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用DirectX Audio和DirectShow播放声音和音乐(5)

rise-worlds
 rise-worlds
发布于 2016/06/20 13:39
字数 5061
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使用DirectMusic

在DirectAudio 中,DirectSound负责数字音频方面的处理,而DirectMusic则负责Midi文件(Musical Instrument Data Interface,数字音乐格式,.mid作为文件扩展名),DirectMusic固有音乐文件(.sgt文件)和数字录音设备录制的波形格式文件(.wav文件)等文件的播放操作。

能体现DirectMusic的强大之处是DirectMusic固有文件格式,一首用DirectMusic固有文件格式制作的音乐包括数个小音乐格式,这些样式还能用不同的乐器组合一个接一个地播放。随机的样式和乐器的选取创造出了随时都在改变的音乐,再加上节拍变化,就形成了一个魅力无穷的音乐系统。DirectMusic的另一个特性是可以使用“基调”,就是在正在播放的音乐片段上叠加一段其他音乐,新加入的音乐可以很平滑的融入到原有的音乐中。这在很多时候都有用,比如一个玩家完成了一个目标,可以马上播放一段“获得荣誉”的音乐提示他。

除了传统的音符之外,Midi音乐中可以包含数字音频作为音符,比如枪声、猴子的尖叫、也或者是其他各种各样你觉得奇怪的东西。比如可以在游戏中使用曾经梦想到的最令你心惊胆颤的音乐,而这些MIDI音乐都能完成。使用数字乐谱还有一个巨大的好处,即音乐在所有的计算机上可以发出一致的声音,这点是通过使用统一的DirectSound合成器完成的,当然DirectMusic允许使用 DirectSound接口或者是个人创建的接口。音乐数据使用的合成器通道称为音频通道(Audio Path),你可以获取这个通道,并在普通的DirectSound音频缓冲中播放。

使用Midi文件和 DirectMusic固有文件有共同的好处,那就是可以修改播放的节拍,这也是很有用的特性。有了这个特性,就可以设计随着屏幕动作而加速或者减速的背景音乐。如果游戏进入紧张的时期,就加速节拍,使音乐具有紧张感,如果高潮的活动结束,可以放慢节拍。数字录音设备所录制下来的音乐也是非常丰富多彩的,尽管这种音乐可以拥有非常高的音乐质量,但是这种歌曲不能被修改以便匹配游戏活动,也就是说这些音乐只能保持最开始录制的那个样子,不能有更多的变化,也不能减少里面的元素。

开始使用DirectMusic

使用 DirectMusic的第一步是创建一个主对象,我们把这个对象叫做演奏器对象(performance object),它表现整个音乐系统,第二步创建一个叫加载器(loader object)的对象,加载器加载所有原始的音乐文件。最后必须加载音乐小节到音乐片段对象(segment object)中,多个小节可以被同时加载,并一个接一个地播放,这可以让我们创建更具动态效果的音乐。

DirectMusic并没有提供函数帮助创建或初始化DirectMusic主接口,所以需要自行初始化COM接口,初始化COM接口所调用的第一个函数是CoInitialize。

Initializes the COM library on the current thread and identifies the concurrency model as single-thread apartment (STA). Applications must initialize the COM library before they can call COM library functions other than CoGetMalloc and memory allocation functions.

New applications should call CoInitializeEx instead of CoInitialize.

HRESULT CoInitialize(
LPVOID
pvReserved //Reserved; must be NULL
);

Parameter

pvReserved
[in] Reserved; must be NULL.

Return Values

This function supports the standard return values E_INVALIDARG, E_OUTOFMEMORY, and E_UNEXPECTED, as well as the following:

S_OK
The COM library was initialized successfully on this thread.
S_FALSE
The COM library is already initialized on this thread.
RPC_E_CHANGED_MODE
A previous call to CoInitializeEx specified the concurrency model for this thread as multithread apartment (MTA).

Remarks

CoInitializeEx provides the same functionality as CoInitialize and also provides a parameter to explicitly specify the thread's concurrency model. CoInitialize calls CoInitializeEx and specifies the concurrency model as single-thread apartment. Applications developed today should call CoInitializeEx rather than CoInitialize.

You need to initialize the COM library on a thread before you call any of the library functions except CoGetMalloc, to get a pointer to the standard allocator, and the memory allocation functions.

Once the concurrency model for a thread is set, it cannot be changed. A call to CoInitialize on an apartment that was previously initialized as multithreaded will fail and return RPC_E_CHANGED_MODE.

Typically, the COM library is initialized on a thread only once. Subsequent calls to CoInitialize or CoInitializeEx on the same thread will succeed, as long as they do not attempt to change the concurrency model, but will return S_FALSE. To close the COM library gracefully, each successful call to CoInitialize or CoInitializeEx, including those that return S_FALSE, must be balanced by a corresponding call to CoUninitialize. However, the first thread in the application that calls CoInitialize(0) or CoInitializeEx(COINIT_APARTMENTTHREADED) must be the last thread to call CoUninitialize(). If the call sequence is not in this order, then subsequent calls to CoInitialize on the STA will fail and the application will not work.

Because there is no way to control the order in which in-process servers are loaded or unloaded, it is not safe to call CoInitialize, CoInitializeEx, or CoUninitialize from the DllMain function.


在开始使用DirectMusic的时候调用这个函数,因为该函数有一个内部的计数器,显示被调用的次数,每调用一次这个初始化函数,就必须调用一次关闭COM的函数CoUninitialize。

Closes the COM library on the current thread, unloads all DLLs loaded by the thread, frees any other resources that the thread maintains, and forces all RPC connections on the thread to close.

void CoUninitialize( );

Remarks

A thread must call CoUninitialize once for each successful call it has made to CoInitialize or CoInitializeEx. Only the CoUninitialize call corresponding to the CoInitialize or CoInitializeEx call that initialized the library can close it.

Calls to OleInitialize must be balanced by calls to OleUninitialize. The OleUninitialize function calls CoUninitialize internally, so applications that call OleUninitialize do not also need to call CoUninitialize.

CoUninitialize should be called on application shutdown, as the last call made to the COM library after the application hides its main windows and falls through its main message loop. If there are open conversations remaining, CoUninitialize starts a modal message loop and dispatches any pending messages from the containers or server for this COM application. By dispatching the messages, CoUninitialize ensures that the application does not quit before receiving all of its pending messages. Non-COM messages are discarded.

Because there is no way to control the order in which in-process servers are loaded or unloaded, it is not safe to call CoInitialize, CoInitializeEx, or CoUninitialize from the DllMain function.


CoUninitialize函数减少COM接口的使用计数器,如果这个计数器减少到0,COM接口就会从系统释放内存,这样做可以提高内存的使用效率,所有的COM对象都遵循这个使用原则。

创建演奏器对象

演奏器对象是最主要的对象,可以创建多个演奏器对象,但是建议只使用一个演奏器。要创建演奏器,首先要声明一个IDirectMusicPerformance8对象,然后调用 CoCreateInstance初始化。

Creates a single uninitialized object of the class associated with a specified CLSID. Call CoCreateInstance when you want to create only one object on the local system. To create a single object on a remote system, call CoCreateInstanceEx. To create multiple objects based on a single CLSID, refer to the CoGetClassObject function.

STDAPI CoCreateInstance(
REFCLSID
rclsid, //Class identifier (CLSID) of the object
LPUNKNOWN pUnkOuter, //Pointer to controlling IUnknown
DWORD dwClsContext, //Context for running executable code
REFIID riid, //Reference to the identifier of the interface
LPVOID * ppv //Address of output variable that receives
// the interface pointer requested in riid
);

Parameters

rclsid
[in] CLSID associated with the data and code that will be used to create the object.
pUnkOuter
[in] If NULL, indicates that the object is not being created as part of an aggregate. If non- NULL, pointer to the aggregate object's IUnknown interface (the controlling IUnknown).
dwClsContext
[in] Context in which the code that manages the newly created object will run. The values are taken from the enumeration CLSCTX.
riid
[in] Reference to the identifier of the interface to be used to communicate with the object.
ppv
[out] Address of pointer variable that receives the interface pointer requested in riid. Upon successful return, * ppv contains the requested interface pointer.

Return Values

S_OK
An instance of the specified object class was successfully created.
REGDB_E_CLASSNOTREG
A specified class is not registered in the registration database. Also can indicate that the type of server you requested in the CLSCTX enumeration is not registered or the values for the server types in the registry are corrupt.
CLASS_E_NOAGGREGATION
This class cannot be created as part of an aggregate.
E_NOINTERFACE
The specified class does not implement the requested interface, or the controlling IUnknown does not expose the requested interface.

Remarks

The CoCreateInstance helper function provides a convenient shortcut by connecting to the class object associated with the specified CLSID, creating an uninitialized instance, and releasing the class object. As such, it encapsulates the following functionality:

CoGetClassObject(rclsid, dwClsContext, NULL, IID_IClassFactory, &pCF); 
hresult = pCF->CreateInstance(pUnkOuter, riid, ppvObj)
pCF->Release();

It is convenient to use CoCreateInstance when you need to create only a single instance of an object on the local machine. If you are creating an instance on remote machine, call CoCreateInstanceEx. When you are creating multiple instances, it is more efficient to obtain a pointer to the class object's IClassFactory interface and use its methods as needed. In the latter case, you should use the CoGetClassObject function.

In the CLSCTX enumeration, you can specify the type of server used to manage the object. The constants can be CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, CLSCTX_INPROC_HANDLER, CLSCTX_LOCAL_SERVER, or any combination of these values. The constant CLSCTX_ALL is defined as the combination of all three. For more information about the use of one or a combination of these constants, refer to CLSCTX.


以下代码演示了如何创建演奏器对象:

IDirectMusicPerformance8 *    g_dm_performance;    //  directmusic performance

//  create the DirectMusic performance object
//
//  creates a single uninitialized object of the class associated with a specified CLSID.
CoCreateInstance(CLSID_DirectMusicPerformance, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC, IID_IDirectMusicPerformance8, 
                     (
void ** ) & g_dm_performance);

演奏器需要被初始化后才能工作,初始化的过程需要首先创建DirectMusic和DirectSound对象,然后由这两个对象创建音频缓冲区并且设置播放特性,还需要设置的内容是播放音乐所用的音频通道,一般情况的设置使用128种乐器(128乐器通道)并且拥有立体声和混音(回音)效果,可以调用InitAudio来初始化。

The InitAudio method initializes the performance and optionally sets up a default audiopath. This method must be called before the performance can play using audiopaths.

This method should be used in most cases instead of IDirectMusicPerformance8::Init.

Syntax

HRESULT InitAudio(
IDirectMusic**
ppDirectMusic,
IDirectSound** ppDirectSound,
HWND hWnd,
DWORD dwDefaultPathType,
DWORD dwPChannelCount,
DWORD dwFlags,
DMUS_AUDIOPARAMS *pParams
);

Parameters

ppDirectMusic

Address of a variable that specifies or receives an interface pointer to a DirectMusic object.

If the variable pointed to by ppDirectMusic contains a valid IDirectMusic or IDirectMusic8 interface pointer, the existing object is assigned to the performance. The reference count of the interface is incremented.

If the variable pointed to by ppDirectMusic contains NULL, a DirectMusic object is created and the IDirectMusic interface pointer is returned. Use QueryInterface to obtain IDirectMusic8.

If ppDirectMusic is NULL, a DirectMusic object is created and used internally by the performance.

See Remarks.

ppDirectSound

Address of a variable that specifies or receives an IDirectSound interface pointer for a DirectSound device object to use by default for waveform output. If this parameter contains a NULL pointer, DirectMusic creates a private DirectSound device object. If the variable pointed to contains NULL, DirectMusic creates a DirectSound device object and returns the interface pointer. See Remarks.

hWnd

Window handle to use for the creation of DirectSound. This parameter can be NULL, in which case the foreground window is used. See Remarks.

This parameter is ignored if an IDirectSound interface pointer is passed to the method in ppDirectSound. In that case the application is responsible for setting the window handle by using IDirectSound8::SetCooperativeLevel.

dwDefaultPathType

Value that specifies the default audiopath type. Can be zero if no default path type is wanted. For a list of defined values, see IDirectMusicPerformance8::CreateStandardAudioPath.

dwPChannelCount

Value that specifies the number of performance channels to allocate to the path, if dwDefaultPathType is not zero.

dwFlags

Flags that specify requested features. If pParams is not NULL, this value is ignored and the requested features are specified in the dwFeatures member of the DMUS_AUDIOPARAMS structure. The values listed in the following table are defined for use in this parameter.

                                                                   
ValueDescription
DMUS_AUDIOF_3D3-D buffers. This flag is not implemented. Buffers in 3-D audiopaths always have 3-D capabilities.
DMUS_AUDIOF_ALLAll features.
DMUS_AUDIOF_BUFFERSMultiple buffers.
DMUS_AUDIOF_DMOSAdditional DMOs. This flag is not implemented.
DMUS_AUDIOF_ENVIRONEnvironmental modeling. This flag is not implemented.
DMUS_AUDIOF_EAXSupport for Environmental Audio Extensions (EAX). This flag is not implemented.
DMUS_AUDIOF_STREAMINGSupport for streaming waveforms.

pParams

Address of a DMUS_AUDIOPARAMS structure that specifies parameters for the synthesizer and receives information about what parameters were set. Can be NULL if the default parameters are wanted.

Return Values

If the method succeeds, the return value is S_OK.

If it fails, the method can return one of the error values shown in the following table.

                                                   
Return code
DMUS_E_ALREADY_INITED
DSERR_BUFFERLOST
DSERR_PRIOLEVELNEEDED
DSERR_UNINITIALIZED
E_NOINTERFACE
E_OUTOFMEMORY
E_POINTER

Remarks

This method can be called only once. It cannot be used to retrieve an existing IDirectMusic8 interface.

A DirectMusic object can be associated with the performance in the following ways.

     
  • The application allows the performance to create the DirectMusic object and needs a pointer to that object. In this case, *ppDirectMusic is NULL on entry and contains the IDirectMusic pointer on exit.  
  • The application allows the performance to initialize itself and does not need a DirectMusic object pointer. In this case, ppDirectMusic is NULL.  
  • The application creates its own DirectMusic object and gives it to the performance by passing the address of the IDirectMusic8 pointer in   ppDirectMusic. Most applications do not use this technique.

If you specify an interface pointer in ppDirectSound, it must be an interface to an object of class CLSID_DirectSound8. Objects of this class support both IDirectSound and IDirectSound8, but the IDirectSound interface must be passed. The DirectSound device object must be fully initialized before being passed to InitAudio. If the object was created by using CoCreateInstance, call IDirectSound8::Initialize. Set the cooperative level to DSSCL_PRIORITY by using IDirectSound8::SetCooperativeLevel.

You can pass NULL in the hWnd parameter to pass the current foreground window handle to DirectSound. However, do not assume that the application window will be in the foreground during initialization. It is best to pass the top-level application window handle.

The parameters set in dwFlags and pParams apply to the default audiopath and any audiopaths created subsequently.

The method fails with DSERR_BUFFERLOST if a value other than zero is passed in dwDefaultPathType and any application has initialized DirectSound with the write-primary cooperative level.

The performance must be terminated by using the IDirectMusicPerformance8::CloseDown method before being released.


以下代码演示了如何使用InitAudio来初始化演奏器对象:

//  initialize the performance with the standard audio path.
//  this initialize both directmusic and directsound and sets up the synthesizer. g_dm_performance -> InitAudio(NULL, NULL, g_hwnd, DMUS_APATH_SHARED_STEREOPLUSREVERB,  128 , DMUS_AUDIOF_ALL, NULL);

创建加载器对象

创建加载器是使用DirectMusic 的第二步,这个对象其实是一个缓冲系统,用于加速数据加载和歌曲支持文件(比如乐器库)的加载。

IDirectMusicLoader8表示加载器对象,以下代码可以创建一个加载器:

//  create the DirectMusic loader object
    CoCreateInstance(CLSID_DirectMusicLoader, NULL, CLSCTX_INPROC, IID_IDirectMusicLoader8, ( void ** ) & g_dm_loader);

请确定在程序中只有一个加载器对象,这样可以帮助系统控制缓存和经常使用的数据资源。

使用加载器的下一步是告诉加载器在哪些目录搜索文件,一般情况下我们把这个路径叫做默认搜索路径(default search directory)。对于加载单独的MIDI文件,不需要设置默认的搜索路径,但是对于加载DirectMusic固有文件,必须设置搜索路径,以便让 DirectMusic能顺利找到支持文件。

可以通过调用IDirectMusicLoader8:: SetSearchDirectory函数来设置工作路径。

The SetSearchDirectory method sets a search path for finding object files. The search path can be set for one object file type or for all files.

Syntax

HRESULT SetSearchDirectory(
REFGUID
rguidClass,
WCHAR* pwszPath,
BOOL fClear
);

Parameters

rguidClass

Reference to (C++) or address of (C) the identifier of the class of objects that the call pertains to. GUID_DirectMusicAllTypes specifies all objects. For a list of standard loadable classes, see IDirectMusicLoader8.

pwszPath

File path for directory. Must be a valid directory and must be less than MAX_PATH in length. The path, if not fully qualified, is relative to the current directory when IDirectMusicLoader8::ScanDirectory is called.

fClear

If TRUE, clears all information about objects before setting the directory. This prevents the loader from accessing objects in a previous directory when those objects have the same name. However, objects are not removed from the cache.

Return Values

If the method succeeds, the return value is S_OK, or S_FALSE if the search directory is already set to pwszPath.

If it fails, the method can return one of the error values shown in the following table.

Return code
DMUS_E_LOADER_BADPATH
E_OUTOFMEMORY
E_POINTER

Remarks

After a search path is set, the loader does not need a full path every time it is given an object to load by file name. This enables objects that refer to other objects to find them by file name without knowing the full path.

When this method has been called, the loader expects the wszFileName member of the DMUS_OBJECTDESC structure to contain only a file name or a path relative to the search directory, unless the DMUS_OBJ_FULLPATH flag is set in the dwValidData member.


该函数接收的是宽字符串,使用时需要把字符串转换为WCHAR数据类型,可以通过mbstowcs来转换。

Converts a sequence of multibyte characters to a corresponding sequence of wide characters.


size_t mbstowcs(
wchar_t *wcstr,
const char *mbstr,
size_t count
);

Parameters

[out] wcstr

The address of a sequence of wide characters.

[in] mbstr

The address of a sequence of null terminated multibyte characters.

[in] count

The maximum number of multibyte characters to convert.

Return Value

If mbstowcs successfully converts the source string, it returns the number of converted multibyte characters. If the wcstr argument is NULL, the function returns the required size (in wide characters) of the destination string. If mbstowcs encounters an invalid multibyte character, it returns –1. If the return value is count, the wide-character string is not null-terminated.

Security Note

Ensure that wcstr and mbstr do not overlap, and that count correctly reflects the number of multibyte characters to convert.


以下代码演示了如何设置搜索路径:

//  tell directmusic where the default search path is

    
char  path[MAX_PATH];
    WCHAR search_path[MAX_PATH];

    GetCurrentDirectory(MAX_PATH, path);

    
//  maps a character string to a wide-character (Unicode) string
    MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP,  0 , path,  - 1 , search_path, MAX_PATH);

    
//  set a search path for finding object files
    g_dm_loader -> SetSearchDirectory(GUID_DirectMusicAllTypes, search_path, FALSE);

使用音乐片段

通过以上步骤,系统已经被初始化,加载器也已经准备就绪,现在该加载歌曲然后播放它们了。完成这个操作是IDirectMusicSegment8对象的工作,DirectMusic加载器的职责是加载音乐和乐器库,并且创建IDirectMusicSegment8对象,整个加载过程有2个步骤,第一个步骤是加载包含所需播放的音乐的音乐片段。

加载音乐片段

加载音乐片段的第一步是设置一个对象描述结构,这个结构被称为DMUS_OBJECTDESC,它描述了要加载的信息。

The DMUS_OBJECTDESC structure is used to describe a loadable object. This structure is passed to the IDirectMusicLoader8::GetObject method to identify the object that the loader should retrieve from storage. Information about an object is retrieved in this structure by the IDirectMusicLoader8::EnumObject and IDirectMusicObject8::GetDescriptor methods.

Syntax

typedef struct _DMUS_OBJECTDESC {
DWORD dwSize;
DWORD dwValidData;
GUID guidObject;
GUID guidClass;
FILETIME ftDate;
DMUS_VERSION vVersion;
WCHAR wszName[DMUS_MAX_NAME];
WCHAR wszCategory[DMUS_MAX_CATEGORY];
WCHAR wszFileName[DMUS_MAX_FILENAME];
LONGLONG llMemLength;
LPBYTE pbMemData;
IStream* pStream
} DMUS_OBJECTDESC, *LPDMUS_OBJECTDESC;

Members

dwSize

Size of the structure, in bytes. This member must be initialized to sizeof(DMUS_OBJECTDESC) before the structure is passed to any method.

dwValidData

Flags describing which members are valid and giving further information about some members. Thefollowing values are defined:

                                                                                                           
FlagDescription
DMUS_OBJ_CATEGORYThe wszCategory member is valid.
DMUS_OBJ_CLASSThe guidClass member is valid.
DMUS_OBJ_DATEThe ftDate member is valid.
DMUS_OBJ_FILENAMEThe wszFileName member is valid. The presence of this flag is assumed if DMUS_OBJ_FULLPATH is set.
DMUS_OBJ_FULLPATHThe wszFileName member contains either the full path of a file or a path relative to the application directory. The directory set by IDirectMusicLoader8::SetSearchDirectory is not searched. If this flag is not set, wszFilename is always assumed to be relative to the application directory, or to the search directory if SetSearchDirectory has been called for this object type.
DMUS_OBJ_LOADEDThe object is currently loaded in memory.
DMUS_OBJ_MEMORYThe object is in memory, and llMemLength and   pbMemData are valid.
DMUS_OBJ_NAMEThe wszName member is valid.
DMUS_OBJ_OBJECTThe guidObject member is valid.
DMUS_OBJ_STREAMThe pStream member contains a pointer to the data stream.
DMUS_OBJ_URLThe wszFileName member contains a URL. URLs are not currently supported by the DirectMusic loader.
DMUS_OBJ_VERSIONThe vVersion member is valid.

guidObject

Unique identifier for this object.

guidClass

Unique identifier for the class of object. See DirectMusic Component GUIDs.

ftDate

Date that the object was last edited.

vVersion

DMUS_VERSION structure containing version information.

wszName

Name of the object.

wszCategory

Category for the object.

wszFileName

File path. If DMUS_OBJ_FULLPATH is set, this is the full path; otherwise, it is the file name. If the IDirectMusicLoader8::SetSearchDirectory method has been called, this member must contain only a file name.

llMemLength

Size of data in memory.

pbMemData

Pointer to data in memory. Do not use this value except when loading from a resource contained in the executable file.

pStream

Address of the IStream interface of a custom stream that can be used to load the object into memory. In most cases this value should be NULL.See Remarks.

Remarks

At least one of wszName, guidObject, and wszFileName must contain valid data to retrieve the object by using the IDirectMusicLoader8::GetObject method.

The name and category strings use 16-bit characters in the WCHAR format, not 8-bit ANSI characters. Be sure to convert as appropriate. You can use the C library mbstowcs function to convert from multibyte to Unicode and the wcstombs function to convert from Unicode back to multibyte.

Instead of passing on object descriptor to IDirectMusicLoader8::GetObject or IDirectMusicLoader8::SetObject with a filename or memory pointer, an application can pass a stream. This is done by setting the DMUS_OBJ_STREAM flag in dwValidData and a pointer to the stream in pStream. When the application calls GetObject, the loader saves the stream's current location, reads the object from the stream, and then restores the saved location. The application can continue reading from the stream without being affected by the call to GetObject.

When SetObject is called with a stream, the loader makes a clone of the stream object, and this clone is used if the object is later loaded. Thus an application can release a stream or continue to read from it after passing it to the loader by using SetObject. The actual data of the stream is not copied, so the application should not change or delete the data.


DMUS_OBJECTDESC结构作为参数被传递到IDirectMusicLoader8::GetObject函数中,这个函数确定所有的数据被加载并且被链接到片段对象中。

The GetObject method retrieves an object from a file or resource and returns the specified interface.

Syntax

HRESULT GetObject(
LPDMUS_OBJECTDESC
pDesc,
REFIID riid,
LPVOID FAR * ppv
);

Parameters

pDesc

Address of a DMUS_OBJECTDESC structure describing the object.

riid

Unique identifier of the interface. See DirectMusic Interface GUIDs.

ppv

Address of a variable that receives a pointer to the desired interface of the object.

Return Values

If the method succeeds, the return value is S_OK or DMUS_S_PARTIALLOAD.

DMUS_S_PARTIALLOAD is returned if any referenced object cannot be found, such as a style referenced in a segment. The loader might fail to find the style if it is referenced by name but IDirectMusicLoader8::ScanDirectory has not been called for styles. DMUS_S_PARTIALLOAD might also mean that the default instrument collection file, Gm.dls, is not available.

If it fails, the method can return one of the error values shown in the following table.

Return code
DMUS_E_LOADER_FAILEDCREATE
DMUS_E_LOADER_FAILEDOPEN
DMUS_E_LOADER_FORMATNOTSUPPORTED
DMUS_E_LOADER_NOCLASSID
E_FAIL
E_INVALIDARG
E_OUTOFMEMORY
E_POINTER
REGDB_E_CLASSNOTREG

Remarks

For file objects, it is simpler to use the IDirectMusicLoader8::LoadObjectFromFile method.

DirectMusic does not support loading from URLs. If the dwValidData member of the DMUS_OBJECTDESC structure contains DMUS_OBJ_URL, the method returns DMUS_E_LOADER_FORMATNOTSUPPORTED.

The method does not require that all valid members of the DMUS_OBJECTDESC structure match before retrieving an object. The dwValidData flags are evaluated in the following order:

  1. DMUS_OBJ_OBJECT
  2. DMUS_OBJ_STREAM
  3. DMUS_OBJ_MEMORY
  4. DMUS_OBJ_FILENAME and DMUS_OBJ_FULLPATH
  5. DMUS_OBJ_NAME and DMUS_OBJ_CATEGORY
  6. DMUS_OBJ_NAME
  7. DMUS_OBJ_FILENAME

In other words, the highest priority goes to a unique GUID, followed by a stream pointer, followed by a resource, followed by the full file path name, followed by an internal name plus category, followed by an internal name, followed by a local file name.

Do not load data from untrusted sources. Loading DirectMusic data files causes objects to be constructed, with the possibility that excessive demand on resources will lead to degradation of performance or system failure.


以下代码演示了如何加载音乐片段:

    DMUS_OBJECTDESC dm_obj_desc;

    
//  get the object

    ZeroMemory(
& dm_obj_desc,  sizeof (DMUS_OBJECTDESC));

    dm_obj_desc.dwSize      
=   sizeof (DMUS_OBJECTDESC);
    dm_obj_desc.guidClass   
=  CLSID_DirectMusicSegment;
    dm_obj_desc.dwValidData 
=  DMUS_OBJ_CLASS  |  DMUS_OBJ_FILENAME  |  DMUS_OBJ_FULLPATH;

    
//  Converts a sequence of multibyte characters to a corresponding sequence of wide characters
    mbstowcs(dm_obj_desc.wszFileName, filename, MAX_PATH);

    
//  retrieves an object from a file or resource and returns the speficied interface
     if (FAILED(g_dm_loader -> GetObject( & dm_obj_desc, IID_IDirectMusicSegment8, (LPVOID * ) & g_dm_segment)))
        
return  FALSE;

本文转载自:http://www.cnblogs.com/flying_bat/archive/2007/07/31/871674.html

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