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iOS之post请求

小黑202
 小黑202
发布于 2016/06/27 18:03
字数 1554
阅读 114
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一:

.h文件

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

@interface HttpHelper : NSObject

+ (BOOL)NetWorkIsOK;//检查网络是否可用
+ (void)post:(NSString *)Url RequestParams:(NSDictionary *)params FinishBlock:(void (^)(NSURLResponse *response, NSData *data, NSError *connectionError)) block;//post请求封装

@end

.m文件

#import "HttpHelper.h"
#import "Reachability.h"

@implementation HttpHelper

//这个函数是判断网络是否可用的函数(wifi或者蜂窝数据可用,都返回YES)
+ (BOOL)NetWorkIsOK{
    if(
       ([[Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection] currentReachabilityStatus]
        != NotReachable)
       &&
       ([[Reachability reachabilityForLocalWiFi] currentReachabilityStatus]
        != NotReachable)
       ){
        return YES;
    }else{
        return NO;
    }
//    return YES;
}

//post异步请求封装函数
+ (void)post:(NSString *)URL RequestParams:(NSDictionary *)params FinishBlock:(void (^)(NSURLResponse *response, NSData *data, NSError *connectionError)) block{
    //把传进来的URL字符串转变为URL地址
    NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:URL];
    //请求初始化,可以在这针对缓存,超时做出一些设置
    NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:url
                                                           cachePolicy:NSURLRequestReloadIgnoringCacheData
                                                       timeoutInterval:20];
    //解析请求参数,用NSDictionary来存参数,通过自定义的函数parseParams把它解析成一个post格式的字符串
    NSString *parseParamsResult = [self parseParams:params];
    NSData *postData = [parseParamsResult dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    
    [request setHTTPMethod:@"POST"];
    [request setHTTPBody:postData];
    
    //创建一个新的队列(开启新线程)
    NSOperationQueue *queue = [NSOperationQueue new];
    //发送异步请求,请求完以后返回的数据,通过completionHandler参数来调用
    [NSURLConnection sendAsynchronousRequest:request
                                       queue:queue
                           completionHandler:block];

    //    return result;
}

//把NSDictionary解析成post格式的NSString字符串
+ (NSString *)parseParams:(NSDictionary *)params{
    NSString *keyValueFormat;
    NSMutableString *result = [NSMutableString new];
    //实例化一个key枚举器用来存放dictionary的key
    NSEnumerator *keyEnum = [params keyEnumerator];
    id key;
    while (key = [keyEnum nextObject]) {
        keyValueFormat = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@=%@&",key,[params valueForKey:key]];
        [result appendString:keyValueFormat];
//        NSLog(@"post()方法参数解析结果:%@",result);
    }
    return result;
}

@end

二:引入文件

Reachability.h

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import <SystemConfiguration/SystemConfiguration.h>
#import <netinet/in.h>

/**
 * Create NS_ENUM macro if it does not exist on the targeted version of iOS or OS X.
 *
 * @see http://nshipster.com/ns_enum-ns_options/
 **/
#ifndef NS_ENUM
#define NS_ENUM(_type, _name) enum _name : _type _name; enum _name : _type
#endif

extern NSString *const kReachabilityChangedNotification;

// 定义网络请求可到达状态
typedef NS_ENUM(NSInteger, NetworkStatus) {
    // Apple NetworkStatus Compatible Names.
    NotReachable = 0,// 不可到达
    ReachableViaWiFi = 2,// 通过WiFi可到达
    ReachableViaWWAN = 1 // 通过无线广域网可到达(WWAN,即Wireless Wide Area Network,无线广域网。)
};

@class Reachability;

typedef void (^NetworkReachable)(Reachability * reachability);
typedef void (^NetworkUnreachable)(Reachability * reachability);


@interface Reachability : NSObject

@property (nonatomic, copy) NetworkReachable    reachableBlock;
@property (nonatomic, copy) NetworkUnreachable  unreachableBlock;

@property (nonatomic, assign) BOOL reachableOnWWAN;

// 用于检查网络请求是否可到达指定的主机名
+(instancetype)reachabilityWithHostname:(NSString*)hostname;
// This is identical to the function above, but is here to maintain
//compatibility with Apples original code. (see .m)
+(instancetype)reachabilityWithHostName:(NSString*)hostname;
// 用于检查路由连接是否有效
+(instancetype)reachabilityForInternetConnection;
// 用于检查网络请求是否可到达指定的IP地址
+(instancetype)reachabilityWithAddress:(void *)hostAddress;
// 用于检查本地的WiFi连接是否有效
+(instancetype)reachabilityForLocalWiFi;

-(instancetype)initWithReachabilityRef:(SCNetworkReachabilityRef)ref;

-(BOOL)startNotifier;
-(void)stopNotifier;

-(BOOL)isReachable;
-(BOOL)isReachableViaWWAN;
-(BOOL)isReachableViaWiFi;

// WWAN may be available, but not active until a connection has been established.
// WiFi may require a connection for VPN on Demand.
-(BOOL)isConnectionRequired; // Identical DDG variant.
// 连接需求
-(BOOL)connectionRequired; // Apple's routine.
// Dynamic, on demand connection?
-(BOOL)isConnectionOnDemand;
// Is user intervention required?
-(BOOL)isInterventionRequired;

// 当前网络请求可到达状态
-(NetworkStatus)currentReachabilityStatus;
-(SCNetworkReachabilityFlags)reachabilityFlags;
-(NSString*)currentReachabilityString;
-(NSString*)currentReachabilityFlags;

@end

Reachability.m

#import "Reachability.h"

#import <sys/socket.h>
#import <netinet/in.h>
#import <netinet6/in6.h>
#import <arpa/inet.h>
#import <ifaddrs.h>
#import <netdb.h>


NSString *const kReachabilityChangedNotification = @"kReachabilityChangedNotification";


@interface Reachability ()

@property (nonatomic, assign) SCNetworkReachabilityRef  reachabilityRef;
@property (nonatomic, strong) dispatch_queue_t          reachabilitySerialQueue;
@property (nonatomic, strong) id                        reachabilityObject;

-(void)reachabilityChanged:(SCNetworkReachabilityFlags)flags;
-(BOOL)isReachableWithFlags:(SCNetworkReachabilityFlags)flags;

@end


static NSString *reachabilityFlags(SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags) 
{
    return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%c%c %c%c%c%c%c%c%c",
#if	TARGET_OS_IPHONE
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsIsWWAN)               ? 'W' : '-',
#else
            'X',
#endif
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsReachable)            ? 'R' : '-',
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionRequired)   ? 'c' : '-',
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsTransientConnection)  ? 't' : '-',
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsInterventionRequired) ? 'i' : '-',
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionOnTraffic)  ? 'C' : '-',
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionOnDemand)   ? 'D' : '-',
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsIsLocalAddress)       ? 'l' : '-',
            (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsIsDirect)             ? 'd' : '-'];
}

// Start listening for reachability notifications on the current run loop
static void TMReachabilityCallback(SCNetworkReachabilityRef target, SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags, void* info) 
{
#pragma unused (target)

    Reachability *reachability = ((__bridge Reachability*)info);

    // We probably don't need an autoreleasepool here, as GCD docs state each queue has its own autorelease pool,
    // but what the heck eh?
    @autoreleasepool 
    {
        [reachability reachabilityChanged:flags];
    }
}


@implementation Reachability

#pragma mark - Class Constructor Methods

+(instancetype)reachabilityWithHostName:(NSString*)hostname
{
    return [Reachability reachabilityWithHostname:hostname];
}

+(instancetype)reachabilityWithHostname:(NSString*)hostname
{
    SCNetworkReachabilityRef ref = SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithName(NULL, [hostname UTF8String]);
    if (ref) 
    {
        id reachability = [[self alloc] initWithReachabilityRef:ref];

        return reachability;
    }
    
    return nil;
}

+(instancetype)reachabilityWithAddress:(void *)hostAddress
{
    SCNetworkReachabilityRef ref = SCNetworkReachabilityCreateWithAddress(kCFAllocatorDefault, (const struct sockaddr*)hostAddress);
    if (ref) 
    {
        id reachability = [[self alloc] initWithReachabilityRef:ref];
        
        return reachability;
    }
    
    return nil;
}

+(instancetype)reachabilityForInternetConnection
{
    struct sockaddr_in zeroAddress;
    bzero(&zeroAddress, sizeof(zeroAddress));
    zeroAddress.sin_len = sizeof(zeroAddress);
    zeroAddress.sin_family = AF_INET;
    
    return [self reachabilityWithAddress:&zeroAddress];
}

+(instancetype)reachabilityForLocalWiFi
{
    struct sockaddr_in localWifiAddress;
    bzero(&localWifiAddress, sizeof(localWifiAddress));
    localWifiAddress.sin_len            = sizeof(localWifiAddress);
    localWifiAddress.sin_family         = AF_INET;
    // IN_LINKLOCALNETNUM is defined in <netinet/in.h> as 169.254.0.0
    localWifiAddress.sin_addr.s_addr    = htonl(IN_LINKLOCALNETNUM);
    
    return [self reachabilityWithAddress:&localWifiAddress];
}


// Initialization methods

-(instancetype)initWithReachabilityRef:(SCNetworkReachabilityRef)ref
{
    self = [super init];
    if (self != nil) 
    {
        self.reachableOnWWAN = YES;
        self.reachabilityRef = ref;

        // We need to create a serial queue.
        // We allocate this once for the lifetime of the notifier.

        self.reachabilitySerialQueue = dispatch_queue_create("com.tonymillion.reachability", NULL);
    }
    
    return self;    
}

-(void)dealloc
{
    [self stopNotifier];

    if(self.reachabilityRef)
    {
        CFRelease(self.reachabilityRef);
        self.reachabilityRef = nil;
    }

	self.reachableBlock          = nil;
	self.unreachableBlock        = nil;
    self.reachabilitySerialQueue = nil;
}

#pragma mark - Notifier Methods

// Notifier 
// NOTE: This uses GCD to trigger the blocks - they *WILL NOT* be called on THE MAIN THREAD
// - In other words DO NOT DO ANY UI UPDATES IN THE BLOCKS.
//   INSTEAD USE dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{UISTUFF}) (or dispatch_sync if you want)

-(BOOL)startNotifier
{
    // allow start notifier to be called multiple times
    if(self.reachabilityObject && (self.reachabilityObject == self))
    {
        return YES;
    }


    SCNetworkReachabilityContext    context = { 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL };
    context.info = (__bridge void *)self;

    if(SCNetworkReachabilitySetCallback(self.reachabilityRef, TMReachabilityCallback, &context))
    {
        // Set it as our reachability queue, which will retain the queue
        if(SCNetworkReachabilitySetDispatchQueue(self.reachabilityRef, self.reachabilitySerialQueue))
        {
            // this should do a retain on ourself, so as long as we're in notifier mode we shouldn't disappear out from under ourselves
            // woah
            self.reachabilityObject = self;
            return YES;
        }
        else
        {
#ifdef DEBUG
            NSLog(@"SCNetworkReachabilitySetDispatchQueue() failed: %s", SCErrorString(SCError()));
#endif

            // UH OH - FAILURE - stop any callbacks!
            SCNetworkReachabilitySetCallback(self.reachabilityRef, NULL, NULL);
        }
    }
    else
    {
#ifdef DEBUG
        NSLog(@"SCNetworkReachabilitySetCallback() failed: %s", SCErrorString(SCError()));
#endif
    }

    // if we get here we fail at the internet
    self.reachabilityObject = nil;
    return NO;
}

-(void)stopNotifier
{
    // First stop, any callbacks!
    SCNetworkReachabilitySetCallback(self.reachabilityRef, NULL, NULL);
    
    // Unregister target from the GCD serial dispatch queue.
    SCNetworkReachabilitySetDispatchQueue(self.reachabilityRef, NULL);

    self.reachabilityObject = nil;
}

#pragma mark - reachability tests

// This is for the case where you flick the airplane mode;
// you end up getting something like this:
//Reachability: WR ct-----
//Reachability: -- -------
//Reachability: WR ct-----
//Reachability: -- -------
// We treat this as 4 UNREACHABLE triggers - really apple should do better than this

#define testcase (kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionRequired | kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsTransientConnection)

-(BOOL)isReachableWithFlags:(SCNetworkReachabilityFlags)flags
{
    BOOL connectionUP = YES;
    
    if(!(flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsReachable))
        connectionUP = NO;
    
    if( (flags & testcase) == testcase )
        connectionUP = NO;
    
#if	TARGET_OS_IPHONE
    if(flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsIsWWAN)
    {
        // We're on 3G.
        if(!self.reachableOnWWAN)
        {
            // We don't want to connect when on 3G.
            connectionUP = NO;
        }
    }
#endif
    
    return connectionUP;
}

-(BOOL)isReachable
{
    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags;  
    
    if(!SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(self.reachabilityRef, &flags))
        return NO;
    
    return [self isReachableWithFlags:flags];
}

-(BOOL)isReachableViaWWAN 
{
#if	TARGET_OS_IPHONE

    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags = 0;
    
    if(SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(self.reachabilityRef, &flags))
    {
        // Check we're REACHABLE
        if(flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsReachable)
        {
            // Now, check we're on WWAN
            if(flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsIsWWAN)
            {
                return YES;
            }
        }
    }
#endif
    
    return NO;
}

-(BOOL)isReachableViaWiFi 
{
    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags = 0;
    
    if(SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(self.reachabilityRef, &flags))
    {
        // Check we're reachable
        if((flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsReachable))
        {
#if	TARGET_OS_IPHONE
            // Check we're NOT on WWAN
            if((flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsIsWWAN))
            {
                return NO;
            }
#endif
            return YES;
        }
    }
    
    return NO;
}


// WWAN may be available, but not active until a connection has been established.
// WiFi may require a connection for VPN on Demand.
-(BOOL)isConnectionRequired
{
    return [self connectionRequired];
}

-(BOOL)connectionRequired
{
    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags;
	
	if(SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(self.reachabilityRef, &flags))
    {
		return (flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionRequired);
	}
    
    return NO;
}

// Dynamic, on demand connection?
-(BOOL)isConnectionOnDemand
{
	SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags;
	
	if (SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(self.reachabilityRef, &flags))
    {
		return ((flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionRequired) &&
				(flags & (kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionOnTraffic | kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionOnDemand)));
	}
	
	return NO;
}

// Is user intervention required?
-(BOOL)isInterventionRequired
{
    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags;
	
	if (SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(self.reachabilityRef, &flags))
    {
		return ((flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsConnectionRequired) &&
				(flags & kSCNetworkReachabilityFlagsInterventionRequired));
	}
	
	return NO;
}


#pragma mark - reachability status stuff

-(NetworkStatus)currentReachabilityStatus
{
    if([self isReachable])
    {
        if([self isReachableViaWiFi])
            return ReachableViaWiFi;
        
#if	TARGET_OS_IPHONE
        return ReachableViaWWAN;
#endif
    }
    
    return NotReachable;
}

-(SCNetworkReachabilityFlags)reachabilityFlags
{
    SCNetworkReachabilityFlags flags = 0;
    
    if(SCNetworkReachabilityGetFlags(self.reachabilityRef, &flags)) 
    {
        return flags;
    }
    
    return 0;
}

-(NSString*)currentReachabilityString
{
	NetworkStatus temp = [self currentReachabilityStatus];
	
	if(temp == ReachableViaWWAN)
	{
        // Updated for the fact that we have CDMA phones now!
		return NSLocalizedString(@"Cellular", @"");
	}
	if (temp == ReachableViaWiFi) 
	{
		return NSLocalizedString(@"WiFi", @"");
	}
	
	return NSLocalizedString(@"No Connection", @"");
}

-(NSString*)currentReachabilityFlags
{
    return reachabilityFlags([self reachabilityFlags]);
}

#pragma mark - Callback function calls this method

-(void)reachabilityChanged:(SCNetworkReachabilityFlags)flags
{
    if([self isReachableWithFlags:flags])
    {
        if(self.reachableBlock)
        {
            self.reachableBlock(self);
        }
    }
    else
    {
        if(self.unreachableBlock)
        {
            self.unreachableBlock(self);
        }
    }
    
    // this makes sure the change notification happens on the MAIN THREAD
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] postNotificationName:kReachabilityChangedNotification 
                                                            object:self];
    });
}

#pragma mark - Debug Description

- (NSString *) description
{
    NSString *description = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"<%@: %#x (%@)>",
                             NSStringFromClass([self class]), (unsigned int) self, [self currentReachabilityFlags]];
    return description;
}

@end

 

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