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PHP 汉字转拼音(首拼音,所有拼音)

冰糖710
 冰糖710
发布于 2015/05/13 15:52
字数 1281
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这个是在网上找的,找到的转换后是乱码,现在这个是网上找的两上合成的.记录一下,或许有人有需要

  1 <?php
  2 /**
  3  +------------------------------------------------------
  4  *    PHP 汉字转拼音
  5  +------------------------------------------------------
  6  *    使用方法:
  7  *        $py = new PinYin();
  8  *      echo $py->getAllPY("输出汉字所有拼音"); //shuchuhanzisuoyoupinyin
  9  *        echo $py->getFirstPY("输出汉字首拼音"); //schzspy
 10  +------------------------------------------------------
 11  */
 12 class PinYin {
 13     private $pylist = array(
 14     'a'=>-20319,'ai'=>-20317,'an'=>-20304,'ang'=>-20295,'ao'=>-20292,
 15     'ba'=>-20283,'bai'=>-20265,'ban'=>-20257,'bang'=>-20242,'bao'=>-20230,'bei'=>-20051,'ben'=>-20036,'beng'=>-20032,'bi'=>-20026,'bian'=>-20002,'biao'=>-19990,'bie'=>-19986,'bin'=>-19982,'bing'=>-19976,'bo'=>-19805,'bu'=>-19784,
 16     'ca'=>-19775,'cai'=>-19774,'can'=>-19763,'cang'=>-19756,'cao'=>-19751,'ce'=>-19746,'ceng'=>-19741,'cha'=>-19739,'chai'=>-19728,'chan'=>-19725,'chang'=>-19715,'chao'=>-19540,'che'=>-19531,'chen'=>-19525,'cheng'=>-19515,'chi'=>-19500,'chong'=>-19484,'chou'=>-19479,'chu'=>-19467,'chuai'=>-19289,'chuan'=>-19288,'chuang'=>-19281,'chui'=>-19275,'chun'=>-19270,'chuo'=>-19263,'ci'=>-19261,'cong'=>-19249,'cou'=>-19243,'cu'=>-19242,'cuan'=>-19238,'cui'=>-19235,'cun'=>-19227,'cuo'=>-19224,
 17     'da'=>-19218,'dai'=>-19212,'dan'=>-19038,'dang'=>-19023,'dao'=>-19018,'de'=>-19006,'deng'=>-19003,'di'=>-18996,'dian'=>-18977,'diao'=>-18961,'die'=>-18952,'ding'=>-18783,'diu'=>-18774,'dong'=>-18773,'dou'=>-18763,'du'=>-18756,'duan'=>-18741,'dui'=>-18735,'dun'=>-18731,'duo'=>-18722,
 18     'e'=>-18710,'en'=>-18697,'er'=>-18696,
 19     'fa'=>-18526,'fan'=>-18518,'fang'=>-18501,'fei'=>-18490,'fen'=>-18478,'feng'=>-18463,'fo'=>-18448,'fou'=>-18447,'fu'=>-18446,
 20     'ga'=>-18239,'gai'=>-18237,'gan'=>-18231,'gang'=>-18220,'gao'=>-18211,'ge'=>-18201,'gei'=>-18184,'gen'=>-18183,'geng'=>-18181,'gong'=>-18012,'gou'=>-17997,'gu'=>-17988,'gua'=>-17970,'guai'=>-17964,'guan'=>-17961,'guang'=>-17950,'gui'=>-17947,
 21 'gun'=>-17931,'guo'=>-17928,
 22     'ha'=>-17922,'hai'=>-17759,'han'=>-17752,'hang'=>-17733,'hao'=>-17730,'he'=>-17721,'hei'=>-17703,'hen'=>-17701,'heng'=>-17697,'hong'=>-17692,'hou'=>-17683,'hu'=>-17676,'hua'=>-17496,'huai'=>-17487,'huan'=>-17482,'huang'=>-17468,'hui'=>-17454,
 23 'hun'=>-17433,'huo'=>-17427,
 24     'ji'=>-17417,'jia'=>-17202,'jian'=>-17185,'jiang'=>-16983,'jiao'=>-16970,'jie'=>-16942,'jin'=>-16915,'jing'=>-16733,'jiong'=>-16708,'jiu'=>-16706,'ju'=>-16689,'juan'=>-16664,'jue'=>-16657,'jun'=>-16647,
 25     'ka'=>-16474,'kai'=>-16470,'kan'=>-16465,'kang'=>-16459,'kao'=>-16452,'ke'=>-16448,'ken'=>-16433,'keng'=>-16429,'kong'=>-16427,'kou'=>-16423,'ku'=>-16419,'kua'=>-16412,'kuai'=>-16407,'kuan'=>-16403,'kuang'=>-16401,'kui'=>-16393,'kun'=>-16220,'kuo'=>-16216,
 26     'la'=>-16212,'lai'=>-16205,'lan'=>-16202,'lang'=>-16187,'lao'=>-16180,'le'=>-16171,'lei'=>-16169,'leng'=>-16158,'li'=>-16155,'lia'=>-15959,'lian'=>-15958,'liang'=>-15944,'liao'=>-15933,'lie'=>-15920,'lin'=>-15915,'ling'=>-15903,'liu'=>-15889,
 27 'long'=>-15878,'lou'=>-15707,'lu'=>-15701,'lv'=>-15681,'luan'=>-15667,'lue'=>-15661,'lun'=>-15659,'luo'=>-15652,
 28     'ma'=>-15640,'mai'=>-15631,'man'=>-15625,'mang'=>-15454,'mao'=>-15448,'me'=>-15436,'mei'=>-15435,'men'=>-15419,'meng'=>-15416,'mi'=>-15408,'mian'=>-15394,'miao'=>-15385,'mie'=>-15377,'min'=>-15375,'ming'=>-15369,'miu'=>-15363,'mo'=>-15362,'mou'=>-15183,'mu'=>-15180,
 29     'na'=>-15165,'nai'=>-15158,'nan'=>-15153,'nang'=>-15150,'nao'=>-15149,'ne'=>-15144,'nei'=>-15143,'nen'=>-15141,'neng'=>-15140,'ni'=>-15139,'nian'=>-15128,'niang'=>-15121,'niao'=>-15119,'nie'=>-15117,'nin'=>-15110,'ning'=>-15109,'niu'=>-14941,
 30 'nong'=>-14937,'nu'=>-14933,'nv'=>-14930,'nuan'=>-14929,'nue'=>-14928,'nuo'=>-14926,
 31     'o'=>-14922,'ou'=>-14921,
 32     'pa'=>-14914,'pai'=>-14908,'pan'=>-14902,'pang'=>-14894,'pao'=>-14889,'pei'=>-14882,'pen'=>-14873,'peng'=>-14871,'pi'=>-14857,'pian'=>-14678,'piao'=>-14674,'pie'=>-14670,'pin'=>-14668,'ping'=>-14663,'po'=>-14654,'pu'=>-14645,
 33     'qi'=>-14630,'qia'=>-14594,'qian'=>-14429,'qiang'=>-14407,'qiao'=>-14399,'qie'=>-14384,'qin'=>-14379,'qing'=>-14368,'qiong'=>-14355,'qiu'=>-14353,'qu'=>-14345,'quan'=>-14170,'que'=>-14159,'qun'=>-14151,
 34     'ran'=>-14149,'rang'=>-14145,'rao'=>-14140,'re'=>-14137,'ren'=>-14135,'reng'=>-14125,'ri'=>-14123,'rong'=>-14122,'rou'=>-14112,'ru'=>-14109,'ruan'=>-14099,'rui'=>-14097,'run'=>-14094,'ruo'=>-14092,
 35     'sa'=>-14090,'sai'=>-14087,'san'=>-14083,'sang'=>-13917,'sao'=>-13914,'se'=>-13910,'sen'=>-13907,'seng'=>-13906,'sha'=>-13905,'shai'=>-13896,'shan'=>-13894,'shang'=>-13878,'shao'=>-13870,'she'=>-13859,'shen'=>-13847,'sheng'=>-13831,'shi'=>-13658,'shou'=>-13611,'shu'=>-13601,'shua'=>-13406,'shuai'=>-13404,'shuan'=>-13400,'shuang'=>-13398,'shui'=>-13395,'shun'=>-13391,'shuo'=>-13387,'si'=>-13383,'song'=>-13367,'sou'=>-13359,'su'=>-13356,'suan'=>-13343,'sui'=>-13340,'sun'=>-13329,'suo'=>-13326,
 36     'ta'=>-13318,'tai'=>-13147,'tan'=>-13138,'tang'=>-13120,'tao'=>-13107,'te'=>-13096,'teng'=>-13095,'ti'=>-13091,'tian'=>-13076,'tiao'=>-13068,'tie'=>-13063,'ting'=>-13060,'tong'=>-12888,'tou'=>-12875,'tu'=>-12871,'tuan'=>-12860,'tui'=>-12858,'tun'=>-12852,'tuo'=>-12849,
 37     'wa'=>-12838,'wai'=>-12831,'wan'=>-12829,'wang'=>-12812,'wei'=>-12802,'wen'=>-12607,'weng'=>-12597,'wo'=>-12594,'wu'=>-12585,
 38     'xi'=>-12556,'xia'=>-12359,'xian'=>-12346,'xiang'=>-12320,'xiao'=>-12300,'xie'=>-12120,'xin'=>-12099,'xing'=>-12089,'xiong'=>-12074,'xiu'=>-12067,'xu'=>-12058,'xuan'=>-12039,'xue'=>-11867,'xun'=>-11861,
 39     'ya'=>-11847,'yan'=>-11831,'yang'=>-11798,'yao'=>-11781,'ye'=>-11604,'yi'=>-11589,'yin'=>-11536,'ying'=>-11358,'yo'=>-11340,'yong'=>-11339,'you'=>-11324,'yu'=>-11303,'yuan'=>-11097,'yue'=>-11077,'yun'=>-11067,
 40     'za'=>-11055,'zai'=>-11052,'zan'=>-11045,'zang'=>-11041,'zao'=>-11038,'ze'=>-11024,'zei'=>-11020,'zen'=>-11019,'zeng'=>-11018,'zha'=>-11014,'zhai'=>-10838,'zhan'=>-10832,'zhang'=>-10815,'zhao'=>-10800,'zhe'=>-10790,'zhen'=>-10780,'zheng'=>-10764,'zhi'=>-10587,'zhong'=>-10544,'zhou'=>-10533,'zhu'=>-10519,'zhua'=>-10331,'zhuai'=>-10329,'zhuan'=>-10328,'zhuang'=>-10322,'zhui'=>-10315,'zhun'=>-10309,'zhuo'=>-10307,'zi'=>-10296,'zong'=>-10281,'zou'=>-10274,'zu'=>-10270,'zuan'=>-10262,
 41 'zui'=>-10260,'zun'=>-10256,'zuo'=>-10254
 42     );
 43     
 44     
 45     /**
 46      +---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 47      *    获取全部拼音
 48      +---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 49      *    @return string 
 50      +---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 51      */
 52     public function getAllPY($chinese, $delimiter = '', $length = 0,$charset='utf-8') {
 53         if($charset != 'gb2312') $chinese = $this->_U2_Utf8_Gb($chinese);
 54        $py = $this->zh_to_pys($chinese, $delimiter);
 55        if($length) {
 56            $py = substr($py, 0, $length);
 57        }
 58        return $py;
 59     }
 60     
 61     /**
 62      +--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 63      *    获取拼音首字母
 64      +--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 65      *    @return string
 66      +--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 67      */
 68     public function getFirstPY($chinese,$charset='utf-8'){
 69       if($charset != 'gb2312') $chinese = $this->_U2_Utf8_Gb($chinese);
 70        $result = '' ;
 71        for ($i=0; $i<strlen($chinese); $i++) {
 72            $p = ord(substr($chinese,$i,1));
 73            if ($p>160) {
 74               $q = ord(substr($chinese,++$i,1));
 75               $p = $p*256 + $q - 65536;
 76            }
 77            $result .= substr($this->zh_to_py($p),0,1);
 78        }
 79        return $result ;
 80     }
 81   
 82       public function _U2_Utf8_Gb($_C){
 83             $_String = '';
 84             if($_C < 0x80) $_String .= $_C;
 85             elseif($_C < 0x800)
 86             {
 87             $_String .= chr(0xC0 | $_C>>6);
 88             $_String .= chr(0x80 | $_C & 0x3F);
 89             }elseif($_C < 0x10000){
 90             $_String .= chr(0xE0 | $_C>>12);
 91             $_String .= chr(0x80 | $_C>>6 & 0x3F);
 92             $_String .= chr(0x80 | $_C & 0x3F);
 93             } elseif($_C < 0x200000) {
 94             $_String .= chr(0xF0 | $_C>>18);
 95             $_String .= chr(0x80 | $_C>>12 & 0x3F);
 96             $_String .= chr(0x80 | $_C>>6 & 0x3F);
 97             $_String .= chr(0x80 | $_C & 0x3F);
 98             }
 99             return iconv('UTF-8', 'GB2312', $_String);
100     }
101  
102     private function zh_to_py($num, $blank = '') {
103        if($num>0 && $num<160 ) {
104            return chr($num);
105        } elseif ($num<-20319||$num>-10247) {
106            return $blank;
107        } else {
108            foreach ($this->pylist as $py => $code) {
109               if($code > $num) break;
110               $result = $py;
111            }
112            return $result;
113        }
114     }
115       
116     private function zh_to_pys($chinese, $delimiter = ' ', $first=0){
117        $result = array();
118        for($i=0; $i<strlen($chinese); $i++) {
119            $p = ord(substr($chinese,$i,1));
120            if($p>160) {
121               $q = ord(substr($chinese,++$i,1));
122               $p = $p*256 + $q - 65536;
123            }
124            $result[] = $this->zh_to_py($p);
125            if ($first) {
126               return $result[0];
127            }
128        }
129        return implode($delimiter, $result);
130     }
131 }

 

本文转载自:http://www.cnblogs.com/hxtgirq710/archive/2013/02/18/2915353.html

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