高效vim插件

原创
2013/08/26 00:04
阅读数 5.6W

高效vim插件

     如果不熟悉vim的,请在使用vim插件之前,请先阅读 Vim学习指南, 建议通过前3个层次。以及有一个有趣的vim练习游戏http://vim-adventures.com/

插件管理利器

    vim的插件原始安装容易混乱,而且管理起来,不方便。那么就渴望一个插件管理工具:pathogen

简单安装:

mkdir -p ~/.vim/autoload ~/.vim/bundle; \
curl -Sso ~/.vim/autoload/pathogen.vim \
    https://raw.github.com/tpope/vim-pathogen/master/autoload/pathogen.vim

详细请查看:https://github.com/tpope/vim-pathogen

配置:

在vimrc文件的filetype plugin之前·「没有的就在最前面」添加:

call pathogen#infect()
filetype plugin indent on
,记住,一定是vimrc,而不是gvimrc。可以参考我的vimrc配置

高效插件集

  • eclim [java]
  • c.vim[C/C++]
  • vim-colorschemes
请将这插件安装在$HOME/.vim/bundle目录下:


NerdTree

The NERD tree allows you to explore your filesystem and to open files and directories. It presents the filesystem to you in the form of a tree which you manipulate with the keyboard and/or mouse. It also allows you to perform simple filesystem operations.

你可以使用Git这样安装:

cd $HOME/.vim/bundle
git clone https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree.git

snipMate

这个可以有。想快速写或者减少重复写代码,那么code snippets就是必须的,而对于vim来说,snipMate,你值得拥有。[ps:你可以在其snippets目录下找到对应语言的snippets,可以修改相应的snippets]。请到vim官网下载http://www.vim.org/scripts/script.php?script_id=2540。

tagbar


如果你使用过eclipse,那么它右边有个叫做Outline函数列表,对,tagbar就是这个效果。

你可以使用Git这样安装:

cd $HOME/.vim/bundle
git clone https://github.com/majutsushi/tagbar.git


vim-multiple-cursors

这个插件具有Sublime Text的多光标编辑功能哟。

你可以使用Git这样安装:

cd $HOME/.vim/bundle
git clone https://github.com/terryma/vim-multiple-cursors.git

jedi-vim

如果使用python的,有了它,爽歪歪。它拥有强大的提示能力。

注意,刚开始我安装这个插件,总是报错,主要是vim没有--enable-pythoninterp 和没有安装jedi·「pip install jedi」,而且后来 在jedi-vim开发者David Halter提示下,在.bashrc中设置·「export PYTHONSTARTUP="$(python -m jedi repl)" 」就可以让python具有ipython的功能。很强大!

你可以使用Git这样安装:

cd $HOME/.vim/bundle
git clone https://github.com/davidhalter/jedi-vim.git

eclim 

eclim 就是 eclipse 和 vim的有机结合。它充分利用了eclipse强大的提示功能,快捷键<c-x><c-u>

按照官网安装之后,它会在.vim目录下生成eclim和plugin目录,请在bundle目录新建一个目录eclim,然后将这两个目录剪切到bundle/eclim目录中.这时它没有启动,还需要执行ECLIPSE目录中的eclimd。这个并没有列举出来。

其实还可以加一个supertab插件,但是我习惯使用tab来代替空格,实际上一个tab是4个空格。所以并没有列举出来。

你可以使用git这样安装:

cd $HOME/.vim/bundle
git clone https://github.com/ervandew/supertab.git

c.vim

请到这里去下载,这个不解释,很强大,官网有很详细的解释和帮助文档,对于c/c++来说不可缺少。

vim-colorschemes

保护视力,请从一个好的主题开始。那么vim-colorschemes中集成了很多的主题,个人比较爱好cobalt,不过有些主题只能在gvim中才能显示效果,而在vim中没有背景颜色等等问题。github去下载


cd $HOME/.vim/bundle
git clone https://github.com/upsuper/vim-colorschemes.git


vim配置

" Uncomment the next line to make Vim more Vi-compatible
" NOTE: debian.vim sets 'nocompatible'.  Setting 'compatible' changes numerous
" options, so any other options should be set AFTER setting 'compatible'.
"set compatible
set nocompatible

" Vim5 and later versions support syntax highlighting. Uncommenting the next
" line enables syntax highlighting by default.
if has("syntax")
  syntax on
endif

" If using a dark background within the editing area and syntax highlighting
" turn on this option as well
"set background=dark

" Uncomment the following to have Vim jump to the last position when
" reopening a file
"if has("autocmd")
"  au BufReadPost * if line("'\"") > 1 && line("'\"") <= line("$") | exe "normal! g'\"" | endif
"endif

" Uncomment the following to have Vim load indentation rules and plugins
" according to the detected filetype.
"if has("autocmd")
"  filetype plugin indent on
"endif

call pathogen#infect()

filetype plugin indent on

" The following are commented out as they cause vim to behave a lot
" differently from regular Vi. They are highly recommended though.
set showcmd		" Show (partial) command in status line.
"set showmatch		" Show matching brackets.
"set ignorecase		" Do case insensitive matching
set smartcase		" Do smart case matching
"set incsearch		" Incremental search
"set autowrite		" Automatically save before commands like :next and :make
"set hidden             " Hide buffers when they are abandoned
set mouse=a		" Enable mouse usage (all modes)
set nu
set tabstop=4
set softtabstop=4
" set shiftwidth=4
set expandtab           " use whitespace instead of tab
set autoindent
set smartindent
set cindent shiftwidth=4
" set autoindent shiftwidth=4
set foldmethod=indent
set backspace=indent,eol,start
set colorcolumn=80


" === tagbar setting =======
nmap <F4> :TagbarToggle<CR>   " shortcut
let g:tagbar_width = 20      " tagbar's width, default 20
autocmd VimEnter * nested :call tagbar#autoopen(1)  "automate to open tagbar
let g:tagbar_left = 1       " on the left side
"let g:tagbar_right = 1     " on the right side
let NERDTreeIgnore=['\.pyc', '\.pyo', '\.swp', '\~'] " ignore *.py[co], *.swp and *~
" =======end==================

" switch window
nnoremap <c-h> <c-w>h
nnoremap <c-j> <c-w>j
nnoremap <c-k> <c-w>k
nnoremap <c-l> <c-w>l

" ===== brace autocompletion =========
inoremap ( ()<Esc>i
inoremap [ []<Esc>i
inoremap { {<CR>}<Esc>O
autocmd Syntax html,vim inoremap < <lt>><Esc>i| inoremap > <c-r>=ClosePair('>')<CR>
inoremap ) <c-r>=ClosePair(')')<CR>
inoremap ] <c-r>=ClosePair(']')<CR>
inoremap } <c-r>=CloseBracket()<CR>
inoremap " <c-r>=QuoteDelim('"')<CR>
inoremap ' <c-r>=QuoteDelim("'")<CR>

function ClosePair(char)
 if getline('.')[col('.') - 1] == a:char
 return "\<Right>"
 else
 return a:char
 endif
endf

function CloseBracket()
 if match(getline(line('.') + 1), '\s*}') < 0
 return "\<CR>}"
 else
 return "\<Esc>j0f}a"
 endif
endf

function QuoteDelim(char)
 let line = getline('.')
 let col = col('.')
 if line[col - 2] == "\\"
 "Inserting a quoted quotation mark into the string
 return a:char
 elseif line[col - 1] == a:char
 "Escaping out of the string
 return "\<Right>"
 else
 "Starting a string
 return a:char.a:char."\<Esc>i"
 endif
endf


" Source a global configuration file if available
if filereadable("/etc/vim/vimrc.local")
    source /etc/vim/vimrc.local
endif



 
 
 
 

  
  
  

一个实例

这是我在写python nose插件nose-colorxunit时截图:


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