如何在WebRTC中实现局域网视频连接?

原创
2020/11/17 15:15
阅读数 9.9K

去年TSINGSEE青犀视频研发团队基于WEBRTC架构开了网页音视频通话平台EasyRTC,EasyRTC支持微信小程序、H5页面、APP、PC客户端等接入方式之间互通,快速从零开始搭建实时音视频通信;支持多人至百万人视频通话,满足语音视频社交。

微信截图_20201020104825.png

如果大家对EasyRTC感兴趣,可以联系我们进行了解或试用。今年我们仍然没有停止对WEBRTC技术的探索。本文和大家分享一下通过webrtc实现局域网进行音视频连接的步骤。

1、首先要创建服务代码,来确保服务器启动

 

	const Koa = require('koa');
const path = require('path');
const koaSend = require('koa-send');
const static = require('koa-static');
const socket = require('koa-socket');
const users = {}; // 保存用户
const sockS = {}; // 保存客户端对应的socket
const io = new socket({
    ioOptions: {
        pingTimeout: 10000,
        pingInterval: 5000,
    }
});
 
const https = require("https");
const fs = require("fs");
 
// 创建一个Koa对象表示web app本身:
const app = new Koa();
// socket注入应用
io.attach(app);
app.use(static(
    path.join( __dirname,  './public')
));
 
// 对于任何请求,app将调用该异步函数处理请求:
app.use(async (ctx, next) => {
    if (!/\./.test(ctx.request.url)) {
        await koaSend(
            ctx,
            'index.html',
            {
                root: path.join(__dirname, './'),
                maxage: 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 7,
                gzip: true,
            } // eslint-disable-line
        );
    } else {
        await next();
    }
});
// io.on('join', ctx=>{ // event data socket.id
// });
app._io.on('connection', sock => {
    sock.on('join', data=>{
        console.log("join:", data);
        sock.join(data.roomid, () => {
            if (!users[data.roomid]) {
                users[data.roomid] = [];
            }
            let obj = {
                account: data.account,
                id: sock.id
            };
            let arr = users[data.roomid].filter(v => v.account === data.account);
            if (!arr.length) {
                users[data.roomid].push(obj);
            }
            sockS[data.account] = sock;
            app._io.in(data.roomid).emit('joined', users[data.roomid], data.account, sock.id); // 发给房间内所有人
            // sock.to(data.roomid).emit('joined',data.account);
        });
    });
    sock.on('offer', data=>{
        console.log('offer', data);
        sock.to(data.roomid).emit('offer',data);
    });
    sock.on('answer', data=>{
        console.log('answer', data);
        sock.to(data.roomid).emit('answer',data);
    });
    sock.on('__ice_candidate', data=>{
        console.log('__ice_candidate', data);
        sock.to(data.roomid).emit('__ice_candidate',data);
    });
 
    // 1 v 1
    sock.on('apply', data=>{ // 转发申请
        // console.log("apply:", data);
        sockS[data.account].emit('apply', data);
    });
    sock.on('reply', data=>{ // 转发回复
        console.log("reply:", data);
        sockS[data.account].emit('reply', data);
    });
    sock.on('1v1answer', data=>{ // 转发 answer
        sockS[data.account].emit('1v1answer', data);
    });
    sock.on('1v1ICE', data=>{ // 转发 ICE
        sockS[data.account].emit('1v1ICE', data);
    });
    sock.on('1v1offer', data=>{ // 转发 Offer
        sockS[data.account].emit('1v1offer', data);
    });
    sock.on('1v1hangup', data=>{ // 转发 hangup
        sockS[data.account].emit('1v1hangup', data);
    });
});
app._io.on('disconnect', (sock) => {
    for (let k in users) {
        users[k] = users[k].filter(v => v.id !== sock.id);
    }
    console.log(`disconnect id => ${users}`);
});
 
// 在端口3001监听:
let port = 3001;
app.listen(port, _ => {
    console.log('app started at port ...' + port);
});
 

2、在进行音视频通信是,必修要本地端口或者https服务。

(1)网上下载OpenSSL软件
(2)创建后缀名(.Key和.cert)证书;
查看网址教程:https://www.cnblogs.com/tugenhua0707/p/10927722.html
(3)在js服务把证书添加进去

 

const options = {
    key: fs.readFileSync("./server.key", "utf8"),
    cert: fs.readFileSync("./server.cert", "utf8")
};
 
let server = https.createServer(options, app.callback()).listen(3002);
app._io.listen(server);
 

3、客户端代码采用VUE,如下(重要部分代码):

<template>
    <div class="remote1"
         v-loading="loading"
         :element-loading-text="loadingText"
         element-loading-spinner="el-icon-loading"
         element-loading-background="rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8)"
    >
        <div class="shade" v-if="!isJoin">
            <div class="input-container">
                <input type="text" v-model="account" placeholder="请输入你的昵称" @keyup.enter="join">
                <button @click="join">确定</button>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="userList">
            <h5>在线用户:{{userList.length}}</h5>
            <p v-for="v in userList" :key="v.account">
                {{v.account}}
                <i v-if="v.account === account || v.account === isCall">
                {{v.account === account ? 'me' : ''}}
                {{v.account === isCall ? 'calling' : ''}}
                </i>
                <span @click="apply(v.account)" v-if="v.account !== account && v.account !== isCall">呼叫 {{v.account}}</span>
            </p>
        </div>
        <div class="video-container" v-show="isToPeer">
            <div>
                <video src="" id="rtcA" controls autoplay></video>
                <h5>{{account}}</h5>
                <button @click="hangup">hangup</button>
            </div>
            <div>
                <video src="" id="rtcB" controls autoplay></video>
                <h5>{{isCall}}</h5>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>
<script>
    import socket from '../../utils/socket';
    export default{
        name: 'remote1',
        data() {
            return {
                account: window.sessionStorage.account || '',
                isJoin: false,
                userList: [],
                roomid: 'webrtc_1v1', // 指定房间ID
                isCall: false, // 正在通话的对象
                loading: false,
                loadingText: '呼叫中',
                isToPeer: false, // 是否建立了 P2P 连接
                peer: null,
                offerOption: {
                    offerToReceiveAudio: 1,
                    offerToReceiveVideo: 1
                }
            };
        },
        methods: {
            join() {
                if (!this.account) return;
                this.isJoin = true;
                window.sessionStorage.account = this.account;
                socket.emit('join', {roomid: this.roomid, account: this.account});
            },
            initSocket() {
                socket.on('joined', (data) => {
                    this.userList = data;
                });
                socket.on('reply', async data =>{ // 收到回复
                    this.loading = false;
                    console.log(data);
                    switch (data.type) {
                        case '1': // 同意
                            this.isCall = data.self;
                            // 对方同意之后创建自己的 peer
                            await this.createP2P(data);
                            // 并给对方发送 offer
                            this.createOffer(data);
                            break;
                        case '2': //拒绝
                            this.$message({
                                message: '对方拒绝了你的请求!',
                                type: 'warning'
                            });
                            break;
                        case '3': // 正在通话中
                            this.$message({
                                message: '对方正在通话中!',
                                type: 'warning'
                            });
                            break;
                    }
                });
                socket.on('apply', (data) => { // 收到请求
                    if (this.isCall) {
                        this.reply(data.self, '3');
                        return;
                    }
 
                    this.$confirm(data.self + ' 向你请求视频通话, 是否同意?', '提示', {
                        confirmButtonText: '同意',
                        cancelButtonText: '拒绝',
                        type: 'warning'
                    }).then(async () => {
                        await this.createP2P(data); // 同意之后创建自己的 peer 等待对方的 offer
                        this.isCall = data.self;
                        this.reply(data.self, '1');
                    }).catch(() => {
                        this.reply(data.self, '2');
                    });
                });
                socket.on('1v1answer', (data) =>{ // 接收到 answer
                    this.onAnswer(data);
                });
                socket.on('1v1ICE', (data) =>{ // 接收到 ICE
                    this.onIce(data);
                });
                socket.on('1v1offer', (data) =>{ // 接收到 offer
                    this.onOffer(data);
                });
                socket.on('1v1hangup', _ =>{ // 通话挂断
                    this.$message({
                        message: '对方已断开连接!',
                        type: 'warning'
                    });
                    this.peer.close();
                    this.peer = null;
                    this.isToPeer = false;
                    this.isCall = false;
                });
            },
            hangup() { // 挂断通话
                socket.emit('1v1hangup', {account: this.isCall, self: this.account});
                this.peer.close();
                this.peer = null;
                this.isToPeer = false;
                this.isCall = false;
            },
            apply(account) {
                // account 对方account  self 是自己的account
                this.loading = true;
                this.loadingText = '呼叫中';
                socket.emit('apply', {account: account, self: this.account});
            },
            reply(account, type) {
                socket.emit('reply', {account: account, self: this.account, type: type});
            },
            async createP2P(data) {
                this.loading = true;
                this.loadingText = '正在建立通话连接';
                await this.createMedia(data);
            },
            async createMedia(data) {
                // 保存本地流到全局
                try {
                    this.localstream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia({ audio: true, video: true });
                    let video = document.querySelector('#rtcA');
                    video.srcObject = this.localstream;
                    console.log("发送端:", Date.now());
                } catch (e) {
                    console.log('getUserMedia: ', e)
                }
                this.initPeer(data); // 获取到媒体流后,调用函数初始化 RTCPeerConnection
            },
            initPeer(data) {
                // 创建输出端 PeerConnection
                let PeerConnection = window.RTCPeerConnection || window.mozRTCPeerConnection || window.webkitRTCPeerConnection;
                this.peer = new PeerConnection();
                this.peer.addStream(this.localstream); // 添加本地流
                // 监听ICE候选信息 如果收集到,就发送给对方
                this.peer.onicecandidate = (event) => {
                    if (event.candidate) {
                        socket.emit('1v1ICE', {account: data.self, self: this.account, sdp: event.candidate});
                    }
                };
                this.peer.onaddstream = (event) => { // 监听是否有媒体流接入,如果有就赋值给 rtcB 的 src
                    this.isToPeer = true;
                    this.loading = false;
                    let video = document.querySelector('#rtcB');
                    video.srcObject = event.stream;
                    console.log("接送端:", Date.now());
                };
            },
            async createOffer(data) { // 创建并发送 offer
                try {
                    // 创建offer
                    let offer = await this.peer.createOffer(this.offerOption);
                    // 呼叫端设置本地 offer 描述
                    await this.peer.setLocalDescription(offer);
                    // 给对方发送 offer
                    socket.emit('1v1offer', {account: data.self, self: this.account, sdp: offer});
                } catch (e) {
                    console.log('createOffer: ', e);
                }
            },
            async onOffer(data) { // 接收offer并发送 answer
                try {
                    // 接收端设置远程 offer 描述
                    await this.peer.setRemoteDescription(data.sdp);
                    // 接收端创建 answer
                    let answer = await this.peer.createAnswer();
                    // 接收端设置本地 answer 描述
                    await this.peer.setLocalDescription(answer);
                    // 给对方发送 answer
                    socket.emit('1v1answer', {account: data.self, self: this.account, sdp: answer});
                } catch (e) {
                    console.log('onOffer: ', e);
                }
            },
            async onAnswer(data) { // 接收answer
                try {
                    await this.peer.setRemoteDescription(data.sdp); // 呼叫端设置远程 answer 描述
                } catch (e) {
                    console.log('onAnswer: ', e);
                }
            },
            async onIce(data) { // 接收 ICE 候选
                try {
                    await this.peer.addIceCandidate(data.sdp); // 设置远程 ICE
                } catch (e) {
                    console.log('onAnswer: ', e);
                }
            }
        },
        mounted() {
            this.initSocket();
            if (this.account) {
                this.join();
            }
        }
    }
</script>
<style lang="scss" scoped>
    .remote1{
        width: 100%;
        height: 100%;
        display: flex;
        justify-content: flex-start;
    }
    .shade{
        position: fixed;
        width:100vw;
        height: 100vh;
        left: 0;
        top:0;
        z-index: 100;
        background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.9);
        .input-container{
            position: absolute;
            left:50%;
            top:30%;
            transform: translate(-50%, 50%);
            display: flex;
            justify-content: space-between;
            align-items: center;
            input{
                margin: 0;
            }
        }
    }
    .userList{
        border: 1px solid #ddd;
        margin-right: 50px;
        h5{
            text-align: left;
            margin-bottom: 5px;
        }
        p{
            border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd;
            line-height: 32px;
            width:200px;
            position: relative;
            overflow: hidden;
            cursor: pointer;
            span{
                position: absolute;
                left:0;
                top:100%;
                background-color: #1fbeca;
                color: #fff;
                height: 100%;
                transition: top 0.2s;
                display: block;
                width: 100%;
            }
            i{
                font-style: normal;
                font-size: 11px;
                border: 1px solid #1fbeca;
                color: #27cac7;
                border-radius: 2px;
                line-height: 1;
                display: block;
                position: absolute;
                padding: 1px 2px;
                right: 5px;
                top: 5px;
            }
        }
        p:last-child{
          border-bottom: none;
        }
        p:hover span{
            top:0;
        }
    }
    .video-container{
        // display: flex;
        // justify-content: center;
        video{
            width: 400px;
            height: 300px;
            margin-left: 20px;
            background-color: #ddd;
        }
    }
</style>
 

说明

首先必修启动服务端建立连接,在通过呼叫对方id进行识别;建立PeerConnection视频连接,并把SDP的ICE候选者传递candidate给远程对等体

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