Ubuntu 14.04 网卡逻辑名修改
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Ubuntu 14.04 网卡逻辑名修改
BookShu 发表于1年前
Ubuntu 14.04 网卡逻辑名修改
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1. 前言

Ubuntu安装完毕之后,如果发生异常宕机,可能导致网卡的逻辑名出现异常,或者和之前的不一致。如果你的应用处理是依据逻辑名,那么有可能数据会传输到非预期的网卡接口上去,笔者今天要整理的是Ubuntu14.04的网卡逻辑名修改,笔者自己把这叫做”网卡固话“---网卡逻辑名固定化。

2. 网卡信息查询

查看已启用的网卡

root@ubuntu:~# ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr fa:16:3e:40:11:12  
          inet addr:172.18.0.9  Bcast:172.18.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::f816:3eff:fe40:1112/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1400  Metric:1
          RX packets:1327966 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:22911 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          RX bytes:170759301 (170.7 MB)  TX bytes:1282555 (1.2 MB)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:65536  Metric:1
          RX packets:2725810 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:2725810 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          RX bytes:295593236 (295.5 MB)  TX bytes:295593236 (295.5 MB)

上述HWaddr后面为eth0接口的MAC地址 查看已有逻辑名

root@ubuntu:~# ls /sys/class/net/  
eth0  lo  

查看指定网卡MAC地址

root@ubuntu:~# ifconfig eth0               
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr fa:16:3e:40:11:12    
          inet addr:172.18.0.9  Bcast:172.18.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0  
          inet6 addr: fe80::f816:3eff:fe40:1112/64 Scope:Link  
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1400  Metric:1  
          RX packets:1328066 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0  
          TX packets:23012 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0  
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000   
          RX bytes:170767973 (170.7 MB)  TX bytes:1293097 (1.2 MB)  

3.生成配置文件

root@ubuntu:~# export INTERFACE="eth0"  
root@ubuntu:~# export MATCHADDR="fa:16:3e:40:11:12"  
root@ubuntu:~# /lib/udev/write_net_rules   
root@ubuntu:~# ls /etc/udev/rules.d/  
70-persistent-net.rules  README  

首先引入两个变量INTERFACE,MATCHADDR,然后执行write_net_rules,查看生成的文件70-persistent-net.rules 文件内容如下,删除KERNEL项,并修改NAME值

# This file was automatically generated by the /lib/udev/write_net_rules  
# program, run by the persistent-net-generator.rules rules file.  
#  
# You can modify it, as long as you keep each rule on a single  
# line, and change only the value of the NAME= key.  
  
SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", DRIVERS=="?*", ATTR{address}=="fa:16:3e:40:11:12", KERNEL=="eth*", NAME="eth0"  

修改后如下

SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", DRIVERS=="?*", ATTR{address}=="fa:16:3e:40:11:12", NAME="new-logicalname"  

4.禁用源网卡逻辑名规则文件

root@ubuntu:/etc/udev/rules.d# cd /lib/udev/rules.d/  
root@ubuntu:/lib/udev/rules.d# mv 75-persistent-net-generator.rules 75-persistent-net-generator.rules.disabled  

5.修改网卡配置

原网卡配置

root@ubuntu:~# vim /etc/network/interfaces  
  
# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system  
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).  
  
  
# The loopback network interface  
auto lo  
iface lo inet loopback  
  
  
# The primary network interface  
auto eth0  
iface eth0 inet dhcp  

修改为如下

# The primary network interface  
auto new-logicalname  
iface new-logicalname inet dhcp  

不需要重启网卡,直接重启系统

6.重启主机,查看新的网卡逻辑名

root@ubuntu:~# ls /sys/class/net/  
lo  new-logicalname  
root@ubuntu:~# ifconfig new-logicalname  
new-logicalname Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr fa:16:3e:40:11:12    
          inet addr:172.18.0.9  Bcast:172.18.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0  
          inet6 addr: fe80::f816:3eff:fe40:1112/64 Scope:Link  
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1400  Metric:1  
          RX packets:399 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0  
          TX packets:357 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0  
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000   
          RX bytes:36646 (36.6 KB)  TX bytes:55027 (55.0 KB)  
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