// CFStringRef to NSString * NSString *yourFriendlyNSString = (__bridge NSString *)yourFriendlyCFString; // NSString * to CFStringRef CFStringRef yourFriendlyCFString = (__bridge CFStringRef)yourFriendlyNSString;
上面出现了一个关键字 __bridge ，这个关键字便是整个转换的关键。Apple官方对于 __bridge 的解释如下：
__bridge transfers a pointer between Objective-C and Core Foundation with no transfer of ownership.
__bridge 用于Objective-C和Core Foundation指针之间的转换，这种转换不会更换对象的所有权（ownership）。
__bridge_retained or **CFBridgingRetain** casts an Objective-C pointer to a Core Foundation pointer and also transfers ownership to you. You are responsible for calling CFRelease or a related function to relinquish ownership of the object.
__bridge_retained 或 CFBridgeRetain 用于从Objective-C到Core Foundation的指针转换，并且会将对象的所有权（ownership）转移，所以你需要在不再使用该对象的时候调用CFRelease方法来解除引用。
__bridge_transfer or **CFBridgingRelease** moves a non-Objective-C pointer to Objective-C and also transfers ownership to ARC. ARC is responsible for relinquishing ownership of the object.
__bridge_transfer 或 CFBridgeRelease 用于将非Objective-C指针转换为Objective-C指针，对象的所有权（ownership）会交给ARC，这时你无须担心对象何时释放，交给ARC去做就好了。
为什么在使用 __bridge_retained 进行转换时需要自己调用CFRelease来释放对象，其实原因很简单：Core Foundation的对象在ARC的管辖范围之内。
// Don't transfer ownership. You won't have to call `CFRelease` CFStringRef str =(__bridge CFStringRef)string; // Transfer ownership (i.e. get ARC out of the way). The object is now yours and you must call `CFRelease` when you're done with it CFStringRef str =(__bridge_retained CFStringRef)string; // you will have to call `CFRelease` // Don't transfer ownership. ARC stays out of the way, and you must call `CFRelease` on `str` if appropriate (depending on how the `CFString` was created) NSString*string =(__bridge NSString*)str; // Transfer ownership to ARC. ARC kicks in and it's now in charge of releasing the string object. You won't have to explicitly call `CFRelease` on `str` NSString*string =(__bridge\_transfer NSString*)str;