文档章节

看过的文献2

陈清扬
 陈清扬
发布于 2014/07/24 12:03
字数 670
阅读 9
收藏 0

Hedonism

Aristippus of Cyrene (/ˌærəˈstɪpəs/; Greek: Ἀρίστιππος; c. 435 – c. 356 BCE) was the founder of the Cyrenaic school of Philosophy.[1] He was a pupil of Socrates, but adopted a very different philosophical outlook, teaching that the goal of life was to seek pleasure by adapting circumstances to oneself and by maintaining proper control over both adversity and prosperity. Among his pupils was his daughter Arete.

Aristippus, the son of Aritades, was born at Cyrene, Ancient Libya, c. 435 BCE. He came over to Greece to be present at the Olympic games, where he fell in love with Ischomachus the agriculturist, and by his description was filled with so ardent a desire to see Socrates, that he went to Athens for the purpose,[2] and remained with him almost up to the time of his execution, 399 BCE. Diodorus[3] dates him to 366 BCE, which agrees very well with the facts known about him, and with the statement,[4] that Lais, the courtesan with whom he was intimate, was born 421 BCE.


Though a disciple of Socrates, he wandered very far both in principle and practice from the teaching and example of his great master. He lived luxuriously, was happy to seek sensual gratification and the company of the notorious Lais. He also took money for his teaching, the first of Socrates' disciples to do so[5] and even told Socrates that he resided in a foreign land in order to escape the trouble of involving himself in the politics of his native city.[6] He passed part of his life at the court of Dionysius I of Syracuse or Dionysius the Younger, and is also said to have been taken prisoner by Artaphernes, the satrap who drove the Spartans from Rhodes, 396 BCE.[7] He appears, however, at last to have returned to Cyrene, and there he spent his old age.

The anecdotes which are told of him (there are many in Diogenes Laërtius,[9]) by no means give us the notion of a person who was the mere slave of his passions, but rather of one who took a pride in extracting enjoyment from all circumstances of every kind, and in controlling adversity and prosperity alike. They illustrate and confirm the two statements of Horace,[10] that to observe the precepts of Aristippus is "to endeavour to adapt circumstances to myself, not myself to circumstances" and[11] that, "every complexion of life, every station and circumstance sat gracefully upon him." Thus when reproached for his love of bodily indulgences, he answered, that "it is not abstinence(戒除) from pleasures that is best, but mastery over them without ever being worsted."[12] When Dionysius, provoked at some of his remarks, ordered him to take the lowest place at table, he said, "You wish to dignify the seat."[13]


Whether he was prisoner to a satrap, grossly insulted and even spit upon by a tyrant, enjoying the pleasures of a banquet or reviled for faithlessness to Socrates by his fellow-pupils, he maintained the same calm temper. He seemed insulting to Xenophon and Plato, as seen from the Memorabilia, where he maintains a discussion against Socrates in defence of voluptuous enjoyment, and from the Phaedo, where his absence at the death of Socrates, though he was only at Aegina, 200 stadia from Athens, is doubtless mentioned as a reproach. Aristotle, too, calls him a sophist,[14] and notices a story of Plato speaking to him, with rather undue vehemence, and of his replying with calmness.[15]


He imparted his doctrine to his daughter Arete who, in turn, imparted it to her son, Aristippus the Younger, who is said to have reduced it to a system. Diogenes Laërtius, on the authority of Sotion and Panaetius, gives a long list of books whose authorship is ascribed to Aristippus, though he also says that Sosicrates of Rhodes states that he wrote nothing.[16] Some letters attributed to him are forgeries.


© 著作权归作者所有

上一篇: 看过的文献3
下一篇: 看过的文献1
陈清扬
粉丝 5
博文 52
码字总数 23875
作品 0
海淀
私信 提问
一篇高引用的综述文章是如何写成的

一篇高引用的综述文章是如何写成的 2016-03-14李笃信MOOCMOOC MOOC 微信号openonline 功能介绍在线教育和学习(MOOC、SPOC等)的理论和实践的研究、交流基地,提供国际开放教育最新发展动态和...

SVD
2016/03/15
92
1
文献管理软件 JABREF 快速入门

摘要:这篇博客主要介绍文献管理软件 JabRef 及其使用方法,适用对象为 LaTeX 用户、非 Windows 操作系统用户和用不起 EndNote 的 Windows 用户。 我曾经非常愚蠢地认为手工维护自己的参考文...

枫言风语
2012/09/17
0
1
一篇优秀的毕业论文应该怎么写?

先从题目开始谈起。 取题目的时候首先要体现研究的重要性及创新点,应该用论文中的主要结论作为标题,且尽量包含所有的关键词。在此基础上力求吸引人,有些时候可以用动词和句子等。最好不用...

ApplySquare
2018/06/05
0
0
文献工具--Quinctia_CitationListMaker

1.Quinctia程序简介 Quinctia是一个带有图形界面的工具,可以根据用户给出的信息,按照文献引用的格式,生成文献引用字符串。并可以对生成的文献引用字符串进行增、删、改、修改顺序操作。可...

北风其凉
2015/01/29
412
0
北风其凉/Quinctia_CitationListMaker

#Quinctia_CitationListMaker 简要说明 Quinctia是一个带有图形界面的工具,可以根据用户给出的信息,按照文献引用的格式,生成文献引用字符串。并可以对生成的文献引用字符串进行增、删、改...

北风其凉
2015/01/29
0
0

没有更多内容

加载失败,请刷新页面

加载更多

Linux输入法fcitx的安装问题

Fcitx 总共要安装的包如下 fcitxfcitx-binfcitx-config-commonfcitx-config-gtk | fcitx-config-gtk2fcitx-datafcitx-frontend-allfcitx-frontend-gtk2fcitx-frontend-gtk3......

CHONGCHEN
41分钟前
3
0
网络基础

前言: 最近整理一些以前的学习笔记(有部分缺失,会有些乱,日后再补)。 过去都是存储在本地,此次传到网络留待备用。 计算机网络的功能: 1.数据通信; 2.资源共享; 3.增加数据可靠性; 4....

迷失De挣扎
41分钟前
3
0
spring boot升级到spring cloud

1、先升级spring boot 版本到2.1.3 <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-dependencies</artifactId> <version>2.1.3.RELEAS......

moon888
45分钟前
10
0
从蓝鲸视角谈DevOps

DevOps源于Development和Operations的组合 常见的定义 DevOps是一种重视“软件开发人员(Dev)”和“IT运维技术人员(Ops)”之间沟通合作的文化、运动或惯例。透过自动化“软件交付”和“架构变...

嘉为科技
47分钟前
1
0
微服务设计 笔记

微服务设计 一、微服务架构理论 1.六边形架构 1)六边形架构(Hexagonal Architecture),又称为端口和适配器架构风格;使用适配器与外界进行交互,外界通过应用层API与内部进行交互。 2)经典...

啃不动地大坚果
56分钟前
2
0

没有更多内容

加载失败,请刷新页面

加载更多

返回顶部
顶部