httpClient----java基础
httpClient----java基础
李光正 发表于3年前
httpClient----java基础
  • 发表于 3年前
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在http请求失败是要进行下列操作:

if (response.getStatusLine ().getStatusCode () != 200) {  
        get.abort(); 
        return null; 
 }

HttpGet操作:

public final static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        HttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient();
        try {
            HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("http://www.apache.org/");
            System.out.println("executing request " + httpget.getURI());
            HttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httpget);
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();

            System.out.println("----------------------------------------");
            System.out.println(response.getStatusLine());
            if (entity != null) {
                System.out.println("Response content length: " + entity.getContentLength());
            }
            System.out.println("----------------------------------------");

            InputStream inSm = entity.getContent();
            Scanner inScn = new Scanner(inSm);
            while (inScn.hasNextLine()) {
                System.out.println(inScn.nextLine());
            }
            // Do not feel like reading the response body
            // Call abort on the request object
            httpget.abort();
        } finally {
            // When HttpClient instance is no longer needed,
            // shut down the connection manager to ensure
            // immediate deallocation of all system resources
            httpclient.getConnectionManager().shutdown();
        }
    }

读取response响应内容部分,也可以借助于 httpcore-4.1.2.jar 里面的:

public class Demo1 {

    /**
     * 用 get 方法访问 www.apache.org 并返回内容
     *
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //创建默认的 HttpClient 实例
        HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
        try {
            //创建 httpUriRequest 实例
            HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet("http://www.apache.org/");
            System.out.println("uri=" + httpGet.getURI());

            //执行 get 请求
            HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(httpGet);

            //获取响应实体
            HttpEntity httpEntity = httpResponse.getEntity();
            //打印响应状态
            System.out.println(httpResponse.getStatusLine());
            if (httpEntity != null) {
                //响应内容的长度
                long length = httpEntity.getContentLength();
                //响应内容
                String content = EntityUtils.toString(httpEntity);

                System.out.println("Response content length:" + length);
                System.out.println("Response content:" + content);
            }

            //有些教程里没有下面这行
            httpGet.abort();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //关闭连接,释放资源
            httpClient.getConnectionManager().shutdown();
        }
    }
}

分析请求包中这六个头信息: httpget.setHeader("Accept-Encoding""gzip, deflate")可能产生乱码

/**
     * @param args
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
        try {
            HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("http://www.iteye.com");

            httpget.setHeader("Accept", "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8");
            httpget.setHeader("Accept-Language", "zh-cn,zh;q=0.5");
            httpget.setHeader("User-Agent", "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv:7.0.1) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/7.0.1)");
            httpget.setHeader("Accept-Encoding", "gzip, deflate");
            httpget.setHeader("Accept-Charset", "GB2312,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7");
            httpget.setHeader("Host", "www.iteye.com");
            httpget.setHeader("Connection", "Keep-Alive");

            HttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpget);
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();

            System.out.println("----------------------------------------");
            System.out.println(response.getStatusLine());
            if (entity != null) {
                System.out.println("Response content length: " + entity.getContentLength());
            }
            System.out.println("----------------------------------------");

            InputStream inSm = entity.getContent();
            Scanner inScn = new Scanner(inSm);
            while (inScn.hasNextLine()) {
                System.out.println(inScn.nextLine());
            }
            // Do not feel like reading the response body
            // Call abort on the request object
            httpget.abort();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            // When HttpClient instance is no longer needed,
            // shut down the connection manager to ensure
            // immediate deallocation of all system resources
            httpClient.getConnectionManager().shutdown();
        }
    }

HttpPost操作:

public class Demo2 {

    /**
     * 用post方法访问本地应用根据传递参数不同,返回不同结果
     *
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //创建默认的 HttpClient 实例
        HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();

        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost("http://localhost:86/test1Servlet");

        List<NameValuePair> formParams = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
        formParams.add(new BasicNameValuePair("param1", "***"));
        UrlEncodedFormEntity urlEncodedFormEntity;

        try {
            urlEncodedFormEntity = new UrlEncodedFormEntity(formParams, "UTF-8");
            httpPost.setEntity(urlEncodedFormEntity);
            System.out.println("execurting request:" + httpPost.getURI());
            HttpResponse httpResponse = null;
            httpResponse = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            HttpEntity httpEntity = httpResponse.getEntity();
            if (httpEntity != null) {
                String content = EntityUtils.toString(httpEntity, "UTF-8");
                System.out.println("Response content:" + content);
            }
        } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //关闭连接,释放资源
            httpClient.getConnectionManager().shutdown();
        }
    }
}


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