count = 5;
}

3.3生产者和消费者问题 示例代码: class Info {

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
 
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
 
    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }
 
    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;
    }
 
    private String name = "Rollen";
    private int age = 20;
}
 
class Producer implements Runnable{
    private Info info=null;
    Producer(Info info){
        this.info=info;
    }
     
    public void run(){
        boolean flag=false;
        for(int i=0;i<25;++i){
            if(flag){
                this.info.setName("Rollen");
                try{
                    Thread.sleep(100);
                }catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                this.info.setAge(20);
                flag=false;
            }else{
                this.info.setName("chunGe");
                try{
                    Thread.sleep(100);
                }catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                this.info.setAge(100);
                flag=true;
            }
        }
    }
}
class Consumer implements Runnable{
    private Info info=null;
    public Consumer(Info info){
        this.info=info;
    }
     
    public void run(){
        for(int i=0;i<25;++i){
            try{
                Thread.sleep(100);
            }catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            System.out.println(this.info.getName()+"<---->"+this.info.getAge());
        }
    }
}
 
class hello{
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Info info=new Info();
        Producer pro=new Producer(info);
        Consumer con=new Consumer(info);
        new Thread(pro).start();
        new Thread(con).start();
    }
}

问题:错位; 解决办法:添加同步; class Info {

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
 
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
 
    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }
 
    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;
    }
 
    public synchronized void set(String name, int age){
        this.name=name;
        try{
            Thread.sleep(100);
        }catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        this.age=age;
    }
     
    public synchronized void get(){
        try{
            Thread.sleep(100);
        }catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        System.out.println(this.getName()+"<===>"+this.getAge());
    }
    private String name = "Rollen";
    private int age = 20;
}
 
class Producer implements Runnable {
    private Info info = null;
 
    Producer(Info info) {
        this.info = info;
    }
 
    public void run() {
        boolean flag = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 25; ++i) {
            if (flag) {
                 
                this.info.set("Rollen", 20);
                flag = false;
            } else {
                this.info.set("ChunGe", 100);
                flag = true;
            }
        }
    }
}
 
class Consumer implements Runnable {
    private Info info = null;
 
    public Consumer(Info info) {
        this.info = info;
    }
 
    public void run() {
        for (int i = 0; i < 25; ++i) {
            try {
                Thread.sleep(100);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            this.info.get();
        }
    }
}
class hello {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Info info = new Info();
        Producer pro = new Producer(info);
        Consumer con = new Consumer(info);
        new Thread(pro).start();
        new Thread(con).start();
    }
}

问题:出现重复读,重复写; 解决办法:加入等待和通知; class Info {

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
 
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
 
    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }
 
    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;
    }
 
    public synchronized void set(String name, int age){
        if(!flag){
            try{
                super.wait();
            }catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        this.name=name;
        try{
            Thread.sleep(100);
        }catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        this.age=age;
        flag=false;
        super.notify();
    }
     
    public synchronized void get(){
        if(flag){
            try{
                super.wait();
            }catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
         
        try{
            Thread.sleep(100);
        }catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        System.out.println(this.getName()+"<===>"+this.getAge());
        flag=true;
        super.notify();
    }
    private String name = "Rollen";
    private int age = 20;
    private boolean flag=false;
}
class Producer implements Runnable {
    private Info info = null;
 
    Producer(Info info) {
        this.info = info;
    }
 
    public void run() {
        boolean flag = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 25; ++i) {
            if (flag) {
                 
                this.info.set("Rollen", 20);
                flag = false;
            } else {
                this.info.set("ChunGe", 100);
                flag = true;
            }
        }
    }
}
 
class Consumer implements Runnable {
    private Info info = null;
 
    public Consumer(Info info) {
        this.info = info;
    }
 
    public void run() {
        for (int i = 0; i < 25; ++i) {
            try {
                Thread.sleep(100);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            this.info.get();
        }
    }
}
 
class hello {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Info info = new Info();
        Producer pro = new Producer(info);
        Consumer con = new Consumer(info);
        new Thread(pro).start();
        new Thread(con).start();
    }
}
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