mysql 使用问题记录
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mysql 使用问题记录
ossea 发表于3个月前
mysql 使用问题记录
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摘要: mysql 使用问题记录

Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction

 

执行了一个update语句 异常

然后再更新的时候时候出现

Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction

先看下show open tables where in_use >0   然后kill掉进程

结果没有再执行update  还是一样的效果 并且 processlist 中还会出现update 等待 

 

查看事物表

SELECT * FROM information_schema.INNODB_TRX

如果这个表中的数据 trx_mysql_thread_id 的id 在 show full processlist 中存在 状态  state 是sleep的

那么 kill掉

以上不满足对知识的进取

抄袭下面博文

 

DBA光从数据库无法着手找出源头是哪个SQL锁住了;
有时候看看show engine innodb status , 并结合 show full processlist; 能暂时解决问题;但一直不能精确定位;

在5.5中,information_schema 库中增加了三个关于锁的表(MEMORY引擎);
innodb_trx ## 当前运行的所有事务
innodb_locks ## 当前出现的锁
innodb_lock_waits ## 锁等待的对应关系

看到这个就非常激动 ; 这可是解决了一个大麻烦,先来看一下表结构



root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:28:38> desc innodb_locks;
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field | Type | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| lock_id | varchar(81) | NO | | | |#锁ID
| lock_trx_id | varchar(18) | NO | | | |#拥有锁的事务ID
| lock_mode | varchar(32) | NO | | | |#锁模式
| lock_type | varchar(32) | NO | | | |#锁类型
| lock_table | varchar(1024) | NO | | | |#被锁的表
| lock_index | varchar(1024) | YES | | NULL | |#被锁的索引
| lock_space | bigint(21) unsigned | YES | | NULL | |#被锁的表空间号
| lock_page | bigint(21) unsigned | YES | | NULL | |#被锁的页号
| lock_rec | bigint(21) unsigned | YES | | NULL | |#被锁的记录号
| lock_data | varchar(8192) | YES | | NULL | |#被锁的数据
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
10 rows in set (0.00 sec)

root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:28:56> desc innodb_lock_waits;
+-------------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field | Type | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| requesting_trx_id | varchar(18) | NO | | | |#请求锁的事务ID
| requested_lock_id | varchar(81) | NO | | | |#请求锁的锁ID
| blocking_trx_id | varchar(18) | NO | | | |#当前拥有锁的事务ID
| blocking_lock_id | varchar(81) | NO | | | |#当前拥有锁的锁ID
+-------------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:29:05> desc innodb_trx ;
+----------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------------------+-------+
| Field | Type | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+----------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------------------+-------+
| trx_id | varchar(18) | NO | | | |#事务ID
| trx_state | varchar(13) | NO | | | |#事务状态:
| trx_started | datetime | NO | | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 | |#事务开始时间;
| trx_requested_lock_id | varchar(81) | YES | | NULL | |#innodb_locks.lock_id
| trx_wait_started | datetime | YES | | NULL | |#事务开始等待的时间
| trx_weight | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#
| trx_mysql_thread_id | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#事务线程ID
| trx_query | varchar(1024) | YES | | NULL | |#具体SQL语句
| trx_operation_state | varchar(64) | YES | | NULL | |#事务当前操作状态
| trx_tables_in_use | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#事务中有多少个表被使用
| trx_tables_locked | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#事务拥有多少个锁
| trx_lock_structs | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#
| trx_lock_memory_bytes | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#事务锁住的内存大小(B)
| trx_rows_locked | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#事务锁住的行数
| trx_rows_modified | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#事务更改的行数
| trx_concurrency_tickets | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#事务并发票数
| trx_isolation_level | varchar(16) | NO | | | |#事务隔离级别
| trx_unique_checks | int(1) | NO | | 0 | |#是否唯一性检查
| trx_foreign_key_checks | int(1) | NO | | 0 | |#是否外键检查
| trx_last_foreign_key_error | varchar(256) | YES | | NULL | |#最后的外键错误
| trx_adaptive_hash_latched | int(1) | NO | | 0 | |#
| trx_adaptive_hash_timeout | bigint(21) unsigned | NO | | 0 | |#
+----------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------------------+-------+
22 rows in set (0.01 sec)

下面我们来动手看看数据吧:
##建立测试数据:
use test;
create table tx1
(id int primary key ,
c1 varchar(20),
c2 varchar(30))
engine=innodb default charset = utf8 ;

insert into tx1 values
(1,'aaaa','aaaaa2'),
(2,'bbbb','bbbbb2'),
(3,'cccc','ccccc2');

commit;

###产生事务;
### Session1
start transaction;
update tx1 set c1='heyf',c2='heyf' where id =3 ;

## 产生事务,在innodb_trx就有数据 ;
root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:38:21> select * from innodb_trx G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
trx_id: 3669D82
trx_state: RUNNING
trx_started: 2010-12-24 13:38:06
trx_requested_lock_id: NULL
trx_wait_started: NULL
trx_weight: 3
trx_mysql_thread_id: 2344
trx_query: NULL
trx_operation_state: NULL
trx_tables_in_use: 0
trx_tables_locked: 0
trx_lock_structs: 2
trx_lock_memory_bytes: 376
trx_rows_locked: 1
trx_rows_modified: 1
trx_concurrency_tickets: 0
trx_isolation_level: REPEATABLE READ
trx_unique_checks: 1
trx_foreign_key_checks: 1
trx_last_foreign_key_error: NULL
trx_adaptive_hash_latched: 0
trx_adaptive_hash_timeout: 10000
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

### 由于没有产生锁等待,下面两个表没有数据 ;
root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:38:31> select * from innodb_lock_waits G
Empty set (0.00 sec)

root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:38:57> select * from innodb_locks G
Empty set (0.00 sec)

#### 产生锁等待
#### session 2
start transaction;
update tx1 set c1='heyfffff',c2='heyffffff' where id =3 ;


root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:39:01> select * from innodb_trx G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
trx_id: 3669D83 ##第2个事务
trx_state: LOCK WAIT ## 处于等待状态
trx_started: 2010-12-24 13:40:07
trx_requested_lock_id: 3669D83:49:3:4 ##请求的锁ID
trx_wait_started: 2010-12-24 13:40:07
trx_weight: 2
trx_mysql_thread_id: 2346 ##线程 ID
trx_query: update tx1 set c1='heyfffff',c2='heyffffff' where id =3
trx_operation_state: starting index read
trx_tables_in_use: 1 ##需要用到1个表
trx_tables_locked: 1 ##有1个表被锁
trx_lock_structs: 2
trx_lock_memory_bytes: 376
trx_rows_locked: 1
trx_rows_modified: 0
trx_concurrency_tickets: 0
trx_isolation_level: REPEATABLE READ
trx_unique_checks: 1
trx_foreign_key_checks: 1
trx_last_foreign_key_error: NULL
trx_adaptive_hash_latched: 0
trx_adaptive_hash_timeout: 10000
*************************** 2. row ***************************
trx_id: 3669D82 ##第1个事务
trx_state: RUNNING
trx_started: 2010-12-24 13:38:06
trx_requested_lock_id: NULL
trx_wait_started: NULL
trx_weight: 3
trx_mysql_thread_id: 2344
trx_query: NULL
trx_operation_state: NULL
trx_tables_in_use: 0
trx_tables_locked: 0
trx_lock_structs: 2
trx_lock_memory_bytes: 376
trx_rows_locked: 1
trx_rows_modified: 1
trx_concurrency_tickets: 0
trx_isolation_level: REPEATABLE READ
trx_unique_checks: 1
trx_foreign_key_checks: 1
trx_last_foreign_key_error: NULL
trx_adaptive_hash_latched: 0
trx_adaptive_hash_timeout: 10000
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:40:12> select * from innodb_locks G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
lock_id: 3669D83:49:3:4 ## 第2个事务需要的锁
lock_trx_id: 3669D83
lock_mode: X
lock_type: RECORD
lock_table: `test`.`tx1`
lock_index: `PRIMARY`
lock_space: 49
lock_page: 3
lock_rec: 4
lock_data: 3
*************************** 2. row ***************************
lock_id: 3669D82:49:3:4 ## 第1个事务需要的锁
lock_trx_id: 3669D82
lock_mode: X
lock_type: RECORD
lock_table: `test`.`tx1`
lock_index: `PRIMARY`
lock_space: 49
lock_page: 3
lock_rec: 4
lock_data: 3
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

root@127.0.0.1  : information_schema 13:40:15> select * from innodb_lock_waits G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
requesting_trx_id: 3669D83 ## 请求锁的事务
requested_lock_id: 3669D83:49:3:4 ## 请求锁的锁ID
blocking_trx_id: 3669D82 ## 拥有锁的事务
blocking_lock_id: 3669D82:49:3:4 ## 拥有锁的锁ID
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
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