Python初学之连接Oracle数据库
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Python初学之连接Oracle数据库
rootliu 发表于3个月前
Python初学之连接Oracle数据库
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Python初学之连接Oracle数据库

2014-03-12 20:53 287人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报

 分类:

python(4) 

  最近喜欢上脚本语言,准备从phthon这本语言开始学习!因为我想从事手游这个行业。

  从学什么开始呢?那就从python链接oracle数据库开始吧!废话少说,现在开始!

Python 连Oracle 的基本操作

1.1  DB连接和关闭DB连接

1.1.1 方法一:用户名,密码和监听 分开写

 

[root@rac1 u01]# cat db.py

import cx_Oracle

db=cx_Oracle.connect('system','oracle','192.168.2.42:1521/dave')

print db.version

db.close()

 

[root@rac1 u01]# python db.py

10.2.0.1.0

 

1.1.2 方法二:用户名,密码和监听写在一起

[root@rac1 u01]# cat db.py

import cx_Oracle

db=cx_Oracle.connect('system/oracle@192.168.2.42:1521/dave')

print db.version

db.close()

 

[root@rac1 u01]# python db.py

10.2.0.1.0

 

1.1.3 方法三:配置监听并连接

 

[root@rac1 u01]# cat db.py

import cx_Oracle

tns=cx_Oracle.makedsn('rac1',1521,'dave1')

db=cx_Oracle.connect('system','oracle',tns)

print tns

print db.version

vs=db.version.split('.')

print vs

if vs[0]=='10':

   print "This is Oracle 10g!"

db.close()

 

[root@rac1 u01]# python db.py

(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SID=dave1)))

10.2.0.1.0

['10', '2', '0', '1', '0']

This is Oracle 10g!

 

 

1.2  建立cursor 并执行SQL语句

 

[root@rac1 u01]# cat db.py

import cx_Oracle

tns=cx_Oracle.makedsn('rac1',1521,'dave1')

db=cx_Oracle.connect('system','oracle',tns) --创建连接

cr=db.cursor()  --创建cursor

sql='select * from phone'

cr.execute(sql)  --执行sql 语句

 

print "\nThis is Fetchall!"

rs=cr.fetchall()  --一次返回所有结果集

 

print "print all:(%s)" %rs

print "\n print by row:"

for x in rs:

        print x

 

print "\nThis is Fetone!"

cr.execute(sql)

while(1):

        rs=cr.fetchone()  --一次返回一行

        if rs ==None:break

        print rs

 

--使用参数查询

print "\n select with parameter:"

pr={'id':3,'tel':13888888888}

cr.execute('select * from phone where id=:id or phone=:tel',pr)

--这里我们将参数作为一个字典来处理的

rs=cr.fetchall()

print rs

 

cr.execute('select * from phone where id=:myid or phone=:myphone',myid=2,myphone=13888888888)

--这里我们直接写参数

rs=cr.fetchall()

print rs

 

cr.close()

db.close()

 

[root@rac1 u01]# python db.py

 

This is Fetchall!

print all:([(1, 13865999999L), (2, 13888888888L)])

 

print by row:

(1, 13865999999L)

(2, 13888888888L)

 

This is Fetone!

(1, 13865999999L)

(2, 13888888888L)

 

select with parameter:

[(2, 13888888888L)]

[(2, 13888888888L)]

 

Python 类型和Oracle 类型的对应关系:

 

During the fetch stage, basic Oracle data types get mapped into their Python equivalents. cx_Oracle maintains a separate set of data types that helps in this transition. The Oracle - cx_Oracle - Python mappings are:

 

 

 

Oracle

cx_Oracle

Python

VARCHAR2
NVARCHAR2
LONG

cx_Oracle.STRING

str

CHAR

cx_Oracle.FIXED_CHAR

NUMBER

cx_Oracle.NUMBER

int

FLOAT

float

DATE

cx_Oracle.DATETIME

datetime.datetime

TIMESTAMP

cx_Oracle.TIMESTAMP

CLOB

cx_Oracle.CLOB

cx_Oracle.LOB

 

一个完成的示例

 

在这个例子里,我们将用Python 对DB 进行一些操作,包括,创建一张表,并插入一些数据,在修改其中的部分数据。

 

 

[root@rac1 u01]# cat dave.py

#!/usr/bin/python

#coding=utf-8

import cx_Oracle

import sys

import urllib

import os

 

def connectDB(dbname='dave'):

        if dbname=='dave':

                connstr='system/Oracle@192.168.2.42:1521/dave'

        db=cx_Oracle.connect(connstr)

        return db

 

def sqlSelect(sql,db):

        #include:select

        cr=db.cursor()

        cr.execute(sql)

        rs=cr.fetchall()

        cr.close()

        return rs

 

def sqlDML(sql,db):

        #include: insert,update,delete

        cr=db.cursor()

        cr.execute(sql)

        cr.close()

        db.commit()

 

def sqlDML2(sql,params,db):

        # execute dml with parameters

        cr=db.cursor()

        cr.execute(sql,params)

        cr.close()

        db.commit()

 

def sqlDDL(sql,db):

        #include: create

        cr=db.cursor()

        cr.execute(sql)

        cr.close()

 

 

if __name__=='__main__':

        print "This is a test python program,write by tianlesoftware!\n"

        os.environ['NLS_LANG']='SIMPLIFIED CHINESE_CHINA.UTF8'

 

        #connect to database:

        db=connectDB()

 

        #create a table:

        sql='create table dave(id number,name varchar2(20),phone number)'

        sqlDDL(sql,db)

 

        #insert data to table dave:

        sql='insert into dave values(1,\'tianlesoftware\',13888888888)'

        sqlDML(sql,db)

 

        dt=[{'id':2,'name':'dave','phone':138888888888},

            {'id':3,'name':'Oracle','phone':13888888888},

            {'id':4,'name':'anqing','phone':13888888888}]

 

        sql='insert into dave values(:id,:name,:phone)'

 

        for x in dt:

                sqlDML2(sql,x,db)

 

 

        #select the result:

        print "this is the first time select the data from dave"

        sql='select * from dave'

        rs=sqlSelect(sql,db)

        for x in rs:

                print x

 

        #update data where id=1,change the name to anhui

        sql='update dave set name=\'anhui\' where id=1'

        sqlDML(sql,db)

 

        #select again:

        print "\n change the nanme to anhui where id equal 1,and select the result"

        sql='select * from dave'

        rs=sqlSelect(sql,db)

        for x in rs:

                print x

 

        #delete data where id=3

        sql='delete from dave where id=3'

        sqlDML(sql,db)

 

        #select again:

        print "\n delete the data where id equal 3 and select the result"

        sql='select * from dave'

        rs=sqlSelect(sql,db)

        for x in rs:

                print x

 

        db.close()

 

 

[root@rac1 u01]# python dave.py

This is a test python program,write by tianlesoftware!

 

this is the first time select the data from dave

(1, 'tianlesoftware', 13888888888L)

(2, 'dave', 138888888888L)

(3, 'Oracle', 13888888888L)

(4, 'anqing', 13888888888L)

 

change the nanme to anhui where id equal 1,and select the result

(1, 'anhui', 13888888888L)

(2, 'dave', 138888888888L)

(3, 'Oracle', 13888888888L)

(4, 'anqing', 13888888888L)

 

delete the data where id equal 3 and select the result

(1, 'anhui', 13888888888L)

(2, 'dave', 138888888888L)

(4, 'anqing', 13888888888L)

 

 

关于Python 连接Oracle 数据库,及一些基本操作,就这么多。

 

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