C# Winform中无焦点状态下获取键盘输入或者USB扫描枪数据
C# Winform中无焦点状态下获取键盘输入或者USB扫描枪数据
科趣网 发表于11个月前
C# Winform中无焦点状态下获取键盘输入或者USB扫描枪数据
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腾讯云 十分钟定制你的第一个小程序>>>   

/// <summary>
    /// 获取键盘输入或者USB扫描枪数据 可以是没有焦点 应为使用的是全局钩子
    /// USB扫描枪 是模拟键盘按下
    /// 这里主要处理扫描枪的值,手动输入的值不太好处理
    /// </summary>
    public class BardCodeHooK 
    {
public delegate void BardCodeDeletegate(BarCodes barCode);
        public event BardCodeDeletegate BarCodeEvent;

 //定义成静态,这样不会抛出回收异常
        private static HookProc hookproc;


        public struct BarCodes
        {
            public int VirtKey;//虚拟吗
            public int ScanCode;//扫描码
            public string KeyName;//键名
            public uint Ascll;//Ascll
            public char Chr;//字符
            public string OriginalChrs; //原始 字符
            public string OriginalAsciis;//原始 ASCII


            public string OriginalBarCode;  //原始数据条码

 public string BarCode;//条码信息 保存最终的条码
            public bool IsValid;//条码是否有效
            public DateTime Time;//扫描时间,
        }

 private struct EventMsg
        {
            public int message;
            public int paramL;
            public int paramH;
            public int Time;
            public int hwnd;
        }

 [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, CallingConvention = CallingConvention.StdCall)]
        private static extern int SetWindowsHookEx(int idHook, HookProc lpfn, IntPtr hInstance, int threadId);

 [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, CallingConvention = CallingConvention.StdCall)]
        private static extern bool UnhookWindowsHookEx(int idHook);

 [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, CallingConvention = CallingConvention.StdCall)]
        private static extern int CallNextHookEx(int idHook, int nCode, Int32 wParam, IntPtr lParam);

 [DllImport("user32", EntryPoint = "GetKeyNameText")]
        private static extern int GetKeyNameText(int IParam, StringBuilder lpBuffer, int nSize);

 [DllImport("user32", EntryPoint = "GetKeyboardState")]
        private static extern int GetKeyboardState(byte[] pbKeyState);

 [DllImport("user32", EntryPoint = "ToAscii")]
        private static extern bool ToAscii(int VirtualKey, int ScanCode, byte[] lpKeySate, ref uint lpChar, int uFlags);

 [DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
        public static extern IntPtr GetModuleHandle(string name);


        delegate int HookProc(int nCode, Int32 wParam, IntPtr lParam);
        BarCodes barCode = new BarCodes();
        int hKeyboardHook = 0;
        //string strBarCode = "";
        StringBuilder sbBarCode = new StringBuilder();

 private int KeyboardHookProc(int nCode, Int32 wParam, IntPtr lParam)
        {
            if (nCode == 0)
            {
                EventMsg msg = (EventMsg)Marshal.PtrToStructure(lParam, typeof(EventMsg));
                if (wParam == 0x100)//WM_KEYDOWN=0x100 
                {
                    barCode.VirtKey = msg.message & 0xff;//虚拟吗
                    barCode.ScanCode = msg.paramL & 0xff;//扫描码
                    StringBuilder strKeyName = new StringBuilder(225);
                    if (GetKeyNameText(barCode.ScanCode * 65536, strKeyName, 255) > 0)
                    {
                        barCode.KeyName = strKeyName.ToString().Trim(new char[] { ' ', '\0' });
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        barCode.KeyName = "";
                    }
                    byte[] kbArray = new byte[256];
                    uint uKey = 0;
                    GetKeyboardState(kbArray);


                    if (ToAscii(barCode.VirtKey, barCode.ScanCode, kbArray, ref uKey, 0))
                    {
                        barCode.Ascll = uKey;
                        barCode.Chr = Convert.ToChar(uKey);
                    }

TimeSpan ts = DateTime.Now.Subtract(barCode.Time);

 if (ts.TotalMilliseconds > 50)
                    {
                        //时间戳,大于50 毫秒表示手动输入
                        //strBarCode = barCode.Chr.ToString();
                        sbBarCode.Remove(0, sbBarCode.Length);
                        sbBarCode.Append(barCode.Chr.ToString());
                        barCode.OriginalChrs = " " + Convert.ToString(barCode.Chr);
                        barCode.OriginalAsciis = " " + Convert.ToString(barCode.Ascll);
                        barCode.OriginalBarCode = Convert.ToString(barCode.Chr);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        sbBarCode.Append(barCode.Chr.ToString());
                        if ((msg.message & 0xff) == 13 && sbBarCode.Length > 3)
                        {//回车
                            //barCode.BarCode = strBarCode;
                            barCode.BarCode = sbBarCode.ToString();// barCode.OriginalBarCode;
                            barCode.IsValid = true;
                            sbBarCode.Remove(0, sbBarCode.Length);
                        }
                        //strBarCode += barCode.Chr.ToString();
                    }
                    barCode.Time = DateTime.Now;
                    try
                    {
                        if (BarCodeEvent != null && barCode.IsValid)
                        {
                            AsyncCallback callback = new AsyncCallback(AsyncBack);
                            //object obj;
                            Delegate[] delArray = BarCodeEvent.GetInvocationList();
                            //foreach (Delegate del in delArray)
                            foreach (BardCodeDeletegate del in delArray)
                            {
                                try
                                {
                                    //方法1
                                    //obj = del.DynamicInvoke(barCode);
                                    //方法2
                                    del.BeginInvoke(barCode, callback, del);//异步调用防止界面卡死
                                }
                                catch (Exception ex)
                                {
                                    throw ex;
                                }
                            }
                            //BarCodeEvent(barCode);//触发事件
                            barCode.BarCode = "";
                            barCode.OriginalChrs = "";
                            barCode.OriginalAsciis = "";
                            barCode.OriginalBarCode = "";
                        }
                    }
                    catch (Exception)
                    {                      
                        throw;
                    }
                    finally
                    {
                        barCode.IsValid = false; //最后一定要 设置barCode无效
                        barCode.Time = DateTime.Now;
                    }
                }
            }
            return CallNextHookEx(hKeyboardHook, nCode, wParam, lParam);
        }

 //异步返回方法
        public void AsyncBack(IAsyncResult ar)
        {
            BardCodeDeletegate del = ar.AsyncState as BardCodeDeletegate;
            del.EndInvoke(ar);
        }   

 //安装钩子
        public bool Start()
        {
            if (hKeyboardHook == 0)
            {
                hookproc = new HookProc(KeyboardHookProc);


                //GetModuleHandle 函数 替代 Marshal.GetHINSTANCE
                //防止在 framework4.0中 注册钩子不成功
                IntPtr modulePtr = GetModuleHandle(Process.GetCurrentProcess().MainModule.ModuleName);

 //WH_KEYBOARD_LL=13
                //全局钩子 WH_KEYBOARD_LL
                //  hKeyboardHook = SetWindowsHookEx(13, hookproc, Marshal.GetHINSTANCE(Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().GetModules()[0]), 0);

 hKeyboardHook = SetWindowsHookEx(13, hookproc, modulePtr, 0);
            }
            return (hKeyboardHook != 0);
        }

 //卸载钩子
        public bool Stop()
        {
            if (hKeyboardHook != 0)
            {
                return UnhookWindowsHookEx(hKeyboardHook);
            }
            return true;
        }

     }

页面中用法:

 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace Common
{
    public partial class FrmMain : Form
    {
        BardCodeHooK BarCode = new BardCodeHooK();
        public FrmMain()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            BarCode.BarCodeEvent += new BardCodeHooK.BardCodeDeletegate(BarCode_BarCodeEvent);
        }

        private delegate void ShowInfoDelegate(BardCodeHooK.BarCodes barCode);
        private void ShowInfo(BardCodeHooK.BarCodes barCode)
        {
            if (this.InvokeRequired)
            {
                this.BeginInvoke(new ShowInfoDelegate(ShowInfo), new object[] { barCode });
            }
            else
            {
                textBox1.Text = barCode.KeyName;
                textBox2.Text = barCode.VirtKey.ToString();
                textBox3.Text = barCode.ScanCode.ToString();
                textBox4.Text = barCode.Ascll.ToString();
                textBox5.Text = barCode.Chr.ToString();
                textBox6.Text = barCode.IsValid? barCode.BarCode : "";//是否为扫描枪输入,如果为true则是 否则为键盘输入
                textBox7.Text += barCode.KeyName;
                //MessageBox.Show(barCode.IsValid.ToString());
            }
        }

        //C#中判断扫描枪输入与键盘输入

        //Private DateTime _dt = DateTime.Now;  //定义一个成员函数用于保存每次的时间点
        //private void textBox1_KeyPress(object sender, KeyPressEventArgs e)
        //{
        //    DateTime tempDt = DateTime.Now;          //保存按键按下时刻的时间点
        //    TimeSpan ts = tempDt .Subtract(_dt);     //获取时间间隔
        //    if (ts.Milliseconds > 50)                           //判断时间间隔,如果时间间隔大于50毫秒,则将TextBox清空
        //        textBox1.Text = "";
        //    dt = tempDt ;
        //}

 

        void BarCode_BarCodeEvent(BardCodeHooK.BarCodes barCode)
        {
            ShowInfo(barCode);
        }

        private void FrmMain_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            BarCode.Start();
        }

        private void FrmMain_FormClosed(object sender, FormClosedEventArgs e)
        {
            BarCode.Stop();
        }

        private void textBox6_TextChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (textBox6.Text.Length > 0)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("条码长度:" + textBox6.Text.Length + "\n条码内容:" + textBox6.Text, "系统提示");
            }
        }
    }
}

 

 

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