Ubuntu install of ROS Indigo
We are building Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed below. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu.
If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.
If you rely on these packages, please support OSRF.
These packages are built and hosted on infrastructure maintained and paid for by the Open Source Robotics Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. If OSRF were to receive one penny for each downloaded package for just two months, we could cover our annual costs to manage, update, and host all of our online services. Please consider donating to OSRF today.
Configure your Ubuntu repositories
Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.
Setup your sources.list
Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org. ROS Indigo ONLY supports Saucy (13.10) and Trusty (14.04) for debian packages.
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'
Set up your keys
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ros/rosdistro/master/ros.key -O - | sudo apt-key add -
First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:
sudo apt-get update
Do not install these packages if you are using 14.04, it will destroy your X server:
sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg-dev-lts-utopic mesa-common-dev-lts-utopic libxatracker-dev-lts-utopic libopenvg1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgles2-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgles1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgbm-dev-lts-utopic libegl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic
Do not install the above packages if you are using 14.04, it will destroy your X server
sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic
If you are using Ubuntu Trusty 14.04.2 and experience dependency issues during the ROS installation, you may have to install some additional system dependencies.
Alternatively, try installing just this to fix dependency issues:
There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.
Indigo uses Gazebo 2 which is the default version of Gazebo on Trusty and is recommended. If you need to upgrade to Gazebo 3 see these instructions about how to upgrade the simulator.
ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.
Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):
To find available packages, use:
apt-cache search ros-indigo
Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.
sudo rosdep init rosdep update
It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:
echo "source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc
If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.
If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:
rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.
To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:
sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall
Build farm status
Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.