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使用DirectPlay进行网络互联(3)

rise-worlds
 rise-worlds
发布于 2016/06/20 13:41
字数 4435
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销毁玩家

当玩家断开连接时,服务器端会收到消息 DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER,这时需要将消息缓冲区转换为DPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER类型。

The DPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER structure contains information for the DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER system message.

typedef struct _DPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER{
DWORD dwSize;
DPNID dpnidPlayer;
PVOID pvPlayerContext;
DWORD dwReason;
} DPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER, *PDPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER;
dwSize
Size of this structure.
dpnidPlayer
DPNID of the player deleted from the session.
pvPlayerContext
Player context value.
dwReason
One of the following flags indicating why the player was destroyed.
DPNDESTROYPLAYERREASON_NORMAL
The player is being deleted for normal reasons.
DPNDESTROYPLAYERREASON_CONNECTIONLOST
The player is being deleted because the connection was lost.
DPNDESTROYPLAYERREASON_SESSIONTERMINATED
The player is being deleted because the session was terminated.
DPNDESTROYPLAYERREASON_HOSTDESTROYEDPLAYER
The player is being deleted because the host called IDirectPlay8Peer::DestroyPeer.

Return Values

Return DPN_OK.

Remarks

In client/server mode, this message is received only by the server. In peer-to-peer mode, all players receive this message.

When the server closes a session, it receives a DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER message for all connected players. Because the server knows that it is disconnecting, this is normal behavior, and the dwReason member of the associated structure is set to DPNDESTROYPLAYERREASON_NORMAL. The DPNDESTROYPLAYERREASON_SESSIONTERMINATED value is only set for unexpected disconnections.

You might receive DPN_MSGID_CREATE_PLAYER and DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER messages on different threads. However, you will not receive a DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER message before your callback function has returned from receiving a DPN_MSGID_CREATE_PLAYER message.

要强制一个玩家断开连接,使用IDirectPlay8Server::DestroyClient函数即可。

Deletes a client from the session.

HRESULT DestroyClient(
const DPNID
dpnidClient,
const VOID *const pDestroyInfo,
const DWORD dwDestroyInfoSize,
const DWORD dwFlags
);

Parameters

dpnidClient
[in] Variable of type DPNID that specifies the identifier of the client to delete.
pDestroyInfo
[in] Pointer that describes additional delete data information.
dwDestroyInfoSize
[in] Variable of type DWORD that specifies the size of the data in the pDestroyInfo parameter.
dwFlags
[in] Reserved. Must be 0.

Return Values

Returns S_OK if successful, or one of the following error values.

DPNERR_INVALIDPARAM
DPNERR_INVALIDPLAYER
DPNERR_NOTHOST

以下代码示例了如何处理消息DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER。

//  application variables
struct  PLAYER_INFO
{
    DPNID   player_id;  
//  DirectPlay Player ID
     char     name[ 26 ];    //  Player Name

    PLAYER_INFO()   { player_id 
=   0 ; }
};

//  window handles, class.
HWND g_hwnd;
char  g_class_name[]  =   " ServerClass " ;

//  application GUID
GUID g_app_guid  =  {  0xababbe60 0x1ac0 0x11d5 , {  0x90 0x89 0x44 0x45 0x53 0x54 0x0 0x1  } };

IDirectPlay8Server
*          g_dp_server;     //  DirectPlay Server
DPN_SERVICE_PROVIDER_INFO *   g_adapter_list;  //  adapters
DWORD                       g_num_adapters;  //  number of adapters

PLAYER_INFO g_player_info[
256 ];  //  player information
BOOL g_is_hosting;               //  flag indicates whether host started or not

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Callback function that receives all messages from the client, and receives indications 
//  of session changes from the IDirectPlay8Client interface. 
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HRESULT WINAPI Net_Msg_Handle(PVOID user_context, DWORD message_id, PVOID msg_buffer)
{

    DPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER *   destroy_player;  //  contains information for the DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER system message
    DPN_PLAYER_INFO *         dpn_player_info; //  describes static player informaion
    DPN_BUFFER_DESC         buffer_desc;     //  used dy DirectPlay for generic buffer information

    DPNHANDLE       async_handle;
    PLAYER_INFO
*     player_info;
    
int              index;
    DWORD           size;
    
char             message[ 512 ];
    HRESULT         rv;

    
switch (message_id)
    {
    
//  Microsoft DirectPlay generates the DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER message when a player leaves a peer-to-peer 
    
//  or client/server session.
     case  DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER:
        destroy_player 
=  (DPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER  * ) msg_buffer;

        
//  make sure it is not the host
         if ((player_info  =  (PLAYER_INFO * ) destroy_player -> pvPlayerContext)  ==  NULL)
            
break ;

        
//  remove the player from list

        player_info
-> player_id  =   0 ;

        
//  An application sends an LB_FINDSTRING message to find the first string in a list box that begins 
        
//  with the specified string. 
        
//
        
//  The return value is the index of the matching item, or LB_ERR if the search was unsuccessful. 
        
//
        
//  wParam:
        
//     Specifies the zero-based index of the item before the first item to be searched. 
        
//     When the search reaches the bottom of the list box, it continues searching from the top of the 
        
//     list box back to the item specified by the wParam parameter. If wParam is –1, the entire list 
        
//     box is searched from the beginning. 
        
//  
        
//  lParam:
        
//     Pointer to the null-terminated string that contains the string for which to search. 
        
//     The search is case independent, so this string can contain any combination of uppercase and 
        
//     lowercase letters.       
        index  =  ( int ) SendMessage(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_USERS), LB_FINDSTRING,  - 1 , (LPARAM)player_info -> name);

        
if (index  !=  LB_ERR)
            
//  An application sends an LB_DELETESTRING message to delete a string in a list box. 
            
//
            
//  wParam:
            
//       Specifies the zero-based index of the string to be deleted. 
            
//  lParam:
            
//       This parameter is not used. 
            SendMessage(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_USERS), LB_DELETESTRING, index,  0 );

        
//  send message to remaining players notifying player left
        sprintf(message,  " %s quit. " , player_info -> name);
        Send_Text_Msg(DPNID_ALL_PLAYERS_GROUP, message);

        
break ;
    }

    
//  return S_OK to signify the message was handled OK.
     return  S_OK;
}

接收数据

实际的游戏数据采取应用程序指定消息的形式,但总是封装在DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE消息类型中,使用DPNMSG_RECEIVE结构体。

The DPNMSG_RECEIVE structure contains information for the DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE system message.

typedef struct {
DWORD dwSize;
DPNID dpnidSender;
PVOID pvPlayerContext;
PBYTE pReceiveData;
DWORD dwReceiveDataSize;
DPNHANDLE hBufferHandle;
} DPNMSG_RECEIVE, *PDPNMSG_RECEIVE;
dwSize
Size of this structure.
dpnidSender
DPNID of the player that sent the message.
pvPlayerContext
Player context value of the player that sent the message.
pReceiveData
PBYTE pointer to the message data buffer. This buffer is normally only valid while the DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE message is being processed by the callback message handler.
dwReceiveDataSize
Size of the data, in bytes, of the pReceiveData member.
hBufferHandle
Buffer handle for the pReceiveData member. If you have returned DPNSUCCESS_PENDING , pass this value to ReturnBuffer to notify Microsoft® DirectPlay® to free the buffer.

Return Values

Return DPNSUCCESS_PENDING to transfer ownership of the data buffer to your application. Otherwise, return DPN_OK.

Remarks

Because you should not spend large amounts of time processing messages, you should copy the data, and process the message. Alternatively, you can return DPNSUCCESS_PENDING from the callback message handler. Doing so transfers ownership of the buffer to the application. If you return DPNSUCCESS_PENDING, you must call IDirectPlay8Peer::ReturnBuffer, IDirectPlay8Client::ReturnBuffer, or IDirectPlay8Server::ReturnBuffer when you are finished with the buffer. Pass the method the value you receive in the hBufferHandle member to identify the buffer. If you fail to call ReturnBuffer, you will create a memory leak.


以下代码示例了如何处理消息DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE。

IDirectPlay8Server *          g_dp_server;     //  DirectPlay Server

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Callback function that receives all messages from the client, and receives indications 
//  of session changes from the IDirectPlay8Client interface. 
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HRESULT WINAPI Net_Msg_Handle(PVOID user_context, DWORD message_id, PVOID msg_buffer)
{
    DPNMSG_RECEIVE
*          receive_data;    //  contains information for the DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE system message
    DPN_BUFFER_DESC         buffer_desc;     //  used dy DirectPlay for generic buffer information

    DPNHANDLE       async_handle;

    
switch (message_id)
    {
    
//  Microsoft DirectPlay generates the DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE message when a message has been processed by 
    
//  the receiver.
     case  DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE:
        receive_data 
=  (DPNMSG_RECEIVE * ) msg_buffer;

        
//  forward message to all player except host
        buffer_desc.dwBufferSize  =  receive_data -> dwReceiveDataSize;
        buffer_desc.pBufferData  
=  receive_data -> pReceiveData;

        g_dp_server
-> SendTo(DPNID_ALL_PLAYERS_GROUP,  & buffer_desc,  1 0 , NULL,  & async_handle, DPNSEND_NOLOOPBACK);

        
break ;
    }

    
//  return S_OK to signify the message was handled OK.
     return  S_OK;
}

发送服务器端消息

如果网络不传输数据,它就一无是处。要让服务器端对象发送数据到一个已经连接的客户端,需要使用SendTo函数,该函数发送数据到单个玩家,或一次发送到所有玩家,或发送到属于某一特定组的所有玩家。

Transmits data to a client or group within the session. The message can be sent synchronously or asynchronously.

HRESULT SendTo(
const DPNID
dpnid,
const DPN_BUFFER_DESC *const pBufferDesc,
const DWORD cBufferDesc,
const DWORD dwTimeOut,
void *const pvAsyncContext,
DPNHANDLE *const phAsyncHandle,
const DWORD dwFlags
);

Parameters

dpnid
[in] Identifier of the client or group to receive data. Set this parameter to DPNID_ALL_PLAYERS_GROUP to send a message to all players in the session.
pBufferDesc
[in] Pointer to a DPN_BUFFER_DESC structure that describes the data to send.
cBufferDesc
[in] Number of DPN_BUFFER_DESC structures pointed to by pBufferDesc. There can be only one buffer in this version of Microsoft® DirectPlay® .
dwTimeOut
[in] Number of milliseconds to wait for the message to send. If the message has not been sent by the dwTimeOut value, it is deleted from the send queue. If you set this parameter to 0, the message remains in the send queue until it is sent or until the link is dropped.
pvAsyncContext
[in] Pointer to the user-supplied context, which is returned in the pvUserContext member of the DPN_MSGID_SEND_COMPLETE system message.
phAsyncHandle
[out] A DPNHANDLE. When the method returns, phAsyncHandle will point to a handle that you can pass to IDirectPlay8Server::CancelAsyncOperation to cancel the operation. This parameter must be set to NULL if you set the DPNSEND_SYNC flag in dwFlags.
dwFlags
[in] Flags that describe send behavior. You can set one or more of the following flags.
DPNSEND_SYNC
Process the SendTo request synchronously.
DPNSEND_NOCOPY
Use the data in the DPN_BUFFER_DESC structure and do not make an internal copy. This may be a more efficient method of sending data. However, it is less robust because the sender might be able to modify the message before the receiver has processed it. This flag cannot be used with DPNSEND_NOCOMPLETE.
DPNSEND_NOCOMPLETE
Do not send the DPN_MSGID_SEND_COMPLETE structure to the message handler. This flag may not be used with DPNSEND_NOCOPY or DPNSEND_GUARANTEED. Additionally, when using this flag pvAsyncContext must be NULL.
DPNSEND_COMPLETEONPROCESS
Send the DPN_MSGID_SEND_COMPLETE to the message handler when this message has been delivered to the target and the target's message handler returns from indicating its reception. There is additional internal message overhead when this flag is set, and the message transmission process may become significantly slower. If you set this flag, DPNSEND_GUARANTEED must also be set.
DPNSEND_GUARANTEED
Send the message by a guaranteed method of delivery.
DPNSEND_PRIORITY_HIGH
Sets the priority of the message to high. This flag cannot be used with DPNSEND_PRIORITY_LOW.
DPNSEND_PRIORITY_LOW
Sets the priority of the message to low. This flag cannot be used with DPNSEND_PRIORITY_HIGH.
DPNSEND_NOLOOPBACK
Suppress the DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE system message to your message handler when you are sending to a group that includes the local player. For example, this flag is useful if you are broadcasting to the entire session.
DPNSEND_NONSEQUENTIAL
If this flag is set, the target application will receive the messages in the order that they arrive at the user's computer. If this flag is not set, messages are delivered sequentially, and will be received by the target application in the order that they were sent. Doing so may require buffering incoming messages until missing messages arrive.

Return Values

Returns S_OK if this method is processed synchronously and is successful. By default, this method is run asynchronously and generally returns DPNSUCCESS_PENDING or one of the following error values.

DPNERR_CONNECTIONLOST
DPNERR_INVALIDFLAGS
DPNERR_INVALIDPARAM
DPNERR_INVALIDPLAYER
DPNERR_TIMEDOUT

Remarks

This method generates a DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE system message in the receiver's message handler. The data is contained in the pReceiveData member of the associated structure.

Messages can have one of three priorities: low, normal, and high. To specify a low or high priority for the message set the appropriate flag in dwFlags. If neither of the priority flags is set, the message will have normal priority. See Basic Networking for a discussion of send priorities.

When the SendTo request is completed, a DPN_MSGID_SEND_COMPLETE system message is posted to the sender's message handler. The success or failure of the request is contained in the hResultCode member of the associated structure. You can suppress the send completion by setting the DPNSEND_NOCOMPLETE flag in dwflags.

Send completions are typically posted on the source computer as soon as the message is sent. In other words, a send completion does not necessarily mean that the message has been processed on the target. It may still be in a queue. If you want to be certain that the message has been processed by the target, set the DPNSEND_COMPLETEONPROCESS flag in dwFlags. This flag ensures that the send completion will not be sent until the target's message handler has processed the message, and returned.

Note  Do not assume that resources such as the data buffer will remain valid until the method has returned. If you call this method asynchronously, the DPN_MSGID_SEND_COMPLETE message may be received and processed by your message handler before the call has returned. If your message handler deallocates or otherwise invalidates a resource such as the data buffer, that resource may become invalid at any time after the method has been called.


下面这个函数发送消息数据到指定的玩家ID组。

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Send text to all clients which specified by player_id.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void  Send_Text_Msg(DPNID player_id,  char *  text)
{
    DPNHANDLE async_handle;
    DPN_BUFFER_DESC buffer_desc;

    
if (g_dp_server  ==  NULL)
        
return ;

    
//  build a data structure
    buffer_desc.dwBufferSize  =  (DWORD) (strlen(text)  +   1 );
    buffer_desc.pBufferData  
=  (BYTE * ) text;

    
//  Send message (async method - reason for handle)
    
//
    
//  Transmits data to a client or group within the session. 
    
//  The message can be sent synchronously or asynchronously.
    g_dp_server -> SendTo(player_id,  & buffer_desc,  1 0 , NULL,  & async_handle, DPNSEND_NOLOOPBACK);
}

 

结束主持会话

一旦服务器端完成了工作,就是停止会话的时候了,停止会话也就是停止所有传输并销毁所有玩家,这可以通过IDirectPlay8Server::Close来完成。因为该函数采用同步方式工作,所以在所有传输完成以及所有连接关闭之前不会返回,这就保证了无须有任何顾虑,就能关闭应用程序。

Closes the open connection to a session.

HRESULT Close(
const DWORD
dwFlags
);

Parameters

dwFlags
[in] Reserved. Must be 0.

Return Values

Returns S_OK if successful, or the following error value.

DPNERR_UNINITIALIZED

Remarks

This method must be called on any object successfully initialized with IDirectPlay8Server::Initialize.

This method is a counterpart to IDirectPlay8Server::Host. It closes all active network connections hosted by the server. This method is synchronous, and will not return until the server has processed all DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER messages. This feature guarantees that when Close returns, you can safely shut down the server application.

Calling Close will cancel all outstanding operations, including data sent as guaranteed. To make sure all messages are sent, wait for all outstanding SendTo calls to complete before calling Close.


以下给出一个完整的服务器端代码示例:

点击下载源码和工程

/* **************************************************************************************
PURPOSE:
    Server Network Demo
 **************************************************************************************
*/

#include 
< windows.h >
#include 
< stdio.h >
#include 
< dplay8.h >
#include 
< dpaddr.h >
#include 
" resource.h "

#pragma comment(lib, 
" dxguid.lib " )
#pragma comment(lib, 
" dplayx.lib " )

#pragma warning(disable : 
4996 )

#define  Safe_Release(p) if((p)) (p)->Release();

//  application variables
struct  PLAYER_INFO
{
    DPNID   player_id;  
//  DirectPlay Player ID
     char     name[ 26 ];    //  Player Name

    PLAYER_INFO()   { player_id 
=   0 ; }
};

//  window handles, class.
HWND g_hwnd;
char  g_class_name[]  =   " ServerClass " ;

//  application GUID
GUID g_app_guid  =  {  0xababbe60 0x1ac0 0x11d5 , {  0x90 0x89 0x44 0x45 0x53 0x54 0x0 0x1  } };

IDirectPlay8Server
*          g_dp_server;     //  DirectPlay Server
DPN_SERVICE_PROVIDER_INFO *   g_adapter_list;  //  adapters
DWORD                       g_num_adapters;  //  number of adapters

PLAYER_INFO g_player_info[
256 ];  //  player information
BOOL g_is_hosting;               //  flag indicates whether host started or not

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Send text to all clients which specified by player_id.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void  Send_Text_Msg(DPNID player_id,  char *  text)
{
    DPNHANDLE async_handle;
    DPN_BUFFER_DESC buffer_desc;

    
if (g_dp_server  ==  NULL)
        
return ;

    
//  build a data structure
    buffer_desc.dwBufferSize  =  (DWORD) (strlen(text)  +   1 );
    buffer_desc.pBufferData  
=  (BYTE * ) text;

    
//  Send message (async method - reason for handle)
    
//
    
//  Transmits data to a client or group within the session. 
    
//  The message can be sent synchronously or asynchronously.
    g_dp_server -> SendTo(player_id,  & buffer_desc,  1 0 , NULL,  & async_handle, DPNSEND_NOLOOPBACK);
}

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Callback function that receives all messages from the client, and receives indications 
//  of session changes from the IDirectPlay8Client interface. 
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HRESULT WINAPI Net_Msg_Handle(PVOID user_context, DWORD message_id, PVOID msg_buffer)
{
    DPNMSG_CREATE_PLAYER
*    create_player;   //  contains information for the DPN_MSGID_CREATE_PLAYER system message
    DPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER *   destroy_player;  //  contains information for the DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER system message
    DPNMSG_RECEIVE *          receive_data;    //  contains information for the DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE system message
    DPN_PLAYER_INFO *         dpn_player_info; //  describes static player informaion
    DPN_BUFFER_DESC         buffer_desc;     //  used dy DirectPlay for generic buffer information

    DPNHANDLE       async_handle;
    PLAYER_INFO
*     player_info;
    
int              index;
    DWORD           size;
    
char             message[ 512 ];
    HRESULT         rv;

    
switch (message_id)
    {
    
//  Microsoft DirectPlay generates the DPN_MSGID_CREATE_PLAYER message when a player is added to a 
    
//  peer-to-peer or client/server session.
     case  DPN_MSGID_CREATE_PLAYER:
        create_player 
=  (DPNMSG_CREATE_PLAYER * ) msg_buffer;

        
//  get player name and save it

        size 
=   0 ;
        dpn_player_info 
=  NULL;

        
//  Retrieves the client information set for the specified client
        rv  =  g_dp_server -> GetClientInfo(create_player -> dpnidPlayer, dpn_player_info,  & size,  0 );

        
if (FAILED(rv)  &&  rv  !=  DPNERR_BUFFERTOOSMALL)
        {
            
//  skip this if this is a host player
             if (rv  ==  DPNERR_INVALIDPLAYER)
                
break ;

            
return  E_FAIL;
        }

        
if ((dpn_player_info  =  (DPN_PLAYER_INFO * new  BYTE[size])  ==  NULL)
            
return  E_FAIL;

        ZeroMemory(dpn_player_info, size);
        dpn_player_info
-> dwSize  =   sizeof (DPN_PLAYER_INFO);

        
//  retrieves the client information set again
         if (FAILED(g_dp_server -> GetClientInfo(create_player -> dpnidPlayer, dpn_player_info,  & size,  0 )))
        {
            delete[] dpn_player_info;
            
return  E_FAIL;
        }

        
//  Find an empty player structure to use

        index 
=   - 1 ;

        
for ( int  i  =   0 ; i  <   256 ; i ++ )
        {
            
if (g_player_info[i].player_id  ==   0 )
            {
                index 
=  i;
                
break ;
            }
        }

        
if (index  ==   - 1 )
        {
            delete[] dpn_player_info;
            
return  E_FAIL;
        }

        
//  set player context pointer
        create_player -> pvPlayerContext  =  ( void * & g_player_info[index];

        
//  save player ID
        g_player_info[index].player_id  =  create_player -> dpnidPlayer;
        
        wcstombs(g_player_info[index].name, dpn_player_info
-> pwszName,  256 );
        
        
//  add player to list
        SendMessage(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_USERS), LB_ADDSTRING,  0 , (LPARAM) g_player_info[index].name);

        
//  send a message to all players notifying someone joined
        sprintf(message,  " %s joined! " , g_player_info[index].name);
        Send_Text_Msg(DPNID_ALL_PLAYERS_GROUP, message);

        delete[] dpn_player_info;

        
break ;

    
//  Microsoft DirectPlay generates the DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER message when a player leaves a peer-to-peer 
    
//  or client/server session.
     case  DPN_MSGID_DESTROY_PLAYER:
        destroy_player 
=  (DPNMSG_DESTROY_PLAYER  * ) msg_buffer;

        
//  make sure it is not the host
         if ((player_info  =  (PLAYER_INFO * ) destroy_player -> pvPlayerContext)  ==  NULL)
            
break ;

        
//  remove the player from list

        player_info
-> player_id  =   0 ;

        
//  An application sends an LB_FINDSTRING message to find the first string in a list box that begins 
        
//  with the specified string. 
        
//
        
//  The return value is the index of the matching item, or LB_ERR if the search was unsuccessful. 
        
//
        
//  wParam:
        
//     Specifies the zero-based index of the item before the first item to be searched. 
        
//     When the search reaches the bottom of the list box, it continues searching from the top of the 
        
//     list box back to the item specified by the wParam parameter. If wParam is –1, the entire list 
        
//     box is searched from the beginning. 
        
//  
        
//  lParam:
        
//     Pointer to the null-terminated string that contains the string for which to search. 
        
//     The search is case independent, so this string can contain any combination of uppercase and 
        
//     lowercase letters.       
        index  =  ( int ) SendMessage(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_USERS), LB_FINDSTRING,  - 1 , (LPARAM)player_info -> name);

        
if (index  !=  LB_ERR)
            
//  An application sends an LB_DELETESTRING message to delete a string in a list box. 
            
//
            
//  wParam:
            
//       Specifies the zero-based index of the string to be deleted. 
            
//  lParam:
            
//       This parameter is not used. 
            SendMessage(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_USERS), LB_DELETESTRING, index,  0 );

        
//  send message to remaining players notifying player left
        sprintf(message,  " %s quit. " , player_info -> name);
        Send_Text_Msg(DPNID_ALL_PLAYERS_GROUP, message);

        
break ;

    
//  Microsoft DirectPlay generates the DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE message when a message has been processed by 
    
//  the receiver.
     case  DPN_MSGID_RECEIVE:
        receive_data 
=  (DPNMSG_RECEIVE * ) msg_buffer;

        
//  forward message to all player except host
        buffer_desc.dwBufferSize  =  receive_data -> dwReceiveDataSize;
        buffer_desc.pBufferData  
=  receive_data -> pReceiveData;

        g_dp_server
-> SendTo(DPNID_ALL_PLAYERS_GROUP,  & buffer_desc,  1 0 , NULL,  & async_handle, DPNSEND_NOLOOPBACK);

        
break ;
    }

    
//  return S_OK to signify the message was handled OK.
     return  S_OK;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Create DirectPlay Server and initialize it.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOOL Init_DirectPlay_Server()
{
    
//  create DirectPlay Server component
     if (FAILED(CoCreateInstance(CLSID_DirectPlay8Server, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC, IID_IDirectPlay8Server, 
                               (
void ** ) & g_dp_server)))
        
return  FALSE;

    
//  Assign a message handler to network component
    
//
    
//  Registers an entry point in the client's code that receives the messages from the IDirectPlay8Client
    
//  interface and from the server.
     if (FAILED(g_dp_server -> Initialize(NULL, Net_Msg_Handle,  0 )))
        
return  FALSE;

    
return  TRUE;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Enumerate all TCP/IP adapters.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void  Enum_Adapters()
{
    
//  return if no server object or GUID
     if (g_dp_server  ==  NULL)
        
return ;

    
//  get a handle of the list box
    HWND adapters_ctrl  =  GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_ADAPTERS);

    
//  clear the list box
    SendMessage(adapters_ctrl, LB_RESETCONTENT,  0 0 );

    
//  free prior adapter list
    delete[] g_adapter_list;
    g_adapter_list 
=  NULL;

    g_num_adapters 
=   0 ;

    DWORD adapter_list_size 
=   0 ;

    
//  query the required size of the data buffer
    HRESULT rv  =  g_dp_server -> EnumServiceProviders( & CLSID_DP8SP_TCPIP, NULL, g_adapter_list,  & adapter_list_size, 
                                                   
& g_num_adapters,  0 );

    
if (rv  !=  DPNERR_BUFFERTOOSMALL)
        
return ;

    
//  allocate a buffer
     if ((g_adapter_list  =  (DPN_SERVICE_PROVIDER_INFO * new  BYTE[adapter_list_size])  ==  NULL)
        
return ;

    
//  enumerate again
     if (SUCCEEDED(g_dp_server -> EnumServiceProviders( & CLSID_DP8SP_TCPIP, NULL, g_adapter_list,  & adapter_list_size, 
                                                   
& g_num_adapters,  0 )))
    {
        
char  adapter_name[ 1024 ];

        
//  enumeration is complete, scan through entries.
        DPN_SERVICE_PROVIDER_INFO *  adapter_ptr  =  g_adapter_list;

        
for (DWORD i  =   0 ; i  <  g_num_adapters; i ++ )
        {
            
//  convert wide string into multi-byte string
            wcstombs(adapter_name, adapter_ptr -> pwszName,  1024 );

            
//  add the adapter name int listbox
            SendMessage(adapters_ctrl, CB_ADDSTRING,  0 , (LPARAM)adapter_name);

            
//  go to next servicec provider
            adapter_ptr ++ ;
        }
    }

    
//  Select first adapter
    
//
    
//  An application sends a CB_SETCURSEL message to select a string in the list of a combo box. 
    
//  If necessary, the list scrolls the string into view. The text in the edit control of the combo box 
    
//  changes to reflect the new selection, and any previous selection in the list is removed. 
    
//
    
//  wParam:
    
//     Specifies the zero-based index of the string to select. If this parameter is –1, any current selection 
    
//     in the list is removed and the edit control is cleared. 
    
//
    
//  lParam:
    
//     This parameter is not used. 
    SendMessage(adapters_ctrl, CB_SETCURSEL,  0 0 );    
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Release all resource which allocated for DirectPlay.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void  Release_DirectPlay()
{
    
//  release client service provider list memory
    delete[] g_adapter_list;
    g_adapter_list 
=  NULL;
    
    g_num_adapters 
=   0 ;

    
//  release client component
     if (g_dp_server  !=  NULL)
    {
        
//  Closes the open connection to a session. This method must be called on any object that is successfully 
        
//  initialized with a call to the IDirectPlay8Client::Initialize method.
        g_dp_server -> Close( 0 );

        g_dp_server
-> Release();

        g_dp_server 
=  NULL;
    }
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Start hosting a server which GUID specified by adapter_guid.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BOOL Start_Session(GUID *  adapter_guid)
{
    
//  Make sure there's an adapter
     if (adapter_guid  ==  NULL)
        
return  FALSE;

    
//  Need to re-assign a network handler as quitting a previous session to clears it.
    
//  Close the connection first before assigning a new network handler.
    
//
    
//  Closes the open connnection to a session.
    g_dp_server -> Close( 0 );

    
//  Initialize DirectPlay Server
     if (FAILED(g_dp_server -> Initialize(NULL, Net_Msg_Handle,  0 )))
        
return  FALSE;

    IDirectPlay8Address
*     dp_address;

    
//  Create an address object and fill it with information
     if (FAILED(CoCreateInstance(CLSID_DirectPlay8Address, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC, IID_IDirectPlay8Address, 
                               (
void ** ) & dp_address)))
        
return  FALSE;

    
//  Set the protocol to TCP/IP
    
//
    
//  Sets the service provider GUID in the address object.
    
//  If a service provider is specified for this address, it is overwrittern by this call.
     if (FAILED(dp_address -> SetSP( & CLSID_DP8SP_TCPIP)))
    {
        dp_address
-> Release();
        
return  FALSE;
    }

    
//  Set the port
    DWORD port  =   21234 ;

    
//  Adds a component to the address.
    
//  If the component is part of the address, it is replaced by the new value in this call.

    
//  Set port
     if (FAILED(dp_address -> AddComponent(DPNA_KEY_PORT,  & port,  sizeof (DWORD), DPNA_DATATYPE_DWORD)))
    {
        dp_address
-> Release();
        
return  FALSE;
    }

    
//  Set the adapter
     if (FAILED(dp_address -> AddComponent(DPNA_KEY_DEVICE, adapter_guid,  sizeof (GUID), DPNA_DATATYPE_GUID)))
    {
        dp_address
-> Release();
        
return  FALSE;
    }

    DPN_APPLICATION_DESC app_desc;  
//  Describes the settings for a Microsoft DirectPlay application

    
//  Setup the application description structure

    ZeroMemory(
& app_desc,  sizeof (DPN_APPLICATION_DESC));

    app_desc.dwSize          
=   sizeof (DPN_APPLICATION_DESC);
    app_desc.dwFlags         
=  DPNSESSION_CLIENT_SERVER;
    app_desc.guidApplication 
=  g_app_guid;
    app_desc.pwszSessionName 
=  L " SercverSession " ;
    app_desc.dwMaxPlayers    
=   256 ;

    
//  Start hosting
    
//
    
//  Creates a new client/server session, hosted by the local computer.
     if (FAILED(g_dp_server -> Host( & app_desc,  & dp_address,  1 , NULL, NULL, NULL,  0 )))
    {
        dp_address
-> Release();
        
return  FALSE;
    }

    
//  Release the address component
    dp_address -> Release();

    
//  Disables combo-box control.
    
//
    
//  Enables or disables mouse and keyboard input to the specified window or control. 
    
//  When input is disabled, the window does not receive input such as mouse clicks and key presses. 
    
//  When input is enabled, the window receives all input. 
    EnableWindow(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_ADAPTERS), FALSE);

    
//  Setup the dialog information
    SetWindowText(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_STARTSTOP),  " Stop " );

    g_is_hosting 
=  TRUE;

    
return  TRUE;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Stoping hosting server.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void  Stop_Session()
{
    
//  Close the connection
     if (g_dp_server)
        g_dp_server
-> Close( 0 );

    
//  Enables combo-box control
    EnableWindow(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_ADAPTERS), TRUE);

    
//  Setup the dialog information
    SetWindowText(GetDlgItem(g_hwnd, IDC_STARTSTOP),  " Start " );

    g_is_hosting 
=  FALSE;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Window procedure.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
long  WINAPI Window_Proc(HWND hwnd, UINT msg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
    unsigned 
int  selected;
    
char  name[ 256 ];
    DPN_SERVICE_PROVIDER_INFO
*   adapter_ptr;

    
switch (msg)
    {
    
case  WM_COMMAND:
        
//  The WM_COMMAND message is sent when the user selects a command item from a menu, when a control sends a 
        
//  notification message to its parent window, or when an accelerator keystroke is translated. 
        
//
        
//  wParam:
        
//     The high-order word specifies the notification code if the message is from a control. 
        
//     If the message is from an accelerator, this value is 1. If the message is from a menu, this value is zero. 
        
//     The low-order word specifies the identifier of the menu item, control, or accelerator. 
        
//
        
//  lParam:
        
//      Handle to the control sending the message if the message is from a control. 
        
//      Otherwise, this parameter is NULL. 
         switch (LOWORD(wParam))
        {
        
case  IDC_STARTSTOP:
            
if ( !  g_is_hosting)
            {
                
//  Get adapter to use 
                 if ((selected  =  ( int ) SendMessage(GetDlgItem(hwnd, IDC_ADAPTERS), CB_GETCURSEL,  0 0 ))  ==  LB_ERR)
                    
//  invalid selected item
                     break ;

                
//  Make sure it's valid and start session
                 if (selected  <  g_num_adapters)
                {
                    
//  pointer adapter pointer to selected position
                    adapter_ptr   =  g_adapter_list;
                    adapter_ptr 
+=  selected;

                    
if ( !  Start_Session( & adapter_ptr -> guid))
                        MessageBox(hwnd, 
" Unable to start server! " " Error " , MB_OK  |  MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
                }
            }
            
else
                Stop_Session();

            
break ;

        
case  IDC_DISCONNECT:
            
//  Make sure we're hosting
             if (g_is_hosting)
            {
                
//  Get user from list to disconnect
                selected  =  ( int ) SendMessage(GetDlgItem(hwnd, IDC_USERS), LB_GETCURSEL,  0 0 );

                
if (selected  !=  LB_ERR)
                {
                    
//  Find the player in list
                    
//
                    
//  An application sends an LB_GETTEXT message to retrieve a string from a list box. 
                    
//
                    
//  wParam:
                    
//       Specifies the zero-based index of the string to retrieve. 
                    
//
                    
//  lParam:
                    
//       Pointer to the buffer that will receive the string; it is type LPTSTR which is subsequently 
                    
//       cast to an LPARAM. The buffer must have sufficient space for the string and a terminating 
                    
//       null character. An LB_GETTEXTLEN message can be sent before the LB_GETTEXT message to 
                    
//       retrieve the length, in TCHARs, of the string.
                    SendMessage(GetDlgItem(hwnd, IDC_USERS), LB_GETTEXT, selected, (LPARAM)name);

                    
for (unsigned  int  i  =   0 ; i  <   256 ; i ++ )
                    {
                        
if (g_player_info[i].player_id  !=   0   &&   ! strcmp(g_player_info[i].name, name))
                        {
                            
//  Disconnect them
                            
//
                            
//  Deletes a client from the session
                            g_dp_server -> DestroyClient(g_player_info[i].player_id, NULL,  0 0 );

                            
break ;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            
break ;
        }   
//  end - case WM_COMMAND:

        
break ;

    
case  WM_DESTROY:
        Stop_Session();
        Release_DirectPlay();
        PostQuitMessage(
0 );
        
break ;

    
default :
        
return  ( long ) DefWindowProc(hwnd, msg, wParam, lParam);
    }

    
return   0 ;
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Main function, routine entry.
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
int  WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE inst, HINSTANCE, LPSTR cmd_line,  int  cmd_show)
{
    WNDCLASS            win_class;
    MSG                 msg;    

    
//  create window class and register it
    win_class.style          =  CS_HREDRAW  |  CS_VREDRAW;
    win_class.lpfnWndProc   
=  Window_Proc;
    win_class.cbClsExtra    
=   0 ;
    win_class.cbWndExtra    
=  DLGWINDOWEXTRA;
    win_class.hInstance     
=  inst;
    win_class.hIcon         
=  LoadIcon(inst, IDI_APPLICATION);
    win_class.hCursor       
=  LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);
    win_class.hbrBackground 
=  (HBRUSH) (COLOR_BTNFACE  +   1 );
    win_class.lpszMenuName  
=  NULL;
    win_class.lpszClassName 
=  g_class_name;    

    
if ( !  RegisterClass( & win_class))
        
return  FALSE;

    
//  create the main window
    g_hwnd  =  CreateDialog(inst, MAKEINTRESOURCE(IDD_SERVER),  0 , NULL);    

    
//  initialize COM
    
//
    
//  initialize the COM library on the current thread and identifies the concurrency model as single-thread
    
//  apartment (STA).
    CoInitialize( 0 );

    
//  Initialzie DirectPlay and enumerate service providers.
     if ( !  Init_DirectPlay_Server())
    {
        MessageBox(NULL, 
" Error initializing DirectPlay. " " ERROR " , MB_OK  |  MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
        
goto  exit;
    }

    
//  enumerate all TCP/IP adapters
    Enum_Adapters();

    
//  Make sure there's an adapter to use
     if (g_num_adapters  ==   0 )
    {
        MessageBox(g_hwnd, 
" There is no TCP/IP adapters to use! " " ERROR " , MB_OK  |  MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
        
goto  exit;
    }

    ShowWindow(g_hwnd, cmd_show);
    UpdateWindow(g_hwnd);

    
//  start message pump, waiting for signal to quit.
    ZeroMemory( & msg,  sizeof (MSG));

    
while (msg.message  !=  WM_QUIT)
    {
        
if (PeekMessage( & msg, NULL,  0 0 , PM_REMOVE))
        {
            TranslateMessage(
& msg);
            DispatchMessage(
& msg);            
        }             
    }

exit:
    UnregisterClass(g_class_name, inst);

    
//  release COM system
    
//
    
//  Closes the COM library on the current thread, unloads all DLLs loaded by the thread, frees any other
    
//  resources that the thread maintains, and forces all RPC connections on the thread to close.
    CoUninitialize();
    
    
return  ( int ) msg.wParam;
}

运行截图:


本文转载自:http://www.cnblogs.com/flying_bat/archive/2007/08/13/871669.html

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