完美解决 Linux 下 Sublime Text 中文输入

原创
2013/03/13 17:09
阅读数 3.7W

参考Sublime Text官方论坛一位中国哥们的 回复,通过以下方法完美解决Sublime Text 2中文输入的问题。这几天讨论区老是有人提问,就写个教程吧。

系统:Linux Mint 14 Nadia
输入法:Fcitx 4.2.6.1 PPA。

1. 保存下面的代码为sublime_imfix.c

/*
sublime-imfix.c
Use LD_PRELOAD to interpose some function to fix sublime input method support for linux.
By Cjacker Huang <jianzhong.huang at i-soft.com.cn>

gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c  `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC
LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so sublime_text
*/
#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <gdk/gdkx.h>
typedef GdkSegment GdkRegionBox;

struct _GdkRegion
{
  long size;
  long numRects;
  GdkRegionBox *rects;
  GdkRegionBox extents;
};

GtkIMContext *local_context;

void
gdk_region_get_clipbox (const GdkRegion *region,
            GdkRectangle    *rectangle)
{
  g_return_if_fail (region != NULL);
  g_return_if_fail (rectangle != NULL);

  rectangle->x = region->extents.x1;
  rectangle->y = region->extents.y1;
  rectangle->width = region->extents.x2 - region->extents.x1;
  rectangle->height = region->extents.y2 - region->extents.y1;
  GdkRectangle rect;
  rect.x = rectangle->x;
  rect.y = rectangle->y;
  rect.width = 0;
  rect.height = rectangle->height; 
  //The caret width is 2; 
  //Maybe sometimes we will make a mistake, but for most of the time, it should be the caret.
  if(rectangle->width == 2 && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(local_context)) {
        gtk_im_context_set_cursor_location(local_context, rectangle);
  }
}

//this is needed, for example, if you input something in file dialog and return back the edit area
//context will lost, so here we set it again.

static GdkFilterReturn event_filter (GdkXEvent *xevent, GdkEvent *event, gpointer im_context)
{
    XEvent *xev = (XEvent *)xevent;
    if(xev->type == KeyRelease && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(im_context)) {
       GdkWindow * win = g_object_get_data(G_OBJECT(im_context),"window");
       if(GDK_IS_WINDOW(win))
         gtk_im_context_set_client_window(im_context, win);
    }
    return GDK_FILTER_CONTINUE;
}

void gtk_im_context_set_client_window (GtkIMContext *context,
          GdkWindow    *window)
{
  GtkIMContextClass *klass;
  g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT (context));
  klass = GTK_IM_CONTEXT_GET_CLASS (context);
  if (klass->set_client_window)
    klass->set_client_window (context, window);

  if(!GDK_IS_WINDOW (window))
    return;
  g_object_set_data(G_OBJECT(context),"window",window);
  int width = gdk_window_get_width(window);
  int height = gdk_window_get_height(window);
  if(width != 0 && height !=0) {
    gtk_im_context_focus_in(context);
    local_context = context;
  }
  gdk_window_add_filter (window, event_filter, context); 
}

2. 编译动态库:

gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c  `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC

(编译环境和GTK的dev包请自行安装)

3. 设置 LD_PRELOAD 并启动 Sublime Text: 

LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so sublime_text

为了不用每次启动Sublime Text都打这么一长串东西,写了个启动Sublime的脚本:

#!/bin/bash

SUBLIME_HOME="/opt/sublime_text"
LD_LIB=$SUBLIME_HOME/libsublime-imfix.so
sh -c "LD_PRELOAD=$LD_LIB $SUBLIME_HOME/sublime_text $@"

(把libsublime-imfix.so放到Sublime Text目录下并修改脚本中的SUBLIME_HOME)

输入效果图:

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