RMAN的使用

原创
2014/02/10 10:01
阅读数 196

--本地

创建文件夹
mkdir /home/oracle/backup
mkdir /home/oracle/backup/script
mkdir /home/oracle/backup/log
mkdir /home/oracle/backup/export


--备份目的地
mkdir /home/oracle/rman_backup

创建备份表空间

create tablespace rman_tbs datafile '/oradata/luke/rman_tbs01.dbf' size 1024M;

创建备份用户
create user rman identified by rman default tablespace rman_tbs temporary tablespace temp;


grant connect,resource ,recovery_catalog_owner to rman;


rman catalog rman/rman
create catalog tablespace rman_tbs;
connect target sys/lukewhx@luke
register database;
report schema;


configure retention policy to redundancy 2;
configure retention policy to recovery window of 7 days;


--倒出RMAN用户数据脚本exp_rman.par (即备份catalog库)


userid=rman/rman
file=/home/oracle/backup/export/rman.dmp
log=/home/oracle/backup/log/rman.log


-- 倒出RMAN数据SHELL脚本exp_rman.sh
#!/bin/bash
cd $HOME
. .bash_profile
cd $HOME/backup/script
exp parfile=exp_rman.par

-- 零级备份RMAN脚本level0_backup.rcv
connect catalog rman/rman
connect target sys/unumall@unu2
run { 

CONFIGURE RETENTION POLICY TO RECOVERY WINDOW OF 14 DAYS; 
CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP ON; 
allocate channel d1 type disk;
allocate channel d2 type disk;
backup incremental level 0 database format '/home/oracle/rman_backup/level0_%d_%s_%p_%u.bak'
tag='level 0' include current controlfile;
sql 'alter system archive log current';
backup archivelog all format '/home/oracle/rman_backup/log_%d_%s_%p_%u.bak' delete all input;
release channel d2;
release channel d1;
}
crosscheck backup;
delete noprompt expired backup;
delete noprompt obsolete;
resync catalog;

--零级备份SHELL脚本的level0_backup.sh
#!/bin/bash
cd $HOME
. .bash_profile
cd $HOME/backup/script
rman cmdfile=level0_backup.rcv msglog=$HOME/backup/log/level0_backup.log
. /home/oracle/backup/script/exp_rman.sh

--一级差异增量备份RMAN脚本 level1_backup.rcv
connect catalog rman/rman
connect target sys/luke@luke
run {
allocate channel d1 type disk;
backup incremental level 1 format '/home/oracle/rman_backup/level1_%d_%s_%p_%u.bak' tag = 'level 1' database;
sql 'alter system archive log current';
backup archivelog all format '/home/oracle/rman_backup/log_%d_%s_%p_%u.bak' delete all input;
release channel d1;
}
crosscheck backup;
delete noprompt expired backup;
delete noprompt obsolete;
resync catalog;

--一级差异增量备份SHELL脚本level1_backup.sh

#!/bin/bash
cd $HOME
. .bash_profile
cd /home/oracle/backup/script
rman cmdfile=level1_backup.rcv msglog=$HOME/backup/log/level1.log
. /home/oracle/backup/script/exp_rman.sh

--二级差异增量备份RMAN脚本 level2_backup.rcv
connect catalog rman/rman
connect target sys/luke@luke
run {
allocate channel d1 type disk;
backup incremental level 2 format '/home/oracle/rman_backup/level2_%d_%s_%p_%u.bak' tag = 'level 2' database;
sql 'alter system archive log current';
backup archivelog all format '/home/oracle/rman_backup/log_%d_%s_%p_%u.bak' delete all input;
release channel d1;
}
crosscheck backup;
delete noprompt expired backup;
delete noprompt obsolete;
resync catalog;

--二级差异增量备份SHELL脚本level2_backup.sh
#!/bin/bash
cd $HOME
. .bash_profile
cd /home/oracle/backup/script
rman cmdfile=level2_backup.rcv msglog=$HOME/backup/log/level2.log
. /home/oracle/backup/script/exp_rman.sh

提高 RMAN增量备份性能

alter database enable block change tracking using file
'/u01/app/oracle/admin/devdb/bdump/luke.log';

desc v$block_change_tracking;

linux下定时执行备份脚本

crontab -e -u oracle
SHELL=/bin/bash --以下脚本在bash下执行
MAILTO=oracle --执行日志以邮件形式邮给oracle用户,可以/var/spool/mail/oracle下查收
10 1 * * 0 /home/oracle/backup/script/level0_backup.sh
10 1 * * 1 /home/oracle/backup/script/level2_backup.sh
10 1 * * 2 /home/oracle/backup/script/level2_backup.sh
10 1 * * 3 /home/oracle/backup/script/level1_backup.sh
10 1 * * 4 /home/oracle/backup/script/level2_backup.sh
10 1 * * 5 /home/oracle/backup/script/level2_backup.sh
10 1 * * 6 /home/oracle/backup/script/level2_backup.sh

一周差异备份策略:
备份目标库和catalog库
周日0级全备,周一周二为2级,周三为1级,周四周五周六为2级。
每天凌晨1点10分开始备份


零级备份
backup incremental level 0 database;
一级差异增量 差异增量是默认增量备份方式
backup incremental level 1 database;
一级累计增量
backup incremental level 1 cumulative database;

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