ROS-Jade版在UbuntuKylin15.04上的安装

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2015/07/20 09:44
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Ubuntu install of ROS Jade

We  are building Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed  below. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and  are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu.

If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.

If you rely on these packages, please support OSRF.

These packages are built and hosted on infrastructure maintained and paid for by the Open Source Robotics Foundation,  a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. If OSRF were to receive one penny  for each downloaded package for just two months, we could cover our  annual costs to manage, update, and host all of our online services.   Please consider donating to OSRF today.

目录

  1. Ubuntu install of ROS Jade

    1. Obtain source code of the installed packages

    2. Configure your Ubuntu repositories

    3. Setup your sources.list

    4. Set up your keys

    5. Installation

    6. Initialize rosdep

    7. Environment setup

    8. Getting rosinstall

    9. Build farm status

    10. Installation

    11. Tutorials

    Installation

    Configure your Ubuntu repositories

    Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.

    Setup your sources.list

    Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org. ROS Jade ONLY supports Trusty (14.04), Utopic (14.10) and Vivid (15.04) for debian packages.

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

    Mirrors

    Set up your keys

    • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-key 0xB01FA116

    Installation

    First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

    • sudo apt-get update

      For more information on this issue see this answers.ros.org thread or this launchpad issue

      • /!\ Do not install these packages if you are using 14.04, it will destroy your X server:

        sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg-dev-lts-utopic mesa-common-dev-lts-utopic libxatracker-dev-lts-utopic libopenvg1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgles2-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgles1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgbm-dev-lts-utopic libegl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic

        /!\ Do not install the above packages if you are using 14.04, it will destroy your X server

      • sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic
      • If you are using Ubuntu Trusty 14.04.2 and experience dependency issues during the ROS installation, you may have to install some additional system dependencies.

        Alternatively, try installing just this to fix dependency issues:

    There  are many different libraries and tools in ROS.  We provided four  default configurations to get you started.  You can also install ROS  packages individually.

    • Desktop-Full Install: (Recommended) : ROS, rqt, rviz, robot-generic libraries, 2D/3D simulators, navigation and 2D/3D perception

      Desktop Install: ROS, rqt, rviz, and robot-generic libraries

      ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

      Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):

      • sudo apt-get install ros-jade-PACKAGE

        e.g.

        sudo apt-get install ros-jade-slam-gmapping
      • sudo apt-get install ros-jade-ros-base

        or click here

      • sudo apt-get install ros-jade-desktop

        or  click here

      • sudo apt-get install ros-jade-desktop-full

        or  click here

    To find available packages, use:

    apt-cache search ros-jade

    Initialize rosdep

    Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep  enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want  to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

    sudo rosdep init rosdep update

    Environment setup

    It's  convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to  your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

    echo "source /opt/ros/jade/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc

    If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

    If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:

    source /opt/ros/jade/setup.bash

    Getting rosinstall

    rosinstall  is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed  separately.  It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS  packages with one command.

    To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:

    sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall

    Build farm status

    The packages that you installed were built by ROS build farm.  You can check the status of individual packages here.

    Tutorials

    Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.

    Obtain source code of the installed packages

    If  you know the location of the repository of each package, you know you  can obtain all the code there. But it's often hard even for experienced  developers to reach the correct maintained repository of certain  packages. Also, in some situations you just want to get the source of  the released, installed version of a package. The methods described here  the best for these cases.

    • In earlier days of ROS (supposedly electric or earlier) you can obtain by the way noted in this question.

    • Now just apt-get source (sudo not needed) as following. You don't even need to explicitly specify deb-src  entry etc. This downloads from the server all the files in the released  version of the package (i.e. things not installed in the installation  rule (e.g. CMakeLists.txt) are also included).

    $ apt-get source ros-jade-laser-pipeline

    A drawback might be that you have to specify a single, exact package name (asterisks do not work).


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