PostgreSQL使用clickhousedb_fdw访问ClickHouse

原创
01/27 11:31
阅读数 3.8K

作者:杨杰

简介


PostgreSQL FDW是一种外部访问接口,它可以被用来访问存储在外部的数据,这些数据可以是外部的PG数据库,也可以mysql、ClickHouse等数据库。


ClickHouse是一款快速的开源OLAP数据库管理系统,它是面向列的,允许使用SQL查询实时生成分析报告。


clickhouse_fdw是一个开源的外部数据包装器(FDW)用于访问ClickHouse列存数据库。


目前有以下两款clickhouse_fdw:
https://github.com/adjust/clickhouse_fdw


一直持续不断的有提交,目前支持PostgreSQL 11-13
https://github.com/Percona-Lab/clickhousedb_fdw


之前有一年时间没有动静,最近一段时间刚从adjust/clickhouse_fdw merge了一下,目前也支持PostgreSQL 11-13。
本文就以adjust/clickhouse_fdw为例。


安装

# libcurl >= 7.43.0
yum install libcurl-devel libuuid-devel
git clone https://github.com/adjust/clickhouse_fdw.git
cd clickhouse_fdw
mkdir build && cd build
cmake ..
make && make install

 

使用


CH端:
生成测试表及数据,这里我们使用CH官网提供的Star Schema Benchmark


https://clickhouse.tech/docs/en/getting-started/example-datasets/star-schema/#star-schema-benchmark


模拟数据量:5张数据表,数据主要集中在lineorder*表,单表9000w rows左右、22G存储。
 

[root@vm101 ansible]# clickhouse client
ClickHouse client version 20.8.9.6.
Connecting to localhost:9000 as user default.
Connected to ClickHouse server version 20.8.9 revision 54438.

vm101 :) show tables;

SHOW TABLES

┌─name───────────┐
│ customer │
│ lineorder │
│ lineorder_flat │
│ part │
│ supplier │
└────────────────┘

5 rows in set. Elapsed: 0.004 sec. 

vm101 :) select count(*) from lineorder_flat;

SELECT count(*)
FROM lineorder_flat

┌──count()─┐
│ 89987373 │
└──────────┘

1 rows in set. Elapsed: 0.005 sec. 

[root@vm101 ansible]# du -sh /clickhouse/data/default/lineorder_flat/
22G /clickhouse/data/default/lineorder_flat/

 

PG端:
创建FDW插件

postgres=# create extension clickhouse_fdw ;
CREATE EXTENSION
postgres=# \dew
List of foreign-data wrappers
Name | Owner | Handler | Validator 
----------------+----------+--------------------------+----------------------------
clickhouse_fdw | postgres | clickhousedb_fdw_handler | clickhousedb_fdw_validator
(1 row)

创建CH外部服务器

postgres=# CREATE SERVER clickhouse_svr FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER clickhouse_fdw 
OPTIONS(host '10.0.0.101', port '9000', dbname 'default', driver 'binary');
CREATE SERVER
postgres=# \des
List of foreign servers
Name | Owner | Foreign-data wrapper 
----------------+----------+----------------------
clickhouse_svr | postgres | clickhouse_fdw
(1 row)

创建用户映射

postgres=# CREATE USER MAPPING FOR CURRENT_USER SERVER clickhouse_svr 
OPTIONS (user 'default', password '');
CREATE USER MAPPING
postgres=# \deu
List of user mappings
Server | User name 
----------------+-----------
clickhouse_svr | postgres
(1 row)

创建外部表

postgres=# IMPORT FOREIGN SCHEMA "default" FROM SERVER clickhouse_svr INTO public;
IMPORT FOREIGN SCHEMA
postgres=# \det
List of foreign tables
Schema | Table | Server 
--------+----------------+----------------
public | customer | clickhouse_svr
public | lineorder | clickhouse_svr
public | lineorder_flat | clickhouse_svr
public | part | clickhouse_svr
public | supplier | clickhouse_svr
(5 rows)

查询

postgres=# select count(*) from lineorder_flat ;
count 
----------
89987373
(1 row)

postgres=# select "LO_ORDERKEY","C_NAME" from lineorder_flat limit 5;
LO_ORDERKEY | C_NAME 
-------------+--------------------
3271 | Customer#000099173
3271 | Customer#000099173
3271 | Customer#000099173
3271 | Customer#000099173
5607 | Customer#000273061
(5 rows)

需要注意的是CH是区分大小写的以及一些函数兼容问题,上面的示例也有展示。


测试SQL直接使用CH SSB提供的13条SQL,SQL基本类似,选一条做下测试,运行时间基本是一致的。

CH:

vm101 :) SELECT
:-] toYear(LO_ORDERDATE) AS year,
:-] C_NATION,
:-] sum(LO_REVENUE - LO_SUPPLYCOST) AS profit
:-] FROM lineorder_flat
:-] WHERE C_REGION = 'AMERICA' AND S_REGION = 'AMERICA' AND (P_MFGR = 'MFGR#1' OR P_MFGR = 'MFGR#2')
:-] GROUP BY
:-] year,
:-] C_NATION
:-] ORDER BY
:-] year ASC,
:-] C_NATION ASC;

SELECT 
toYear(LO_ORDERDATE) AS year,
C_NATION,
sum(LO_REVENUE - LO_SUPPLYCOST) AS profit
FROM lineorder_flat
WHERE (C_REGION = 'AMERICA') AND (S_REGION = 'AMERICA') AND ((P_MFGR = 'MFGR#1') OR (P_MFGR = 'MFGR#2'))
GROUP BY 
year,
C_NATION
ORDER BY 
year ASC,
C_NATION ASC

┌─year─┬─C_NATION──────┬───────profit─┐
│ 1992 │ ARGENTINA │ 157402521853 │
...
│ 1998 │ UNITED STATES │ 89854580268 │
└──────┴───────────────┴──────────────┘

35 rows in set. Elapsed: 0.195 sec. Processed 89.99 million rows, 1.26 GB (460.70 million rows/s., 6.46 GB/s.)


PG:

postgres=# SELECT
date_part('year', "LO_ORDERDATE") AS year,
"C_NATION",
sum("LO_REVENUE" - "LO_SUPPLYCOST") AS profit
FROM lineorder_flat
WHERE "C_REGION" = 'AMERICA' AND "S_REGION" = 'AMERICA' AND ("P_MFGR" = 'MFGR#1' OR "P_MFGR" = 'MFGR#2')
GROUP BY
year,
"C_NATION"
ORDER BY
year ASC,
"C_NATION" ASC;
year | C_NATION | profit 
------+---------------+--------------
1992 | ARGENTINA | 157402521853
...
1998 | UNITED STATES | 89854580268
(35 rows)

Time: 195.102 ms


相关


https://github.com/adjust/clickhouse_fdw
https://github.com/Percona-Lab/clickhousedb_fdw
https://github.com/ClickHouse/ClickHouse
https://clickhouse.tech/docs/en/getting-started/example-datasets/star-schema/

了解更多PostgreSQL技术干货、热点文集、行业动态、新闻资讯、精彩活动,请访问中国PostgreSQL社区网站:www.postgresqlchina.com

展开阅读全文
打赏
1
2 收藏
分享
加载中
更多评论
打赏
0 评论
2 收藏
1
分享
返回顶部
顶部