硬件系统信息收集-1-系统信息

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2014/05/29 15:02
阅读数 81

<h2 style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 20px 0px 10px; padding: 0px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; cursor: text; position: relative; font-size: 24px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: #cccccc; font-family: Helvetica, arial, sans-serif;">1、查看系统信息</h2> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//发行版系统的简要信息 <br />cat /etc/issue </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//redhat系列Linux版本号 <br />cat /etc/redhat-release </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//更详细的内核系统版本信息,由lsb包提供 <br />lsb_release -a </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//内核版本号 <br />uname -r </code></pre> <h2 style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 20px 0px 10px; padding: 0px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; cursor: text; position: relative; font-size: 24px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: #cccccc; font-family: Helvetica, arial, sans-serif;">2、查看当前系统负载</h2> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//一分钟五分钟,十分钟负载 <br />uptime <br /><br />//uptime其实就是读取了这个文件的信息 <br />cat /proc/loadavg </code></pre> <h2 style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 20px 0px 10px; padding: 0px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; cursor: text; position: relative; font-size: 24px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: #cccccc; font-family: Helvetica, arial, sans-serif;">3、查看机器型号</h2> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//读取bios中的设备厂商信息 <br />dmidecode | grep "Product Name" </code></pre> <h2 style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 20px 0px 10px; padding: 0px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; cursor: text; position: relative; font-size: 24px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: #cccccc; font-family: Helvetica, arial, sans-serif;">4、查看当前加载到内存中的内核版本</h2> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">cat /proc/version </code></pre> <h2 style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 20px 0px 10px; padding: 0px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; cursor: text; position: relative; font-size: 24px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: #cccccc; font-family: Helvetica, arial, sans-serif;">5、查看文件系统以及挂载</h2> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">mount | column -t </code></pre> <h2 style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 20px 0px 10px; padding: 0px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; cursor: text; position: relative; font-size: 24px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: #cccccc; font-family: Helvetica, arial, sans-serif;">6、查看系统周边</h2> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//查看系统usb设备 <br />lsusb -tv </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//查看系统pci设备 <br />lspci -tv </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//加载到内核中的模块 <br />lsmod </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//当前生效环境变量 <br />env </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//系统信息 <br />dmidecode -t system </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//键盘和鼠标设备 <br />cat /proc/bus/usb/devices </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//查看中断设备 <br />cat /proc/interrupts </code></pre> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 15px 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">//查看机器硬件综合信息 <br />lshw </code></pre> <h2 style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 20px 0px 10px; padding: 0px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; cursor: text; position: relative; font-size: 24px; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: #cccccc; font-family: Helvetica, arial, sans-serif;">7、查看linux重启记录</h2> <pre style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin-top: 15px; margin-right: 0px; margin-left: 0px; background-color: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #cccccc; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px; overflow: auto; padding: 6px 10px; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px; margin-bottom: 0px !important;"><code style="-webkit-print-color-adjust: exact; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: none; background-color: transparent; border-top-left-radius: 3px; border-top-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-right-radius: 3px; border-bottom-left-radius: 3px;">cat /var/log/boot.log|grep syslog <br />或 <br />last |grep reboot</code></pre>

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